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Reports of Societies.

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Dr. Alfred K. Hills, chairman of the committee, asked for further time in order to give Dr.

Dowling the opportunity he seeks, and for the HOMEOPATHIC MEDICAL SOCIETY OF purpose of hearing reports from other institu.

THE STATE OF NEW YORK. tions, which was granted.
Proceedings of the Twenty-eighth Annual

Meeting, held in Albany February 11-12, 1879.

Dr. Thomas Wildes: As one who voted against

these resolutions passed here one year ago, I REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON MEDICAL INSTITUTIONS

rise to move, you, sir, the rescinding and expunge AND SOCIETIES— ALFRED K. HILLS, M.D.,

ing from the records the resolution offered by CHAIRMAN

Dr. Fowler, as follow's :
The following letter was read by Dr. H. L.

“ At a meeting of the N. Y. County Society Waldo, Cor. Sec.

held on Feb. 8th, the following preambles and No. 40 Washington Square, N. Y. City,

resolution reported by Drs. Minor, Lilienthal, June 11, 1878.

Dowling, McMurray and Burdick were adopted. H. L. WALDO, M.D., Cor. Sec. Hom. Med. Soc.

WHEREAS, there are some physicians who, by of the State of New York.

injudicious action have bred dissension in our Dear Sir:

ranks in which the utmost liberty of opinion At a special meeting of the Trustees of the and action should always prevail, and N. Y. Hom. Med. College, held on Saturday WHEREAS, we deprecate such action as neithevening, June 8, 1878, I was instructed to inform er conducive to professional harmony nor tendyou that all the papers, including the preamble ing to the advancement of medical scienceand resolution of the State Society, as also the therefore, petition of eminent physicians, suggesting the Resolved, that in common with other existing reappointment of J. A. Carmichael, M.D., to the associations, which have for their object investichair of Anatomy in the N. Y. Hom. Medical Col- gation and other labor which may contribute to lege, were carefully considered and acted upon the promotion of medical science, we hereby de. with respectful reference to the views of the nu- clare that, although firmly believing the princimerons and intluential gentlemen who would be ple “ similia similibus curantur” to constitute gratified with the reappointment of Dr. Car- the best guide in the selection of remedies michael, as well as to the obligations they are and fully intending to carry out this principle ander as trustees, to promote the best interest to the best of our ability, this belief does not deof the College over which they have supervision bar us from recognizing and making use of the and care.

And as Secretary of the College, I results of any experience, and we shall exercise am instructed to make answer to your commu- and defend the inviolable right of every edua. nications, that while the trustees in no sense cated physician, to make practical use of any qnestion the distinguished abilities claimed for established principle in medical science, of any Dr. Carinichael, it is their judgment that it therapeutical facts founded on experiments and would not now be expedient to make any change, verified by experience, so far, as in his individual as Dr. F. E. Doughty, who occupies the chair judgment, they shall tend to promote the wel. of Anatomy in the College, has given entire sat- fare of those under his professional care." isfaction to the Trustees, the Faculty, and the It is that preamble that does the injustice and students.

wrong to every member of our profession who Very Respectfully Yours,

is disposed to think differently from those who GEO. W. CLARKE, support that resolution, and therefore should in

Secretary the name of justice, right and reason be taken Dr. 'J. W. DOWLING :- Mr. President, Ladies from the records of this society. Those resoluand Gentlemen : When the society can grant tions have been rescinded by the N. Y. County me the time, I would like the privilege of mak- Society where they originated. Now those resoluing a few remarks. At the last annual meeting tions are well known throughout the whole of the State Society I feel that an injustice was country and are held in such contempt that they done the New York Hom. Med. College, and I should be wiped out. have come to this meeting for the purpose

of Dr. Mitchell: Mr. President ; Sir, to a certain making an explanation which I think will set extent, I agree with the gentleman who has just the college right in the estimation of our col- spoken. The work having been done, rescinding leagues.

the resolution will not remedy it. I have found By the President : I understand this expected a very general dissatisfaction in regard to the speech is a part of the report of the committee action of this society at the last meeting: At on societies and institutions, and it is now in or- all events, it strikes me that this society should der, and unless we prefer to postpone it until put its work thoroughly upon the record so that another time we must go on with it now. What when we shall meet once more we can settle is your pleasure ?

this difficulty forever.

