Page images
PDF
EPUB

is the natural separation of associated oil and gas in a long chamber— a 10-inch pipe 800 feet long-which is tapped at short intervals by "risers" (separately controllable) into which the gas flows while the oil and sand under the pressure from the well, flow through the 10-inch pipe. When the oil and sand reach the end of the pipe, they are drawn into a receiving tank where the sand settles. As the gas is tapped at various points on the upper surface of the pipe, a rush of gas is prevented and the pressure is uniformly maintained over the entire surface of the oil as it passes along the pipe. When the gas leaves the oil it is said to contain only such of the light products as are proportionate to the temperature and pressure. The trap was devised by Dr. Eric A. Starke, who patented it October 8, 1912.

PUBLICATIONS ON PETROLEUM TECHNOLOGY.

A limited supply of the following publications of the Bureau of Mines is temporarily available for free distribution. Requests for all publications can not be granted, and to insure equitable distribution applicants are requested to limit their selection to publications that may be of especial interest to them. Requests for publications should be addressed to the Director, Bureau of Mines.

BULLETIN 19. Physical and chemical properties of the petroleums of the San Joaquin Valley, Cal., by I. C. Allen and W. A. Jacobs, with a chapter on analyses of natural gas from the southern California oil fields, by G. A. Burrell. 1911. 60 pp., 2 pls., 10 figs.

TECHNICAL PAPER 3. Specifications for the purchase of fuel oil for the Government, with directions for sampling oil and natural gas, by I. C. Allen. 1911. 13 pp.

TECHNICAL PAPER 10. Liquefied products from natural gas; their properties and uses, by I. C. Allen and G. A. Burrell. 1912. 23 pp.

TECHNICAL PAPER 25. Methods for the determination of water in petroleum and its products, by I. C. Allen and W. A. Jacobs. 1912. 13 pp., 2-figs.

TECHNICAL PAPER 32. The cementing process of excluding water from oil wells as practiced in California, by Ralph Arnold and V. R. Garfias. 1913. 12 pp., 1 fig. TECHNICAL PAPER 37. Heavy oil as fuel for internal-combustion engines, by I. C. Allen. 1913. 36 pp.

TECHNICAL PAPER 38. Wastes in the production and utilization of natural gas and means for their prevention, by Ralph Arnold and F. G. Clapp. 1913. 29 pp.

TECHNICAL PAPER 42. The prevention of waste of oil and gas from flowing wells in California, with a discussion of special methods used by J. A. Pollard, by Ralph Arnold and V. R. Garfias. 1913. 15 pp., 2 pls., 4 figs.

TECHNICAL PAPER 45. Waste of oil and gas in the Mid-Continent fields, by R. S. Blatchley. 1914. 54 pp., 2 pls., 15 figs.

TECHNICAL PAPER 49. The flash point of oils; methods and apparatus for its determination, by I. C. Allen and A. S. Crossfield. 1913. 31 pp., 2 figs.

TECHNICAL PAPER 51. Possible causes of the decline of oil wells and suggested methods of prolonging yield, by L. G. Huntley. 1913. 52 pp., 9 figs. TECHNICAL PAPER 57. A preliminary report on the utilization of oil and natural gas in Wyoming, by W. R. Calvert, with a discussion of the suitability of natural gas for making gasoline, by G. A. Burrell. 1913. 23 pp.

TECHNICAL PAPER 66. Mud-laden fluid applied to well drilling, by J. A. Pollard and A. G. Heggem. 1914. 21 pp., 12 figs.

TECHNICAL PAPER 68. Drilling wells in Oklahoma by the mud-laden fluid method, by A. G. Heggen and J. A. Pollard. 1914. 27 pp., 5 figs.

TECHNICAL PAPER 70. Methods of oil recovery as practiced in California, by Ralph Arnold and V. K. Garfias. 1914. 57 pp., figs.

TECHNICAL PAPER 72. Problems of the petroleum industry; results of conferences at Pittsburgh, Pa., August 1 and September 10, 1913, by I. C. Allen. 1914. 20 pp. TECHNICAL PAPER 74. Physical and chemical properties of the petroleums of California, by I. C. Allen, W. A. Jacobs, A. S. Crossfield, and R. R. Matthews. 1914. 38 pp., 1 fig.

[ocr errors][ocr errors]
[blocks in formation]

C.

California, natural gas in, analyses of.......
oil fields in.....

production of gasoline in.

Page.

equipment for.....

Carbon dioxide, apparatus for determination

of.

in natural gas, proportion of..
use of, in condensing gasoline...........

85
86, 87
66
61-64
68

68

21

7

4

3

19

84

77, 78, 81, 82
83
91,92
93

6

11

3

32

20
49

49
67
26, 29

25

tests of.

rate of evaporation of.....

vapor pressure of, curves showing..
Bradford, Pa., gasoline blending at..
Brine, natural, occurrence of.....
Brink, W., on gasoline production.
Bureau of Mines, investigations by..

methods of, for testing natural gas.
on constituents of natural gas..
Butane, boiling point of..

condensation of, pressure required for...
explosive limits of..
liquefaction of...

properties of...

proportion of, in natural gas....... 29, 30, 61-64
Butler County, Pa., natural gas from, analy-

ses of..
notes on..

21

23

75

21

23

21
15

13, 19

16

34

21, 22, 61-64

73

Carbon monoxidei n natural gas, absence of..
"Casing-head gas," composition of.

definition of.

manufacture of gasoline from.
utilization of....

See also Natural gas.

Chambers, L. L., acknowledgments to.......
Churchill County, Nev., natural gas from,
analyses of..

notes on..................

Chute, H. O., on manufacture of gasoline...........
Clapp, F. G., on recovery of gasoline from
natural gas..

on waste of natural gas..

Clarion County, Pa., natural gas from, analy-
ses of..

notes on......

Claroline oil, absorption of gas by..

characteristics of...

solubility of gas in.

testing natural gas with..

Coalinga oil field, Cal., natural gas from,
analyses of.

Coalton, Okla., recovery of gasoline at.............
Colorado, production of gasoline from natural
gas in......
Compressors, in gasoline manufacture, types
of.
use of...
Condensates, blending of, methods of..
tests of..
evaporation of.

curves showing.
rate of...

factors affecting.
results of.

specific gravities of.
value of.

vapor pressures of, curves showing.

factors affecting..

tests of..

variations in.

See also Gasoline.

Cottonseed oil, solubility of gas in.

Crawford County, Pa., natural gas from,

analyses of..

notes on.....

Creek County, Okla., natural gas from, analy-

ses of.

notes on..

Page.

Curtis, E. F., acknowledgments to..

Cushing, Okla., recovery of gasoline at....
Cuyahoga County, Ohio, analysis of natural
gas from

Cy mogene, properties of..

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][merged small]

51
52
93
77,78
77-81,97
86-89
81-83, 97, 98
84,85
81
76
17,18

90-92

88-92

87-89
98

21

23

47

34

34
32,33

21
17

19

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]
[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][subsumed][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][subsumed][merged small][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][subsumed][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]
« PreviousContinue »