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226. Revisions. The great practical im-1 Proverbs. 1. Never repulse an associate with portance of this subject, demands a passing unkindness. 2. Love one another with a pune remark. In revising, we not only gather up heart ferventy. 3. The morality of the christian the fragments, but refresh our minds with a religion, is not national, but universal. 4. Prureproduction of what we previously had dence says—take time by the foretop. 5. A bird in learned. By reviewing our studies, we often the hand, is worth two in the bush. 6. The dilifind the materials, with which we can over- gent soul, shall be made rich. 7. Knowledge—is come difficulties, that seem almost insur- power; ignorance—is weakness. 8. An egg to mountable; hence, revisions frequently serve reputation and sensaal pleasure, are destructive to

day, is better than a hen to-morrow. 9. Worldly as a key, to unlock the casket, that contains virtue. 10. The history and wisdom of the world, invaluable treasures. And we must guard can only be known by reading. 11. We are to be against thinking of the principles, as being saved from our sins, not in our sins. 12. Whatcontained in the bonk; unless they are un- ever is worth reading at all, is worth reading tell. derstood and felt in the mind, and by the Anecdote. Afraid of Work. A person mind, and through the body are reduced to once said to a father, whose son was noted practice, they are, so far as we are concerned, for his laziness, that he thought his son was talueless and dead. Seeing food, or think- very much afraid of work. Afraid of ng of it, will impart no nourishment to the work ?" replied the father, “not at all,-he body; it must be eaten, digested, and appro- will lie down, and go to sleep close by the priated.

side of it." 227. Now repeat all the sounds of the let- Right Vlows. The more we ascribe all ters, in their alphabetical order, as found on goodness and truth-to the Lord, the more page 63; omitting those that are duplicates ; -will the interiors of the mind, be open to then give the vowels and consonants, by them- wards heaven, the only source of happiness : selves: afterwards, give the short vowels, for by thus doing, we acknowledge that nothand the long ones by themselves, and reading good and true is from ourselves ; and, in several paragraphs by vowel sounds; after proportion as this is heartily confessed, the which, give the vocal consonants, and aspi- love of selfdeparts, and with it—the thick rates, by themselves: then the single, dun- darkness, which arises from that which is ble, and triple ones, and analyze words, false and evil: thus it is evident, how one spelling them by their sounds; also, raise becomes wiser than another. As the exhalaand fall the eight vowels, according to the di- tions from the earth-rise and form clouds, atonic scale, in article 64; then revise the more or less dense, thus obscuring the atmos. two modes of making accent ; practice on phere, and preventing the clear light of the the changes of its seat, and realize the impor- sun ; 80, do the exhalations of self-lovemarise tant use of every exercise.

and obscure the light of Divine truth-of 229. The pre-con-tract pre-con-tracts the

that Sun, which rules the world of mind. pre-fix which is pre-fixed to the prel-ude,

Varieties. 1. Does pain or pleasurewith which the speaker pre-ludes the pres

predominate in human life? 2. Wedded life ent pres-age, that he pre-sag'd the man would says a happy husband, is a perpetual founnre-sent. The prod-uce of the land was such tain of domestic sweets. 3. Drinking water as to produce a project to protest against --neither makes a man sick, nor runs him in the man who pro-jects the infamous prot-est debt, nor makes his wife a widow: can a against the reb-el hat re-bels against the much be said of ardent spirits ? 4. He, who law. I re-fuse to re-cord either the ref-use or peeps through a keyhole, may see something "he record, or re-tail them by wholesale or to vex him. 5. That gentleness, which is re-tail.

characteristic of a good man, like every other 229. A Dandy of some use. Let the pu- virtue, has its seat in the heart : and nothing pil impress on his mind the absolute necessi- but what flows from the heart-can render ly, for awhile, of keeping his shoulders even external manners, truly pleasing. 6. thrown back, so as to make the breast as The Lord came to scek and save those who round and prominent as possible: and then, arc lost : and he saves all who are willing to after a few days, or weeks at farthest, he will be saved. 7. Love - principles and genuine ceel very uncomfortalıle to sit, stand, or labor, truth, respect each other according to degrees in a bent position. But, says one, “I should of affinity: and the greater the affinity, the look so much like a dundy.” Never mind greater is the attraction between them. that, provided it be right; and if you can