I would offer the following amendment; That our books, and, unfortunately for us, we have a committee of five be appointed to whom shall discovered our style of crew. We are asked to be referred these resolutions.

rescind !--for what? Why, to satisfy some Dr. Carleton : With such resolutions on our notions, as I understand it. It is my impresbooks, we have placed ourselves in such a condi- sion that it is the duty of this association to tion that it seems to be necessary that we should harmonize all of its membership, and before we put ourselves before the people in a far different rescind, let us appoint a committee ; take men light from what those resolutions show. We who want to be liberal, men who want to stand have placed ourselves where we have called up

before the world with consistent declarations ; on us the ill-will of many members of this socie- and if it is necessary to report a year hence. I ty. We owe it to ourselves to rescind these reso- am satisfied. It strikes me the way to harmonlutions. They are on record, it is true, because our ize this whole matter is to appoint a committee meetings are held only once a year and we could that will take it into consideration, but let it be not do this before, but it is no reason why we done with deliberation. I am opposed to springshould not do it now, and their expunging ought ing any trap of this kind here, and I trust that also to appear in our records that those who may in their deliberations they will be able to harlook at it in after years may know that we have monize other interests, bring us together and tie stricken them from our books. I would say that us fast with cords of steel. The advance of we hardly know into what sea we are drifting ; medical science and the good of those entrusted let us first place ourselves squarely before the to our charge will be very much increased by world like men, and take any other action that such an action. seems proper and to the best interest of the so- Dr. F. S. Bradford said he was one of the ciety afterwards.

original few called to consider the expediency By the President : The time has now arrived of framing a “ declaration of principles” for for our recess; if there is no objection we shall adoption in our County Society, the resolution adjourn until 2 P. M.

in question having originated there. The obAFTERNOON SESSION FIRST DAY.

ject of this movement was in the interest of conPresident Gulick called the meeting to order sistency, as some were of the opinion that we as at 2:25 P. M.

Homeopathic physicians had no right to use Upon motion of Dr. Alfred K. Hills, business means outside the domain of “similia similibus

curantur.” was resumed at the point left on adjournment.

If there was mischief in the resolution it has Dr. Wildes : I oppose the appointment of this committee in a spirit of nothing but kind. ceed npon the more cautious plan of referring

already been done, and we had better now proness towards those who are favoring it. I think the matter to a committee for careful considerwe should proceed with a great deal of

ation, We owe it to ourselves, and to every member of this society to set ourselves right before the

For myself I contend that there should be public. Now there is but one proper course to nothing to prevent a physician from using any pursue, and that is, to expunge those resolu- means he may think necessary to the relief of tions from our records.

his patient. Dr. Mitchell: Let us have a committee appoint

Dr. Mitchell : We do not stultify ourselves ed to consider the subject; it is not fair to the by taking back a wrong. If we wipe out that profession throughout the state that we should wrong we are acting like men, but let us act

with deliberation. take up the report of that committee, and act upon it hastily here now. Let the chair appoint It was just this debate which I hoped by my a fair and unbiassed committee, with instructions resolution to prevent. I have talked with some to make up their report within six months and on both sides upon the passage of these resoluto have that report mailed to every homeopathic tions--the very extremes--and I think they can physician in the state and act upon it next year. continue to act upon some common ground

Dr. Doane : I do really hope, for the good of together. Now, sir, if it is possible for us to the medical fraternity of this state, that no to avoid this debate let us do it. The commithasty action like that intimated by my friend tee (if you refer it to a committee) is in the will be taken. I can see nothing wrong in the power of the society, and then we shall not be reading of the resolution as recorded in our fighting ourselves. transactions. I can see this fact, that that re- Dr. Carleton : No compromise here! Now I solution simply makes public announcements maintain that those resolutions are mischevious. which are felt by every physiciau at the bed. The fire-brand was thrown in last year. What side of his patient, that we may avail ourselves shall we do with it? My idea is to take it up of every means for the good of our patients, and throw it out. What would happen, Mr.

Now this resolution simply says that one President,if these resolutions were not expunged? thing, that we shall avail ourselves of all past

. What do men say throughout the State? Here experience. Now, we have this resolution on'is an example for you reading from a letter.)




