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he is “ Jefus the Mediator of the new covenant;" and his blood is the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel.” By his means, he who was before an enemy is reconciled to God, brought within the bond of the covenant of peace, and gets a right to all the benefits of it. As by his gracious Spirit he extinguishes the real enmity of the finner against God, fo by his interceffion he removes the legal enmity in God against the fin

He intercedes as the Secretary, or favourite courtier of heaven, bringing in the finner into the comfortable gracious presence of God, procuring him access to God, and communion with him in duties : Eph. iii. 12. “ In whom we have boldness and access, with confidence, by the faith of him." Thus, through the vail of his flesh, the believing finner draws nigh to God, and God draws nigh to him with his quickening, sanctifying, and comforting influences. The linner looks on God with the confidence a child does on a father. He intercedes as a Resident at the court of heaven : Heb. ix. 24. “ He is entered into heaven itfelf, now to appear in the presence of God for And by this means he maintains that

peace which he has made betwixt God and believers : Rom. v. 1.

Being justified by faith, we have epace with God, through our Lord Jesus Christ :" He keeps the believer's trade with heaven open and free for them: Rom. v. 2. “ By whom also we have access by faith, into this grace, wherein we stand, and rejoice in the hope of the glory of God." He removes any emergent differences, Isa. liii. 12.; and so ensures, by the covenant of peace, that there can never be a total rupture betwixt heaven and them : Heb. vii. 25. “ Wherefore he is able to save them to the uttermost that come to God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession



for them."-He intercedes as an Advocate at the bar of God : 1 John, ii. 1.“ If any man fin, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous." He pleads their cause before God, upon the ground of his own sufferings, against all their accusers and whatever is charged upon them, so that they are freed from condemnation, their right and title to heaven is still vindicated, notwithstanding their many failures; and wrath can go no farther against them than temporary strokes. -He intercedes as a Solicitor for his people before the Lord. He presents their petitions, and solicits for the granting of them. With much incense he offers the prayers of all saints upon

the golden altar which was before the throne, Rev. viii. 3. They have many wants, both as to temporal and spiritual things. They must go to God for them, and put up their petitions. But he must present them, else they cannot be heard.

5. He is the Administrator of the covenant, God's deputy-governor, to dispose of the benefits of the covenant, and to manage the whole matter betwixt the Lord and finners : Matth. xxviii. 18. “ All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.” As Joseph was set over the land of Egypt, so he is set over his Father's house, all commerce betwixt the Lord and finners being through his mediation. As they can offer nothing to God acceptably, but through him ; so they can receive to benefit from heaven but through his hand : Jolin, V. 22. “ For the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgement unto the Son.” He has to bring the elect to consent to the covenant ; to rule and govern them in it; to protect, provide, and furnish thein with all necessaries through the wilderness ; and, finally, to give them the crown and kingdom at last; this is the office and work to which Christ was anointed ; neither men nor an


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Isa. Ixi. 1. The Lord hath anointed me to preach good

tidings to the meek.

N these and the following words, we have re

I prefented the greates the importawe work for

which Jesus was appointed, and to which he was specially called by his heavenly Father,—work for which he was completely qualified, by the Spirit of the Lord God being upon him. We propose to consider the several parts of this work, in that order in-which they are set before us; and accora dingly begin with that part, his having “ to preach good tidings to the meek.”- In which words we have,

1. The work itself in which the Son of God was employed, and to which he was called : To preach good tidings. He was a minister by office : Rom. xv. 8. “ Now I say, that Jesus Christ was a minister of the circumcision, for the truth of God, to confirm the promises of God made to the fathers ;” the great minister of the gospel. He Vol. III.



was the best among men; he brought good tidings, the best of tidings; by these tidings is meant the gospel, Luke, iv. 18. This is the good news, the tidings of peace and falvation, which Jesus brought from heaven to earth. We have,

2. The special object of this part of the work, the meek. The word signifies, such as are meek, humble, and submissive, being made fo by poverty and affliction. In the parallel place, it reads poor, and the one explains the other. If it is inquired, what poor ones are meant ? I think it is plain, it is not those who are mean in the world, but the poor in spirit, for these poor ones are meek. These meek poor ones are classed with the broken-hearted, and both distinguished from the captives and prisoners, by the original accentuation. So that by the meek here is meant, the poor in fpirit, those who, as being convinced by the law, have seen themselves to be poor, that they have nothing in which they could stand before God as righteous, but look on themlelves as wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked, Rev. iii. 17. And it is remarkable, that our Saviour's sermon on the mount begins with good tidings to fuch persons: Matth. v. 3. “ Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.”

But here there occurs a question: Was Christ to preach the good tidings of the gospel to none but these ? To this I answer, The gospel was in itself good tidings unto all: Luke, ii. 10. “ And the angel said unto them, Fear not, for behold I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people." Our Lord preached to all who heard him promiscuously these good tidings, but in effect they were not good to any but to the poor in spirit

None but these could relish the goodness of them; to others they were tasteless,


among them.

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