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IME was when country good work and in every school the school children were consid- health and manners and receptivity of ered far healthier than city the pupils improved steadily. It was children, but along comes found that lunches served at cost

the National Council of Edu- prices averaged only a few cents a day cation and the American Medical Asso- per child, and parents were glad to be ciation stating authoritatively that rid of the trouble of packing lunch country school children are actually boxes. from ten to twenty per cent less Massachusetts has tried hard to find healthy than city school children. It a way by which such hot food can be seems to be a

served to the case of care in

few pupils of the city against

its one-roomed neglect in the

schools. The country.

Extension If the pure

Service of the air of the hills

Massachusetts is allowed to

Agricultural become impure

College, which within tight

is particularly closed doors

concerned with and windows,

rural problems, if children are

has planned a allowed to suf

“cupboard" fer from poor

which occupies lighting, lack

very little space of dental clin

and contains a ics, improper

practical kitchluncheons, then A CUPBOARD FOR ALL THE CHILDREN

en equipment. Country chil. Massachusetts has arranged for hot lunches for rural school children As conlring is

through the work of the classes in domestic science. dren are worse

included in the off than those who live in crowded city school curriculum wherever possible, tenements, but who receive more in- the girls who have this work can telligent school-room supervision. prepare and serve a lunch to twenty or

Wherever the great cities have tried more pupils under the supervision of out the hot lunch experiment, there a teacher. It is only necessary that the had been furnished abundant proof pupils bring from home their individthat stupid children were usually ill- ual knife, fork, and spoon, with a plate nourished children and that they and saucer and cup to supplement the changed quickly to bright and recep- kitchenette. There are many simple and tive pupils when they were properly inexpensive dishes that can be quickly fed.

prepared and served in the small unSmaller places have carried on the graded schools.


SANITARY FOUNTAINS FOR drinking cup, which will run water HORSES

into pails, and stands for these are

provided. The faucet may be conTo prevent the spread of glanders

nected or disconnected, according among horses, a type of foun

to regulations; in either case there tain has been developed which

is plenty of water for horses, either veterinarians believe

by the pail method will curb this disease

or the use of the inin animals.

dividual cups. The fountain's chief innovation is the indi

TRAP FOR FLIES vidual cups it pos

THE Department of sesses. Underneath each

• Agriculture is adone are pedestals on which

vocating the use of a pails may be set, and a

maggot trap in dealing faucet with a push button

with the fly problem. is placed for the filling of

By using an improved the pail.

trap on damp manure This type was designed

about ninety-nine per cent principally for Boston

of the maggots can be where the city officials

destroyed before they have issued orders clos

turn into winged ining the fountains be

sects. cause of the prevalence of glanders. The upper part of the fountain is

INDIVIDUAL DRINKING CUPS of the ordinary type. In the well, however, are placed cups which, in cases of neces

Weltereignisi sity, may be capped. Each cup is con

Edisons nected with the faucet beneath the


Soros Sprechender |||Astoria


Astor Astoria

Horses are liable to disease from using a common thirst quencher and the new fountain

prevents the dread glanders.

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AMERICA'S LARGEST PON- pounds to the cubic foot. This treatment, TOON BRIDGE

though it has been enormously expensive,

will be economy in the end, the engineers W HAT is said to be America's largest say, as the durability of the bridge will pontoon bridge is nearing

thereby be greatly completion on the bank of

increased. There is the Mississippi River at

only one other ponPrairie du Chien, Wis

toon bridge reconsin. It will be

maining on the launched, drifted

Mississippi. The down stream sev

one at Prairie du eral hundred yards,

Chien was built and established in

forty years ago at place of the old

the time of the draw in the famous

completion of the pontoon bridge

first railroad from which for long has

Iowa into Minnefloated on the Mis

sota. The builder sissippi River be

made a fortune out tween Prairie du

of his venture, Chien and North

owning and conMcGregor, Iowa.

trolling the bridge Every stick of

for many years and lumber has been

receiving a toll of treated with creoSIGNALS FOR ALL AIRSHIPS

a dollar for every When in flight at night aviators at Berlin, Germany, can

car which passed over it.

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tell how near the ground they are by observing the angle of the electric circles. When these circles are in line the

aviator knows that his machine is close to the earth.


PONTOON BRIDGE OVER MISSISSIPPI It is the greatest one in the country and replaces an old draw at Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin.

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it was found that it cost too much to straighten out the strings.

The Government is now making use of jute in making twine; practically all of it has to be imported from Calcutta, India, and it is costly, but the worst feature is that often there is a shortage. In one Chicago truck load there were twenty-seven hundred pounds of jute twine. Considerable progress has been made toward the contriving of a machine to tie letter packets. It has been planned to work on the principle of a grain binder.


railroad locomotive to cross the Sierra Nevada Mountains, was not very fast. The engine was designed

and built in 1865 for exceptional drawJUTE TWINE FOR THE POSTOFFICE

ing power, not for speed. She was the The enormous quantity used in tying packages has caused

pioneer mountain climber, pulling one, a shortage of this Indian importation.

two, and sometimes three light cars POSTOFFICE NEEDS TWINE

upgrade; the present Mallet type pulls THE Government may have to establish forty-five heavy steel cars. A marvel - a jute farm and grow its own post- then, and for twenty-five years an office twine. This possibility has al- abandoned pile of iron, she has again ready been faced because there often is risen to distinction, not in motivea shortage of the material used to tie power service, but as a curiosity at the lip mail for all creation.

Panama Exposition. Recently the Chicago postoffice wanted twine, lots of it and quickly. A wire was sent to Washington. The reply that came was to the effect that Washington was full of visitors and everything was tied up. The postmaster wired back “Untie the visitors and send us the string.”

Various expedients have been resorted to in an effort to use less twine in tying letters. Postmasters and railway postal clerks were urged to save the strings and

DESIGNED FOR HEAVY TRAFFIC use them over again but Firsi across the Sierras, this little engine of 1865 was capable of hauling two or


three light cars up grade.

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UITE in spirit with the nearly four days—a round trip a year times is the new water- —representing a money loss of ten way that, making an cents a ton on the seven million tons island out of Cape Cod, is of coal and lumber carried by tows and

to provide a direct passage sailing craft, only a fraction of this loss from Cape Cod Bay to Buzzard's Bay of seven hundred thousand dollars and relegate to tradition the perilous being due to delays at terminal points. rounding of the Cape, thrilling ac- It will be capable of accommodating counts of which are destined to survive the largest of the coastwise steamships in seamen's yarns for years to come. afloat, with the exception of perhaps

The canal, upon which twelve mil- six. It is eight miles long, and will be lion dollars has been expended, will completed to a depth of twenty feet, bring Boston seventy miles nearer to at high water, this summer, and ready New York and all other Atlantic ports. to take vessels of light draft. Later it It has been figured out that barges and will be dredged to a depth of twentyschooners which now take the outside five feet. The minimum width of the route undergo an average delay of bottom is one hundred feet.

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