Morning-hath her songs of gladness, make this much use of so superfluous an ar

Sultry noon-its ferved glare,

Erening hours, their gentle sadness, ricir, it may serve to show you, that nothing erisis in vain: think of the wisdom and in

Night-its dreams, and rest from cate;

But the pensive to light-ever dustry of the bee.

Gives its own sweet fancies birth, This smooth discourse,--and mild behavior, oft

Waking risions, that may never Conceais-a traitor.

know reality-on carth.

230. Orthography - relates to the right | Proverbs. 1. Reprove mildly, and correct placing of the letters in words, and Orthoepy with caution. 2. Let us creep before we walk, and

-to the right pronouncing of words, accord- walk before we fly. 3. One book, well read, is ing to the sounds of the letters, the former worth iwenty skimmed over.

4. The greatest -respects written language, and is addressed wealth-is contentment with a litle. 5. A lewer to the eye; and the latter, spoken language, is half a meeting. 6. We may read much, williand is addressed to the ear ; the first supposes is necessary at all times. 8. Little boats should

out understanding much. 7. Presence of mind, the second We may infer the perfection, keep near shore; grea! ones—may venture more which the ancient Greeks attained, in or-tho

9. I confide, and am at rest. 10. While there is e-py, from this fact, that when a public spea- life, there is hope. 11. He attains whatever he ker-even pronounced a word incorrectly, the aims at. 12. A good story, is none the worse for whole audience simultaneously hissed him. being twice told. Whence did they acquire such accuracy of Anecdote. Dying but Once. When Cee ear? Doubtless, in spelling by the sounds sar was advised, by some of his friends, to be of their letters, instead of by their names. more cautious as to the security of his perWhen we adopt this method, which nature som, and not to walk among the people withand science dictate, we shall attain like excel out arms, or any one to protect him; he lency in pronunciation, and our language replied, “He, who lives in the fear of death, will then be found to contain more power and every moment feels its torture; I will die sweetness than any other in the world. but once."

231. Pronunciation-is orthoepy, or the Laconics. A life of deceit-is one of unright utterance of words; i. e. pronouncing mitigated torture-a living hell, which should words according to euphony, analogy and deserve our pity for the unhappy beings wh) custom, which constitute the standard. The submit to it. principal rule is, pronounce in the easiest and Varletios. 1. Are not the unity and trinmost effectual manner: and, when words are ity of God, the elemental and fundamental introduced from other languages, they should principles of christian theology? 2. Churacbe pronounced according to the principles of ter, based on goodness and truth, is a source our language; that is, they must conform to of eternal happiness. 3. We are made what the genius of the English language, as for- we are, by what is from above, within, and eigners do to that of our constitution, when around us. 4. God gives to all, the power they become naturalized,-abjuring foreign, of becoming what they ought to be. 5. A un congenial influences and principles, and full persuasion of our ability to do well, is a submitting to ours.

powerful motive to excellence, and a sum 232. Our Orthography and Orthoepy. pledge of success. 6. It is our duty, and our Many foreigners and natives find it difficult happiness, to feel for others, and take an into speak our language, consequence of the terest in their welfare. 7. The action of life, great difference between its spelling and its is desire; as is the desire and delight, with its pronunciation, and the various sounds given consequent actions, such is the life. to the saine letters in similar, and in different combinations; and, although, for the last two The Lord-my pasture shall prepare, centuries, our orthography has remained

And feed me—with a shepherd's care ; nearly stationary, yet our orthcopy has been

His presence shall my wants supply,

And guard me with a watchful eye ; very much changed; which may be seen in

Vy noon-day walks-he shall attend, comparing the Bible, translated under James

And all my midnight hours-defend. I., with the common edition. Different persims have proposed different means, for over

