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carved, presenting a hideous form, well adapted to infuse terror into an ignorant and superstitious mind. On his being asked why he had worshipped that log of wood, he answered, because he was afraid he would destroy his cocoa nuts.

But were you not afraid to destroy it?. “No, I found he did me neither good, nor harm."

Bidding him farewell, they stepped into their canoe and returned to Kairua, where they arrived in the evening, encouraged by the incidents of the day.

Kamakau is a chief of considerable rank and influence in Hawaii, though not immediately connected with any of the reigning family. He is cousin to Naihe, the friend and companion of Tamehameha, and the principal national orator of the Sandwich Islands. His person, like that of the chiefs generally, is noble and engaging. He is about six feet high, and more intelligent and enterprising than the people around him. For some time past, he has established family worship in his house, and the observance of the Sabbath throughout his district, having erected a place for the public worship of the true God, in which, every Lord's day, he assembles his people for the purpose of exhortation and prayer, which he conducts himself. He is able to read, writes an easy and legible hand, has a general knowledge of the first principles of Christianity, and, what is infinitely better, appears to feel their power on his heart, and evince their purity in his general conduct. His attainments are truly surprising, manifesting a degree of industry and perseverance rarely displayed under similar circumstances. His sources of information have been very limited. An occasional residence of a few weeks at Honoruru, one or two visits of the missionaries and of some of the native teachers at his house, and letters from Naihe, are the chief advantages he has enjoyed. He appears indeed a modern Cornelius, and is a striking manifestation of the sovereignty of that grace, of which we trust he has been



made a partaker; and we rejoice in the pleasing hope, that He, who has begun a good work in his heart, will carry it on till perfected in glory.

July 1st. In the forenoon two posts of observation were fixed, and a base line of two hundred feet was measured, in order to ascertain the height of Mouna Huararai; but the summit being covered with clouds, they were obliged to defer their observation. In the afternoon they walked through the south-east part of the town, to select a spot in which to dig for fresh water. After an accurate investigation of the places in the neighbourhood, where water appeared most likely to be found, they chose a valley about half a mile from the residence of the Governor, and near the entrance of Raniakea, as the spot were they were most likely to meet with success.

4th. This being the anniversary of the American Inacpendence, guns were fired at the fort, the colours hoisted, and a hospitable entertainment given at the Governor's table, in honour of the day.-The missionaries were employed the greater part of the day at the well, which, early in the morning, they had commenced.

In the evening, while at tea, considerable attention was attracted by a slender man, with a downcast look, in conversation with the Governor. It afterwards appeared, that this was a stranger from Maui, who wished to be thought a prophet, affirming that he was inspired by a shark, which enabled him to foretel future events. The Governor said many of the people believed in him, and from them he obtained a living.

During the next day, Messrs. Goodrich and Thurston were engaged at the well, and returned in the evening having excavated the earth to the depth of eight feet. Hard and closely embedded lava rendered the work very difficult; but as the Governor promises assistance, they were encouraged to proceed.

6th. This day being the Sabbath, Mr. Bishop preached twice at the Governor's house, Thomas

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Hopu acting as interpreter. The congregation consisted principally of Kuakini's attendants and domestics, the greater part of the population conceiving themselves under no obligation to attend preaching, as they do not know how to read.

Leaving Kairua early in a canoe, with four men provided by Kuakini, Messrs. Thurston and Goodrich reached Kaavaroa about 9 o'clock in the morning. Kamakau was waiting for them, and seemed to rejoice at their arrival. He led them to his house, and provided them with a frugal breakfast, after which they repaired in company to the ranai for public worship. On reaching it, they found about one hundred of the people already there. Before the service commenced, he arose, exhorted them to be quiet, and pay the greatest attention to the word of life which they were about to hear.

