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of even severe cases in this disease, get well ; though and consequent disinfecting power of the ozone that is the swollen and disabled limb may be months before it present in such unusual amount, owing to the abundance is quite restored. The disease, recognized in the earlier of turpentine. stages, ought to have a favorable prognosis-especially if recourse is not had to leeches, blood-letting, blister.
Individuals in whom the processes of tissue-change do ing and the like after the old style, but to the well selec. not require hastening are better in the mountains than on ted homeopathically indicated remedy, in conjunction
or by the sea. with good nursing and proper hygienic nieasures.
Persons past middle life in whom phthisis has been deIn the treatment, a reclining position, the limbs being veloped, do better in sea than in mountain air. elevated to a slight angle with the body, is very important. And the patient should be strictly enjoined to
Phthisical invalids should not go to the mountains unkeep this position until well, else, if she stand on her less they are capable of considerable muscular activity. feet too soon, there may be relapse, the veins implicated As a rule, phthisical individuals with an exhausted not yet being prepared to endure the strain of support. nervous system, with an overtaxed brain from excessive ing such columns of blood as they are subjected to in mental labor, or an all-absorbing occupation, yet who the upright position,
still retain considerable latent muscular power, will imFor internal medication the following remedies are prove in the mountains, while those whose processes of thought of, and selection made according to indications tissue-change require hastening or stimulating, they bein each individual case; Arr., Arnica, Apis, Bell., Bry., |ing in too feeble a condition to take active muscular exChamomilla, China, Calc carb., Curare, Hamamelis, Lache- ercise, should go to sea. sis, Lycopodium, Mercurius. Phosphorus, recale, Staphy, sugriu, Sulphur.
Sea air is better suited than mountain air to those who If the disease was caused by rough handling or by cannot bear sudden changes of temperature, while the undue pressure of the fætal head on the pelvic vessels, susceptibility to such changes is greatly lessened by Arnica will doubtless be the remedy. The drugs that
mountain air. we know have a very special action on the veins are to Permanent improvement results only from a prolonged take the first rank in the treatment of this disease. Such stay in the proper locality. Annual change is unadvisare the serpent poisons, that of the honey bee. Curare, able. Secale, Phosphorus, Mercureus, Arsenicum ; and not least, Hamamelis Virginicus, externally and internally.
Cases of fibrous phthisis in every stage often reach a A typical case with treatment was C. V. s., delivered condition of comparative health, when they take up their of twins June 29, 1877. The labor was hard and quite residence in regions having very high altitude, as in Colprotracted. There seemed to be inertia of the womb orado. The benefit which asthmatic and emphysemafrom its enormous distention.
tous invalids derive in these regions is most marked. Finally, after considerable delay and exbaustion to no Invalids most markedly benefited by a sojourn during purpose, instrumental assistance seemed demanded, and the winter months in a southern climate were those conafter a little difficulty in adjusting the forceps, labor was valescing from some acute pulmonary affection in whom soon successful in the birth of the first child ; and soon the delayed convalescence raises the fear of phthisis. thereafter in a natural way there came also the second His favorite places being Aiken, S. C., Palatka, Enterchild. Between the birth of this and the delivery of the prise and Gainsville, Fla., and Thomasville, Ga. placenta only just a few minutes, there was fearful hæm. orrhage. The mother seemed much depleted therehy, but
The best results in the stage of consolidation of the soon rallied, and was thought to be doing moderately catarrhal form of phthisis have been reached in those well until the middle of the second week. “At that time who have made a prolonged stay (1 to 3 years) in moun. occasional chills and prostration began to evince that tain regions with an elevation of 1,500 to 2,000 feet, as something was wrong and in a few days more it was at Ashville, N. C., and the Adirondacks, N. Y.-Am. quite evident what was to pay. Arsenicum had seemed
Med. As., 1878. indicated and been given with some little apparent Dr. Palmer, of Lockport, N. Y., has used subcutagood effect as also Bryonia still later. But these
neous injections of fluid extract of ergot in goitre with remedies having failed to arrest the disease, something success. -Am. Med. As., 1878. different was now demanded and at the suggestion of Dr. McCann Dunn, Hamamelis---Pond's extract,
Prof. J. S. Newell, of Chicago, concludes, in opposiwas now given in ten drop doses, with also external aption to Dr. Brown-Sequard, that there is a decussation of plications of the same. This was immediately followed the motor tracts in the brain ; that motor impulses by very marked and continualimprovement. The right are sent from one side of the body to the muscles of the limb was affected in turn, but neither leg suffered to other side of the body ; and that paralyses of one sido any very great extent, and had not meddlesome women co-existing with lesion of the opposite cerebral hemisinterfered with my designs in keeping the patient on her phere are not inhibitory paralyses. back, she would no doubt have recovered much sooner
Again, per contra, he decides that the theory of localithan she did. As it was, she was about well in six weeks zation of functions in the cerebral cortex is now estabfrom the time of attack.
