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twenty-four hours, when, giving the islands It was, however, and Sir Geo. Collier was a good berth, he squared away for Ame- much condemned for his course. In the rica, bringing his ship successfully into end that officer committed suicide, though New-York. She was taken into the ser- whether it was the consequence of morbid vice, and her namesake is now in the feelings in connection with this affair, or navy.

from some other cause, we do not know. At half-past two, one of the English He was in the Leander, the vessel farthest vessels was pretty well up, on the lee astern, and to leeward, and was not in as quarter of Ironsides. By this time the good a situation to make his observations, fog had packed on the water so low, that as he would have been on board the Newher officers could be seen standing on the castle, which was the vessel on the Conhammock-cloths, though her ports were stitution's lee quarter, and which fired at not yet visible. She fired, by division, her. It is also said, that the Newcastle and conjectures could be made concerning made a signal, that she had sprung her the extent of her batteries, by the flashes mainyard, a circumstance that may have of her guns, as seen through the fog. The contributed to Sir Geo. Collier's decishot fell within a hundred yards of the sion. Nevertheless, one cannot easily see Constitution, but did not rise again. Af- why the Acasta, or the Leander, might ter trying this experiment unsuccessfully, not have been left to follow Old Ironsides the firing ceased.

alone, a course which would have been The Levant all this time was falling in very apt to have brought on an engageastern, nearer and nearer to the weatherly ment. The Acasta was a twenty-four frigate, or was getting into the very danger pounder frigate, rating 40, besides being from which the Cyane had been relieved an the “ British Phænix," and both the hour or two before. Stewart made her Leander and the Newcastle were thirtysignal to tack. Ballard went round im- two pounder vessels. mediately, but could not work off to wind- Whatever we may think of the maward as Hoffman had just done ; for seven nouvring of the enemy, off Port Praya, minutes after he had got about, all three of we can have but one opinion of Old Ironthe Englishmen tacked, by signal, and were sides, and her cool, judicious commander. on his heels. This compelled him to run Stewart deserves a great deal for the orback into the roads and anchor. The ders he gave, and the signals he made. enemy paid no attention to the neutrality Had the British Phænix” come up sinof the island, but stood in after the Le- gly, it is highly probable she would have vant, and opened a heavy fire on that met with such a reception, as would soon ship. The prisoners ashore joined them, have satisfied her that she was not enand added the guns of the battery to the gaged in child's play. attack. Of course Ballard submitted, but Stewart crossed the ocean to Maranham, he had some relief for his mortification in where he landed his prisoners, on parole, losing his ship, in what passed with the and shaped his course for home, going inboarding officer. "I presume I have the to Boston in the month of May. Peace honor to receive the sword of Captain was actually made when he took the Biddle, of the U. S. ship Hornet," said that Cyane and Levant, though the captures gentleman, when Ballard offered his were legal, in the latitude and longitude sword. “You receive the sword of Lieut. in which they were made, under the proBallard of the Constitution, prize master vision of the treaty. of His Britannic Majesty's late ship Le- Thus terminated the services of Old vant,” was the caustic reply. The enemy Ironsides, in the third of the wars she has supposed the three ships they had chased

In each she was a useful and imto be the President, Com. Rodgers ; Con- portant vessel, but, in this last, her exgress, Capt. Smith; and Hornet, Capt. ploits surpassed those of any other vessel Biddle. Had such been the case, they in the navy. In the short period of two would have been much too strong to years and nine months. she had fought fight; but the truth rendered their little three battles successfully, had captured success bitter, rather than otherwise ! five vessels of war, two of which were