When, in the sultry glebe-I faint,

Or, on the thirsty mountains pant; cuming these difficulties, and nearly all

To fertile vales, and dewy meads, without much success; which is the less to

My weary, wand'ring steps he leads, ur regretted, when we consider how little the

Where peaceful rivers, soft and slow, Drice and ear have been developed and culti

Amid the verdant landscape flow. vated, and thereby prepared to meet the exis

l'hough—in the paths of death-I tread, gencies of the case. It is now seen, on a

With gloomy horrors-overspread, faithful analysis and synthesis of their labors

My steadfast heart-shall fear no ill; to revolutionize our language in these re

For thou, O Lord, art with me still : spects, that each reformer's system is found

Thy friendly crook-shall give me aid, to be very imperfect; but the good work is

And guide me-through the dreadful shade, going on slowly; and, in process of time,

Though in a bare—and rugged way, it will be accomplished; very much to the

Through devious_lonely wilds I stray, diseppointment of book-worms, and to the

Thy bounty-shall my pains beguile; gratification of that spirit of the age, which The barren wilderness-shall smile, Jooks more to the uses of things, than to their With sudden greens-and herbage crowned, hocks.

And streams shall murmur all around. BRONSON. 6


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233. Pronunciation-should be so sys- Proverbs. 1. The conduct of men is an intematic, as to render it capable of being stu- dex to their hearts ; for by their fruits ye shall snote died from its elementary principles, and be them. 2. In arduous and trying circuinstances come an object of methodical acquirement. preserve equanimity; and in prosperous hours, Every thing involved in producing sounds, restrain the ebullitions of excessive joy. 3. Those in the conformation of the organs in articu- things that belong to others generally please us; lation, the application of all that belongs to

while those that are our own are more valued by

others. 4. Attach yourself to good company and accented, half-accented, and un-accented vowels

, and every principle of melody and you will be respected as one of them. 5 The euphony-are included in pronunciation, their imperfections. 6. Cutting jests, when the se

most distinguished men, of all ages, have hod and tends to its perfection : but the ancients tire is true, inflicts a wound that is not soon forgol included also Emphasis, Intonation, Inflec-len. 7. Nothing is more disgusting, than a low tion, Circumflexes and the other essentials of bred fellow, when he suddenly attains an elevated Welivery.

station. 8. Either never attempt a thing, or aception 234. If the great object of pronunciation plish it. 9. Fortune-favors the bold, and abandbe, to produce the designed effect, in the best ons the timid. 10. Acts of kindness, shown to manner, we shall find it necessary to attend good men, are never thrown away. 11. War-is not only to the preceding principles, and death's jest. 12. Of two evils-choose the least Cheir application, but to watch over useless Varieties. 1. If you make a present, innovations, and inclinations to senseless give what will be useful. 2. Do not the changes,- desires to he what is called fash- wings, that form the butterfly, lie folded in ionable regardless of reason, and ambitious the worm? 3. Language-should first be to shine as a leader in some peculiar pronun- learned by imitation. 4. One of the greatest ciation: then, our language will bear a rigid obstacles, in the road to excellence, is indo comparison with any other, either ancient or Lence. 5. Humility—is that low, sweet root, modern, when ends, causes and effects are ta- from which all heavenly virtues shoot. 6. ken into consideration. Let us not, then, de- Acquire a thorough knowledge of all your viate from established principles, and rules, duties. 7. God—is an infinite abyss of wis. without good and satisfactory reasons. dom: which is not comprehensible-either

235. Action and Reaction. Have you by men or angels, as to one millionth of its ever particularly noticed, the reciprocal ac- parts: of its infinite store, they are to receive tion between the voice and the mind, the fresh supplies to all eternity. tongue and the heart? Well might the apos- THE MOTHER'S INJUNCTION, ON PRESENTING HER SON tle exclaim, “How great a matter a little fire kindleth!" The tongue is full of pow- Remember love, who gave thee this, er for weal, or for wo, according to the state