lished upon a permanent basis, being in accordance with
the logical argument of Mr. Herbert Spencer, and proved GLEANINGS FROM EXCHANGES. by the labors anatomical of Lewis Clarke, and physio
logical of Fritsch Hitzig and Ferrier.-Chic. M. J. and
Exam., July. Dr. A. L. Loomis, in an article on the Climatic Treatment of Phthisis, reaches the following conclusions :
In chronic cystitis in the female with intense dyg
uria but unaccompanied by peritonitis, cellulitis, or meIn some cases a warm, in others a cold climate, is tritis, rapid dilatation of the urethra, repeated if necesneeded.*
sary, and followed by daily injections of water at 112* It is not the mean temperature, but the absence of sud-F.-Cbic. M. J. and #xam., July. den and frequent changes in a place, that is of such great importance
Ovotomy is the latest name for Dr. Thomas' operation The regions of pine forests are salutary, because of of Leparo-elytrotomy. ---Dr. Parvin, Am. Med. As..
1878. the purity of the air, maintained by the great oxidizing • A fact to be determined only by the experience of the individual very extensive series of experiments upon a man who
M. Grichet, of Paris, has lately determined, from a previous to the inception of the phthisis.
BY W. Y, COWL. M. D.
bad undergone a successful gastrotomy for stricture of The nasal douche can be used without danger of the æsophagus, which soon became impermeable, that acute otitis media, and obtain perfect cleansing or medi. the acidity of the gastric juice is due to hydrochloric cation. acid which in the stomach reacts with its mucus and forms hydro-chlorate of leucine ; that fermentation does xxv., ad. j).
1. Use a warm solution of Bicarbonate of Soda (gr. go on in the stomach, and in inverse ratio to the amount
2. Never use salt water, which often excites otitis of gastric juice poured out, that this fermentation is an media when it enters the tympanic cavity, is the soda acid one, and that the acid formed may belactic, butyric, never does. tartaric, etc. --Chic. M. J. and Exam., July.
3. Never use the douche when there is a recept nasoVarices may be radically cured, without danger of pharyngeal catarrh. phlebitis, by injecting 20 minims of proof-spirit behind bulbous nozzle of hard rubber and piston of metal with
4. Use a glass syringe holding about an ounce, with the vein, which is lifted with a fold of skin. Rest is the only after-treatment. In a few cases one injection
thumb-ring handie. suffices.- Chic. M. J. and Exam.
5. Never use an intermitting syringe as Davidson's,
nor an uncertain one as the bydrostatic. Mr. Spencer Wells has distinctly succeeded in lowering 6. Place head erect and steady it externally. high temperature after ovariotomy only by the applica- î. Put nozzle at less pervious nostril. tion of ice or iced water to the head, run through a cap 8. Patient must breathe quietly and begin to sound made of linen, enclosing, a coil of india-rubber tubing. the vowel oo before injection. The temperature falls markedly within an hour.-Hosp. 9. Never use the douche longer than half a minute Gaz., Sept.
10. Patient must not blow the nose directly after the In the persistent sleeplessness of Melancholia, with douche, and if the weather is cold or windy, stay inextreme anxiety, terrible hallucinations and general Lect. on Otology, Univ. Berlin. Chicago Med. Jour.
doors, or plug and cover the ears. - Dr. Weber Liel, asthenia, Camphor in hypoderinic injection of about
and Exam, one grain (dissolved in oil of sweet almonds). — Med. Times and Gaz., July 27.