Shortly after the conclusion of the service, Messrs. Thurston and Goodrich passed over Kearake’kua bay in a canoe, landed on the opposite side, and walked along the shore about a mile, to Karama. Here, in a large house, they collected about three hundred people, to whom Mr. Thurston preached, and was pleased with the interest they manifested. Some, who stood near the speaker, repeated the whole discourse, sentence by sentence, in a voice too low to create disturbance, yet loud enough to be distinctly heard. There were seven or eight American and English seamen present, who requested that they might be addressed in their own language. Mr. Goodrich accordingly preached to them from Rev. iii, 20.

Returning from Karama to the southern side of Kearake’kua bay, where they had left their canoe, they passed the ruins of an old heiąu; the morai, mentioned in Capt. Cook's voyage, where the observatory was erected. The remaining walls were one hundred feet long, and fifteen high, and the space within was strewed with animal and human bones,




the relics of sacrifices once offered there, and presented a scene truly affecting to a Christian mind.

Leaving this melancholy spot, they returned in their canoe to Kaavaroa; and when the people assembled at the ranai, Mr. Thurston preached from Psalms cxyiii, 24. This is the duy the Lord hath made, we will rejoice and be glad in it.

About sunset, Mr. Goodrich ascended a neighbouring height, and visited the spot where the body of the unfortunate Capt. Cook was cut to pieces, and the flesh, separated from the bones, was burnt. It is a small enclosure about fifteen feet


surrounded by a wall five feet high. Within, is a kind of hearth about eighteen inches high, encircled by a row of rude stones. Here the fire was kindled on the above mentioned occasion. The place is still strewed with charcoal. The natives mention the interment of another foreigner at this place, but could not tell to what country he belonged, or the name of the vessel in which he was brought.

Kamakau and his people had interested his visitors so much, that they determined to spend the night at his house. After supper, the members of his family, with the domestics and one or two strangers, met for evening worship; a hymn was sung in the native language, and Kamakau himself engaged in prayer with great fervour and propriety. He prayed particularly for the king, chiefs and people of Hawaii and the neighbouring islands, and for the missionaries who had brought the good word of salvation to them. The missionaries were surprised to hear him use so much evangelical language in prayer. During the conversation of the evening, he expressed a great desire to have a missionary reside in his neighbourhood, that he and his people might be instructed in the word of God, and the way of salvation. He also regretted exceedingly, that he was so far advanced in years before missionaries arrived at the islands.*

* His age was supposed to be between forty and fifty.

The Sabbath had thus passed away pleasantly, and, it is hoped, profitably, both to the interesting inhabitants of the place, and their guests; and the latter retired to rest, animated and encouraged by what they had that day witnessed.

Early next morning they set out for Kairua, where they arrived about 9 o'clock in the forenoon. Messrs. Thurston and Bishop spent the remainder of the day in assisting at the well.

8th. Unable to proceed with the well for want of proper instruments to drill the rocks, they spent the greater part of this day in ascertaining the population of Kairua. They numbered the houses for a mile along the coast, and found them to be 529; and allowing an average of five persons to each house, the number of inhabitants in Kairua will amount to 2,645. This certainly does not exceed the actual population, as few of the houses are small, and many of them are large, containing two or three families each.

9th. The varied and strongly marked volcanic surface of the higher parts of Mouna Huararia which rises in the immediate neighbourhood of Kairua, the traditional accounts of its eruptions, the thick woods that skirt its base, and the numerous feathered tribes inhabiting them, rendered it an interesting object, and induced the travellers to commence its ascent. About 8 o'clock in the morning, they left Kairua, accompanied by three men, whom they had engaged to conduct them to the summit. Having travelled about twelve miles in a northerly direction, they arrived at the last house on the western side of the mountain. There their guides wished to remain for the night; and, on being urged to proceed, as it was not more than three o'clock in the afternoon, declared they did not know the way, and had never been beyond the spot where they then were. Notwithstanding this disappointment, it was determined to proceed; and, leaving the path, the party began to ascend in a south-east direction,

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