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Items Circulated Under Rule 4, Paragraph 2 (d), of the Rules
(Items proposed by a Member of the League) 23. Request to the Assembly from the Lithuanian Government concerning:
(a) The Council's Resolution of January 13th, 1923;
of International Justice for an advisory opinion. Items Circulated Under Rule 4, Paragraph 2 (e), of the Rules
of Procedure: 24. Budget for 1924, including the Budgets of the International Labor Organization and of the Permanent Court of International Justice.
Audit of accounts for the fourth fiscal period (1922).
Reports of the Supervisory Commission, including the reports on the cost of living in Geneva.
Report on the general financial situation of the League.
Supplementary List of Items as Circulated in Accordance with Rule 4, Paragraph 3, of the Rules of Procedure of
the Assembly : 25. Request of the Irish Free State for admission to the League. Request of the Empire of Ethiopia (Abyssinia) for admission to the League. Any other request which may be received in accordance with paragraph 2 of Article I of the Covenant.
26. Selection of the six non-permanent Members of the Council.
Additional Items Circulated Under Rule 4, Paragraph 2 (d),
of the Rules of Procedure:
(Item circulated at the request of the British Government)
28. Validity in all States, on a basis of reciprocity, of certain secondary education diplomas; establishment of an International University; institution of a higher education degree in all countries Members of the League of Nations, such diplomas being valid for all the countries in question.
Additional · Item Circulated Under Rule 4, Paragraph 2 (b),
of the Rules of Procedure: 29. Report on the erection of a hall on the property given to the League by the Canton and City of Geneva.
To the foregoing were added, during the session:
30. Reports relating to the Work of the League's Commission for the Protection of Women and Children in the Near East.
31. International Organization to assist in Relief of Peoples overcome by Disaster.
32. Eastern Carelia ; the controversy between Finland and Russia, for submission to the Permanent Court of International Justice.
III. THE ASSEMBLY'S ACTION ON THE AGENDA
First Day, Monday, September 3, 1923 PLENARY MEETING (First and Second). Viscount Ishii (Japan), Acting President of the Council, called the meeting to order at 11 A. M.
A vote of sympathy for the earthquake disaster in Japan, on September 1, was passed. The Committee on Credentials was elected.
At the afternoon meeting, Mr. de la Torriente (Cuba) was elected President of the Assembly (by 24 out of 45 votes; Mr. Motta of Switzerland receiving 19 votes). The Committee on Agenda (7) was elected. Items 1 to 29 of the proposed Agenda were adopted and Item 30 was added. The Agenda items were then voted to be assigned to the appropriate Committees as follows:
Committee One: Items 9, 21, 27.
Second Day, Tuesday, September 4, 1923 PLENARY MEETING (Third). The President announced the result of the election of the six Committee Chairmen. The Assembly then elected six Vice-Presidents.
COMMITTEE MEETINGS. Committee Four met and appointed sub-Committees on Financial Questions.
Committee Three met and appointed sub-Committees.
Committee Six met and appointed sub-Committees. It also voted not to consider Item 22 (Protection of Minorities in Esthonia), a settlement by the parties having been reached; nor Item 23 (Lithuanian matters), the Council having already acted.
Third Day Wednesday, September 5, 1923
COMMITTEE MEETINGS. Committee One met and adopted Agenda. Item 27 (Amendment of Art. XVI of the Pact) was discussed, and given to a sub-Committee. Item 9 (Amendment to Art. X of the Pact) was postponed.
Committee Two met and appointed sub-Committees.
Committee Three met and considered Item 7 (Report of Temporary Commission on Reduction of Armaments), covering limitation of expenditures, statistical inquiry, private manufacture of arms, chemical warfare, exchange of information, extension of Washington naval treaty to non-signatory States, and the proposed treaty of mutual assistance.
Fourth Day, Thursday, September 6, 1923
COMMITTEE MEETINGS. Committee Four met and considered Item 24 (Budget Estimates); also appointing sub-Committees, and hearing a report of the Budget Supervisory Commission recommending strict economy.
Committee Five met and considered Item 16 (Report of the Advisory Committee on the Traffic in Women and Children); attention was drawn to the fact that the Advisory Committee contained an American (U. S. A.) member.
