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324 SHOUTING, or High and Loud-im- Proverbs. 1. A bitter jest ste poison of plying force of utterance. The last words of friendship. 2. Be ever vigilant, but never suspiVarmion afford excellent means, when me cious. 3. Cheerfulness is perfectly consistent morized, for the student to try the compass of with true piety. 4. Demonstration—is the best his voice upwards, as well as its power on mode or instruction. 5. Entertain not sin, lest you high pitches. It is not often that these high like its company. 6. Finesse—is unworthy of 8 ald almost screaming notes are required in liberal mind. 7. Good counsel-s above all prio. public speaking: yet, there are times, espe- 8. Hearts—may agree, tho' heads-differ. 9. Id.. cially in the open air, when they may be in ness—is the parent of want, shame, and missry. troduced with great effect. And it is always 10. Learn to live, as you would wish to die. 11. well to have an inexhaustible capital of voice, Content—is the highest bliss. 12. Vez not yourself, as of money ; indeed, there is no danger of when ill spoken of. having too much of either, provided we make Force of Habit. Habit-hath so vast a a proper use of them. In giving the word of prevalence over the human mind, that there, command, on occasions of fire, erecting build. is scarcely any thing too strange, or too ings, on the field of battle, martial exercise, strong, to be asserted of it. The story of &c., power and compass of voice are very the miser, who, from long accustoming to desirable.

cheat others, came at last to cheat himself, 325. 1. “The war, that for a space did and with great delight and triumph picked fail, Now, trebly thundering, swelld the his own pockut of a guinea, to convey to his gale, And (10) “ Stanley!" (6) was the cry; hoard, is not impossible or improbable. In A light on Marmion's visage spread, and like manner it fares with the practisers of firel his glazing eye : With dying hand, deceit, who, from having long deceived above his head, he shook the fragment of their acquaintance, gain at last a power of his blade, and shouted (8) " VICTORY!" deceiving themselves, and acquire that very (9) Charge! CHESTER, (10) CHARGE! On, opinion, however false, of their own abili. (11) STANLEY-(12) ON!" (3) Were the ties, excellences, and virtues, into which last words of Marmion. 2. (6) Liberty: they have for years, perhaps, endeavored to (8) FREEDOM! (5) TYRANNY IS DEAD!

betray their neighbors. (6) Run (7) HENCE! PROCLAIM it about the

Varieties. 1. Eternity, (wrote a deaf STREETS! 3. The combat deepens: (4) and dumb boy) is the lifetime of the Deity. "ON! ye BRAVE! Who rush-10 (6) GLO: 2. No evil can be successfully combatted, or RY,-orihe (3) grave; (9) WAVE-Munich! removed, but from the opposite good, from a all thy (10) BANNERS wave! (8) And charge desire for it, and an attachment to it; i. e. with a! thy (3) CHIVALRY."

till the mind is perfectly willing to relinquish 926. CONSTITUTIONAL Law, in its ex- the evil. 3. A man's ruling love-governs tended sense, includes the study of the con- him ; because, what he loves, he continues stitutions, or fundamental laws of the yari. 10 will. 4. Sweet harmonist, and beautiful ous Nations: i.e. the structure, and mechan- as sweet, and young as beautiful, and soft as ism of their government, and the appoint-young, and gay as soft, and innocent as gay. ments, powers, and duties of their officers. 5. Had Cæsar genius? he was an oraici The United States Constitutional Law, may Had Cæsar judgment ? he was a politician ! be considered under five different heads; Had Cæsar valor ? he was a conqueror ? viz: Legislative Power, Executive Power, Had Cæsar feeling? he was a friend ! 6. Judicial Power, State Rights Restrictions, Music is one of the sweetest flowers of the and United States Statutes and Treaties. intellectual garden; and, in relation to its The Legislative power is vested in a Con- power—to exhibit the passions, it may be gress, consisting of a Senate and House of called-ihe universal language of nature. Representatives, elected by the people, or 7. Whatever the immediate cause may be, their State Legislatures; the Executive pow. the effect is so far good, as men cease to do er, in a President, who holds his office four evil, they learn to do well. years; the Judicial power, in a Supreme Court, which consists of one Chief Justice, A perilous life, sad—as life may be, and eight Associate Justices, and in such Hath the lone fisher-on the lonely sea ; inferior courts, as Congress may ordain, or in the wild waters laboring, far from horne, establish. State rights and restrictions--are for some poor pittance, e'er compelled to rocm! powers not delegated by the Constitution to ihe United States, nor prohibited by it to the Few friends to cheer him—in his dangerous hfe

, States, bat reserved to the States, respect. Companion of the sea and silent air


And none to aid him—in the stormy strife. ively, or to the people.

