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eighth, fifty-two were killed in Morelos, while Zapata, the scourge, was busy in the state of Puebla, and there is no detailed account from any source either of his atrocities or of his assassinations.
While all these battles
had occurred at some little distance from the City of Mexico, starting in the south, working to the west, then gaining the north, and wherever they had once been fought leaving the localities in a state of siege and reprisal, the territory immediately contiguous to the capital had been spared.
But on the eighth of December, the cap
ital itself was threatened. There were “There are more
fresh uprisings in the three states nearest men under arms
it. From the tower of the cathedral in the in Mexico to-day
City of Mexico could be seen the flames than there were during the Rev.
of burning villages. At the same time, olution"
throughout the Republic there were such evidences of disaffection as had not been
seen even during the worst moments of the and the following day,
Diaz régime sixty were killed at Cor
This résumé, and the diary accompanytazar, in the state of Gua
ing it, reveals the situation only in part. It najuato. The day after, 122 bandits and records, however, a loss of life of about no American knows how many federals 2,800, with innumerable wounded. With were killed at Santa Ana. On the twenty the unknown dead and the encounters not
recorded, it is safe to state that since Diaz Compare this with the fact that during the resigned, fully 5,000 people in Mexico have war with Spain the United States lost, killed lost their lives
by violence in action, only 350 men! and that two
thirds of them have
been killed Why is so little of this printed in the since Madero
was elected United States? For two reasons: president, al
though, (i) The capitalists, who have been hopduring the in
terreg - ing from day to day that the turbulent num, he vir
tually held forces of the revolution would calm themthe reins
of power. selves as soon as Diaz left, do not encourage
the telling of the truth about this situation. Publishing it will hurt trade, they say. The capital already in Mexico needs more capital, and at the present time all work of an organized nature, which means all work engineered by foreigners, for the Mexicans do little by themselves, is at a standstill.
(2) The newspapers of the United States do not keep correspondents in the interior of Mexico, for they say that their readers are not interested in the petty local troubles of an alien race, which is but partly civilized, despite the fact that these people are our next-door neighbors.
We must, however, consider those seventy-seven Americans killed during the past year. Not all of them were adventurers. I quote from El Imparcial of Mexico City, under date of November 15, a despatch from Hermosillo, capital of Sonora. The rebels are committing depredations all over
the state. The Zapata is a young fellow of most noted thirty, ignorant, bloodthirsty, among them reckless, inspired with the lust to
is the assassinkill and to loot, with no understanding of the idea
ation, two of patriotism, and days ago, of without any desire
three North better his Americans, people" Frank Lesser,
a high employee of the Richard
President Diaz resigned May 25th, 1911. Riots Diary of Events from May 25, in city May 25th and 26th.
May 27th. Ten thousand rebels attack Diaz's signed to December 12, 1911, train at Tepeyahualco. Rebel dead 22. Many
bellion against federal officials killed. Stores looted and burned. Entire state of Durango and southern Chihuahua at the mercy of insurrectionists and bandits. Min Chiapas, principally at Tuxtla Gutierrez. Newsing camp of Guanacevi, Durango, in chaos.
paper accounts say the Grijalva River was choked June 30th. Socialist revolt in the North.
with dead. July 3d. Battle at Los Reyes, Michoacan Sept.28th. General Bernardo Reyes left Mexico, between federals and Maderists. 38 killed, 20 via Vera Cruz. wounded.
Oct. ist. Battle at San Juan del Rio, Morelos, July 12th. Fighting at Santa Julia, suburb of between Zapatists and federals. 40 dead. JonacaMexico City. 35 killed.
tepec, Morelos, sacked. July 13th. Bloody battle at Puebla. 377 rebels Oct. 2d. Battle in Tehuantepec, Oaxaca. Rebkilled. No statement of el killed 21. 25 wounded. Charles P. Woolrich
killed. son Company, and two
federal dead or wounded. miners of the mine
Red Cross soldiers Oct. 5th. General fighting in states of Morelos, called La Sultana near
killed. 4 Germans killed, Guerrero, Oaxaca, Puebla. the station of Carbo.
