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VOLUME I. NEW SERIES, 1846.
UNDER THE SANCTION OF THE BRITISH AND FOREIGN ANTI-SLAVERY SOCIETY.
PUBLISHED BY PETER JONES BOLTON, No. 8, KENNINGTON TERRACE;
SOLD BY W. EVERETT, 14, FINCH LANE, CORNHILL;
AND TO BE HAD AT THE OFFICE OF THE BRITISH AND FOREIGN ANTI-SLAVERY SOCIETY,
27, NEW BROAD STREET.
IN D E X.
Crowning crime of Christendom,
poem on, 58.
new ordinances of, 29, 62 ; Cruising system on the West Coast
of Africa, 140.
taxation of, 78.
at Birmingham, 125;
British India, alleged slavery in, 193. general intelligence from, 63.
at Cambridge, 61;
Brock, Rev. W., letter of, to the mines in, 26, 47.
Patriot on Rev. M. M. Clark Cultivation of sugar, 9, 24.
and American slavery.
Cussac's work on slavery in the
at Norwich, 60;
Brougham, Lord, speeches of, against French Colonies, 11.
the sugar duties, 125, 149.
protest of, against the sugar duties,
Buxton, Sir T. F., reference to, 14.
Buxton, Sir E. N., speech of as chair- Danish Abolitionists, 200.
Death of the liberator, a poem, 74.
Decision in the case of a fugitive
Demerara, Madeirans, in, 62, 207.
of negroes, 16.
Deputation to Mr. Secretary Glad-
Capture of slavers, 64, 80, 112.
Destruction of slave-vessels, 80.
Dexter, Benj. B., letter from, 202.
sugar duties, 152;
D'Israeli, B., M.P., speech on the
Circassian war, 32, 47.
Dispensaries in Jamaica, 61.
Dominica, arrival of fugitive slaves
Clark, Rev. M. M., letter from,
at, 168 ;
exports and imports, 45, 62;
Clarkson, Thomas, death of, 153; general intelligence from, 15.
biography of, 172;
Douglass, Frederick, extract of a
letter from, 32;
biography of, continued, 189. speeches of, at public meetings,
Clay, Cassius M., seizure of the 93, 95.
press of, 30;
Duncan, John, account of Mr., the
speech of, at New York, 45.
American traveller, 16.
Bazaar at Philadelphia, 58, 73, 132, Colchester, meeting at, 61.
Colonial agents, 16.
Colonial Gazette, 199.
Bentinck, Lord George, speech of, Colonial intelligence, 14, 29, 44, 61, Ecclesiastical bodies in America,
against sugar duties, 128.
74, 77, 88, 111, 168, 189, 207. their action, 156.
Colonial produce, trade in, 44. Education in Virginia, 14.
Colonization and the slave-trade, 30. Egypt, slavery in, 48.
Coloured churches, admission of, 194. Ellenborough, Lord, protestof,
sugar duties, 151.
Emancipadoes in Jamaica, 29.
Conviction of slave-dealers, 80. Emancipation of eight slaves in New
Bible argument against slavery, 7, Coolie immigration, 199; its im- Orleans, 152.
Emancipation in Texas, 80.
Emigration of Coolies -
to Berbice, 78 ;
to Mauritius, 5.
in Jamaica, 29, 44, 62, 77 ; Escape of slaves from the French
in Mauritius, 5;
colonies, 20, 112, 168, 208.
in Trinidad, 58, 62, 78, 137, 160, Evangelical Alliance
addresses to, on American slavery,
Cotton, cultivation of -
in India, 9, 196;
American delegates to, 185 ;
and American slavery, 146 ;
trade treaty, 12.
leading articles on, 58, 73, 142,
161, 179, 180, 198;
free-grown, 4, 23.
proceedings of, 145, 165, 18:3,201.
Creole, the, negroes of, 16.
Evils of absenteeism in Jamaica, 168.
in Barbadoes, 208;
Expedition to the Niger, 77.
in British Guiana, 78;
Exports from Jamaica, 29.
in Jamaica, 44,
Extracts from La Réforme, 23.
15 DEC 1932
Leading articles on-
Manufacture of articles from free.
grown produce, 4, 9, 23 ;
sugar in Jamaica, 78.
protest against the sugar duties, Marriage among slaves, 53.
Queen's speech, 26 ;
Escape of slaves from, 15;
Reformed Presbyterians, 198 ; jealousy of anti-slavery publica-
cultivation of cotton in, 61, 77 ; Report of the British and Foreign tions in, 30.