As for Old Ironsides, she went steadily frigates, and one was frigate-built, and had on her way, and was soon out of sight of been three times hard pressed in chases, her pursuers. Deep was the mortification by squadrons of greatly superior force. of the English officers on board her, when One of these chases was a naval incident they saw their three ships tack together, of remarkable features, and was worth a abandoning such a frigate as the Constitu- victory any day, while another was of a tion, and following a prize into a neutral character to reflect credit, in an almost port! The “ British Phænix” was now equal degree, on the good old barky herchanged into an Indiaman, and it never self, and on the officer who commanded could be the squadron they had supposed. her. The names of Preble, Hull, Bain


bridge and Stewart, were now inseparably during which time she was thoroughly associated with that of the ship, as indeed overhauled, and prepared for sea. Jacob might it almost be said was that of Hoff- Jones then hoisted a broad pennant in her, man, who served in her throughout the and took her to her old cruising ground, war of 1812, with the exception of the the Mediterranean. Nothing occurred short time he was in command of the Cy- worth recording on this occasion, with the ane, one of her prizes.

exception of one somewhat painful event. The remainder of the career of the Con- One dark night, while she was in or near stitution, down to the present time, is not the Gut of Gibraltar, her officers below without its interest, though necessarily heard something brushing against her less brilliant than her services in a time side, thumping along from gun to gun, as of war.

As she arrived so late in the if she touched something in the line of her season, she was not employed in the ports. Running on deck, it was ascertainsquadron that went against the Algerines, ed that the old craft had rubbed somewhat but was put out of commission. The hard against a small brig, which had not good old ship, indeed, was now in want of been seen until it was too late to avoid a thorough repair. Her upper works had her. The brig was English, and, as it proved so rotten of late, that it was re- turned out, sunk almost immediately, her marked when a shot went through them, crew being saved by a vessel astern. This it did not make splinters, an advantage in is almost the only serious accident that one respect certainly, but a very serious ever happened to the honest old craft, and defect in all others.

this was serious to another, and not to From May 1815, until 1821, Old

herself. Ironsides lay at her native place, Boston,

[Mr. Cooper's MS, ends here. The subsequent history of the old ship, with notes and other additions to the preceding narrative, will appear in the next edition of Cooper's Naval Biographies.]


The sweet lips parted, bright eyes open wide:
So she comes tripping through the orchard closes,

And, bare feet, seeking out the brooklet's side;
And plashing, dashing through, the little maiden

Climbs up the summery slope of hazel hill,
Toward a friendly elm, with wild vines laden,

And clustering grapes, awaiting her sweet will.
And thus she swings, upon the branches bending,

And stands thus, mid the wreaths of frost-touched green,
One strong festoon, an airy foothold lending,

And raying sun-flecks crown the woodland queen.
On hair, and brow, and rounded nut-brown shoulder,

The sunshine seems to fall for pure love's sake;
And as she glances upward, that grown bolder

Comes to her lip, its thirst for dew to slake.
The autumn breeze drifts back the cloud of ringlets,

And backward flutters the bright scarlet dress-
Like for a Gipsy Hebe ruddy winglets,

Than Hebe's own glad beauty-hers no less !

So sweetheart, Moll! blithe Moll! like wild bird swinging

A tilt upon the swinging, clustering vinc,
This picture of your youth, for ever clinging,

Shall bring youth back—this Hebe shall be mine!


VIGOROUSLY Herr Ostrom plied the these mancuvres, we are fortunate if the

whip as we approached the town of approaching tinkling of bells (they bell Haparanda, and a great clatter the little their horses as we do cows), announces Swedish horses made as they galloped the successful capture of some other herd, over the ill-paved streets. The rumbling which, with much shouting, is triumphcarriage rattled worse than ever, and the antly driven into the yard. The required worthy burgher produced the desired ef- number is selected, harnessed with much fect of bringing every body to door and letting out and taking up of straps (for window, and causing open-mouthed won- travellers provide their own harness), the der in the simple peasants. The carriage postillion, a peasant boy, or girl, the repand its occupants excited so much atten- resentative of the owner of one or more tion that I followed almost unnoticed in of the animals, mounts on the box beside the jingling “ triller.”