Anecdote. Patience. A youth, who was The lonely fisher thus must ever fare; a pupil of eno, on his return home, was ask. Without the comfort, hope_with scarce a friend. ed by his father, " what he had learned ?" He looks through life, and only sees—its end! The lad replied, " that will appear hereaf. Thou art, O God! the life and light ler." Or this, the father, being enraged, beat Of all this wondrous world we see; his son ; who, bearing it patiently, and with. Its glow by day, its smile by nighi, bu: complaining, said, This have I learn.

Are but reflections caught from thee! sd, to endure a parent's anger."

Where'er we turn, thy glories shine,
Rather suffer wrong than do wrong.

And all things bright and fair-are chine. »


327. SPEAKING THE GAUNTLET. We Proverbs. I. Son hands, and soft breinshave all heard of the practice, that prevails generally go together. 2. Let time be the judge among some tribes of Indians, called “tun. and common sense the jury. 3. Cherish an ar. ning the gauntlet;" when a company ardent love of nature and of art. 4. The region range themselves in two rows, a few yards beyond the grave, is not a solitary one. 5. Each apart, and their prisoner is obliged to run night-is the past day's funeral: and each mornbetween them; when each throws his hatchet its resurrection. 6. Better be exalted by humility, at him; and if he passes through without than brought low by exaltation. 7. Tight-lacingbeing killed, he is permitted to live. In the is a gradual suicide, and tends to enkindle imimportant exercise, here recommended, each pure desires. 8. Good manners-are always beinember of the class, after making some coming. 9. The candid man has nothing to con. proficiency, memorizes and recites, a strong ceal; he speaks nothing but truth. 10. Plate and powerful sentence, and the others try to said-read much; but read not many books. ll. put out, or break down, the one that is Marry in haste; repent at leisure. 12. If you will speaking, by all sorts of remarks, sounds, not keep, you cannot have. 13. Prune off uselese looks, and actions; tho' without touching

branches. him: and the gauntlet speaker, girds up the loins of his mind, and endeavors to keep the

Government. It is time that men should fountain of feeling higher than the streams: learn to tolerate nothing ancient, that reason and so long, he is safe; but alas for him, does not respect, and to shrink from no novthat shrinks into himself, and yields to his elty, to which reason may conduct. It is

time that the human powers, so long occu. opponents. But this,-and ills severer-he sustains:

pied by subordinaie objects and inferior arts,

should mark the commencement of a nero As gold—the fire, and, as unhurt remains :

era in history, by giving birth to the art of When most reviled, altho' he feels the smart, It wakes—10 NOBLER deeds—the wounded heari. civil happiness of man. It is time, that le

improving government, and increasing the The noble mind--unconscious of a fault, gislators, instead of that narrow and das. No fortune's frown-can bend, or smiles-exalt: tardly coasting, which never ventures to Like the firm rock-that in mid-ocean-braves lose sight of usage and precedent, should, The war of whirlwinds, and the dash of waves : guided by the polarity of reason, hazard a Or, like a tower-he lists his head on high bolder navigation, and discover, in unex. And fortune's arrows-far below him fly. plored regions, the treasure of public feli.

328. MCUTHING. Some — think that city. words are rendered more distinct, to large Varieties. 1. Did not Mr. Pitt, by the assemblies, by dwelling longer on the sylla force of his eloquence, raise himself to be bles; others, that it adds to the pomp and the prime minister of England ? 2. A rich solemnity of public declamation, in which man's son-generally begins-where his they think every thing must be different father left off; and ends-where his father from private discourse. This is one of the began-pennyless. 3. A proneness to talk vices of the stage, and is called theatrical, of persons, instead of things, indicates a in opposition to what is natural. By tripnarrow, and superficiál mind. pingly on the tongue," Shakspeare probably the world--may scorn me, if they choose ; I care means--the bounding of the voice from ac

But little for their scoffings: I may

sink cent to accent; trippingly along from word For moments ; but I rise again, nor shrink to word, without resting on syllables by the From doing-what the faithful heart inspires · way.