Anti-slavery Society, 88; Maryland --
Richardson, James, 89, 180; Meeting of slave-holders in, 63 ;
Secretary of State for the Co. Dr. Snodgrass, threatened pro-
secution of, 46.
slavery in the Danish colonies, Mauritius, emigration of Coolies to,
in the French colonies, 9.
Meeting at Finsbury Chapel, 95.
slave-trade papers, 26;
slave-trade returns, 143 ;
to Right Hon. W. E. Gladstone,
Dr. Smyth's retraction of charges M.P. on West India legislation,
brought by him against Frederick
Douglass, 143 ;
to the same, on the immoral tend.
to the same,
on legislation in
suppression of the slave-trade, 178; British Guiana, 67 ,
Torrey, Rev. C. T., 73, 89; to Lord Stanley, on legislation in
West Indies, general intelligence Trinidad, 35.
to the same,
on legislation in
Legislation in British Guiana -
British Guiana, 36.
Memorial to Right Hon. W. E.
to Lord John Russell, on the sup-
Gladstone, M.P., on, 67 ;
pression of the slave-trade, 169;
extract from a memorial to Lord Mendi mission, 22.
Methodist Church in the United
morial to Lord Stanley, on, 35.
Mines in Cuba, 47.
Ketley, Rev. Jos., accident to, 62. Legislation in Kentucky, 46 ; M.Lean, Captain, narrative of the
Susan king, 68, 208.
Alexander, G. W., 5, 186 ; Missionary Conventions in the United
Missouri, free basis of, 63.
Missouri, the slave shackles found in
Brock, Rev. W., 166 ;
Murder of negroes, 80, 108.
Clark, Rev. M. M., 186 ;
Muscat, slavery and the slave-trade
Dexter, B. B., 202 ;
Eaton, Joseph, 5;
Félice, Professor, 76;
French Anti-slavery Society, 54 ;
Negro dogs in Alabama, 63.
American Anti-slavery Societies,
Gurney, J. J., 5;
Negroes in America. 78.
Keppel, George, 172;
Negroes murdered, 80, 108.
l'helps, Rev. A. A., 29, 75 ;
Negroes of the Creole, 16.
Reade, Sir T., 39;
New Niger expedition, 77.
Rhoads, Samuel, 46, 76 ;
Norwich, meeting at, 60.
Richardson, James, 111, 133, 154, No slavery in Oregon, 207.
181, 195 ;
Foreign Anti-slavery Society,
Tappan, Lewis, 46, 201;
Thomas, George, 5;
O'Donnell, General, 66, 79.
Whittier, J. G., 75, 164.
Ordinances, French, 18.
Oregon, no slavery in, 207.
in Jamaica, 45;
Original Correspondence, 75, lll,
in Trinidad, 45.
Overture on American slavery, 187.
Liberty Bazaar, at Philadelphia, 58,
Bey of Tunis, 200 ;
Liberty of British subjects invaded,
House of Lords
sugar duties, 125, 147 ;
House of Commons-
Colonial Intelligence, 74, 88 ;
sugar duties, 127, 128,
Peel, Sir Robert, M.P., on the sugar
plete, des Esclaves.-Appel aux
coloured preacher, 61.
Essai surle Gouvernement paternel
de l' Autriche. Par Michel Ku- Pennsylvania, cultivation of cotton in,
brairewich, 74 ;
Situation des Esclaves dans les
against immigration into the British
Colonies Françaises, -Urgence
de leur Emancipation. Par M.
of the French Anti-slavery Society,
J. B. Rouvellat de Cussac, 11.
for the aboliltion of slavery in
the French Colonies, 103.
Phelps, Rev. A. A., extract of
letters from, 29, 75.
Philadelphia Liberty Bazaar, 58, 73,
extracts from La Reforme, 25;
132, 143, 162.
Free Church of Scotland, 105;
sugar estates in, 31;
Piracy, Brazilians charged with, 28.
Lynching in Florida, 46.
The crowning crime of Christen-
Death the liberator, 74 :
The flight of the slave, 200;
lonies, 57, 88, 123;
Loss of the Lucy Walker, 162;
importation of sugar, 42 ;
Ode on the death of Thomas
Ode on the death of Rev. C. T.
Mahommedan and Turkish slavery, Torrey, 144 ;
The slave-ship, 43 ;
Malay slave-trade, 20.
