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Michoacan

same time, the telegraph announced that

other places to continue Don Pancho (Madero's popular name, an

their revolt. They abbreviation of Francisco) would arrive in

do not understand a few hours.

why it is that when Immediately, Governor Cañete went

they have whipped through the streets with white flags, plead

the federals, the ing to the rebels to come off the housetops

federals are still to save the town from the federal guns.

there over them This appeal gained nothing but sullen

to enforce discidefiance. Then Cañete implored

pline. And, not them to come down for the sake of Don

having given up their Pancho; that they must greet their liberator

arms, they feel that and celebrate the fiesta in proper style.

they have just as The second appeal was successful.

good a right to The rebels hustled into the street and began clearing the Chihuahua

Nuevo
Durango

Leon
General Bernardo
Reyes, Mexican ex-

Caricature
Minister of War, at

Luis

portrait of President present the most prominent figure in

Tampico

Madero, from the anti-Madero revolt. The revolt,

Terr
Potos

the revolutionist however, is not organized under any

Tepic

paper y priango. This one head, but has a number of lead.

Guanajuato

paper is named after ers, the majority of whom are simply

the ship that carried robber chiefs who are taking advantage

Jalisco

Hidalgo

Diaz írom Mexico of the government's inefficiency to pill

Mexico age and destroy. The shaded portions of the accompanying map represent the districts in which the lawlessness is rampant corpses away. By the time Madero ar

O ax a c a Chiapas rived, about ten o'clock, though the dead had been removed, pools of blood and bullet-scarred walls marked the scene of bear them, if not a betthe desperate encounter. Then the rebels ter one, than the federal fell in behind Madero's automobile and troops. paraded proudly.

The extent of Madero's handling of this At the head of an undisciplined mob, who situation is to argue and plead. may be called rebels only by courtesy, In the same way he has met every grave Madero rode through the streets, to the situation that has occurred since he was huzzas of the populace. Among those who elected. He "pleads" with bandits to lay followed him on horseback was the dyna- down their arms; he "urges” the rebels to mite squad, each man without arms, but cease fighting; he "suggests that the bearing in each hand a stick of dynamite. federal troops be less harsh. He has an

For two days, the celebration was held. nounced that the revolution is at an end, Then Madero continued on his way, pass while his brothers in New York and Washing across the gulf to Yucatan. He had no ington repeatedly tell the American press sooner gone than the rebels rode away to that all is well in Mexico.

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swarming, hungry vultures seeking out their op following of about 5,000. It was this army portunity to come below and feed on these dead

of rebels that battled with the federals until bodies. There are more than a thousand of

a thousand were killed in and around Juchithem. Besides, there are hundreds of wounded, who, abandoned, without care, are slowly dying of

tan during the first week in November, thirst and desperation.

while Madero was taking the oath of office.

In the state of Sinaloa, Juan Banderas, Madero gained the presidency by virtue with several thousand men, during the of reckless promises, backed by a well- months of October and November, was financed show of arms for which the male threatening the port of Mazatlan, which is members of his wealthy family furnished the largest city on the west coast.

Near the sinews of war. These promises were, him, is the bandit Solis, whose favorite form in effect, that the great estates of Mexico of extortion is to threaten to burn the caneshould be divided among the people. He

He fields, unless he is paid to keep away. now finds himself, for many reasons, in In the state of Guerrero, Jesus Salgado capable of fulfilling these promises.

is at the head of a marauding band, and in His first and most terrible disaffection Guanajuato, Candido Procel is on the same he faced in Zapata, “the Atilla of the errand; while in Coahuila, on the upper South.” Zapata is a young fellow of thirty, west coast, Flores Magon, under a thin veil ignorant, bloodthirsty, reckless, inspired of a pretense at Socialism, is conducting with the lust to kill and to loot.

