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of the public school as means for the teaching of patriotism, etc. Referred to the Committee on Resolutions.

The Committee on Bureau of Education made a partial report on general matters, and asked further time, which was granted.

The same committee made the following report on Educational Exhibits (Mr. Cook's motion):

Your committee charged with the duty of reporting recommendations respecting the Educational Exhibit in the proposed Centennial Exposition of 1892, submits the following, to wit:

1. That there be provided for the Educational Exhibit a separate building, ample in size and suitably arranged for the purpose, and that the building be early provided for by those who may be intrusted with the management of the Exposition; provided that the plan of separate buildings for the leading departments be adopted.

2. That the organization and immediate direction of the Educational Exhibit be intrusted to the United States Commissioner of Education, assisted by several as ciate commissioners, wisely selected, and each having the more special charge of a department of the exhibit; and that the head of the department of each State be made an advisory committee for said State.

3. That in the organization of the exhibit, provision be made for representation of the public school system of each State, the Territories, and the District of Columbia, and also the schools supported by the General Government; and that, for the purposes of intelligent comparison and study, the exhibits of the several States, in their most important features, be prepared on a uniform plan prescribed by the Commissioner of Education. In addition to the exhibits of the several States, provision should be made for the representation of the educational work of the country as a whole; and if possible, this exhibit should include every grade of school for general education, from the kindergarten to the university, and also of all classes of institutions for special education.

4. It is further recommended that a committee be appointed by this department to bring this subject before the National Educational Association at the coming meeting in St. Paul, to the end that the educators of the country may be early enlisted in this important enterprise. Respectfully submitted.

E. E. WHITE.
M. A. NEWELL.
A. S. DRAPER.
A. P. MARBLE.

JOHN E. BRADLEY. After some discussion, this report was laid on the table, to hear the paper of Dr. Harris on “The General Government and Public Education Throughout the Country.”

The discussion of this subject was carried by the following gentlemen: J. W. Dickinson, Thomas J. Moryan, M. A. Newell, E. E. White, John Eaton, Henry A. Wise, Andrew J. Rickoff, J. A. B. Lovett, and James MacAlister.

On motion of Mr. Hancock, a committee was appointed to prepare and submit suitable resolutions on the death of Hon. E. E. Higbee, late State Superintendent of Pennsylvania. The committee was as follows: Messrs. Hancock, LaFollette, Wise, Buehrle, and Jones.

James M. King, Secretary of the National League for the Protection of American Institutions, addressed the Department, briefly explaining the aims and objects of the League.

AFTERNOON SESSION. The Department reassembled at 2:30 o'clock.

A communication was received from Arthur McMullen, Clerk of the Board of Education, City of New York, inclosing the following resolution, which had been unanimously adopted by the Board:

IN THE BOARD OF EDUCATION, Feb. 19, 1890. Resolved, That delegates present in the city at the convention of Superintendents of State Education, and others interested in education, be invited by this Board to visit the schools of our system; and that the Clerk of this Board be requested to forward this invitation, immediately, to the convention.

The invitation was accepted, and the resolution ordered upon the records of the Department.

Seth Low, President of Columbia College, New York, was introduced, and extended an invitation to the Department to visit the college on the following day, expressing his deep interest in all educational work.

W. E. Sheldon spoke briefly of methods of increasing the influence and usefulness of the Department by publishing some of the more valuable papers promptly for wide distribution, and moved the appointment of a committee to consider the matter and report at the evening session.

Adopted, and the following committee appointed: W. E. Sheldon, J. A. B. Lovett, H. S. Tarbell, Aaron Gove, A. J. Rickoff, J. M. Greenwood, E. C. Hewett.

J. A. B. Lovett then read a paper on “The Education of the Negro in the South.”

The discussion was opened by W. B. Powell, and continued by Messrs. Bartholomew, Jones, White, Greenwood, and MacAlister, and Mrs. R. D. Rickoff, of New York.

EVENING SESSION. The Department reassembled at 8 o'clock.

