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dicted its ultimate success and triumph in those better things that constitute true civilization; but he never hesitated to scourge his countrymen for their shortcomings, which stood in the way of their reaching the final goal of his high ideal. This he could always do with effect and authority, because he stood aside from politics, and because his courage and virtue commanded universal

reverence.

He lent the generous and telling influence of his character and opinion to the cause of reform, but sometimes turned rather a cold shoulder to practical reformers, whose rough and tumble methods were at variance with his gentle and retiring spirit. In great crises, however, his soul was stirred, and his voice rang out like a megaphone across the land.

In his address at Concord in commemoration of Emancipation in the West Indies he concluded with these prophetic words:

"The sentiment of Right, once very low and indistinct, but ever more articulate because it is the voice of the Universe, pronounces Freedom. The Power that built this fabric of things affirms it in the heart; and in the history of the First of August has made a sign to the ages, of His will."

Within twenty years from that utterance, Lincoln had signed the proclamation which freed all the slaves in America, and the vast Empire of Russia had no longer a slave within its borders.

When Sumner was struck down in the Senate for words spoken in debate, he declared:

"The events of the last few years and months and days have taught us the lessons of centuries. I think we must get rid of slavery or we must get rid of freedom.'

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When the attempt was made to force slavery upon Kansas by armed might, he said:

"I wish we could stop every man who is about to leave the country. Send home every one who is abroad lest they should find no country to return to. Come home and stay at home while there is a country to save. When it is lost, it will be time enough for any who are luckless enough to remain alive, to gather up their clothes and depart to some land where Freedom exists."

When the Proclamation of Emancipation was actually signed, he said:

"The first condition of success is secured in putting ourselves right. We have recovered ourselves from our false position and planted ourselves on a law of Nature."

"If that fail,

The pillared firmament is rottenness,
And Earth's base built on stubble."

The Government has assured itself of the best constituency in the world. Every spark of intellect, every virtuous feeling, every religious heart, every man of honor, every poet, every philosopher, the generosity of

the cities, the health of the country, the strong arms of the mechanic, the endurance of farmers, the passionate conscience of women, the sympathy of distant nations, all rally to its support."

When Lincoln was struck down he said of him:

"By his courage, his justice, his even temper, his fertile counsel, his humanity, he stood a heroic figure in the centre of a heroic epoch. He is the true history of the American people in his time. Step by step he walked before them; slow with their slowness; quickening his march by theirs; the true representative of this continent, an entirely public man, father of his country; the pulse of twenty millions throbbing in his heart, the thought of their minds articulated by his tongue. Only Washington can compare with him in fortune."

Scouted at first as a mystic and a dreamer, Ralph Waldo Emerson lived long enough to receive the general homage of the confidence and affection of his countrymen. They honored him for his dauntless courage, his sublime devotion to what he believed to be the truth and the right, his clear and controlling conscience, his wisdom of which they garnered the ripe fruits, and his life-long endeavor to elevate the standard of their literature, morals, and manners. They admired his unfaltering patriotism, and his ardent sympathy with human nature, which no time could limit and no continent could bound. They loved him for his sweet and simple nature and life, his serene and spotless character, his modest and un

assuming manners, and, most of all, because he loved them, and spent his life in thinking and working for their highest welfare. Heart and soul he was full of sunshine; he shed its beams all about him and saw and revealed only the bright side.

I rejoice that this striking image of him has found an abiding-place in this noble building, the home and centre of a great and good work. I congratulate Mr. Passmore Edwards and Mrs. Humphry Ward on acquiring this bust as a fitting ornament of this Institute, on the shelves of whose Library his books will be found. I am sure that they will reach many readers, and know that they will exercise on their minds nothing but a wholesome, elevating and inspiring influence. It all depends on what you read for. If you read only for dissipation of thought, or for oblivious languor, don't touch Emerson. But if you seek for ideas and information, for light and leading, for real inspiration, for love of country, and faith in God and faith in man, you will find them all in him.

Three years ago, when "The Hall of Fame for Great Americans" was established in the University of New York by the lavish generosity of a citizen, the name of Emerson came out from the public election, confirmed by the votes of the council, as the eighth among famous native-born Americans of all the past. The seven who preceded him were Washington, Lincoln, Webster, Franklin, Grant, Marshall, Jefferson, all men of

affairs, of the greatest affairs. But Emerson, as a pure man of letters, stood first in the hearts of his countrymen, and there we may be content to leave him to the judgment of posterity.

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