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BUILT ENTIRELY FOR SPEED Every large town in the country which is near water has its local pride in speed boats. Some of them have made practi
cally sixty miles per hour on a short course. This is P. D. (.V.
and eating up thousands of dollars each muddy Missouri. For a sum ranging from year in coal and crew. There are only one to two thousand dollars, you can get ten thousand such yachts in the whole a motor boat that will carry you and a world; yet right here in the United States half dozen others out to sea-across the we have three hundred thousand motor Atlantic if you have the nerve—and show boats and motor yachts—vessels within a clean pair of heels to the average milreach of the average man. Thus, the lionaire's big sail or steam yacht. In
this motor boat you can race all around the winner of that giant bottomless silver vessel called
"America's Cup". If you are fond of racing, you can add a few dollars to
the thousand or two you have already spent and buy a dainty high-powered boat that will beat the express trains running
north of St. Louis along the MisAN AMPHIBIOUS Motor BOAT It runs on ice or water.
sissippi banks up to Mark Twain's
old home; or that can play all millionaire no longer holds a monopoly around the swift liner Aquitania as she on the pleasures of independent cruising. speeds up off Sandy Hook for her race
You can get a splendid little water against wind and tide or German cruisers runabout for a hundred and fifty dollars; to England. for twice that sum you can get a staunch Of course, if you are a W. K. Vandersteel craft that will take you and your bilt, Jr., you can invest a sum ranging family all the way down the Mississippi or from five to fifty thousand and buy yourlet you buck the swift currents of the self a big Tarantula that can roam the world. Thousands of rich men, of whom one rarely hears, are doing this very thing. Some of them build themselves big river houseboats, some speedy river cruisers, some comfortable roomy yachts that can travel anywhere. For instance, H. A. Parsons, of Cleveland, Ohio, son-in-law of the late Mark Hanna, owns the Mahapa II, 84 feet long, used for Great Lakes cruising. Carl G. Fisher of Indianapolis owns the Shadow, a sixty-six-foot express cruiser, that can travel at twenty-eight miles an hour. One of the fastest yachts in the world is the Winchester, two hundred five feet over all, two hundred tons displacement, six thousand horsepower developed by two Parsons engines, owned by P. W., Rouss. C. H. Foster, of the Chicago Yacht Club, is owner of the Natoma, a fine onehundred-nineteen-foot, three-hundred-horsepower twin-screw power yacht.
Yes, decidedly, that number of three hundred thousand has a big commercial import. There are today eight hundred firms, scattered over the United States, engaged in manufacturing marine motor engines alone. This summer a little fire on the Blue Bird, a one-hundred-foot power yacht of J. Palmer Gavit, lying off the New Jersey coast, incurred five thousand dollars' damage. Two hundred thousand dollars' damage was done to motor yachts in a small fire on the Harlem River, New York, during the same season.
An index of the commercial value of these pleasure boats is the fact that two million dollars' worth of them are exported each year to foreign parts. Three hundred thousand dollars' worth are sent by American manufacturers to be used on the inland waters and seas of British Oceania. Canada buys motor boats in a like sum from us. Argentina takes another hundred thousand dollars' worth. One shipment of ten boats to Belgium once averaged two hundred thousand and a shipment of fifteen boats to Germany reached the tidy sum of three hundred eighty-two thousand dollars. Consular reports show that the American motor boat goes to the Euphrates, to the Tigris, to the Amazon—to every river and sea on the map.
Outside strictly motor-boat circles, the motor boat has until lately been looked upon as a fancy sporting luxury chiefly designed for speed competition. Therefore most of the public interest has been centered in the spectacular side : of these speed y thirty
SHOWING THE LONG DRAWN-OUT LINES OF VINCENT
Astor's Corcyra In spite of her capabilities for speed, she is a comfort
IN PLACE OF A SUBURBAN TRAIN
time. She is capable of high speed.