The slave-trade, 12, 17;
manufacture of articles from free- Management of estates in Jamaica, Texas ! the voice of New England,
grown cotton, 9;
Polish insurrection, 58, 64, 72, 79. Russell, the Right Hon. Lord John, Stanley, Lord, memorials to, on legis- United States -
annexation of Texas, 29, 30, 77;
Baltimore civilization, 15 ;
St. Lucia, arrival of fugitives from colonization and the slave-trade,
Martinique in, 45, 168, 208 ;
exports from, 29.
cultivation of cotton in Pennsyl-
the slave-trade, 169;
Sturge, Joseph, speeches of, at public vania, 46;
decision in the case of a fugitive
letter from, in reply to Mr. Porter, slave, 204 ;
freedom bequeathed to slaves, 15 ;
St. Vincent, African immigrants to, fugitives in New Hampshire, 207 ;
government officers, 78;
gag law in Kentucky, 63 ;
Madeirans in, 62, 168.
heathenism at home, 15 ;
joy of liberty, 15;
Crop in Louisiana, 64 ;
kidnapping, 206 ;
cultivation in the West Indies, its legislation in Kentucky, 46;
profits, 21 ;
liberty of British subjects invaded,
from beet root, 16;
general consumption of, 16; liberty party, 206;
manufactory in Jamaica, 29.
Louisiana sugar, 15 ;
Lynching in Florida, 46 ;
beaten to death in Louisiana, 64 ; address to Lord J. Russell on, 121; meeting of slave-holders in Mary-
answer of Joseph Sturge to Mr. land, 63;
Porter's letter, on the, 124; missionary conventions, 30;
negro dogs in Alabama, 63;
leading articles on, 41, 58, 88, negroes arrested, 16 ;
104, 122, 142;
no slavery in Oregon, 207 ;
petitions for freedom, 206 ;
protests against, 113, 151, 152. position of the Methodist Church,
and the Free Church, 77;
Suppression of the slave-trade ; me.
morial on, 169.
progress of abolition principles, 15;
Surinam, Dutch commission for the prohibition of slave-trading in Ala-
purpose of inquiring into the bama, 63;
state of slavery in, 30 ;
prospects of trade, 16;
purchase of land for manumitted
slaves, 47 ;
rank of a slave, 15;
revolt of slaves in Louisiana, 63;
right of petition, 30;
papers, 26 ;
runaway slaves, 207;
poem on, 17;
Taxation of British Guiana, 78. slavery in Mississippi, 207 ;
Testimony to the advantages derived in Texas, 47 ;
from emancipation, 29.
proceedings against Dr. Snodgrass,
annexation of, 29, 30, 77;
southern ministers, 207;
emancipation in, 80 ;
speaker of the House of Repre-
war against the press, 30;
slavery in, 47.
Torrey, Rev. C. T., fate of, 22 ;
in British India, 193;
leader on, 73;
sympathy for, 89 ;
biography of, 106.
Convention question, 63 ;
House of Assembly, 63 ;
Traffic in human affection, 70.
Randolph's slaves, 46, 205 ;
slave market in, 138.
fires in, 62;
liberated Africans in, 47;
War in Circassia, 47 ;
popular representation of, 78. in Gallicia, 64, 79.
Tunis, abolition of slavery in, 31, 38. Weld, Theodore D., notice of, 7.
West Indies, general intelligence
slavery in, 205.
from, 33, 51, 180;
profits of sugar cultivation in, 21.
Whittier, John G., letter from, 164.
Wilson, Maria, case of, and her nine
Withdrawal from our trading con-
nection with slave-holders and
abolition principles in New Hamp- reasons for so doing, 49.
shire and North Carolina, 30, Woodbridge, meeting at, 61.
Worthington, Nicholas, emancipation
the sugar duties, 151.
of 100 slaves by his will, 30.
circumstances as honourable to the emancipated slaves, as it was RETROSPECT OF THE ANTI-SLAVERY CAUSE.
satisfactory to every true philanthropist. No crime stained the It is impossible to recur to the history of the anti-slavery cause, advent of freedom. No man was injured in his person or property. during the last few years, without being deeply grateful for the In his gratitude for the benefit he enjoyed, the liberated negro important triumphs which, under the divine blessing, it has forgot the injuries he had received, and was prepared to return achieved.