Dr. Croom, of Edinburgh, groups the causes of reIn the soda treatment of burns, u saturated solution tention in the female in the following order: 1. Injuries (R. Sod. carb, 5j, Aquæ 3 viii) must be used; weak so- or contusions during labor acting directly or later on; lutions have failed. --flosp. Gaz., Aug. 15.
2. Pressure from displacements or tumors; 3. Inju.. Prof. Virchow has retired from active political life.
ries or growths acting reflexly ; 4. Nervous diseases ; 5. Obstruction to canal. And gives these hints: 1. A
vaginal examination is necessary, visual if needed; 2. A AN ANTIDOTE TO PICRIC ACID.
gum catheter is best ; 3. With pressure from tumors, Salicylic acid and Salicylate of Soda (gr. xv., tive etc., remember altered curve of canal. —Ed. Med. Jour. times a day) have caused a prolonged although tempo- The application of the induced current directly to the rary inability to erect the penis, and were antidoted by cut tissues through a sponge, in amputations, etc., where Damiana.—Hosp. Gaz., Aug.
Esmarck's bandage is used before its removal. will often The advantages of thymol as a surgical dressing are the use of that tourniquet.-Phila. Med. Times.
prevent the obstinate hæmorrhage sometimes following that it has not yet been found to produce intoxication, and does not produce eczema as carbolic acid, which,
Fifty-two consecutive successful cases of lithotomy on the other hand, seldom intoxicates, has a good anti- are reported by Dr. Alan P. Smith, of Baltimore, of dote in the so-called Sucrate of Lime (lime and sugar), which twenty-three cases were above the age of ten is cheaper, and does not attract the flies which so infest The lithotome invented by his father, Prof. And infect the thymol dressings.
Nathan R. Smith, was used in all but sis cases, and to its use he ascribes in great measure his extraordinary
Operation is not performed during low bar. 1. Accurate diagnosis of muscle affected.
ometer; no drainage tube is used; the first incision is 2. Extreme relaxation of muscle.
free; the dressing, carbolized oil; opium is freely used 3. Reposition by firm manipulation, rubbing, knead after the operation.--- Vit. Ned. M. Sept. ing with the thumb, etc. 4. Pressure on muscle while put on the stretch.
A case of incessant hiccough lasting fifty days was Br. Med. Jour., July 12. cured in five minutes by powerful pressure upon the
epigastrium, after all other conceivable means hai failed. Sea-sickness can be prevented by applying three coats - Pacific Hed. and Surg. Jour. of ricinated collodion (collodion containing ethereal ex
Tapping of a large vomica has been performed in a tract of Ricinus com.) over the epigastrium on each side
case of Phthisis, with the removal of two pints of fetid as far as a line extending vertically from the nipples, below as far as the umbilicus and above for an inch pus, and great improvement to the patient. - Hosp. Gaz., higher than the costal border. The same is useful in
Sept. 19. the vomiting of peritonitis. —Chic. Med. Jour. and Exam., Sept.
PRURITUS VULV.E. - Dr. Butt, of Alabama, recomDr. T. Gaillard Thomas concludes with regard to
mends as almost a specific in this painful and trouble* Intravenous Lacteal Injection,” that it is perfectly some disease a poultice made from the leaves of Tansy
and applied hot. It has succeeded where everything feasible and safe, and enables us to avoid most of the
else has failed. difficulties and dangers of sanguineous transfusion. Eight ounces of milk removed but a few minutes from
The neutral nitrogenous substance called pepain acte a healthy cow is first passed through a glass funnel into upon the albumen taken into the stomach, which also a rubber tube ending in a very small canula, which is belongs to the nitrogenous group. introduced into the vein. A chill commonly follows, succeeded by a rapid and marked rise of temperature, GONORRHEA.-Lecchini recommends for acute gonor. which soon subsides as the improvement shows itself. rhea two injections daily of a solution of chloral It can be used with great benefit in any disease with hydrate (1-100). He claims it relieves rapidly the most rapid asthenia us Cholera, Pernicious Anæmia, Typhoid troublesome symptoms and even effects a ruro after a Fever, etc.-Monograph.
TREATMENT OF DISLOCATED MUSCLES.
The Homæopathic Times.
Published on the First of each Month.
