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REINETTE LOVE WELL
IME was when country good work and in every school the school children were consid- health and manners and receptivity of ered far healthier than city the pupils improved steadily. It was children, but along comes found that lunches served at cost
the National Council of Edu- prices averaged only a few cents a day cation and the American Medical Asso- per child, and parents were glad to be ciation stating authoritatively that rid of the trouble of packing lunch country school children are actually boxes. from ten to twenty per cent less Massachusetts has tried hard to find healthy than city school children. It a way by which such hot food can be seems to be a
served to the case of care in
few pupils of the city against
its one-roomed neglect in the
schools. The country.
Extension If the pure
Service of the air of the hills
Massachusetts is allowed to
Agricultural become impure
College, which within tight
is particularly closed doors
concerned with and windows,
rural problems, if children are
has planned a allowed to suf
“cupboard" fer from poor
which occupies lighting, lack
very little space of dental clin
and contains a ics, improper
practical kitchluncheons, then A CUPBOARD FOR ALL THE CHILDREN
en equipment. Country chil. Massachusetts has arranged for hot lunches for rural school children As conlring is
through the work of the classes in domestic science. dren are worse
included in the off than those who live in crowded city school curriculum wherever possible, tenements, but who receive more in- the girls who have this work can telligent school-room supervision. prepare and serve a lunch to twenty or
Wherever the great cities have tried more pupils under the supervision of out the hot lunch experiment, there a teacher. It is only necessary that the had been furnished abundant proof pupils bring from home their individthat stupid children were usually ill- ual knife, fork, and spoon, with a plate nourished children and that they and saucer and cup to supplement the changed quickly to bright and recep- kitchenette. There are many simple and tive pupils when they were properly inexpensive dishes that can be quickly fed.
prepared and served in the small unSmaller places have carried on the graded schools.
SANITARY FOUNTAINS FOR drinking cup, which will run water HORSES
into pails, and stands for these are
provided. The faucet may be conTo prevent the spread of glanders
nected or disconnected, according among horses, a type of foun
to regulations; in either case there tain has been developed which
is plenty of water for horses, either veterinarians believe
by the pail method will curb this disease
or the use of the inin animals.
dividual cups. The fountain's chief innovation is the indi
TRAP FOR FLIES vidual cups it pos
THE Department of sesses. Underneath each
• Agriculture is adone are pedestals on which
vocating the use of a pails may be set, and a
maggot trap in dealing faucet with a push button
with the fly problem. is placed for the filling of
By using an improved the pail.
trap on damp manure This type was designed
about ninety-nine per cent principally for Boston
of the maggots can be where the city officials
destroyed before they have issued orders clos
turn into winged ining the fountains be
sects. cause of the prevalence of glanders. The upper part of the fountain is
INDIVIDUAL DRINKING CUPS of the ordinary type. In the well, however, are placed cups which, in cases of neces
Weltereignisi sity, may be capped. Each cup is con
Edisons nected with the faucet beneath the
Soros Sprechender |||Astoria
AMERICA'S LARGEST PON- pounds to the cubic foot. This treatment, TOON BRIDGE
though it has been enormously expensive,
will be economy in the end, the engineers W HAT is said to be America's largest say, as the durability of the bridge will pontoon bridge is nearing
thereby be greatly completion on the bank of
increased. There is the Mississippi River at
only one other ponPrairie du Chien, Wis
toon bridge reconsin. It will be
maining on the launched, drifted
Mississippi. The down stream sev
one at Prairie du eral hundred yards,
Chien was built and established in
forty years ago at place of the old
the time of the draw in the famous
completion of the pontoon bridge
first railroad from which for long has
Iowa into Minnefloated on the Mis
sota. The builder sissippi River be
made a fortune out tween Prairie du
of his venture, Chien and North
owning and conMcGregor, Iowa.
trolling the bridge Every stick of
for many years and lumber has been
receiving a toll of treated with creoSIGNALS FOR ALL AIRSHIPS
a dollar for every When in flight at night aviators at Berlin, Germany, can
car which passed over it.
tell how near the ground they are by observing the angle of the electric circles. When these circles are in line the
aviator knows that his machine is close to the earth.
it was found that it cost too much to straighten out the strings.
The Government is now making use of jute in making twine; practically all of it has to be imported from Calcutta, India, and it is costly, but the worst feature is that often there is a shortage. In one Chicago truck load there were twenty-seven hundred pounds of jute twine. Considerable progress has been made toward the contriving of a machine to tie letter packets. It has been planned to work on the principle of a grain binder.
FIRST ACROSS THE SIERRAS "OLD NUMBER FOUR”, the first
railroad locomotive to cross the Sierra Nevada Mountains, was not very fast. The engine was designed
and built in 1865 for exceptional drawJUTE TWINE FOR THE POSTOFFICE
ing power, not for speed. She was the The enormous quantity used in tying packages has caused
pioneer mountain climber, pulling one, a shortage of this Indian importation.
two, and sometimes three light cars POSTOFFICE NEEDS TWINE
upgrade; the present Mallet type pulls THE Government may have to establish forty-five heavy steel cars. A marvel - a jute farm and grow its own post- then, and for twenty-five years an office twine. This possibility has al- abandoned pile of iron, she has again ready been faced because there often is risen to distinction, not in motivea shortage of the material used to tie power service, but as a curiosity at the lip mail for all creation.
Panama Exposition. Recently the Chicago postoffice wanted twine, lots of it and quickly. A wire was sent to Washington. The reply that came was to the effect that Washington was full of visitors and everything was tied up. The postmaster wired back “Untie the visitors and send us the string.”
Various expedients have been resorted to in an effort to use less twine in tying letters. Postmasters and railway postal clerks were urged to save the strings and
DESIGNED FOR HEAVY TRAFFIC use them over again but Firsi across the Sierras, this little engine of 1865 was capable of hauling two or
UITE in spirit with the nearly four days—a round trip a year times is the new water- —representing a money loss of ten way that, making an cents a ton on the seven million tons island out of Cape Cod, is of coal and lumber carried by tows and
to provide a direct passage sailing craft, only a fraction of this loss from Cape Cod Bay to Buzzard's Bay of seven hundred thousand dollars and relegate to tradition the perilous being due to delays at terminal points. rounding of the Cape, thrilling ac- It will be capable of accommodating counts of which are destined to survive the largest of the coastwise steamships in seamen's yarns for years to come. afloat, with the exception of perhaps
The canal, upon which twelve mil- six. It is eight miles long, and will be lion dollars has been expended, will completed to a depth of twenty feet, bring Boston seventy miles nearer to at high water, this summer, and ready New York and all other Atlantic ports. to take vessels of light draft. Later it It has been figured out that barges and will be dredged to a depth of twentyschooners which now take the outside five feet. The minimum width of the route undergo an average delay of bottom is one hundred feet.