“I have not had, nor do I want, any of the consideration. They hope it may be received Trans., as long as your homeopathy seeks such by the society, ordered to be printed, and sent society ; it has been given over into the hands to every homeopathic physician of the State. of the eclectics ; we have no flesh nor money for They suggest that the committee or their it. We must withhold our money.” It is the successors be continued during the year. That muttering of the storm that is coming if you the chairman be the medium of correspondence do not return to the old land-marks! So much with any member of the profession who may for flesh.

desire so to do, and that their final report be' But I object to it on principle. Why, what made to the society at the afternoon would be said, Mr. President, of a man who had session of the first day of the meeting of 1880. enlister), and just as he was going into battle WHEREAS the resolution passed by this should say to his commander, “Well, I am a lit- society at its last annual meeting does not justly tle lame, and I think I will drop out. I've been express the views of our school, and is cal. serving a long time under the stars and stripes, culated to place us in a false position before the and I guess I'll try the stars and bars. I am not world, sure but the stars and bars are right after all?” Therefore we, the members of said society, What would be done with that man? He would deem it expedient to put upon record the fol. be shot on the spot. Let us stand by the old lowing avowal of our position: Aag, and there can be no peace until this is done.

Ist. That adhere the formula You see just how the discussion widens. It is similia similibus curantur," as enunciating an impossibility for me to rest satisfied until we the great therapeutic law for the treatment of return to the ground we have vacated. The disease. Evolved by induction, formulated by N. Y. County Society has seen the evil of them. (the venerated Hahnemann, tested and approved They have expunged these resolutions, and now by thousands of physicians during scores of they have peace. Let us expunge them here, years, we are assured that, with our increased and let that end the matter.

knowledge of the Materia Medica, we shall be Dr. Couch: I favor this resolution because it able to demonstrate more fully its universality takes it all out of this discussion and gives it to as a therapeutic law, and show in a more per. men who are competent, I believe, to do with fect manner its harmony with other and cogthose resolutions as should be, and the views nate natural laws. which they shall adopt can be presented here to

2d. That we clearly and emphatically distin. us ; then it is before the society in a proper guish between a “ therapeutic law” and the laws form for its action. It saves time. I believe of chemistry, physics, and hygiene; and while in that every member of this society has the good the treatment of disease, their formula, of the society at heart. In order that we may sublata tollitur effectus" is often to be remembered act carefully in a matter as great as this, I think and used with advantage, yet such laws and such we had betier appoint the committee, because it action in no way infringe upon or invalidate the will save time.

therapeutic laro " similia similibus curantur." Dr. Brown: If there is a “Fowler” Ay in the now, yield one tittle of our rights as physicians,

3d. That we have not in the past, nor do we porridge, had we not better dip it out? If there is a wrong, why not vote it out now?

to use any means or appliances of the general Half of the Society are not here to-day; they tients, (under the homeopathic law), or in the

profession to aid in the treatment of our patried to get me to stay away also, but I was palliation of their suffering through the applicacurious to see how matters would turn. are perfectly willing that any should go to the yienic law,leaving the question of such use to the

tion of any physical, surgical, chemical or hy. Eclectie school who want to. How much can individual judgment of the practitioner, assured they laugh if we take out this resolutiou? Is it that they will be the least used by those who are going to help us to keep it in? We were doing the best acquainted with our Materia Medica, Well before, and I can name you fifty men who and best able to wield its immense armamentarhave retrograded since.

ium. Dr. Mitchell: I think it is a matter of too 4th. That,contrary to the opinion held by some, great importance to waste time on in this way. we most thoroughly endorse, and would most I renew my call for the previous question. earnestly enforce, the study of pathology and The result of the vote was as follows:

pathological anatomy in our schools and by Affirmative, 17; negative. 15. And Drs. Our students, as determinating in the direction Mitchell, Couch, Holden, Carleton and Doane of a broader medical culture. were appointed as the Committee. The fol.

5th. That the great work of our school in lowing is their report as adopted:

the advancing of medical science, is the prov. Your committee, representing the extremes of ing of drugs, and the enlarging, purifying our school, both in practice and views, have and verifying of our Materia Medica. unanimously agreed to present the following We point with just pride to the work wo paper. They ask for its careful and liberal bave already accomplished, and thougb we may






lament that it has not been more thorough, and Degenerative Homeopathy." By Dr. T. D. legs open to criticism, yet we hail the continued Williams, Chicago. appropriation by other schools of the medicines “Tarantula Cubensis." By Dr. J. J. Navarro, and methods of using them that we have intro- of Santiago, Cuba. duced to the profession, in those diseases where “Trigonocephalus Lachesis--an Acrostic.” By their usefulness has been indicated to us by their Dr. H. Minton. pathogenesis, as a virtual endorsement of our Microscopic investigations, &c. By Dr. T. sabor and to a certain extent vouching for their C. Fanning. substantial accuracy.

