Page images

the pump is an inverted glass jar holding a gallon. The gasoline passes through this jar going into or coming out of a tank. A shipper is given a tag showing how much gasoline has been taken out of his machine and, at the other end of the run, the same tag calls for a similar quantity to be put back in the machine.

At the Chicago end, the pump FIXING UP His Roads

is on wheels and is rolled close This Arkansas farmer uses his tractor in dragging to make improved highways.

to an auto tank where it is either

filled or emptied. The reserve DRAGS ROADS WITH

supply of gasoline is stored away, safe TRACTOR

from dangerous exposure. These conROAD-dragging is done on a large

scale and in an efficient manner by a farmer living near Bentonville, Arkansas, who hitches the eight-horsepower tractor, which he uses to cultivate his orchard, to three drags which cover the entire width of the roadway. The two outside drags are platforms upon which rocks are piled and where the men stand, adding the necessary weight. “The best job of road dragging I ever saw”, said a road enthusiast who investigated it. The triple drags are arranged so that the desired crown is secured in the center of the road.



INSIDE the big new steamship dock,

recently built at Benton Harbor, is to
be found an apparatus for taking gaso-
line out of the tanks of automobiles and
for recharging same. There is another
kind of device at the Chicago end of the
lake line.
Government law requires every ounce

MEASURING THE CAR'S SUPPLY of gasoline to be pumped out of machines

Before the automobile is shipped across Lake Michigan it

must be relieved of its gasoline. before they are put on board a ship for freightage across the lake. The Benton

trivances are necessary because of the Harbor line hit on a plan for an even increased shipment of machines to avoid exchange. At the dock at that place is long and costly runs over sandy roads built a box-like enclosure. The door into the summer resort country of Northbeing opened discloses a pump. Above ern Michigan.

[ocr errors]

USE TRACTOR IN GRAIN four drivers and their horses are elim-


During the rush this summer when AFTER several horses had died from

the wheat ripened so much more quickly the work in the harvest field in the than in other seasons, this tractor-header sudden and extreme heat, a Harper combination ran night and day, two

shifts of men and one
extra team handling all
the work. This is the
first time a tractor has
been hooked to a header
in this part of the wheat
country, but next season
the number will be mul-
tiplied an hundredfold
by the progressive farm-
ers of the wind-swept
Kansas plains.



ROWS OF CORN A It was found necessary because it was too hot for the animals to work.

MILE LONG County, Kansas, farmer hit on a new IN eastern Colorado, which boasts of plan to push his harvest to completion. some of the finest dry farming land To the rear of his gasoline tractor he in the West, fields of immense area are fastened a heavy beam. To one end of

To one end of the rule. The accompanying photograph the latter he hooked the header barge, shows part of an eighty-acre cornfield on and to the other end he fastened the the farm of C. M. Walker, fifteen miles chains that drew the header. One heavy from Yuma, with rows one mile long. chain runs direct from the tractor's draw- The evenness of the rows, which bar to the header.

stretch out as straight as a string as far When the barge is filled with the grain, as the eye can see, illustrates well the it is quickly and easily detached. A wait- exceeding care with which farming is ing team is hitched on and the barge is conducted in this section. Next to the drawn to the stack. Meanwhile another corn, Mr. Walker has twelve acres sown barge has been attached just as quickly to amber seed in mile-long rows. to the tractor bar, and the work of cutting is kept going. Where the stacking is done in the field, a hustler with one team can keep the barges going between the harvester and the stack.

Three men only are required to run the header combination. One man runs the tractor; one man guides the header; and one man loads the


OF COLORADO barge. Thus three or


[merged small][graphic][merged small]

AT T Spanish Fork, in Utah, Mr. and Mrs. William Jex recently celebrated the

sixtieth anniversary of their wedding. One hundred and ninety-one direct de-
scendants spent the day with them in a great
family reunion. There were ten sons and daugh-
ters with their wives and husbands; one hundred
and ten grandchildren, and seventy great-grand-

This venerable couple are still hearty, vigorous, and in possession of all their faculties. All the sons and most of the grandsons are active business men in the State. They have been of service to their various communities in a way of which the old couple is proud.



poles near Pactola in the Black Hills of South Dakota. Spruce is regarded by the Indian as by far the best lodge pole material and, to secure this, Little Wolf and his family drive in their light Indian wagon one hundred miles from the Pine Ridge reservation. They take trees, five or six inches through at the butt, and skin them down till but two and a half inches of heart wood is left. Sixteen poles are used in a set, which is worth sixteen dollars when delivered at the reservation. Little Wolf is an Ogalala, Dakota, more commonly called Sioux, and a stanch Episcopalian. His Black Hills brethren still take pride in the tepee poles which are just as good as those their fathers made before the white man disturbed his people.