When other days shall come : of the heart, that impels it to action. What When she, who had thy earliest kiss, is there, that cannot be talked up, or talked

Sleeps-in her narrow home, down by it? It is full of blessing, or curs

Remember, 'twas a mother-gave ing-love or hatred; and oh! how it can The gift to one-she'd die to save. sting the soul, when it has been dipped in That mother-sought a pledge of boe, the gall and wormwood of hell; and how lift

The holiest for her son ; it to heaven, when fired with celestial love.

And, from the gifts of God above,

She chose a goodly one Notos. Always ing1l, perfectly, the accepted vorel, and

She chose, for her beloved boy, more so, in proportion as the word is important; i. e. shape the vowel sound completely, by the appropriate organs, and give it all

The source of light, and life, and joy, its necessary power, filling it full of the influence of the mind, in And bade him keep the gifts-that, whet the proportion as you wish your ideas to be impressive and abiding.

The parting hour would come, Mind possesses a magnifying power over words, making them

They might have hope—to meet again, mean more than they naturally do: which will be perfectly obvre cur in the specific practice of the principles which we are grado

In an eternal home. ally approaching.

She said his faith in that would be Anecdote. "I suppose,” (said an arrant Sweet incense—to her memory. quack, while feeling the pulse of his patient,) And should the scoffer, in his price, " that you think me a fool.” “Sir," (replied

Laugh that fond faith to scorn, the sick man,) "I perceive you can discover And bid him cast the pledge aside, a man's thoughts by his pulse."

That-he from youth had borue;
If all our hopes and all our fears,

She bade him pause, and ask his brease
Were prisoned in life's narrow bound;

If he or she, had loved him best?
If, travelers through this vale of rears,

A parent's blessing on her son
We saw no better world beyond;

Goes with this holy thing;
Oh! what could check the rising sigh?

The love, that would retain the one
What earthly thing, could pleasure give!

Must to the other cling.
Oh! who would venture then, to die,

Remember! 'tis no idle toy,
Or who would venture then, to live'

A mother's gif, Remember, boy!


236. The only way that provincialisms, Proverbs. 1. Neither great poverty por foreign accents and brogues, can be removed, great riches will hear reason. 2. Wine—is a turnis by individual attention to the first princi- coat; first a friend, then an enemy. 3. Diet and ples of our language, as here exhibited, and, exercise are the two physicians of nature. 4. at the same time, following a teacher who There is many a good house-wife that can't sing, can give the true English pronunciation; or dance. 5. Love-can neither be bought, nur for sounds can only be learned by imitation; sold. 6. He, that is a wise man, by dey, is 1.0 and this is the way in which Elocution and fool by night. 7. The society of ladies—is a Music must be taught. Our language has school of politeness. 8. An enemy to beauty is suffered, and is suffering, greatly, by being

a foe to nature. 9. When a man's coat is threadimproperly taught by foreigners, who can

bare, it is easy to pick a hole in it. 10. The study

of vain things-is laborious idleness. 11. No not pronounce one half of our words with propriety. But a teacher may be able to pro- trade. 13. All is good that is useful.

mine equal to saving. 12. Dependence is a poor nounce single words with a good degree of correctness, and yet be unable to deliver sen

CONTENTMENT-produces, in some meas tences, in a proper manner. A few minutes

ure, all those effects, which the alchymist every day, for a few weeks, devoted to the usually ascribes to what he calls the philosostudy and practice of these principles, will pher's stone; and if it does not bring riches, enable almost any one to discover and amend

it does the same thing, by banishing the de his errors and defects in articulating our for- sire of them. If it cannot remove the disty-four sounds, and pronouncing correctly, quietudes, arising from a man's mind, body the words in common use; and if spelling by It has indeed, a kindly influence on the soul

or fortune, it makes him easy under them. sounds and by sight, be faithfully practiced, one may secure another

rare excellence, of man, in respect of every being to whom he that of writing our words with correctness repining, and ingratitude, towards that Be

stands related. It extinguishes all murmur, and despatch.