The committee on the death of E. E. Higbee submitted the following report:

Resolved, That in the death of Dr. E. E. Higbee, late State Superintendent of Instruction of Pennsylvania, the Department of Superintendence of the National Educational Association recognizes the loss of one of its ablest members and foremost thinkers and most genial associates, and the loss to the nation of an educator in the full and best sense of that word, second to none in the country, whose sad and sudden removal from the position he so efficiently filled we deeply and sincerely lament.

JOHN HANCOCK,
H. M. LAFOLLETTE,
H. A. WISE,
R. K. BUEHRLE,
H. S. Jones,

Committee. In the same connection Vr. Buehrle submitted the following:

It was my great good-fortune to meet Dr. Higbee in 1881. shortly after his appointment as State Superintendent of Pennsylvania, at a literary and social gathering of the elite of the city of Lancaster, who had assembled to do him honor. He at once impressed me as a man of keen, logical acumen, and remarkable depth of insight. From that time forth we were friends until the time of his departure to the better. the silent land. It is a comfort to me now. to know that in the days of his severest trial as well as unjust persecution it was in my power to encourage and stard by him, and to see him subsequently in the unmolested enjoyment of his position, pressing forward in his work, surrounded by friends many and loving, who rejoiced in his success.

The Blue Mountains of Pennsylvania owe a debt of gratitude to the Green Mountains of Vermont for the gift of Dr. Higbee. A living embodiment of the best results of the New England college system of instruction, he came to the Keystone State to bless it with his varied activity. He discoursed with energy, his look inspired veneration, and his diction was elegant. All that he did, he did with an ease that rendered every movement graceful; for while others, though great, seemed to struggle beneath their argument, he, descending from above, stooped to touch the loftiest thought, “then turned, and with the grasshopper who sang his evening song beneath his feet conversed."

A comparative stranger to the school-men and the school system of the State, (having exchanged the retirement of a college in a secluded town for the foremost educational position in a great State,) he mastered the latter and captivated all hearts of the former. The poet but expressed the language of Dr. Higbee's heart when he sang

"Delightful thought, to rear the tender thought,

To teach the young idea how to shoot,
To pour the fresh instruction o'er the mind,
To breathe the enlivening spirit, and to fix

The generous purpose in the glowing breast."
Yet withal,

"He sat diligently at his work and hummed a pious tune," and then again

**Went out singing into the meadows so gaily that those who had seen him from afar might well have thought was a youth gathering flowers for his beloved."

With an insight rare in natures so exquisitely and even poetically attuned as was his, he seized upon the work for him to do, with marvelous correctness.

He was profoundly convinced that the foundations of the system had been well laid before his advent to office. Others had constructed; he gloried in supplying the power, to inspire the heart to noble purposes. He took the body, breathed his enthusiasm into it, and it became a living soul. He had a sublime contempt for methods, but spoke with impassioned eloquence for principles. Others had looked to and were looking to present needs; his exalted view took in the future. Others might provide for the temporal, and cleave to the seen and the material; he cared for the spiritual. and secured the unseen and the eternal.

The resolution was adopted.

The report of the Committee on Bureau of Education was taken from the table, and after discussion was adopted. Mr. White was appointed a committee of one to present the matter to the National Educational Association at the St. Paul meeting.

The committee appointed to consider the matter of early publication of important papers, reported as follows:

Resolved, That we recommend the immediate preparation for publication of the complete proceedings of the meeting of this Department by its secretary, and that

a committee be appointed with authority to make arrangement with the Executive Committee of the National Educational Association for immediate publication of 500 copies for the use of the Department, and 5,000 copies in monogram of Commissioner Harris's paper to be distributed by the Secretary of this Department. For the Committee :

W. E. SHELDON, Chairman. Resolution adopted, and the following committee appointed: Messrs. Sheldon, Day, and Calkins.

Mr. White asked further time for the Committee on Manual Training to make a report. (Mr. Anderson's motion, Washington meeting, 1889.) Mr. Sheldon asked further time to report on Mr. Maxwell's resolution. (Washington meeting, 1889.)

On motion of Mr. Cook, these committees were requested to report at the next meeting of this Department, one year hence.

President C. W. Eliot, of Harvard College, then read a paper on “The Relation of Colleges and Secondary Schools: How can it be strengthened?"