-raids. During the revolution, Zapata fought Madero's own followers, the Maderistas, with the rebels; and when the treaty of who have become the followers of other peace was signed, he demanded and was leaders now that their former chief is in promised an important position in Madero's command of the federal troops, are those government. Yet, before Madero could be who are reported to have killed 353 Chinaformally elected, Zapata appeared in the men in the capture of Torreon, many of mountains in the state of Morelos at the whom were tortured before death. Lariats head of a band of bandits.

were tied to the ankles of some, and then Then Madero secretly sent for Zapata were tied to the horns of saddles with the and gave him 30,000 pesos ($15,000), with horses headed in opposite directions. Then the understanding that he should lay down the horses were whipped into a gallop and his arms and quietly await events, which the Chinamen torn limb from limb. in due time would result in a substantial Robert Swayze, a British subject, was office for himself. Once he had secured the cast on a fire, after he had been wounded money, Zapata promptly broke his word. and while still alive, and there burned to

Although De la Barra was at that time death. He was a railroad contractor and provisional president, all important negoti was engaged in his work when attacked. ations were carried on by Madero from his The rapine committed is of the most private residence in the City of Mexico. savage description. On July 13, a German He tried incffcctually to induce Zapata to woman, whose husband had been killed belay down his arms. He pleaded; he prom fore her eyes, was criminally assaulted by ised much; all to no avail. Zapata's band, sixty Mexicans in the presence of his body. according to El Imparcial and El Diario An American woman, Mrs. Jacob Karlin, Español, very rapidly swelled to an army aged fifty-two, living just over the border, of 15,000 men.

near Springer, New Mexico, was caught on Zapata has sacked scores of small towns August 13, in one of the swirling eddies of in the states of Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, this insatiable fiendishness. A Mexican and Guerrero. He has put many foreigners shot and killed her; then committed crimto death and has subjected every one he has inal assault. And so one could continue caught to the gravest indignities. One of enumerating instances to prove that Mexico his favorite insults is to compel the Span- is not what Madero would have the outiards he takes to embrace the decomposing side world believe. bodies of Mexicans. He dislikes Spaniards What will come of it all? even more heartily than he hates Americans. One of two things must happen: Either

Yet Zapata is but one phase of the new a strong man will arise from the present revolt. Chè Gomez, a much older, more chaos of tortured Mexico, or there will be restrained, and more resolute man, had a intervention!

A New Government Needed

Mexican Editor Says Present Régime Cannot

Preserve Order

By

Ernest T. Simondetti
Who was exiled from Mexico because he opposed Madero

T

HE opinion had prevailed for a Reyes, or De la Barra, and at the next long time that in the event of term, with all friction eliminated, and the Diaz's death a revolution would work of reconstruction well under way, necessarily take place in Mex would probably have forced Madero into

ico. When the rebellion broke office. out, led by Madero, men interested in the The hope of most Mexicans ran high. financial affairs of the country made no Irrespective of class or affiliation, they degreat efforts to prevent its course. Should clared their patriotic intention of working that revolution be checked, they reasoned, in harmony to reëstablish peace and prosanother could be expected at Diaz's death, perity. Madero's declarations were acceptwhich presumably would not be far off, ed at their face value. This, however, was Diaz being eighty years old at the time. to last but a few days.

With ample means at his disposal to Long repressed covetous ambitions sprang make a long resistance, Diaz renounced his up everywhere, and the group of sordid power, with full knowledge of the imminent schemers surrounding Madero set out to danger that the independence of Mexico seize all sources of power. was incurring should the armed strife con Composed in part of members of the Matinue. For the independence of his country, dero family and their close friends, this group he sacrificed all personal pride, and on went about its task with cunning, inducing May the 25th, resigned.

Madero to declare that a new political party Francisco De la Barra, Minister of Foreign would be formed-to be known as the ConRelations, assumed the office of provisional stitutional Progressive Party—and to appresident, appointing his cabinet according point them members of the executive to the wishes of Madero, the revolutionary committee. leader, and with the understanding that the At the same time, Madero declared dislatter would be his chief adviser. General solved the "Anti-reëlection" Party, upon elections were called for the first day in which ticket he had run for president the October.

previous year. Madero repeated what he had declared The Anti-reëlection Party refused to be many times; that in leading the rebellion dissolved, thereupon causing a serious break he had not been prompted by personal am in the revolutionary faction. The combition, but only by the wish to free his mittee of the Progressive Party announced country from a hated régime. To some that a convention would be held and that friends, he said that he had no intention of Madero would be nominated for president. entering the race as a presidential candidate. A newspaper, whose editor was the chairUpon mustering out all revolutionary forces, man of the committee, became the organ of as he had promised to do, he would consider the Madero family, and several others were his task completed, and would retire to pri- subsidized. vate life on his ranch.

A campaign of slander was waged against Had he done this, he would have gone all those who in any way opposed the wishes down in history as a great and disinterested of the committee, and a policy of persecupatriot. The people would have elected a tion was inaugurated. Demagogy dominatmore experienced man, either General ed. The chairman and another prominent

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