THE CODE OF ETHICS.
would make themselves more familiar with the “ Code A MONTHLY JOURNAL
of Ethics"! If they will look they will tind that “the
great principles upon which medical ethics are based aro of Medicine, Surgery and the Collateral Sciences.
physicians EGBERT GUERNSEY, M.D. ALFRED K HILLS, M.D.
towards each other should be the golden rule : 'As yo J. B. GILBERT, M.D.
would that men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise.'
“ The various articles of the code are only special ap. Office, 18 West Twenty-Third Street, New York. prications of these great principles.”
There is too much disposition on the part of many to NEW YORK, APRIL, 1879.
be arrogant, and to insist upon the adoption of their
views by others. Eccentricity and matters of doubtful As regular medical education furnishes the only presumptive justice too frequently appear, and from these differences sidence of professional abilities and acquirements, and ought to be of opinion, involving almost irreconcilable positions, bit. the ONLY ACKNOWLEDGED RIGHT of an indiridul lo the exercise and honors of his profession."-Code of Medical Ethics, Amer. Med. Ass.,
ter feelings are engendered, and in such cases the Art. iv., Sec. 1.
*code" provides that
“ARTICLE VI. SECTION 1. Diversity of opinion and THE HOMEOPATHIC TIMES,
opposition of interests may in the medical, as in other With the present number commences the seventh
professions, sometimes occasion controversy, and even
coutention. When such cases occur, and cannot be imvalume of our publication. The plan marked out in the mediately terminated, they should be referred to the ar. commencernent we have endeavored faithfully to fol. low. We have aimed to make our journal a medical
bitration of a sufficient number of physicians, or a court
medicul." newspaper, reflecting faithfully the progress of our profession. Earnest men of diverse views have found the Times a mouthpiece through which 70 speak their
THE RUSSIAN PLAGUE. thoughts to the public. The presentation of all sides of The plague which has recently burst into life in a subject, in a spirit of frankness and courtesy becom- Southern Russia after a sleep of centuries has startled ing professional gentlemen has not been without prac- the world by its close resemblance to the “ Black Death" tically good results. The Times is the orgau of no fac of the fourteenth century. The resemblance is so marked tion or clique. All earnest seekers after truth who have as to leave no doubt that it is the same disease ; in fact, it something to say of interest to the profession, and who has been distinctly traced from its old haunts in China can say it in a spirit of courtesy, are cordially welcomed through Persia to the Volga. No disease with which to its columns. The editors are alone responsible for we are acquainted bas ever proved so fearfully contagious their own views, presented through editorials, book re- and so terribly malignant as the “ Black Death.” The views, and general items of news.
intlammatory boils and buboes starting in the groins and Every dime of our receipts is faithfully and carefully axilla soon poisoned the blood of the entire system, expended in improving our journal, the editors retain. The tissues lost their vitality and the black spots (which ing nothing for their services, which are sometimes ar- gave the disease its name) of extravasated blood apduous and perplexing. Evidences of our increased pros- peared all over the body. Blood extravasated into perity may be seen in the 'Retrospect commenced last the stomach, the intestinal canal, and into the tissues of year and in the new dress in which the journal is now the brain. The tongue and jawy became black, and no presented. The change of type enables us to give nearly beverage could quench the burning thirst. The pesti. twice as much reading matter als before. The success lential breath of the sick, who expectorated decomposed of the Times has warranted these expensive improve blood, spread the contagion. So virulent was the poison ments, and they are made without additional cost to its i that death often followed the attack in a few hours. patrons. A good metropolitan medical newspaper is a Starting in China, it spread from nation to nation necessity in our profession. Like the central telegraph throughout the known world, leaving everywhere a office, it Hashes over the country the intelligence from track of putrid corpses. In China its victims numbered the converging lines from every part of the world. The thirteen millions. India was depopulated ; Tartary, quality of the information and the amount given de- Syria, Armenia, were covered with dead bodies. Cairo pends upon the profession itself. The Times will only lost daily from ten to fifteen thousand people. Throughbe too glad to garner in its columns the best thoughts out the ist, besides the thirteen millions in China, there of the profession and the latest advances in the world were seventy-four millions of victims. Europe lost of medical science and give them as wide a circulation twenty-five millions of inhabitants during the prevaas possible. With a little effort on the part of its friends lence of this storm of death. It did not confine itself in increasing its subscription list and furnishing interest- with a single visitation, but dying out in one place from ing malter for its pages it will be easy to make the lack of victims, it would flash up in another, and Times the leading medical journal in the world. even reappear in its old haunts.