And, by “mouthing," dwelling on I will not flatter, fawn, nor crouch, nor wink syllables, that have no accent, and ought Therefore to be pronounced as quickly as is At what high mounted wealth, or power desires; consistent with a proper enunciation. Avoid I have a LOFTIER alm—10 which my soul aspires. an artificial air, and hold, as it were, the

Be humble-learn thyself to scan; mirror up to nature. See the difference in Know-PRIDE-was never made for man. the following, by pronouncing them with 6. Where there is emulation—there will be the accent, extending thro’ the whole word, vanity; and where there is vanily, there in a drawling tone, and then, giving them will be folly. 7. Each man has his proper properly: con-jec-ture, en-croach-ment, hap: standard to fight under, and his peculiar duly pi-ness, grat-i-tude, for-tu-nate-ly; which to perform: one tribe's office-is not that is very far from true solemnity, which is in of another: neither is the inheritance the the spirit; not alone in the manner.

Anecdote. A student in college-carried I wander-by the mountain's side, a manuscript poern, of his own composition, Whose peaks-reflect the parting toy, to his tutor, for his inspection. The tutor, Or stoop-10 view the river glide after looking it over, inquired the author's In silvery ripples-on its way. reason, for beginning every line with a capi The turf is green, the sky is blue, tal letter, “Because it is poetry," said the

The sombre trees-in silence rest, student. “It is!" said the teacher, “I de.

Save where a songster-rustles throngh clare, I should not have thought it."

The drooping foliage—to his riest; By frequent use-EXPERIENCE-gains its grooth, Yet one thing-wants the pilgrim there But knowledge-flies from laziness and sloch

A kindred soul, the scene to share.


329. Revision. Before entering on a con- Proverbs. 1. Price is the greatest cneinjo sideration of the Inflections, and other higher to reason ; and discretion, he great opposite of modifications of voice, the pupil is again ear- pride. 2. The wise--shape their apparel to the nestly solicited-to review all the principles, body; the proud-shape their body to their appathat have been brought forward; especially rel. 3. A sound and vigorous mind, in a healthy all that relates to Accent, Pauses, Emphasis, body, is an invaluable possession. 4. Experienco and the alphabet of music, or the eight notes; is the mother of the arts. 5. He, is never tired of and, in this revision, be careful not to con- listening: who wishes to gain knowledge. 6. Bei

ter consider for a day, than repent for a year. 7. found one principle with another; as stress Economy—is the foundation of liberality, and the with quantity, high sounds with loud ones, parent of independence. 8. Use no rotacco, if you and low ones with feeble. Remember, that would be deceni, clean, and healthy. 9. The path stress is a quick blow, or ick-tus of the voice; of literature is more difficult, than that which ledds quantity-length of sound; high sounds-on, to fortune. 10. That which is well done, is time or above the sixth note; loud ones-halloo-done. 11. Of a little--take a little. 12. A hosty ing; low sounds-on, or below the third note; man-never wants woe. feeble ones, softly, as from weakness. Prac

Providence. If a man lets his hand lie tice the examples, till you make them fit you, in the ice, it is highly probable Providence and produce on yourselves and others, the de- will ordain it to be frozen ; or if he holds it sired effects.

in the fire, to be burnt. Those who go to sea, 330. I came to the place of my birth, and Providence will sometimes permit to be said; “The friends of my youth-where are drowned; those, on the other hand, who nethey ?"