Dr. H. M. Paine read his paper entitled, “An We do not look upon this action on the part Examination of the Doctrine of the Minimum of our quondam opponents with jealousy, but Dose and the Theory of Dynamization promulwelcome it cordially, when credited, as the dawn- gated by Dr. Samuel Hahmemann." ing of a better era. We freely yield our labors

Dr. H. Amelia Wright said :

It seems for the use of others, as only a just contribution to that the author has made a misto the general profession from which we have take in presenting his paper here. I should received so much.

think that it properly belonged in the Society 6th. In relation to the dose of the similimum that met bere about a week ago. The Dr. eviproper to be exhibited, we discover that the dently must have been behind time. most brilliant triumphs of homeopathy have

Upon motion the order of business was susbeen achieved by the use of attenuated medi pended in order to give the floor to Dr. Dowling. cines; yet, as a matter of fact, we find that even

MORNING SESSION.-ELECTION the crude drug in minute doses will exhibit

OFFICERS. power to become a remedy under our therapeutic

President-Dr. A. S. Couch, Fredonia. law,

First V. Pres.--Dr. Alfred K Hills, New York. But, as we as yet have not been able to de- Second V.Pres.-Dr. E. Hasbrouck, Brooklyn. duce a law to guide us in determining the Third V. Pres.Dr. J.J. Mitchell, Newburgh. amount of a drug to be used, or the attenuation Rec. Secretary-Dr. H. L. Waldo, West Troy. to be exhibited, in order to meet the demand Cor. Sec.--Dr. A. P. Hollett, Havana. of any case most accurately, this society, while Treasurer --Dr. E. S. Coburn, Troy. on the one hand it refuses to join with those who decry attenuated medicines, on the other will not refuse to recognize as brethren those, who, governed by their honest convictions, can only exhibit crude medicines or the lowest at- Ohio STATE SOCIETY meets at Cleveland May 13th tenuation in the treatment of the sick.

and 14th. 7th. In conclusion, we would most frankly

DR. A. (). H. HARDENSTEIN of Vicksburg has issued and fully join in the motto of one whom this a history of the yellow fever epidemic of 1878, and its society loved to honor, when in life he so often homeopathic treatment. and so wisely directed its councils:

DR. F. H. ORME of Atlanta, a member of the Yellow In certis unitus, in dubiis libertas, in omni- Fever Commission, has been interviewed at considerable bus charitas."

length by the local press. John J. MITCHELL, Newburgh, )


Orleans reports the whole number of cases treated under A. W. HOLDEN, Glens Falls, Committee. its auspices as 5,640, with a mortality of 5.2 per cent. E. CARLETON, Jr., New York,

The book which the secretary of the association, W. C. DOANE, Syracuse.

Major C. G. Fisher, has so well collated, should be ex

amined by all residents of the fever district. The report was accepted and ordered to be

“It certainly combines more extensive and specific printed.

information upon the subject of yellow fever than any BUREAU OF MATERIA MEDICA

other document of the sort yet published, and on this acDr. J. J. Mithell, Chairman, reported the count is valuable, and deserves a place in the library of

every thinking man.” following papers:

The Indiana INSTITUTE of Homeopathy will hold its “Ammonia.” By Dr. L. B. Couch.

thirteenth annual session at Indianapolis on the 30th of “Hydrastis;" its use in diseases of women. April. “Retrospect” of the year's doings in Materia

A MIDDLE-AGED physician of four years' experience Medica. By Dr. Mitchell.

would like to form some sort of an alliance with a (a) An Examination of the Doctrine of the Brooklyn or New York physician. Best of references. Minimum Dose and the theory of Dynamiza- Address Medicus,” care George H. Spring, Bedford tion promulgated by Dr. Samuel Hahnemann. avenue, Brooklyn. (6)The Minimum Dose vs The Small Dose. N. Y. OPHTHALMIC HOSPITAL. - Month ending March (c) Is the Homeopathic School Unsectarian? 31st, 1879. Prescriptions, 4230 ; new patients, 540 ; Is its Practice based on an Exclusive Dogma?" resident, 38 ; average daily, 163 ; largest, 222.

J. , , By Dr. H. M. Paine.

Resident Surgeon.

Medical Flems and News.

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Of Medicine, Surgery, and the Collateral Sciences.

Vol. VII.

NEW YORK, MAY, 1879.

No. 2.

Original Articles.