Ostrom, and he sets off, while I drive the Herr Ostrom was a burgher of Stock- triller, a rude buggy, and we strive to get holm, who, for love of filthy lucre, had something more than the regulation speed, demeaned himself so far as to become our four English miles an hour, out of the courier and interpreter, with an express clumsy brutes. They are all dun-colored stipulation, however, that he was “not to ponies, with a black stripe down the back, be treated as a servant." Three days be- and mane and tail enough to provide half fore, we had landed from the Stockholm a score of civilized horses. steamer at Umeå, a village about half way As we go northward the ponies are up the Gulf of Bothnia, where we had smaller, shaggier and lighter colored; the taken post-horses and hurried, with all cows, too, that we see browsing by the attainable speed, northward.

way-side, are very small, hornless, and Well might we hasten, for we were chas- pure white in color. The trees are stunting the Sun. We had learned that on ed, and we traverse vast forests of dwarf the 21st of June, from Avesaxa, a moun- pines. There is no night now. The sun tain forty miles north of Forneå, we might pours down upon us for twenty-two hours behold the god of day taking unto him- in the day, scorching us with his oblique self supreme rule, and ousting night alto- rays during the many hours that he but gether; in other words, that the sun just hovers above the horizon. When he would remain the whole twenty-four sinks behind the hills, lingeringly, as if hours above the horizon. We were three dreading to lose sight of us, there is a days behind time, but hoped still to catch clear, bright twilight. The peasants are a glimpse of the “midnight sun."

stirring at all hours, for they take but litOur progress had necessarily been slow, tle rest in midsummer, literally “ making for posting in Sweden is conducted on de- hay while the sun shines,” and postponing cidedly different principles from that in sleep till the long winter nights. central Europe. Certain farm-houses on We go on, stopping but twice a day to the are designated as post-stations, snatch a meal of " la stake” (broiled and the neighboring peasants take turns salmon) and black Swedish bread. The in supplying travellers with horses. We worthy burgher gets wearied with sleepdrive up to a post-house, and if it happens lessness, and the toil of urging forward to be a “ fast station," that is, one where lagging horses. As soon as we reach a the postmaster is bound to have horses post-house, he calls for a glass of brandy always in readiness, we may hope to get and a cup of coffee, and throwing himself off in an hour, that being the time allowed on the floor, falls fast asleep. I pay for him to produce his animals. The readi- the horses, hasten the harnessing of fresh ness consists in having the horses pas- ones, and then wake him with difficulty. tured in some neighboring field, and on Thus we hurry northward, now plunged our arrival three or four bareheaded boys in dreary forests, then mounting hills and girls set off with most encouraging whence we behold the island-studded sea haste, in different directions, to catch and the lake-dotted valleys, or crossing them. But be not too sanguine, my trav- noble rivers, whose deep dark waters flow elling companions, perhaps we are doomed so gently as hardly to swerve the rude to see the horses that, to do them justice, ferry-boats from their course, till we reach however lazy in harness, always exhibit Haparanda. We are on the northern amazing activity when at large, chased shore of the Gulf. We send on a “forbud," from field to field, at last cornered, dodg- or avant-courier, to order horses, and stop ing their pursuers, and with contemptuous to dine luxuriously on beef-steak. What elevation of heels, dashing off again at a God-send is meat! We have been, perfull speed. Whilst impatiently watching force, rigid Grahamites, since leaving the

steamer, always excepting the article of sleep!” For seventy-two hours, sleepless, fish, which is only too plenty; and we with little and poor food, had I been urgfind the peasant's diet of sour milk and ing forward lagging horses under the burnblack biscuit, rather weakening than other- ing midsummer sun. My face, blistered wise.

with heat, felt on fire; my lips were parchWe engage an interpreter here, for we ed and bleeding; my inflamed and hailshall find only Finlanders north of this, closed eyelids could not protect my eyes and our communications with the natives from the glare. How gladly I closed them must hereafter first be framed in French in forgetfulness! for Ostrom, by him translated into Swed- At one o'clock the next day (Sunday), ish to Eric, and by Eric into the Finnish I awoke. The yard was half full of Fins, tongue.