And echo answered, “Where?” ver quit dry ground, Providence will hardly 2. When the Indians were solicited to emi- suffer to perish in the sea. It is therefore grate to the West, they replied; What! shall justly said, “ Help yourself, and Heaven will we say, to the bones of our fathersArise! help you." The truth is, that God has helped and go with us into a foreign land? us from the beginning; the work of the The truly lovely

master is completed; and, so far as it was Are not the fair, who boast but of outward grace, intended to be so, perfect; it requires, there. The nought, but beautiful of form and face; fore, no further extraordinary aids and corThey-are the lovely—They, in whom unite, slighi, rections from above; its further development Earth's fleeting charms-with virtue's HEAVENLY and improvement in this world is placed in Who, tho' they wither,-yet, with faded bloom

our own hands. We may be good bad, Bear their all of sweetness-to the tomb.

wise or foolish, not always perhaps in the Notes. 1. Such is the careless and ignorant manner in degree which we, as individuals, might which many have been peruitted to come up, instead of being choose, were our wills perfectly free, but so trorught up, that it will often be found necessary to use a variety of far as the state of the human race, immemeans to become divested of bad halits and their consequences. 2. Probably the lungs suffer more than any other part of the diately preceding us, has formed us to decide. body, by being cooped up in a small cavity. To enlange the chest,

Varieties. 1. Is animal, or human magsite-wise, practice the elevation of the elbows to a horizontal plane nearls level with the shoulders, and corr.mence gently tapping the netism, true ? 2. When the spirit is deterbreast catween the shoulders, the ends of the fingers of both hands mined, it can do almost anything; therefore, being nearly together; and then, during the exercise, strike lack never yield to discunuregement in doing, or from the sternum toward each shoulder, drawing the hans far. getting, what is good and true. 3. What ther and farther apart, till the ends of the fingen reach the armpits, and even out on the arm, without depressing the elbours: temptation is greutur, than permitting young try it, and you will see and know.

persons, and especially young men, in this Anecdote. Flying To; not From. Some degenerate world, to handle much money, years ago, a person requested permission of the that is not their own. 4. Exhibit such an Bishop of Salisbury, in England, to fly from example in your dress, conversation, and the spire of his church. The good bishop, temper, as will be worthy of imitation. 5. with an anxious concern for the man's spiri- We often hear it said, “that people, and bual, as well as temporal safety, told him, he things, are changed." Is it not ourselves vas very welcome to fly to the church; but that have changed? The heart-makes all he would encourage no one to fly from it. around, a mirror of itself.

REAL glory, Child of the sun! pursue thy rapturous fight,

Springs from the silent conquest of ourselves, Mingling with her thou lorist-in fields of light;

And, without that—the conqueror is nought, And, where the flowers of Paradise unfold,

But the first slave. Quaff fragrant nectar-from their cups of gold,

7. Every word, spoken from affection, leaves There shall thy wings, rich as an evening sky,

an everlasting impression in the mind; every Erpand--and shut-in silent ecstasy.

thought, spoken from affection, becomes a Vet, wert thou once a worm, a thing, that crept

living creation ; and the same also, if not On the bare earth, then wrought a comb, and slepe; spoken,-if it be fully assented to by the mindo And such is man; soon, trom his cell of clay, When the stem dies, the leaf, that grew Po burst & seray'ı- in the blaze of day.

Out of its heart, must perish too.


331. Every emotion of the mind has its

Proverbs. 1. A wise governor, would rather own external manifestation ; so that no one preserve peace, than gani a victory. 2. It is emotion can be accommodated to another. sometimes a benefit to grant favors, and at other Observe the native eloquence of a hungry times, to deny them. 3. An angry person is an. child, when asking for a piece of bread and gry with himself, when he returna to reason. butter ; especially, the third or fourth time ; Wherever you are, conform to the usual cus.

To encourage and mark its emphasis, and tones : also the toms and manners of the country.

6. Ingratitude qualities of voice, with which it expresses its the unworthy, is to promote vice.

to the benevolent-generally ends in disgrace. 7. grief, anger, joy, &c. The manner of each passion is entirely different ; nor does it ever friend, 8. The more one speaks of himself, the

Esteen virtue, tho'in a foe: abhor rice, tho'in a apply one for another; indeed, children in

less willing is he, to hear another talked about. their own efforts, always make the proper 9. Nature—is always conteut with herself. 10. emphasis, inflections, and gestures ; and they Form your opinions of a person, by his questiox!, are graceful in all, when under the sole influ- rather than by bis answers. 11. Say-can wis. ence of nature. Thus, from nature, unso- dom-e'er reside, with passion, envy, hate, or phistocated, may be derived the whole art of pride? 12. In a calm sea, every man is pilot. 13. speaking. The author is free to acknow- A good life-keeps off wrinkles. ledge, that he has learned more about true Debt. There is nothing-more to be eloquence, from children, and the Indians, dreaded, than debt : when a person, whose and his consequent practice, than from all principles are good, unhappily falls into this other sources.