ing, who has allotted him his part to act in 237. Every thing in the universe, both of this world. It destroys all inordinate ambimind and of matter, exists in reference to cer- tion, and every tendency to corruption, with tain fixed principles, which are called laws regard to the community wherein he is placof order, originating in the Great First ed. It gives sweetness to his conversation, Cause, and thence emanating throughout all and a perpetual serenity—to all his thoughts. creation, animate and inanimate: and so long and so far, as these laws are obeyed, we

Varieties. Is it not strange, that nations are shielded from all evils, physical and spiri- of men could ever have admitted into their tual: hence, if a man suffers, either in mind, creed, the idea of a plurality of Gods; when or body, from within, or without, the cause the whole of Nature bears on it so distinctly of the suffering is an infringement of the the impress of ONE MIND? 2. He is not the Laws of Life. Such, then, are our constitu- best reader, who speaks his words most rapidlions, and relations, that we cannot will, ly; but he who does justice to them, by proChink, or act, without obeying, or violating, nouncing them correctly, and effectively. 3. these laws of Life, of Being, of God. Oh the If a person delights in telling you the faults lengths, the breadths, the heighths, and the of others, be sure he intends to tell others depths of the wisdom and love of God, as your faults. 4. Never be a minute too late. manifested in the creation, redemption, and 5. Avoid loud talking and laughing in the SALVATION OF MAX.

streets. 6. The moral and intellectual man, Anoodote. Pity. A would-be orator, of seems to mould and modify the physicul very moderate abilities, after a long ha- man. 7. We are filled with the life of heaven, angue, asked a real friend, if he did not ex. just so far as we are emptied of our own, and ite much compassion. He replied, “ most find in us an utter inability to do good, withcertainly, you did sır; every one of the au

out divine assistance. dience pitied you most heartily.

A cloud lay cradled-near the setting sun

A gleam of crimson-tinged its braided snow; “ The way was long, the wind was colda

Long had I watched the glory-moving on, The minstrol-was infrm, and old ;

O'er the still radiance-of the lake below. His wither'd cheek—and tresses gray,

Tranquil its spirit seemed—and floated slow; Seem'd to have known a better day.

Ee'n in its very motion-there was rost, The karp, his sole remaining joy,

While every breath of eve, that chanced to blow, Was carried-by an orphan boy."

Wasted the traveler-to the beauteous westMe--let the tender office long engage,

Emblem, methought, of the departed soul, fo rock the cradle of reporilig age;

To whose white robe, the gleam of bliss is given, With lenient aris-extend a mother's breath, And by the breath of mercy-made to roll Make languor smile, and smooth the bed of death; Right onward-to the golden gates of heaven; Explore the thought, explain the asking eye, Where, to the eye of faith, it peaceful lies, And keep, a while, one parent from the sky And tella to man-his glorious destinios.

238. Pronunciation, as has been observed, Proverbs. 1. Endeavor to improve ha cor had a very comprehensive meaning among versation. 2. He who is vise in small matters the ancients, taking in the whole compass of will be wise in large ones. 3. Never say a fooldelivery, and involving every thing we see ish thing. 4. None can speak so feelingly of an and hear in modern elocution: it is now con- advantage, as he who bas suffered by neglectory fined within narrower limits, and has refer- it. 5. Let not the sun go down on your wrath. ence only to the manner of sounding words. 6. Our minds are moulded and fashioned by the It is much to be regretted, that there is not books we read. 7. Better be good, and not steiz nore agreement, even among literary and so, than seem good, and not be so. 8. A pleasant cientific men, with regard to this important 9. He, only, is a man, who governs himself. 10

journey is dearly bought, with the loss of some branch of our subject : but when we reflect, All bave power to distinguish between rights *hat not one in a hundred, takes it up syste- and wrong. 11. Turn a deaf ear 10 obscei! matically, and masters its principles, it is not

toords 12. All things are proven by contrast. sw.prising that there is so much discrepancy.