The appearance of this fearful scourge in Russia dur. to be very diverse, although the latter has hitherto been ing the past year shows that the causes of its production regarded as unvarying. are still at work, and that now, as in the fourteenth
We ought not to be in any uncertainty as to the actual century, the pestilence, kindled into life in some spot nature of the substances and preparations of which we favorable for its production, may speed on its wings of make daily use, even if we must needs admit results at death until it has girdled the earth. The yellow fever variance with usually received views, or contrary to which during the past year desolated the South has that which we would prefer to believe. Should we be given us a loud warning, which we shall do well to heed, obliged by these conclusions to banish from the Materia to guard against the breath of the pestilence wafted to Medica a few triturations, hitherto regarded as “medi. us from foreign shores or kindled in our own midst. cinal preparations," and perform a bold resection of the The American Ministers to Austria and to Russia report symptom lists, as well as of the folios of the Materia that the disease bas manifested such an extremely viru-Medica, because they are no longer ascribable to the imlent and contagious character that great alarm exists in aginary medicinal substances, it will be of advantage to the whole of Eastern Europe, and urge upon the gov our homeopathy and assist in assuring its progress. ernment the necessity of taking measures to prevent the Such a process of elimination should be fearlessly and possibility of the introduction of the disease into the freely begun by ourselves, in order not to “ leave” it to United States. The measures already taken by this our enemies, who, though far enough from the right government for preventing the importation of goods track, would not fail eventually to reproach us with from the infected districts, except under proper precau actual faults, and that in a less acceptable manner than tions, are for the present considered sufficient for this if we had voluntarily undertaken the work ourselves. purpose, especially if the ports of entry are kept free No one is better fitted to uncover the deficiencies in the from the unsanitary conditions that favor the spread of application of our doctrine, than those who are most epidemic disease.
firmly convinced of its far-reaching truths; and no one
can cherish such a conviction or effectively maintain it THE INDEX CATALOGUE OF THE NATIONAL who is not at the same time conscientiously diligent MEDICAL LIBRARY, AND THE CENSUS FOR in improving the technical and practical means of our art, 1880.
These means may be defective, or even useless, and This library is the largest in the United States, and still the general principle from which they originate, one of the most valuable in the world. It is a matter of be true, and, supported by facts clearly demonstrable. congratulation to the profession that in the “Sundry But to be able to distinguish the actual from the apparand Appropriation Bill ” of the last Congress provision ent is just that for which the following observations has been made for the publication of the first two vol were taken. They refer, not to soluble substances umes of the index catalogue of the library. The vol. though in relation to them there are still many open umes will contain about one thousand pages each, and questions--but to insoluble, which, however, have hithas the matter is all ready for the press it is thought they erto been regarded theoretically as soluble in the 3d to will be issued by June, 1880. Now that the catalogue the 8th triturations; a view which, by the tradition of is fairly under way, there is no doubt that provision half a century, has almost been raised to an article of will be made in due time for the entire index, thereby faith. Here Hahnemann's remarks in respect to the opening the riches of this vast library to the world. To trituration of insoluble substances are quoted from the authors, medical journals, and libraries the work will be Chronic Diseases, 2d ed., Vol. 1, pp. 180, 181, 185. of especial value.