situation, adieu to all peace and comfort 332. CICERO-copied, and imitated, every The reflection imbitters every meal, and body; he was the very mocking-bird of el-drives from the eyelils refreshing sleep. It oquence, which is his greatest distinction, corrodes and cunkers every cheerful idea and glory: for who so various as he ; who so and, like a stern Cerberus, guards each avesweet, so powerful, so simply eloquent, or so nue to the heart, so that pleasure does not magnificently flowing, and each, and all, by approach. Happy! thrice happy ! are those, turns? His mind was a perfect pan-hurmon- who are blessed with an independent compe. icon. Your original writer,—your original tence, and can confine their wants within the character, has no sympathies ; he is heart-bounds of that competence, be it what it may bound, brain-bound and lip-bound; he is tru- To such alone, the bread or life is palatable ly an oddity; he is like r.o-body, and no-body and nourishing. Sweet is so morsel, that is is like him; he reeds on self-adoration, or acquired by an honest indiwly, the produce the adulation of fools ; who mistake the ora- of which is permanent, or that flows from a cles of pride and vanity, for the inspirations source which will not fail. A subsistence, of genius.

that is precarious, or procured by an uncer. 3:33. There are some, even in this enlight- tain prospect of payment, carries neither cucd age, who affect to despise the acquisi- wine nor oil with it. Let me, therefore, again tion of elocution, and other important and repeat, that the person, who is deeply involvuseful accomplishments; but such persons ed in debt, experiences, on earth, all the torare generally very awkward themselves, and tures, the poets describe to be the lot of the dislike the application and practice, that are wretched inhabitants of Tatarus. necessary to render them agreeable and im

Varieties. 1. Is not a' want of purity, pressive speakers. It is an old adage—that the cause of the fickleness of mankind ! 2. many--despise that, which they do not pos- A man's character is like his shadow; sess, and which they are too indolent to at- which sometimes follows, and at others, pre tain. Remember the fox and the grapes.

cedes him; and which is occasionally longer, Anecdote. A colonel was once com

or shorter, than he is. 3. Admiration-sigplaining, that from the ignorance, and inattention of the officers, he was obliged to do the nifies the reception and acknowledgment of

a thing, in thought, and affection. 4. We whole duty of the regiment. Said he, “ I am

should have good roads, if all the sinners my own captain, my own lieutenant, my own

were set to mend them. 5. The world is a cornet, and “Your own trumpeter,"

hive, that affords both sweets, and poisons, said a lady present. NOW came still evening on, and troilight gray

with many enipty combs. 6. All earthly enHad, in her sober livery, all things clad.

joyments are not what they appear ; thereSilence-accompanied; for beast, and bird,

fore, we should discriminate ; for some are They, to their grassy crich, these-to their nest

sweet in hopes, but, in fruition, sour. 7. Or. Were sunk, all, but the wakeful nightingale ;

der-is the sweetest, most pacific, regular
She, all night long, her amorous descant sung;
Silence-was pleard. Now glow'd the firincmant and delightful melody: the first motion je
With living sapphirus: Hesperis, that led

one, and the end is one: the final end is the The starry host, rode brightest; till "he moon,

similitude of the beginning.
Rising in clouded majesty, at length
Apparent qucen, unvail'd her peerless light,

Self, alone, in nature-rooted frush
ander the dark her silver mantle threw,

Attends us first, and leaves us-last.