I say

retical fancies held by speculative physicians. Common sense would dictate a small dose (in most cases) in preference to a large one, but common sense at the same

time would dictate that it was necessary to use an apTHE SIZE OF THE DOSE IN MEDICINE. preciable quantity, instead of a theoretical one.

theoretical at present, but even this may prove rather BY HENRY A. MOTT, JR., PH. D., E. M.

too liberal before we get through with the discussion of Probably few subjects have attracted so much atten- this subject. Let us turn our attention now to the tion as the “Size of the Dose in Medicine" -not so divisibility of matter, and see how far it is possible to much between certain limits—which, by the majority of divide a substance so that it will still possess the propthinkers, is considered reasonable, but beyond these erties peculiar to it. limits, where the detection by chemical analysis, the

All matter is composed of molecules, and a molecule microscope or the spectroscope of an infinitesimal trace means the smallest particle of a substance which can of the medicine becomes an impossibility. The object exist and still retain the properties peculiar to the subof this article, then, is not the consideration of such stances. We have, then, in the size of a molecule, the small quantities of medicine as will be admitted by limit to the divisibility of a substance, the properties of everyone to demonstrate their action on the human which we are desirous to retain. If a molecule is split, system, but of such infinitesimal quantities as, in my that minute it is decomposed, and its parts become opinion, place medicine on the basis of ridicule.

molecules of different substances, or substances possesThere are within the human body forces which en. sing entirely different properties from the original deavor to adapt the system to the surrounding circum- molecule. We have, then, in the size of a molecule, stances of life, and to keep it in a healthy, normal con- the limit to the size of a dose in medicine, beyond this dition-once abuse, or over-ride the forces, and the re- limit it is not possible to go. The question naturally sult is an abnormal condition—it is in this state that the arises, then, what is the size of the molecule ? medical skill is called upon for help, to restore the ab.

Numerous experiments have been conducted to obnormal again to the normal. How is this to be accomp- tain the dimensions of this small particle of matter and lished?. Theoretically, the answer is simple. Restore by many different processes, and the results agree very these hidden forces to a healthy action, invigorate them, closely, even with the imperfect scientific means we strengthen them, but not overpower them, or the patient have at present to deal with such small particles. It is will be made worse.

well established though, says Maxwell, that the determFew persons will hesitate to admit that when the hu- ination of the mass of a molecule is a legitimate object man system is in an abnormal condition the nerves are of scientific research, and this mass is by no means immore acute, more sensitive, so that things which were measurably small. From elaborate experiment and calmost agreeable in health become the source of intense culation, it has been ascertained that if 2,000,000 molesuffering, and are often actually intolerable. The sys-cules of hydrogen were placed in a row, they would tem becomes sensible to impressions of all kinds, which occupy a millimeter, and about two hundred million, in health would go by unnoticed. It is for this reason million, million of them would weigh a milligram. that the size of the dose in medicine should depend, to

Duprè, in 1870, deduced from the theory of contact a very great extent, upon the condition of the system to attractions, the conclusion that a milligram of water receive infinitesimal impressions. It is, therefore, all-contained more than 225 million, million, million moleimportant that only just so much of a medicine should cules, while Lorensy, of Copenhagen, arguing from the be given as will invigorate the forces within the body to electric work, necessary to decompose a milligram of a healthy action, and this can only be accomplished by water in connection with a quantity of electricity which the action of the forces of an appropriate medicine. may be distributed on a sphere, finds that a milligram The question naturally arises, then, how far is it pos- of water contains more than 1360 million, million, milsible to subdivide a medicine so that it will still have lion molecules. The distance apart of such molecules sufficient force power to produce the required effect? would be less than a ten millionth of a millimeter. * I suppose the answer will come back-Try it and see.

Loschmidt illustrates molecular measurements by a This is, in my opinion, (in this case) the poorest possible comparison with the smallest magnitudes visible by answer, for when a medicine is so diluted that some of means of a microscope. Nobert, he tells us, can draw the best homeopathic physicians question its utility, | 4000 lines in the breadth of one millimeter. the surrounding conditions, proper nursing, fresh air,

The intervals between these lines can be observed with quiet, food, etc., etc., have so powerful an action, that a good microscope-a cube whose sides is the 4000th of it is questionable, if the patient recovers, whether the a millimeter, may be taken as the minimum visible for cure has not been accomplished by such means, rather observers of the present day. than by the force-power of the infinitesimal dose of

Such a cube would contain from 60 to 100 million medicine given. This is, in my opinion, too serious a molecules of oxygen or nitrogen, but since the molesubject to trifle with for the satisfaction of some theo

* Moniteur Scientifique, No. 353, 1871.

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