Good Sense. It will preserve us from ceno This consideration of inattention to the sub-soriousness; will lead us to distinguish cir. ject should put us on our guard against fol- cumstances; keep us from looking after viss lowing their examples in every respect, and ionary perfection, and make us see things in of yielding implicit obedience to their whims their proper light. It will lead us to study and oddities. There is so much self-love and dispositions, peculiarities, accommodatrons; pride of intelligence, as well as passion for to weigh consequences; to determine what novelty, prevalent in the world, that the stu- to observe and what to pass by; when to be dent in elocution, as well as in every thing immoveable, and when to yield. It will proelse, should cleave to acknowledged and well duce good manners, keep us from taking established principles; and regard what is freedoms, and handling things roughly; will most useful instead of what is new.

never agitate claims of superiority, but tench 239. There are general as well as specific us to submit ourselves one to another. Goud rules, for pronunciation: a partial idea of sense-will lead persons to regard their oun which, may be obtained from this manual of duties, rather than to recommend those of Elocution. The author has been engaged, others. for many years, in compiling a Dictionary, Varieties. 1. Is not a true knowledge of on an entirely new plan, so arranged, that the Divine Being, the foundation of religion, when one has learned the definitions of a few and the corner-stone of the church? 2. hundred words, he can accurately define as Every improper indulgence of the passions, many thousands; and with the use of his increases their strength for evil. 3 Few perfect alphabet, he will know the sound of seem to be aware, how much depends on the every letter, the instant he sees it, and how culture of our social nature. 4. It is a great to pronounce each word, without re-spelling, happiness—to be free from suspicion; but a with the same facility. All things are gove greater, to be free from offence. 5. To be erned by fixed principles, when they are in without passion, is worse than a beast; and true order; and when the principles of Pro- to be without reason, is worse than a man. nunciation are properly developed, and ap. 6. The refined pleasures of a truly pious plied, they will be found as simple and effec- mind, are far superior to the coarse gratificalive, as those of Elocution and Music.

tions of sense. 7. God gave no faculty of Notos. 1. As the voice is often affected, by a derangeinent mind, or body, to men, but those which he of the respiratory and articulating organs: a few observations are meant should be exerted, and honor him in nade on some of their causes and remedies. 2. Colds and Coughs his design; the perversion of those faculties, care the effects of sudden exposure to a cold atmosphere, by and acting from, in, and by them, contrary which the pores of the skin, (which is an crhalent surface,) be comes constringed and obstructed; which obstructions may be re. to God's design, makes the evil, disease, anů moved, by restoring to the skin, (which is the safety-valve of the death. cystein) its usual offices. When one has taken cold, the mucus

THE DAY OF LIFE. membrane of the lungs, and air passages, (which are also exha

The morning hours-of cheerful light, lents.) emit a new fluid-to compensate for the interruption in the

of all the day-are best; office of the surface of the body; and, as this new secretion concists of humors, which can be of no further use to the system, it

But, as they speed their hasty flight, excite a muscular effort, called a Cough; by which it is detached If every hour-be spent aright, froin the surface of this inner skin, and expectorated. One of the We sucetly sink-lo sleep-at night, best remedies a a Vapor Bath, with an application of cold water,

And pleasant—is our rest.

And life-is like a summer's day, Anecdote. A parish clerk, having, accor

It seems so quickly past : ding to custom, published the banns of matri

Youth-is the morning, bright, and gay, mony, between a loving couple, was followed

And, if 'tis spent in wisdom's way, by the minister, who gave out the hymn,

We meet old age-without dismay, commencing with these words—"Mistaken

And death-is sweet-at last. souls! that dream of Heaven."

on, the cloud, that wraps the present hout, Ruson gains all men -by compelling-none. Lives—but to brighien-all our future days.

and friction Immediately after.

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