3 men and a woman; Oct. 6th. Bloody battle between federals and
also several Spaniards. rebels in city of Chicuazan, Chiapas. 65 rebels Also, from the Sept. 3d. Great killed; scores wounded.
riots in Mexico City.. Mexican Herald (in
Oct. 7th. Battle between federals and Chamula Scores killed.
Indians near Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas. 200 killed English) under date
Sept. 5th. Fighting and wounded. of July 23, from in Chinameca, state of Oct. 1oth. Fight at Chiapa de Corzo, Chiapas. Torreon, state of Morelos, between Za 30 dead, 40 wounded. Prisoners in jails liberated Coahuila, the fol
pata's forces and fed by rebels.
erals. Zapata's dead, Oct. 11th. City of Jonacatepec, Morelos, belowing:
60. Federals' unknown. sieged by 1500 bandits.
Sept. 24th, 25th, 26th, Oct. 12th. Town of Ozumba, 45 miles distant E. Delafond, a French
27th. Battles between from Mexico, captured and looted by rebels. capitalist of Mexico
federals and rebels in Oct. 21st. Railroad bridge blown up at Ozumba, City, had a narrow es
in the state of Mexico. cape from violence recently when a revolutionary happened in Colom Military train wrecked band insulted both the French and American bia, Porto Rico, etc.,
and rolled into cañon. flags. A demand was made on him for $6,000, which he could not meet in cash. Being French
and more expecially
At Huajuapan de Leon,
Oaxaca, a train was born and an American citizen, he raised the French in Nicaragua, where
fired into and wrecked. flag over his residence and the Stars and Stripes
our neighbors in Oct. 24th. Bridges over his factory. Both were torn down with in
sisted on setting up blown up and trains sulting epithets and either burned by revoltosos or
wrecked a few miles wrapped around the legs of their horses for ornaments!
a government to
out of Mexico City. their own liking."
Oct. 25th. Three This spectacle of the American flag The Madero gov thousand rebels entered wrapped around the legs of Mexican rebels' ernment professes
the Federal District, horses is the natural and inevitable out- friendship for the
sacked and burned the come of the words of various rebel leaders. United States; it
towns of Milpa Alta,
San Mateo, Nativitas, Said Abraham Gonzalez, Governor of enlists and obtains
Tulyahualco, Tenango, the state of Chihuahua, before a public support in driving
and Tuchitepec. meeting in July, two months after Diaz had Reyes away from sailed for Europe: “You Americans may the border, so that he may not foment well be sad, for it will be different for you there another revolution such as Madero now.”
carried on to an unexpected success; and Again, another jefe (chief), this time Don even demands that the life of one of its citiManuel Cuesta Gallardo, Governor-elect of zens, Leon Martinez, tried, convicted, and the state of Jalisco, speaking before a work- sentenced to be hanged in Texas for the muringmen's society in Guadalajara, said, as der of Miss Emma Brown, a school-teacher, reported in the Mexican Herald:
shall be spared. The friendship is accepted,
as professed; Reyes is driven away; and “The citizens of the United States are Martinez, though his sentence was to be enemies of the internal welfare of this carried out on September 1, is still unRepublic.”
hanged. The report of his speech continues in the Meanwhile, on November 25, El Diario third person, saying: “Mr. Cuesta, with Español, one of the most powerful organs facile speech, went on to show what had of publicity in Mexico, published the fol
1911, the day on which Diaz re
Sonora. Uprising of the Yaqui Indians. Panic
in Torreon. 8,000 workmen on strike. showing the growth of the re Nov. 18th. Ten thousand strikers in Laguna disMadero's authority
trict. 5,000 more near Puebla.
Nov. 19th. City of Coyuca, Guerrero, captured
by rebels under Jesus Salgado. Oct. 26th. The town of Caajomulco, Morelos, Nov. 22d Battle at Canada de Caracheo, sacked and burned.
Guanajuato, 40 killed. Oct. 29th. Fighting between rebels and federals Nov. 23d. Battle at Cortazar, Guanajuato, in state of Sonora. 16 dead and many wounded. 60 killed. Two Spaniards murdered by rebels. At Xochutlan, Morelos, 32 rebels were killed and Nov. 24th. At Santa Ana, Morelos, General many wounded. City of Choula near Puebla at Garcia Aragon defeated the rebels under Zapata. tacked. 90 killed.