Committee Six met and considered Item 8 (Slavery in Africa). A sub-Committee met and considered Item 25 (Admission of Ireland and of Abyssinia).
Fifth Day, Friday, September 7, 1923
COMMITTEE MEETINGS. Committee One, in a sub-Committee, discussed Item 27 (Amendment of Art. XVI of the Pact; Economic Boycott of a Nation Resorting to Aggressive War).
Committee Two met and heard reports on Item 12 (Financial Reconstruction of Austria).
Committee Three met and discussed Item 7 (Report of the Commission on Reduction of Armaments).
Committee Five met and discussed Item 16 (Report of the Advisory Commission on Traffic in Women and Children); several delegates announced the ratification by their nations of the Convention of 1921.
Committee Six met in sub-Committee and approved the report recommending the Admission of Ireland (Item 25); also considered the Admission of Abyssinia.
Sixth Day, Saturday, September 8, 1923
COMMITTEE MEETINGS. Committee Two met and discussed Item 14 (Constitution of a Permanent Health Organization).
Committee Four met and discussed Item 24 (Audited Accounts of the Year 1922).
Committee Five met and discussed Item 16 (Traffic in Women and Children).
Committee Six met and approved the report on Item 25 (Admission of Ireland), and also arranged for a hearing of the Abyssinian Delegation.
Seventh Day, Monday, September 10, 1923 PLENARY MEETING (Fourth). The Assembly met and proceeded to the election of a judge of the Permanent Court of International Justice, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of M. Barbosa (Brazil). The vote was (34 out of 46) for M. Pessoa (Brazil); and, the Council having chosen the same person, by concurrence he was declared elected.
On the report of Committee Six (Item 25), the Irish Free State was admitted a member of the League by unanimous vote. The Irish delegates thereupon took their seats.
COMMITTEE MEETINGS. Committee One met and considered Item 23 b (Lithuania's proposal to submit certain questions to the Permanent Court of International Justice).
Committee Two met and continued the discussion of Item 14 (Permanent Health Organization). [Here the obstacle to complete organization is the existence of the independent treaty-body at Paris, known as the "Office International d'Hygiène Public.” The United States of America is a party to that treaty, and the United States is not a member of the League; hence, for lack of coöperation by the United States, the “Office International" cannot be amalgamated with the League Health Organization. The latter has been actively saving Europe from epidemics; the former has been doing little more than gather annual statistics, has ceased to be adequate, and should be merged. The United States's failure to consent to this merger, while staying out of the League's Health Organization, puts this country in the unfortunate position of blocking progress towards the world's health.
Committee Three met and considered Item 7 (Reduction of Armaments, with Treaty of Mutual Assistance).
Eighth Day, Tuesday, September 11, 1923 PLENARY MEETING (Fifth). The Assembly met and heard the Committee report on Item 12 (Financial Reconstruction of Austria).
COMMITTEE MEETINGS. Committe Four met and discussed Item 24 (Budget for 1924).
Committee Five met and adopted a report on Item 16 (Traffic in Women and Children); also a report on Item 30 (Protection of Women and Children in the Near East).
Committee Six met in sub-Committee and considered Item 25 (Admission of Abyssinia); the Abyssinian Delegation being crossexamined as to the abolition of slavery in that country.
Ninth Day, Wednesday, September 12, 1923 PLENARY MEETING (Sixth). The Assembly met and continued the discussion on Item 12 (Financial Reconstruction of Austria), and adopted resolutions approving the plan of the Council, devised in November, 1922, as resulting in “the success of the most notable effort of economic reconstruction since the War," and congratulating all parties on the immense benefits achieved by the rescue of Austria, with the League's aid, from disaster.
The Council reported that it was concerning itself with the dispute between Italy and Greece, and requested that discussion of that topic in the Assembly be deferred.
Item 6 (Report of the Council on the Work of 1923) was then taken up. (This Report covers the entire work of the League, and gives opportunity to any delegate to speak at large on any subject. This discussion corresponds to the British Parliament's Committee of the Whole on the General Welfare. It usually occupies the first week of the session, and is valued by the delegates from the smaller Member-Nations because it affords an open forum for comment on the world's affairs in general or their own in particu