who loitered about the inn, after having We proceed along the shores of the examined our carriages with the greatest Forneä river, all of us travel-wearied. curiosity. They looked upon us as wonWe get on slowly, and at last, giving up ders. While I was dressing, a group col-. all hopes of reaching Mount Avesaxa to- lected about my door, eagerly staring in night, fix our hopes, instead, on a nearer when it was opened by the “Jungfer," mountain. Twelve o'clock approaches, who was arranging breakfast, and freand we fear we shall not even reach this. quently pushing it ajar themselves for The lower edge of the sun touches the greater convenience of observation. They horizon. Watching him anxiously, we are large, athletic people, active and enerfind he does not descend. “He will not getic. The men wear queer leather caps, set," cries F.; " we shall see the midnight coarse homespun clothes, and boots turned sun.” We stop the horses, and in pro- up at the toes, and constantly smoke bad found silence fix our eyes on the great tobacco in wooden pipes. luminary. Now we perceive he moves, Late in the afternoon we set out up the but not downwards. A blood-red ball of river in two boats, each propelled by three fire, he seems to roll along the horizon. men. Herr Bergstrom, the Swedish tax-colMajestically he rolls, till an intervening lector, and the only civilized man in the mountain threatens to hide him from our neighborhood, kindly accompanied us. The sight; but no, a full third of his disc shines boats are built very light, low in the cenbright upon us. He keeps on from West tre, and high in the bows, and are pushed to East. All nature is hushed as if in up the swift stream by "poling ” along awe. The heavens are cloudless, save a the shore. The Torneä is wide and rapid. few light cirri, that float a few degrees studded with large islands. The banks above the sun. In the north the sky is are rather high, and covered with bright colored yellow, clear and brilliant, as in a green grass, for here, though the summer winter's sunset.

is so short, vegetation is very luxuriant It is twelve o'clock. The sun rests on

while it lasts. the North Pole. We hold our breaths. We passed many salmon fisheries. The Still he moves toward the east, rising al- fences of poles, stretched across the stream, most imperceptibly. A bird in the pine- pushed by the current, and recoiling by wood bursts into a flood of song. The their own elasticity, make a low murmursun detaches himself from the horizon, ing, as if complaining of being removed and slowly rises into the open heaven. from their element. We pluck a flower cherished by his mid- Our men stopped to rest at the dairy night heat. We look around on the lonely belonging to the postmaster. They galandscape. The trees are few, and so low thered around a huge bowl of sour milk, that they seem but shrubs. The frequent each armed with a spoon, and soon dishills are destitute of vegetation, and the patched their frugal meal. broad Forneä river winds his way among Sour milk, hard rye cake, and fish, are. them. We mark the prospect well, for this in summer, the only food of these sturdy is an era in our lives.

peasants. The little white cows were asWe drive on along the banks of the sembled in a stable, from which the gnats noble river, till at two o'clock we reach were driven off by the smoke of a peat the little village of Matarengi. There is fire before the door. They were tended no road north of this.

If we wish to pur- by two strapping, rosy-cheeked lasses, sue our journey, it must be in boats. But and every thing, from stable to dairy, was we are too fatigued to moralize upon this, neat and clean as possible. the end of civilization, the "jumping-off Our next stoppage was at the falls in place," and I gladly throw myself into the river, where we left one boat, and one of the little coffin-like boxes, which while the men drew the other up along the Fins use for beds, and close my eyes the bank, we walked through the woods. in sleep. O wise Sancho Panza ! to invoke Swarms of musquitoes and gnats attacked & blessing on the man that invented us, and, spite of handkerchiefs over our



