Deep Seabed Hard Minerals: Hearings, Ninety-third Congress on H.R. 9, H.R. 7732 ... H.R. 12233 ...
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries. Subcommittee on Oceanography
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1974 - 513 pages
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action activities agree agreement American appear application authority believe bill block bottom Chairman claims Committee common companies concerned Conference Congress consideration continue copper countries deep seabed Department depth discussion domestic DOWNING economic effect environment environmental established exploitation exploration fact force foreign future give going Government hard mineral HEYWARD impact important increase indicated industry interests interim international regime investment issued legislation license limited major manganese nodules marine materials means ment metals mineral resources mining natural necessary negotiations nickel nodules objectives ocean operations organisms percent period position possible present problem production proposed protection provisional question reasonable regime regulations representatives respect result risk Sea Conference Secretary sources statement supply surface Thank tion treaty United United Nations
Page 107 - That whenever by priority of possession rights to the use of water for mining, agricultural, manufacturing, or other purposes have vested and accrued and the same are recognized and acknowledged by the local customs, laws, and the decisions of courts, the possessors and owners of such vested rights shall be maintained and protected in the same...
Page 143 - ... operated under the United States flag by citizens of the United States insofar as may be practicable, and (d) composed of the best-equipped, safest, and most suitable types of vessels, constructed in the United States and manned with a trained and efficient citizen personnel. It is hereby declared to be the policy of the United States to foster the development and encourage the maintenance of such a merchant marine.
Page 143 - ... capable of serving as a naval and military auxiliary in time of war or national emergency, (c) owned and operated under the United States flag by citizens of the United States insofar as may be practicable, (d) composed of the best-equipped, safest, and most suitable types of vessels, constructed in the United States and manned with a trained and efficient citizen personnel, and (e) supplemented by efficient facilities for shipbuilding and ship repair.
Page 119 - ... include in every recommendation or report on proposals for legislation and other major Federal actions significantly affecting the quality of the human environment, a detailed statement by the responsible official on— (i) the environmental impact of the proposed action, (ii) any adverse environmental effects which cannot be avoided should the proposal be implemented, (iii) alternatives to the proposed action, (iv) the relationship between local short-term uses of man's environment and and the...
Page 329 - Government shall (A) utilize a systematic, interdisciplinary approach which will insure the integrated use of the natural and social sciences and the environmental design arts in planning and in decisionmaking which may have an impact on man's environment...
Page 121 - The Congress recognizes that each person should enjoy a healthful environment and that each person has a responsibility to contribute to the preservation and enhancement of the environment.
Page 330 - The parties to any dispute, the continuance of which is likely to endanger the maintenance of international peace and security, shall first of all, seek a solution by negotiation, enquiry, mediation, conciliation, arbitration, judicial settlement, resort to regional agencies or arrangements, or other peaceful means of their own choice.
Page 503 - Declares that, pending the establishment of the aforementioned international regime: (a) States and persons, physical or juridical, are bound to refrain from all activities of exploitation of the resources of the area of the sea-bed and ocean floor, and the subsoil thereof, beyond the limits of national jurisdiction; (b) No claim to any part of that area or its resources shall be recognized.
Page 509 - Under no circumstances, we believe, must we ever allow the prospects of rich harvest and mineral wealth to create a new form of colonial competition among the maritime nations. We must be careful to avoid a race to grab and to hold the lands under the high seas. We must ensure that the deep seas and the ocean bottoms are, and remain, the legacy of all human beings.
Page 120 - ... recognize the worldwide and longrange character of environmental problems, and, where consistent with the foreign policy of the United States, lend appropriate support to initiatives, resolutions, and programs designed to maximize international cooperation in anticipating and preventing a decline in the quality of mankind's world environment...