[graphic][ocr errors]

Twelve thousand acres of Egyptian cotton were planted this year in the Southwest.


By Philip R. Kellar


HIS is the third year since the are about twelve thousand acres planted

United States Department of to Egyptian cotton, and already there are Agriculture experiment sta- two ginning mills in the district to take tion at the Pima Indian School care of the crop, one at Phoenix and the

at Sacaton, in Arizona, began other at Chandler. to furnish the irrigation farmers of the So important has the new-old crop beSalt River Valley with pure breed Egyp- come in so short a time that already systian cotton seed. The crop this season tematic efforts have been started to profrom but a small part of this section in tect it. There are three associations in one State is expected to yield the farm- the Valley which co-operate with the ers a million and a half dollars in cash, state authorities and the United States half of which will be net profit for them, Department of Agriculture in the task of and most of the remainder of which will preventing the importation of inferior be paid out in wages.

seed, and of maintaining and increasing Three years ago a few farmers were the standard of the seed that has been persuaded to try the ancient money crop bred to suit that climate and soil. of Egypt in the new land and they plant- One man, a Kentucky farmer, L. C. ed three hundred and fifty acres. Last Sloan, bought sixty acres of irrigated year this acreage jumped to forty-five land in the Mesa district, at one hundred hundred because of the success that and eighty-five dollars an acre, paying marked the first year. This year there one thousand dollars cash and promising



to pay the balance in annual installments believes that within a few years the yield of two thousand dollars. He put fifty in the Salt River Valley will be increased acres in cotton and the other ten in to one thousand pounds an acre, and that garden truck. The ten acres paid all liv- in a comparatively short time the Ameriing expenses and the cost of growing the can manufacturers using Egyptian cotton cotton, and the cotton enabled him to pay will be independent of the foreign crop. five thousand dollars instead of two thou- His experimental plot last season yielded sand dollars for his first annual install- seven hundred and fifty pounds to the ment.

acre, and he says the season was not Egyptian cotton is a long, strong, fine- propitious, being the shortest in many textured staple, worth twice as much as years. Egyptian cotton requires a long the upland cotton of the South. It is growing season. in great demand by manufacturers of The cotton seldom commands a lower threads, finer cotton fabrics, mercerized price on the market than twenty cents goods, and imitation silks. Egypt is the per pound, and nearly always from one sole source of supply, no other area of to three cents more. A seven-hundredany size having been found adapted to the pound crop would yield at twenty cents, profitable growth of the crop. The one hundred and forty dollars' worth of Egyptian yield is limited to the area lint and eighteen dollars' worth of seed. reached by the periodical overflows of the The total cost of producing it amounts River Nile. The yield ranges from one to approximately seventy-eight dollars million five hundred thousand to one per acre, based upon the cost of producmillion eight hundred thousand bales of tion last season.

tion last season. The principal item of four hundred and eighty pounds. The expense is picking, which last season acreage in Egypt is approximately the amounted to about fifty dollars per acre. same as the number of bales produced, The cotton planters are confident that as the Egyptian yield ranging from four other and more proficient pickers are dehundred to five hundred pounds an acre. veloped it will be possible to get the work

The Salt River Valley in Arizona con- done as low as three or even two cents a tains over one million acres of arable pound. That will materially reduce the land in its length of sixty miles and its cost of production. width of fifteen to thirty miles. One- Only a small amount of irrigation is fifth of this area, or two hundred thou- needed to mature the crop. The seed is sand acres, is under irrigation. Present planted in the spring as soon as the irrigation projects when completed will increase the area to two hundred and seventy-five thousand acres. Probably a large part of the remaining seven hundred and fifty thousand will be placed under irrigation. Some Egyptian cotton is being grown in the Imperial Valley, in Cali- Long Rows of EGYPTIAN COTTON IN THE SALT RIVER VALLEY OF ARIZONA fornia. A. J. Chandler, who began experimenting with Egyptian ground is warm. It is very desircotton fifteen years ago, is convinced able that no water be applied until after that there are other valleys, where the the seeds have germinated and the young land can be irrigated, in which this plants have pushed their way above the cotton can be successfully grown. He surface. Light irrigation and cultiva



« PreviousContinue »