BUILT FOR SPEED
SHE SHOULD BE THE FASTEST IN THE WORLD The Disturber IV of Chicago has eighteen hundred horsepower, or more than any other racing boat, and her owner, who
took her to England to race for the International trophy, claims over sixty miles an hour as her speed,
and forty-foot boats of high-power extensive Atlantic voyage in one deefficiency.
signed and built by Mr. Sivard. His But out of these wild races at Monaco, boat is made peculiarly effective because off Cowes, for the Harmsworth Trophyof the presence of the motor-a thirtyoff Chicago, New York, and in southern two-horsepower gasoline engine. Withwater, has developed a practical use for out the motor it would have little or no the motor boat. If fishermen do not fish value. In time, all United States govin motor boats, they put kickers in their ernment life-saving stations will be sailing schooners so that neither wind nor equipped with motor boats. tide can interfere with their work. Big So it is seen that the motor boat is anytrading schooners like the Eclipse and the thing but a racing plaything though it Danneborg that go to the West Indies does change in style every season like a and to South America are fitted with woman's hat. auxiliary motors. The English ketch, A motor boat expert lately proved that Ceres, one hundred and two years old, three hundred thousand motor vessels in lately was fitted with thirty-horsepower the United States averaged a tonnage engines! The majority of the dynamite and torpedo transports about harbors like New York are propelled by motors. Motor boats are being used for ferrying passengers quickly and safely along the Tennessee and the Mississippi. Alaskan waters are alive with them.
Then there is the motor lifeboat for coast and ocean work. The race of motor boats from Philadelphia to Bermuda, twice won by the
MONTE Carlo's FAMOUS Mercedes-JUST A SPEED BOAT Dream, has proved the seaworthiness of such craft. Two years equal to all the merchant steamers of the ago Captain Thomas Fleming Day United States, around five thousand in crossed the Atlantic in the thirty-five foot number. Other experts in marine matmotor boat Detroit, making the trip in ters declare that the day is not far distwenty-four days. Big passenger liners tant when the motor boat will not only like the Aquitania and the Vaterland have supplant the steam yacht entirely but been equipped with two big motor boats drive out the steam passenger liner and each thirty feet long and having a nine- the steam freight carrier, and that then foot-six-inch beam, fitted with thirty- the United States will take her proper horsepower motors and wireless, de- place as mistress of the seas. The pecusigned to tow any or all of the eighty liar maritime situation that has been lifeboats in case of disaster. The thirty- brought about by the conflict of the foot nonsinkable Lundin lifeboat is pos- powers should assist in bringing about sibly superior to these big motor boats this result. of the liners. The quality of this latest The Christian X is the first motortype of lifeboat was tested this year by driven ship to be put in the transatlantic Mr. and Mrs. Einar Sivard, who made an passenger trade. She is fitted with Diesel
THE MOST ADMIRABLE TYPE OF MOTOR BOAT It is of the cruiser class and is capable of traveling at good speed and weathering almost any sea. The owners live in
such boats for weeks at a time.
engines, and to understand the marvelous boat. But alcohol and gasoline are exwork of these engines one must know pensive. something about the marvels of steam T herefore, of the many types of moand gas propulsion which are today mak- tors developed the Diesel is looked on ing the whole world kin. The underlying with favor for big ships. It will easily principle of the operation of any engine, handle crude oil that costs but a few cents whether gas or steam, lies in the fact a gallon, and it is said that it will get that gas tends to expand when heat is thirty-eight per cent of the energy out applied, and if allowed to do so the gas of the oil. A Diesel motor will produce has the power of doing work. Any gas one horsepower on one-half pound of or vapor will absorb heat, and during this fuel, whereas it takes a pound of gasoprocess it expands. If the expansion is line or from two to three pounds of steam resisted, say by a container with a piston, to produce the same power. In this enwork is directly obtained. The advantage gine there is no danger of preignition. of the gas over the steam engine is that The air only is compressed by the engine, it is self-contained, with no cumbersome the oil being injected into the highly boiler, feed pumps, and piping, and that it heated area at the end of the compresworks automatically. The big fight in sion stroke. the obtaining of power has been for W hen some of the hull construction nearly a century to get the most power and engine-building principles now at the least expense of the energy bound being developed in the motor boat are up in coal or oil. Theoretically an engine applied to larger ships, a new and faster should get one hundred per cent of this and more efficient aid to ocean and river energy, but it really only gets ten or transportation will result; perhaps some twenty per cent. The power in oil is other Hickman with some splendidly much more quickly obtained than in coal; simple idea will thereby capture for us hence the marvelous speed of the motor the commercial supremacy of the seas.