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retary of education at its head, altho this the part of all the states for the purpose is recognized as a normal procedure in most of providing and extending facilities for foreign countries. There would appear to the improvement of teachers and for the be little reason for objection to such a De- more adequate preparation of prospective partment, if constituted with or without a teachers. secretary in the Cabinet, to undertake re- In the efforts of the medical profession search in illiteracy, immigrant education, to gain the ear of the public on matters public school education, and especially rural pertaining to the profession, no opportunity education, physical education, including should be lost for the expression of prohealth education, recreation and sanitation, fessional opinion upon matters of great the supply of competent teachers for the significance to public welfare. The regispublic schools, and a general field of higher tration of conviction upon matters that only education. Studies and investigations in concern the economic welfare of physicians these various fields have been made, in part, does not suffice to impress the public with at various times, but without a broad, inclu- a sincerity of medical interest in the gensive view of the entire problem as related eral communal well-being. There is a to public welfare. It is obvious that the strategic value as well as an obligation for facts and figures to be derived from such state and national medical societies to take studies and investigations could serve as action upon state and national problems the basis of a constructive program of pri- tending to advance public health. mary importance.

The highest degree of leadership in our Omitting consideration of all factors medical societies is to be secured thru the save the program of physical education, the largest vision in the field of public medmedical profession should be a unit in favor icine. The interest and reaction of medical of the appropriation of twenty million dol- societies upon the Towner-Sterling Bill, for lars, or so much thereof as may be neces- example, would be a matter of interest. sary for physical education and instruction It would reflect the thoughtful opinions in the principles of health and sanitation. of men concerned with health problems, There is little question that the apportion- in addition to registering the convictions ment of such funds for the purpose indi- of the same persons as parents and taxcated would advance physical education in payers. To add value to medical opinion the United States and raise the standards there must be concrete examples of its and contents of courses of study consider- direction towards the numerous definite ably.

problems which concern all citizens. Patently, the expansion of curricula or While this single bill has been selected the rounding out of courses of study, in as an illustration of many bearing upon themselves, will be inadequate, unless the public health, it also represents one of many teachers are properly prepared for impart fields wherein prospective legislation posing the necessary information. Consider- sesses a medical phase. Herein lies an ing the teacher shortage and the unsatis- opportunity for greater activity on the part factory standards of training, one realizes of the medical profession—an opportunity the potential benefits of the authoriza- fraught with dignity and power, and tendtion of an expenditure of fifteen million ing to augment the status of physicians as dollars to cover a similar appropriation on citizens.

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Accordingly, he developed, as agencies for to listen, gradually but surely increased, and carrying out his purposes in behalf of prac- before he died he had the satisfaction of tical medicine, the business organizations he knowing that he could probably claim a was the head of as long as he lived. How larger audience of doctors in active practice, he thus worked to place modern therapeutics than any other medical man in America. on a practical basis and helped the gen- Dr. Abbott was a man of magnetic pereral practitioners of the country to attain sonality, a true leader by virtue of his greater efficiency, is well known. But in strength of character, forceful energy and making available to his colleagues the optimism. He was a fine companion, a clear means of practicing medicine more con- thinker, and always willing to bear his share

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veniently and effectively, he never missed a chance to emphasize the splendid opportunities for serving mankind enjoyed by the capable, conscientious physician. Among the finest phases of Dr. Abbott's lifework were his constant preaching of the gospel of efficient service, and never-failing efforts to stimulate American medical men, especially those in the more remote sections, to keep abreast of medical progress. .

For a long time Dr. Abbott's voice was as that of one “crying in the wilderness." But the number who heard him and stopped

of the burden in any undertaking he entered into. Few doctors ever won a larger number of faithful friends, friends who respected and loved him for himself. On his part, no man was ever a truer or better friend to those with whom he came in intimate contact.

The Death of Dr. George F. Butler a short time before that of Dr. Abbott was a great shock that makes this latest affliction doubly hard to bear. The passing of two such men so closely together is a loss to rest or to give a helping hand to that the American medical profession will some tired brother also struggling upward. feel for many a day.

Occasionally a climber will reach the sumDr. Butler, whose demise we referred to mit and stand in the golden light of the setlast month, had long been associated with ting sun. Like a beckoning beacon he will Dr. Abbott as a member of the editorial attract the attention of those on the main staff of the American Journal of Clinical traveled road, and many who see him, will Medicine. Few American physicians have gird up their loins and bravely take the been more greatly admired for their literary paths that lead to the top and the glorious ability, more deeply respected for their pro sunlight. True, many never get far, for fessional skill or more beloved for them only a few have the strength to reach the selves, than has Dr. Butler.

crest of the mountain. But those who climb The deep and sympathetic friendship Dr. only part way, get a broader and better Abbott and Dr. Butler had for each other view, and best of all derive the satisfaction meant a great deal to both men, for each of having known and seen something else recognized the worth of the other. Only a than the sordid struggle and selfish crowdfew days before Dr. Butler's death he said ing of the main traveled road. to the writer, “I am afraid Abbott is a very Dr. Abbott and Dr. Butler were men who sick man and will never take up the reins took the paths up the mountain and won again. It makes me very sad, for he has their way to the top. been a real friend to me. Friends who The world will long remember the helping assay as near to pure gold as Abbott does, hands they have so often extended to their are not often met today. I am going to Chi- fellowmen, and the inspiration they have cago to see him when I return." Five days been to all of us as they made their way onlater Dr. Butler died on the train on his way ward and upward. Bitterly we mourn the to Chicago, and less than two weeks later loss of these two fine men, but our hearts Dr. Abbott also "crossed the Great Divide.” are full of gratitude that we have known the

The road of life runs along the mountain touch of their hands and the inspiration of side. Most of it winds wearily on, with their friendship in our own journey on the many a rough bit of going, but now and road of life. then a lovely view to cheer us and induce us to keep on, if only to see what lies just around the turn ahead. Here and there A French Opinion of Prohibition.a rugged stone-strewn path leads out from There is a prohibition movement in France the road and upward towards the mountain today, a movement so feeble and so tentatop. Other paths, much less rough but tive as to be ignored by the public at large; deeply worn by the tread of many feet, lead and it is interesting to note that whatever down the mountain side to the shadows of little chance there is for the movement to the valley below.