heads, and waving pine branches, bit us served that they, as well as his stockings, furiously. We walked two miles through were stuffed with hay. This is the unimarshy grounds, covered with a profusion versal practice here, and the Laplanders of the . Linnea borealis," and other beauti- even stuff all their clothes in this manner, ful wild flowers, of kinds unknown to us, as it keeps them from touching the skin and reached a log house, in a narrow clear- and impairing the circulation in cold weaing. A pair of reindeer horns were nailed ther. over the door. A barrel was sunk in the After an hour's rest we took our leave ground to collect the water from a spring. (the good people demanding but a “rix Every thing looked like our own back gelt dollar,” sixteen cents. for all their woods." " This house was built, and this trouble), and, re-embarking steered into clearing made, but five years since,” said the centre of the stream and rowed swiftly Herr Bergstrom, " they are pushing culti- downwards. We had fishing tackle, long vation northward.” « Northward” it was lines with large hooks having on the shank indeed; north of 67° 30'. We were with- a piece of bright tin and a bit of red worstin the Arctic circle! In no other country ed. This was so made that as it towed in the world, except Norway, can cultiva- far behind the boat it • shimmered” in tion be carried on even many degrees south the water looking not unlike a minnow. of this; and here we were surrounded by Three large fish were caught with this a forest of green trees, and treading on bait during the descent. Our progress green grass and lovely flowers.

was rapid and we soon reached the head Taking boats again, we ascended the of the cataract. Herr B. asked if I would river till the sun sank very low, when we descend the falls with him. I could landed, and scrambled up the high bank hardly believe he would attempt such a to a fine point of view. We saw some thing, but, finding him serious and that it wondering peasants regarding us atten- was not unusual, I assented. A man was tively from the door of their hut.

obtained who makes it his business to It must have been a strange apparition steer boats down the falls (for it would be to these poor Fins, to see a party of civil- certain destruction to attempt it without ized beings start up on their premises at an experienced pilot), and with two rowers midnight, without any apparent means of we set off. getting there.

The rowers pulled lustily to give steerBut our attention was soon fixed on the age way to the boat; the grizzly old steersSun, whose lower limb grazed the horizon. man, his long, white hair streaming in the Now, again a huge fiery ball, he rolled on wind seized firmly his broad paddle; the the mountain tops this time not dipping men talked and joked in the uncouth Finbehind them. His edge touched a distant nish tongue; the rapid stream hurried us solitary pine, then showed the bare bran- along; while I sat quietly wondering, like ches in dark relief against his red disc, the sailor when the ship was struck by then appeared severed by its scathed lightning, “what the devil is coming next. trunk, kept onward and left it behind him Soon the roar of the cataract drowned all without rising or sinking a second. Thus other sounds; the water was here a surgswift and far he passed in right ascension, ing mass of foam, there showed through and not until some minutes past twelve its yellow waves the rocks with which it did he alter his declination, and shaking off warred. The boat shot down the first his contact with the Earth, seek again the steep descent like lightning, then rocked zenith.

and rose and felt like a ship in a stormy " Poling” on to Sortola, which consists sea, then was struck by a high wave and of a few scattered huts on the Russian trembled with the shock, then leaped side of the stream, we landed and roused downwards as if to plunge beneath the the inmates of a cottage.

stream and dash the foam of the next The old woman made her appearance in wave far and near from her high prow. the economical female costume of the Still rushing down the torrent, the thuncountry which saves all tronble with the der of the billows in front directed our toilet, namely, the under garment in which attention to a huge rock, the waters hurlshe had slept and a black skirt of the ing themselves against it, and mounting thick heavy material which they them- over its very top. The pilot gave the selves weave, secured by a cord about the craft a sheer, and, before we knew how or waist.

why, we had left it far behind. The She conducted the boatmen to the kit- water was splashing into the skiff as we chen, and us to a spare house (each room took an oblique course. All was noise is a separate house and the meanest dwell- and confusion around us; the waters belings consist of several), and served them lowed and the shores seemned hurrying with sour milk and us with coffee. Herr away. Another roar warned us of another Bergstrom drew off his wet boots and I ob- rock. The boat reared like an impatient

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