Various observations have been made since Hahne Another important bill has also passed the last Con. mann's time to determine the effect of trituration upon gress, that providing for the census of 1880. Provision hard, insoluble substances, especially upon metals. As is made for the securing of statistics of disease as well as these bave been rather contirmatory than otherwise of mortality. It will be readily seen what a wide field II.'s views, they have taken such a hold upon physi. this opens for the careful and intelligent atudy of local cians that a repetition of the experiments for a renewed disease and the rise and progress of epidemics. It is an proof or disproof has scarcely been thought of. Dr. important step towards the organization of a proper Na- Segin in 18:38 investigated witli a magnifying power of tional Health Board, unsectarian in its character, which 75 diam. some triturations of copper tilings, and reportwill be enabled to utilize the facts gathered from the ed finding the copper equally divided in the triturations, census, State and County organizations, and devise up to and including the 6th. In the öth it was no longer and put in force, through the proper channels, sanitary visible. regulations of the utmost importance. The various departments of Science are so closely according to the conceptions of the present day, were
Seguin was convinced by his few observations, which, linked with each other that the advance of one necessitates to a certain extent the advance of all. So long as medicinal matter in very high dilutions, and that only
very incomplete, that our préparations still contain human intelligence is progressive, the spirit of the age the incompleteness of our instruments prevents the pertific thinkers, and force all professions, claiming to be ception of the moist particles." scientific, into more complete and thorough organization sive and more carefully mude. He subjected a number
Mayrhofer's observations were much more comprehenand useful work for the public good. Leaders of pub- of metals to microscopic investigation (Vid. Oester. lic thought must be in harmony with the progressive Zeitschr. f. Hom. Bd. 1, § 152. 1844). The aim of his spirit of the age or they will soon find themselves no investigations was chiefly to determine the effect of our march of a world which expects and will have honest mechanical process of trituration, in order to learn how far
the diminution of the particles of matter can be carried. practical work.
M. is not of the opinion that trituration makes the reg. MICROSCOPIC INVESTIGATIONS OF TRITURA tinue visible, in regard to which latter, however, he
uline metals soluble, since the smallest particles conTION OF METALS AND OTHER IARD, IN. himself raises a doubt. He believes that with each proSOLUBLE SUBSTANCES.
gressive trituration the particles are reduced in size, but BY C. WESSELHOEFT, M. D.
does not believe that any further diminution is effected (Extracted and translated from the German by T. C. by succussion; and hence there can be no solution, strictFanning, M. D.)
ly speaking. At the most, there may be an assumption The intention is to investigate a matter to which as of the development of electric and inagnetic potencies. yet no definito conclusion has been reached at.
Dynamizations he would call those preparations in The hypothetical endless divisibility of certain subo which no medicinal substance is demonstrable. stances, as well as their actual behavior under our cir M. concludes further that there is a limit to the me tomary methods of division, appears upon investigation I chanical divisibility of matter. Nevertheless, we bare
reason to be satisfied with that which we have accom. general observations in respect to microscopical inplished “ for the investigation of precipitated metals vestigation of triturations: shows a diameter of the smallest metallic particles of “ The following questions (in regard to triturations) pop to 2009 line, while the diameter of a blood corpus are especially to be elucidated: cle is do line : hence, the cubic dimension of a metal
Do hard, insoluble substances attain a greater deatom is at least 64 times smaller than that of a human gree of subdivision or fineness by repeated trituration, blood corpuscle.
and in proportion to the quantity of Sac. lac. and the Dr. v. Szontagh (Neue Zeitschr. f. Hom. Kl., Bd. VIII. time expended in triturating? No. 10–12. 1863). The 3d centes. trit of Aur. met. Are the substances so triturated soluble, az has been showed only here and there small, mensurable particles, hitherto assumed, or can they be perceived in the diluand upon looking very closely (“ straining the eyes ") a tions obtained from the 3d trii.? considerable number of smaller, punctiform particles. Are the pathogenetic, as well as curative effects of
The 3d trit. of Precipitated Copper showed much substances explainable from the subdivision actually fewer metal particles than the 1st did ; among them attained ? ” some of not inconsiderable size.
Carbo. reg.-1st cent. The largest particles have a The 3d cent. trit. of Ferr, showed very few metallic length and breadth of about 1/4o mm.—the smallest particles, so that it was not certain that there was not '/ 1000 to 1200 m.m. simply sac. Iac. under the lens.
2d cent. Very much fewer particles visible, but enough Stann. 3x showed a greater number of metallic parti. to see and measure them accurately. The largest "/ 300 cles than the triturations of the other metals; most of m.m., the smallest not less than 1 them smaller than blood corpuscles.