- make any progress in that country has been Many there are on the road of life. Some compromised seriously by the effects, well seem happy and care free; many carry loads known and closely scrutinized, of the law in which bend their backs and cause them to this country. It is an eloquent comment on pick their way with care. A few loiter in the effectiveness of the Eighteenth Amendpassing, now and then a traveler falls by ment to the American Constitution that, the wayside, while many of those with bur more than anything else, it has destroyed dens take the beaten paths to the valley. the little chance there was of the advocates But the great majority push steadily on with of prohibition in France to make any progtheir eyes always watching for a chance to ress whatever. Enthusiasts of the dry crowd in ahead and jostle aside some weaker régime here may learn in what esteem their or more tired traveler.

work is held abroad by a typical opinion on Once in awhile, some wayfarer takes one the part of a man well qualified to speak on of the rough paths up the mountain side. the subject. In a recent interview appearing Hard it is to force one's way along, for the in the Paris Journal, M. Edouard Barthe, obstacles are many and the footing is never chairman of the Commission to Study the secure or certain. Those who have the Drink Question, presents the example of necessary courage and strength gradually America as one of the strongest reasons make their way to the top, pausing only against the abolition of drink. “The dry

e, some the halong, is nevence

régime,” asks M. Barthe, "has it made are 50,000 stills in operation in that state, America more moral? Has the prohibition as against only 100 before the law came into law brought happiness and calm to the effect. The police department of Columbus country, has it been accepted by public acknowledges that one family in every four opinion and is it respected by the citizens? in that city brews its own beer. It is said Those who are acquainted with the facts in that in certain sections of Ohio ninety-nine the case reply merely with a cynical smile. families in one hundred have apparatus for One merely has to scrutinize a few figures making their own distilled or fermented to conclude to the contrary. Philadelphia, drinks. In view of these astonishing facts, despite the law, is as wet as ever. The bars who will recommend a similar course for are open and continue to sell whiskey across France? We Frenchmen are much too senthe counter as tho prohibition never existed. sible to let ourselves be misguided by the Drink was just as available in New York narrowness of a few disappointed individuuntil recently, but Governor Miller decided, als who are condemned to nurse their on his own initiative and independently of stomachs on mineral water and who want the federal authorities, to see that the law to confine healthier persons to their own is obeyed. In six weeks, 2,500 bars were limitations !” closed, $12,000,000 worth of whiskey was Monsieur Barthe concludes with the adconfiscated, and a large number of stills vice of an ancient scholar who records the were seized. Judges refuse to convict per- following anecdote: "May it not displease sons charged under the prohibition law, ac- the powers that be," says this scholar, “but quittal being quite general. It is quite I recall a great banquet after which, on acnatural as a result that underground count of some of the stale viands offered, methods for selling liquor have appeared, all those who drank water died. Those who methods which not long ago brought about drank wine, on the contrary, digested their the deaths of numerous individuals. But in food quite normally and had no bad effects. Washington the situation is more open. The lovers of wine and liqueurs were not Rich families, members of Congress, and a even uncomfortable !" majority of the Senators are wet, and they have in their cellars huge stocks of liquor which they declare, of course, that they bought before the law came into effect. It A New Aspect of Divorce.-A White is an interesting fact that President Wilson, Paper on divorce issued by the British when he moved out of the White House in Home Office discloses a new and interesting March, asked and obtained permission to aspect of the question, an aspect which is transport fifty gallons of whiskey to his new not especially British and which probably residence! The upshot of it all is that applies as well to all other countries. It aplarge quantities of very bad liquor is in cir- pears from the figures that four husbands culation, liquor often with deadly ingredi- in the past year have applied for divorce on ents and generally consumed in dives and the grounds of unfaithfulness, as against brothels in the company of the worst char- one wife who demanded divorce on the acters. This régime is making hypocrisy in same grounds. In other words, the imAmerica commonplace, and it is encourag- pression given is that men are more faithful ing the worst excesses, for, to escape the generally to the marriage bond than women vigilance of the law, many youths are drawn these days, and that the proverbial superito secret places, where they easily acquire ority of woman over man in respect of the habit of taking cocaine and morphine. marital virtue has disappeared. The figures Thus, the Puritanism of a minority is lead- have stirred a very lively controversy in ing to a danger more serious for the race. England. "Are wives less faithful than Besides, the population in general is in re- husbands?” is being asked. Americans, volt against the law. Forty mayors of the who are accustomed to thinking that the principal cities of New York State have divorce evil is worse in this country than issued a statement declaring that it is almost anywhere else, will be either relieved or impossible to enforce the law in their cities more depressed, according to temperament, because of its unpopularity. According to by the British figures, which show divorce figures I have in my possession, the prohibi- increasing in England perhaps even more tion commissioner of Ohio admits that there than here. In 1919, divorce increased over

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