This subject was discussed by Messrs. Dougherty, Bradley, Buehrle, Patterson, Kiehle, Dewey, Webster, and Morgan.

J. W. Johnson, University of Mississippi, sent his paper, which was ordered printed.

The Committee on Resolutions submitted the following report:

Resolred, That our cordial thanks be tendered to the President and Trustees of the New York College for the Training of Teachers, and to their representative, Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler, for their very generous and thoughtful hospitality in providing rooms for our meeting, and in promoting every way the comfort, pleasure, and convenience of our members.

Resolred, That our thanks are due to the Grand Central Hotel for their liberality; to many railroads for generous concessions; and especially to the daily newspapers of New York City for their very full and satisfactory reports of our papers and discussions.

Resolved, That we record our hearty appreciation of the wise and vigorous measures adopted and carried out by our President, Hon. A. S. Draper, of New York, and the other officers of this Department, whereby the great success of this New York meeting has been secured.

Resolved, That we cordially approve of the plans of the United States Government for the education of all the Indian children as outlined by the Commissioner of Indian Affairs; and we respectfully urge Congress to make the needful appropriations.

Resolred, That in view of the continued illiteracy of large numbers of American citizens, and the inadequacy of local means and instrumentalities to educate their youth for the responsibilities before them, we renew and emphasize and appeal to Congress for the speedy passage of some fit and adequate measure of national aid to common schools.

Resolred, That the Department of Superintendence hereby expresses its continued appreciation of the great usefulness of the Bureau of Education; and also its hearty approval of the excellent appointment of Dr. W. T. Harris, of Massachusetts, as Commissioner, and its consequent high expectation of the increasing efficiency and success of the Bureau.

Resolved, That this Department most earnestly urges upon Congress the making of an adequate and liberal appropriation for the support of the Bureau, to the end that the important work now in progress may be successfully carried forward.

Resolred, That we regard the American common school as established by our fathers, to be the chief source of our civilization, and the strong bulwark of religious and civil freedom; we therefore pledge ourselves to do all in our power to aid in promoting the firm and permanent establishment of the common-school system in all parts of the republic, with a view to overcome the evils of illiteracy, and make loyalty and intelligence universal among the people of all races and conditions.

Resolred, That we can but meet the hostile criticisms openly made against the public schools of the country by making these schools so true to their high purpose that they shall become the potent allies of the best home culture, and sources of the most wholesome moral influence, without at all interfering with religious denominational differences.

Resolred, That we heartily commend recent efforts, made in many sections of the country, to place over every school-house the American flag; and also recommend the study of the Declaration of Independence, and of other great historical documents of American civil liberty, in the public schools, as a means of stimulating true patriotism and of promoting enlightened citizenship.

Resolved, That we recommend that every State normal school provide a definite course of instruction in the History of Education, Psychology, and Methods of Teaching and School Administration; and for every permanent license issued by the State superintendent of schools, or State board of examiners, examination shall be required in these three divisions of pedagogical science.

Resolved, That in our judgment the diploma of any State normal school, or the permanent license issued by the State school authorities, should be a sufficient evidence of the proficiency of its holder to teach in the public schools of any district, town, or city in the State, and no further examination of such holder should be required by any board of school officers.

Resolved, That the United States Bureau of Education be respectfully requested to communicate with State school authorities of each State, and endeavor to bring about an understanding between as many States as possible, whereby teachers' certificates of high grade, including normal-school diplomas, granted in one State, may become valid in other States, and that said Bureau be requested to advise State superintendents what States will enter into such plan, and also upon what basis certificates and normal-school diplomas are issued in such States.

The Committee on Nomination of Officers for the ensuing year reported, recommending the reëlection of the present officers.

President Draper earnestly urged that another be chosen to that position, but the report was approved, and the following officers were unanimously reëlected:

President - A. S. Draper, Albany, N. Y.
First Vice-President --J. A. B. Lovett, Huntsville, Ala.
Second l'ice-President E. B. McElroy. Salem, Oregon.
Secretary--L. W. Day, Cleveland, Ohio.
Philadelphia was selected as the next place of meeting.

All necessary business appertaining to the session having been completed, the Department adjourned.

L. W. DAY, Secretary.

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