334. INFLECTIONS. These are the rising Proverbs. 1. As you soio, you shall reap. and falling slides of the voice, terminating 2. Betray no trust, and divulge no secret. 3. Chido on a higher, or lower pitch, than that on not severely, nor punish hastily. 4. Despise rone, which it commenced; being continuous from and despair of none. 5. Enry cannot see; igno the radical, or opening fullness of voice, to rance cannot judge. 6. Gossiping and lying, gee the vanish, or terminating point; and not nerally go hand in hand. 7. He, who swears, discrete, as the seven notes are. In the in- distrusis his own word. 8. It is not easy to love tonations, the voice steps up or down, by those, whom we do not esteem. 9. Labor brings discrete degrees; but in the inflections, it pleasure; idleness-pain. 10. Many a true word

is spoken in jest. 11. He who serves—is not free giides up or down, by continuous degrees. 12. First come,

first served. 13. When gold speake, The piano, organ, &c., give discrete degrees; all longues are silent. the harp, violin, &c., continuous degrees.

Anecdote. Don't know him. Lord Nel. 335. The following sentences may be read, son, when a boy, being on a visit to his aunt's, with either the fulling, or the rising inflec- went one day a hunting, and wandered so tion; and the pupil should determine, from far, that he did not return, till long after dark. the sense, &c., the object of the question. 1. Is The lady, who was much alarmed by his abnot good reading and speaking a very rare sence, scolded him scverely; and among other aitainment ? 2. How are we to recover from things said; I wonder Fear did not drive you the effects of the fall? 3. Are we natually home. Fear," replied the lad, “I don't inclined to evil or good? 4. Is it possible for know him.' man to save himself? 5. Who is entitled to

Progress of Society. Whoever has at. the more honor, Columbus, or Washington ? tentively meditated-on the progress of the 6. Which is the more useful member in so-human race, cannot fail to discern, that there ciety, the farmer, or the mechanic? 7. Ought is now a spirit of inquiry amongst men there to be any restrictions to emigration which nothing can stop, or even materially 8. Will any one, who knows his own heart, control. Reproach and ybloquy, threats are: trust himself?

persecution, will be in vain. They may iin336. The inflections may, perhaps, be bitter opposition and engender violence, but better understood, by contrasting them with they cannot abate the keenness of research. the monotone ; which is nearly one continued There is a silent march of thought, which no sound, without elevation, or depression, and power can arrest, and which, it is not difficul may be represented by a straight horizontal to foresee, will be marked by important events. line, thus;

In the use of the Mankind were never before in the situation in inflections, the voice departs from the mono- which they now stand. The press has been lone, and its radical, in a continued elevation operating upon them for several centuries, or depression, two, three, five, or eight notes, with an influence scarcely perceptible at its according to the intensity of the affirmation, commencement, but by daily becoming more interrogation, command, petition, or nega- palpable, and acquiring accelerated force, it tion; which are the five distinctive attributes is rousing the intellect of nations; and happy of the vital parts of speech.

will it be for them, if there be no rash inter337. SOME OF MAN'S CHARACTERISTICS. ference with the natural progress of knowHis position is naturally upright ; he has free ledge; and if by a judicious and gradual use of both hands: hence, he is called the adaptation of their institutions to the inevitonly two-handed animal: the prominence of able changes of opinion, they are saved from his chin, and the uniform length of his teeth, those convulsions, which the pride, prejudices are peculiar: he is, physically, defenceless, and obstinacy of a few may occasion to the having neither weapons of attack nor of de

whole. fence : his facial angle is greater than that

Varieties. 1: A good wife — is like a of any other animal; being from 70° to 90°: snail. Why? Because she keeps in her own bo has generally the largest brains: he is the house : a good wife is not like a snail. Why? only animal that sleeps on his back : the only Because she does not carry her all on her one that laughs and weeps; the only one back: a good wife is like a town clock. that has an articulate language, expressive Why? Because she keeps good time : 2 of ideas : and he is the only one endued with good wife is not like a town clock. Why? reason and moral sense, and a capacity for Because she does not speak so loud, that all religion ; the only being capable of serving the town can hear her: a good wife is like an God intelligibly.

echo. Why? Because she speaks when spo. Thy soul-was like a star-and dwelt apart;

ken to: a good wife is not like an echo. Why? Thou hadst a roice—whose sound was like the sea, Because she does not tell--all she hears. Pure-as the naked heavens, majestic. free.

Ye maidens fair-consider well, So didst thou travel-on life's common way,

And look both shrewd, and sly, in cheerful godliness; and yet—thy heart

Ere rev'rend lips, make good the knon The lowliest duties-oa herself did lay.

Your teeth-will ne'er untie


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