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SECESSION IN THE

UNITED STATES

A HISTORY OF THE SIX ATTEMPTS
DURING THE FIRST CENTURY

OF THE REPUBLIC

BY

EDWARD PAYSON POWELL

65

An Indissoluble Union under one Federal Head."

GEORGE WASHINGTON, 1788.
"A Federal Republic in which States Form the Central Principle."

GEORGE CLINTON.
"Freedom of Religion ; Freedom of the Press ;

Freedom of Commerce."

THOMAS JEFFERSON.

G. P. PUTNAM'S SONS

NEW YORK
27 WEST TWENTY-THIRD STREET

LONDON
24 BEDFORD STREET, STRAND

The Knickerbocker Press

COPYRIGHT, 1897

BY

G. P. PUTNAM'S SONS

Obe knickerbocker Press, New Pork

To the South as well as the North, to the West as well as the East, with a spirit of equal justice to all, this book is dedicated-our common land-our indissoluble Union.

“With malice toward none; with charity for all.”

ABRAHAM LINCOLN.

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THIS book is undeniably written for a purpose. It

is my desire to state facts as viewed from a strictly national, rather than from a sectional or partisan standpoint. But it is not without the sphere of legitimate history to aid by such a statement of facts, in creating a more generous national sentiment; and a conviction on the part of all sections that political righteousness has not been the exclusive property of any one part of the United States. It is time to deal justly by the South ; and recognize its full share in the better part of nation building ; while at the same time we do not overlook the diverse obligations that naturally fell upon the complementary sections. It is easy for either North or South to perceive the blunders in action and defects of character of the opposite section ; it is difficult to generously measure each other's achievements; and to help atone for each other's errors. In writing a history of attempts at nullification and secession, I shall not forget that they are expressions of that intense individualism which was the most potent factor in creating our Republic.

E. P. P.

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