Carbo, veg.–The 3d cent. trit. presented many diffi. There were very few visible particles in the 3d cent.
culties. A great number of trials had to be made before In the contributions here cited, as well as in others, a single particle of Carbo. could be discovered. After more speculative, scattered through our literature the many fruitless attempts it was discovered, by careful, belief prevails, that the metals, though in a chemical patient searching, that particles of Carbo. are present in sense insoluble, were yet stillvisible far up in the dilutions the 3d trit. (perhaps one or two in a field.) The largest Since the beginning of Homeopathy and its method of were 1/600 min., the smallest not less than $/2000 to preparing medicines, Habnemann's views and teachings 1/18 have been regarded as true and irrefutable, and the
About one drachm of common charcoal was rubbed above mentioned observations have strengthened those in a mortar without Sac. luc. for three quarters of an teachings, or at least have been regarded as so doing, as
hour. our text books up to the present sufficiently prove. of this trituration the largest particles measured
Caspari, Gruner, Buchner and others, almost take for 1/160 mm., the smallest 1:1800 to 1/2000 mm.- nce granted the rule that dilutions should be prepared from the largest of these, in comparison with those of the 1st the 3d trit. Hirschel, as well as von Grauvogl, repeat cent. trit. were almost five times, the smallest nearly this rule in their text books, and adduce numerous anal. twice smaller than those. This fact can easily be conogies, to show the probability of a progressive reduction firmed by anyone who will take the little trouble of matter by trituration. At any rate, it has been re- necessary. garded hitherto by all writers, as well as all physicians, as After finishing the investigation of Carb)., which gave a matter of course that this is actually the case. Some some unexpected results, several other substances were rested entirely satistied with the assumption of the pos- taken up. sible solubility after trituration; others were of the opin- Gold.-Much that was said by Mayrhofer and v. ion that thereby matter was deprived of its material Szontagh in regard to Aur. is quiie true and easily consubstratum and transmitted to the vehicle its power or firmed, especially in respect to Aur. fol. This latter dynamis only, the medicinal substance of which being. (Aur. fol.) is very difficult to triturate, and by the cusby continued trituration, so much the more finely di- tomary method it is impossible to reduce it to an exvided, while it gained proportionally in subtlety of ac tremely fine condition. The question for us to answer tion. This is all entirely natural; for the assumption of a is, whether Aur. fol., triturated in the Hahnemannian progressive reduction as a result of trituration is appar: manner, attains such a degree of fineness as to permit ently entirely justifiable in theory, since nothing could of the assumption-or better. hypothesis, of its solube more reasonable than that hard substances, by re-bility after the 3d trit. peated triturations, should be reduced to the extreme of After examining in the most careful manner many fineness. Those who investigated the matter felt obliged specimens of the 3d cent. trit. a particle of gold here to confirm this hypothesis; but that was almost 40 years and there was finally found. These particles measured ago. Now, as our microscopic technic has since that not less than mm. As it was nevertheless possible time been greatly developed, it became time to investi- that the gold might have attained an invisible degree of gate the subject anew.
fineness, I had a series of six triturations prepared, in In the older investigations insoluble substances only which the proportion of gold was materially increased; were considered; they are also exclusively the subject of 20 grs. gold to 100 grs. Sa. lac. Otherwise the trits. these investigations, which do not refer to soluble sub- were prepared strictly after the Hahnemannian method. stances, because they form an entirely separate object of It is not presumable that the greater quantity of gold investigation, requiring a very different method of re- could have been detrimental to the comminuti'on of the search.
metal, especially as the Carbo trits. had shown that the The subsequent investigation was provoked by a re. comminution of the charcoal was greater, the less Src.lac. proving of Carbo. veg., which is contained in the Am. there was used. Of the first trit
. the larger particles Inst
. Trans. for 1877. Since the pathogenetic result of measured it to by mm., while the very smallest were that was far below all expectation, and as the Carbo. not less than too mm. in size. The remaining trits. triturations appeare.i almost inert, an accurate micros- were subjected to the same methods of examination, copic investigation of the triturations, as well as of the many times repeated. In every case the result was the pure Carbo. became an urgent necessity. The observa- same, the 6th trit. of Aur. fol. showing exactly the same tions thus made showed plainly that the very faulty size of gold particles as each of the others, viz., mm. comminution of the Carbo., as exhibited in the best trit- to loo mm. in length and breadth. urations, must have been ihe cause of the almost noga, it apparent that many are visible to the naked eye.
The above measurement of leaf gold particles makes tive results of the provings.
These and like facts led to the subsequent investiga. Hence it may be asserted that Aur. fol. in the 3d trit.is tion of gold, copper, lead, iron, silicea, &c. Here follow anything but soluble, especially as we have seen from