122 bandits killed. No account of federal dead. Nov. ist. Battle in the streets of Torreon, last Nov. 25th. The hacienda of Tres Marias, Moing 5 hours. Fighting in the states of Mexico and relos, near Guernavaca, looted and burned. Puebla. Many haciendas attacked and looted. The Armed · rebellion in plant of the Puebla Light & Power Company at Tepic; state of Oaxaca
As it is impossitacked and robbed.
secedes. 62 killed near Nov. 2d. Mazatlan at the mercy of the rebels. Cuautla, Morelos.
ble for an anti-MaZapatists threatening Pachuca. Many haciendas in Nov. 28th. Battle at dero paper to exist the state of Hidalgo sacked and owners murdered. Axochiapam, Morelos, long in Mexico, this Nov. 3d. Battle at Juchitan, Oaxaca.
52 dead. Uprisings reels killed. Acatlan, Puebla, attacked and sacked.
may be taken as an
ported everywhere. Nov. 4th. Cuautla, Morelos, besieged by Za Dec. 8th. Uprisings
expression from one patists. Another battle in Juchitan. 300 dead. in three states contigu who is not, at least
Nov. 5th. Another hundred killed in Juchitan. New ous to the City of Mex officially, out of symrevolution launched in favor of Emilio Vasquez Gomez. ico. Flames of burning
pathy with the adNov. 6th. Atrocities by the hordes of Zapata. villages seen from catheA station on the Interoceania Railroad attacked. dral towers in the city.
ministration. Ernest Station agent and brother tortured and mur Dec. 12th. In a fierce T. Simondetti, pubdered. Their sisters attacked.
battle between the reb lisher and editor of Nov. 7th. One thousand corpses in streets of els and federals in Juchi El Diario, which opJuchitan. Rebels stacked up the dead and tan, Dr. Gomez is killed. formed barriers, behind
posed the election which they fought the lowing editorial, for of Madero, was forced to flee the country, federals.
which it received no but the editor of El Diario Español reNov. 9th. Juchitan, official disapproval, mains in favor, though he writes and pubOaxaca, reduced to ruins. Battle at Te for it is professedly lishes the above. a Madero paper:
While the Madero government extends Nov. 13th. Buildings From the north will its constitutional guaranties to American in the hacienda of come these new bar
citizens, it is powerless to enforce them. It Santa Catalina, state of barians with the eleDurango, looted and
can hardly be expected to protect American ments which civilizadynamited. Employees tion and the art of
citizens when it cannot protect its own killed. Many Span
war have placed in their citizens. iards killed near Juch hands. They are fair, This Madero impotency is a curious itan. 3500 workmen on like the men who destrike in Torreon.
thing; it would be farcical were it not scended on the southNov. 15th. Three
ern regions of old tragic. The man seems toying with forces Americans murdered in Europe.
of which he has no comprehension. The
They are not dressed whole revolt-its blind fury, its lack of any in the skins of beasts, nor do they dance round the bonfires in their forests, but, in their pride
coherent political direction, its seething of race, they will, like vampires, suck the blood
forces which may only be defined as anarchof our traditions; they will merge in the seat of ical-may be understood if I describe their conquests the crystal lymph of our na Madero's visit to Puebla in the middle of tional independence; a new constellation will be
July. In little, it illustrates the entire displayed to heaven where once floated the green, red, and white, symbolizing the valor of the Indian
national condition at the present time. and the energy of the Creole, the epic poem of our Diaz had then been gone two months. freedom.
Peace had long been declared. Madero was It is for patriotism to assert itself at these mo
being hailed throughout the country as its ments. It now conjures, but later it may accuse. It speaks now as does one brother to another, but
liberator. He was passing from town to if its voice is not heard, it will speak the language of town to receive the plaudits of the people menace.
and to harmonize conditions. When he And on those who refuse to hear, the curse of the fatherland will descend and will haunt them as the
arrived in a city, a holiday was declared and shade of the murdered Abel dogged the footsteps of
the inhabitants participated in a fiesta. Cain-revengeful and implacable.
July 13, he was to arrive in Puebla, a