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As an old friend of the late Rev. D. T. K. Drummond, I have been requested by his relatives to draw up a Memoir of his life, as a Preface to a reprint of his “ Expositions of the last scenes in the Life of Our Lord.”

I was one of his companions at the High School of Edinburgh, having been associated with him in the Rector's Class under Professor Pillans in the Session 1819–20. The direction of our studies afterwards separated us for many years, as, whilst I attended classes at the University of Edinburgh, he proceeded to Oxford prosecute his studies for the ministry. I met him afterwards, during his residence in Edinburgh, as Incumbent of the chapel in Carrubber's Close, of Trinity Chapel, and of St. Thomas' English Episcopal Chapel. I attended his ministrations in the last-mentioned chapel from the year 1845 until his resignation of the charge in 1874, and I acted as one of his vestry for a period of thirty years. I had much personal intercourse with him, and he was one of my most attached friends in Edinburgh; his house at Montpelier was always open to me, and many a pleasant evening I spent in his company.

He officiated at my marriage, baptized my eight children, and, in fact, was looked upon as belonging to our family circle. His kind and genial deportment endeared him to us all, and he was welcomed as a dear Christian friend, whose visits to us in health and in sickness were highly prized and, I trust, blessed.

Besides this intercourse in Edinburgh, I had many pleasant meetings with Mr. Drummond in the country, and he joined me in some of my botanical rambles on the Highland bills. Never can I forget a trip to Ben Chonzie, a mountain not far from his paternal residence at Aberuchill. The interest which he took in the rare Alpine plants, the enjoyment which he displayed in climbing the mountain summits and surveying the beautiful landscape around, the lessons which he drew from the so-called weeds, which were arrayed in a garb far superior to that of Solomon, and the study of which gave a deep insight into the works of God in creation, all made our companionship most fascinating and attractive. Even in the midst of a severe mountain storm of rain his vivacity never left him, and he braved the blast with vigour and determination. Afterwards came the refreshment in his little cottage near Monzie, the examination of the specimens collected, and then the reading of the Word of God in connection with his works, and the meeting at the family altar, which closed the day's proceedings. This is but one instance of many such happy rambles, during which I always felt benefited by his enlightened views of him who made the world and all things therein, and who upholds all by the word of his power ; who clothes the grass of the field and decks the lily ; who visits the earth and waters the ridges thereof; who makes it soft with showers, and blesses the springing of the corn ; who crowns the year with his goodness, so that the pastures are covered with flocks, the little hills rejoice on every side, the valleys are filled with corn, they shout for joy, they also sing. Such were my friend's views of nature. He saw God in everything, and rejoiced in the contemplation of the minutest of His works. With him there was no hap-hazard in creation, no mere law of Force without a lawgiver and a law-upholder. His Erolution was God's work, and not the mere development of living beings from an organism set a-going and left to itself to work its way without the constant superintendence of him who made all things and upholds all things by the word of his power, without whom not a sparrow falls to the ground. He rejoiced to say, My Father made all these things for his own glory and for my good as his servant.

Along with Mr. Drummond I attended the first general meeting of the Evangelical Alliance held in London, in 1846. I also had the pleasure of working with him in missionary labours connected with the Church Missionary Society, and with a district in the Canongate of Edinburgh.

From this hasty sketch it will be seen that my association with Mr. Drummond was one of long standing and of such a nature as united us in the closest ties of friendship. Thus it is that I have been led to accede to the wishes of those dear to him, and to endeavour to draw up a notice of his eventful life. Mr. Drummond did not leave any anto-biographical notices, but I have received many letters for insertion in this Memoir which will, I trust, be read with much interest, as depicting his character and showing the interest which he took in the cause of Christ, and the mode in which he willingly co-operated with all evangelical men, to whatever denomination they belonged.

David Thomas Ker Drummond was the youngest son of James Rutherford Drummond, Esq., of Strageath and Balquwhandy in Perthshire—one of an old and highlyconnected Scotch family. Descended from the Kings of Hungary, and said to be sprung from the Royal House of Stuart, this family has flourished since the reign of

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