good for evil. Seven years have now passed away since the enIn the early part of the year 1831, it is probable that not a single slaved population of these dependencies of the Crown were made free; leading abolitionist anticipated the overthrow of slavery in the and whether we estimate the blessings of liberty by the amount of colonial or territorial possessions of this country, during the life-physical happiness it has bestowed, or measure it by the moral time of the existing generation of slaves; and that they would have advantages it has conferred on one of the most degraded portions hailed with satisfaction a measure which secured to the children of of mankind, we must admit that it has more than realized the most such slaves the blessings of freedom on their attaining the age of sanguine expectations of its friends. Formerly, the slave populatwenty-one years. At that time, the colonists, confiding in their tion melted away under a system of toil, privation, and punishstrength and political importance, were in full opposition to the ment, too dreadful to be endured; now they increase rapidly in British legislature and the government, in relation to the regulations numbers, in property, and in influence; formerly, they were for the mitigation of the system of slavery, which had been voted by denied the blessings of education and religion ; now they enjoy the legislature, and had received the sanction of the King, as far both, and their improvement in character is as remarkable as their back as 1823; and then, too, the government were indisposed to increase in number. punish their contumacy, or to secure, by an appeal to the Imperial This great work having been so happily achieved, the abolitionParliament, what they had failed to obtain by concession and ists directed their attention to the evil of slavery, as it had conciliation. Nor were the abolitionists themselves either bold developed itself in other parts of the British empire. Year after or pressing in their demands; they asked simply for the ameliora- year they brought the subject under the attention of government tion of the condition of the slave population, and the gradual and of Parliament, and were gratified by the intelligence that, on extinction of slavery. But in that memorable year, one portion of the 5th of January, 1842, the Supreme Council of India had promulthe body advanced the great doctrine of immediate and entire gated a law, that “in no part of the Straits’ settlements, (including abolition, and with a decision which nothing could alter, a courage Malacca, Singapore, Penang, and Province Wellesley,) shall the which faced all difficulties, and a zeal which knew no intermission, status of slavery be recognized as existing by law.” And "all they sent forth their agents through the length and breadth of the courts and officers of law” were “ prohibited from enforcing any land; and in a period of time which scarcely sufficed for a claims founded on any supposed right of masters, in regard to thorough organization, they carried the question with the public. slaves within the settlements aforesaid,” and were “enjoined to It was universally felt, that “SLAVERY WAS A Crime BEFORE afford protection to all persons against whom any supposed rights God,” which admitted of no delay in its extinction; and that of slavery were attempted to be enforced.” By this act, many freedom should be given to the slave, without stint or restriction. thousands of slaves were liberated, and an atrocious slave-trade, Having thus convinced the public mind, and secured the public chiefly carried on by Chinamen or Malay pirates, for the most conscience, there was but little difficulty in moving the con- iniquitous purposes, was suppressed. stituencies throughout the kingdom, to exact from their representa- The British Government having had the defective state of the tives the advocacy of sound opinions in the House of Commons. law for the suppression of the slave-trade, so far as it related to The result was, the return of a large body of members to Parliament British India, pointed out, they submitted a measure to Parliament pledged to sustain the abolition cause. Events, in the meanwhile, to cure the same. This remedial act having passed the legislature, had transpired in the colonies, of such a character as to arrest the received the sanction of the Crown on the 10th of August 1842. attention of the government, and to compel them to action. In May, It provides, that “all the powers vested in the governors, lieu1833, Mr., now Lord Stanley, submitted to the House of Commons tenant-governors, and other persons exercising the authority of his celebrated scheme of abolition, which, after undergoing a governors in Her Majesty's colonies and plantations, and in Her lengthened discussion, and various important modifications, went Majesty's officers there, civil and military, for the more effectual into effect on the 1st of August, 1834. It admitted the justice and suppression of the importation of slaves into such colonies and expediency of abolition, but placed the whole of the slave popula- plantations, by sea, and for the punishment of all persons guilty of rion, above six years of age, under a system of coercion for a the crime of introducing, or attempting to introduce, slaves to any period of six years. It created an intermediate state of bondage, such colonies or plantations,” shall be “extended to, and vested in falsely called “apprenticeship,” which allowed the existence of the the respective governors, civil and military, of the several presidenworst features of the system of slavery, without the corresponding cies or places within the territories under the government of the advantages of the promised state of freedom. It soon became East India Company.” It was notorious, that slaves were every obvious to those who watched the progress of the measure, that year introduced into British India from Africa; and that, owing to " apprenticeship” was but another name for slavery; and the facts the different opinions entertained by the law officers of the comhaving been laid before the public, and forced on the attention pany, of the existing Acts of Parliament against the slave-trade, no of Parliament, with the accustomed ability and energy of the proper cognizance was, or could be, taken of those criminal acts. leaders of the anti-slavery cause, that fruitful source of irrita- But this law has removed all difficulties on that head; tion, cruelty and oppression, was altogether removed.
hope it will be found sufficient to secure the object at which The memorable 1st of August, 1838, witnessed the complete it aims. triumph of abolition principles, throughout the British West Indies, The principle of abolition having been once recognized by the goSouth America, Southern Africa, and the Indian Ocean, under vernment, it became easy to apply it. We find, therefore, the Go
and we may