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REPORT.

To his Excellency GEORGE C. PERKINS, Governor of the State of Cali

fornia:

The Board of Trustees of the Napa State Asylum for the Insane respectfully submits a statement in detail of the expenditures thereof for the two fiscal years ending with the thirtieth day of June, 1882. The Board also makes such recommendations as it deems the welfare of the Institution requires. The special appropriations by the last Legislature: the fund for the construction of a reservoir on Spencer Creek; the fund for making additional water tanks for the towers in the Asylum building; also, that for making the elevator-ways fireproof, and the appropriation for inclosing bay windows, have all been exhausted for the purposes for which they were furnished.

The construction fund has all been expended in fitting up and furnishing rooms in the attics for the accommodation of patients, except $27 14, which remains in the treasury. You will see by the statement of the Treasurer, whose report is herewith submitted, that there was a balance in the fund for maintenance at the close of the last fiscal year, of $9,634. Vouchers for all expenditures are on file in the office of the Treasurer.

Annexed to this communication is the instructive report of the Resident Physician, wherein inany important suggestions and recommendations are made, to which your attention is respectfully called. Under the direction of a law enacted by the last Legislature, on the twenty-fifth day of June, 1881, the Board purchased from William H. Coombs, for the benefit of the Asylum, a tract of land consisting of 40213 acres, paying therefor the sum of $12,000.

At the monthly meeting of the Board, on the thirteenth of July last, measures were taken to establish telephonic communication between the Asylum and the City of Napa. Within a few days thereafter the Board made a contract with the Pacific Bell Telephone Company to construct a line for that purpose. At the monthly meeting, on the tenth of August, the line had been completed, and the Asylum was in telephonic communication with the office of the Western Union Telegraph Company in Napa. The length of the line is two and a half miles, and it was constructed at a cost of $250. It is an indispensable necessity with the Asylum, and a great convenience to parties having business therewith.

Since the adjournment of the late Legislature the important problem of water

supply has been solved with most fortunate results. In making a deep cut across Spencer Creek, in search for

a solid, bedrock foundation upon which to construct a dam for the projected reservoir, a bountiful supply of clear, pure, flowing water was unexpectedly developed, which, in connection with other sources already

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secured, was deemed sufficient to meet the wants of the Institution for all time. After boring deep holes in the bottom of the cut, it was demonstrated, by measurement, that in the month of October more than 100,000 gallons of water flowed into the cut every twenty-four hours. But when this fine supply of water was left to fill the cut. which was forty-three feet deep, so great was the pressure that the 1 most of it escaped, and was lost through deep subterraneous passages; even less than 15,000 gallons rose to the top of the cut and ran down the bed of the creek. At this perplexing crisis the Board, following the advice of Herman Schussler, Anthony Chabot, and other distin. guished engineers, whom we again cordially thank for much timely and valuable assistance, abandoned the plan of building a dam for a reservoir, but, in lieu thereof, proceeded down Spencer Creek to a point having sufficient fall, and thence constructed a tunnel a distance of 932 feet to the bottom of the cut, thus securing all the water that flowed therein. This water is conveyed to the Asylum through iron pipes, and has sufficient fall for any purpose desired. During the past summer the united supply from all sources has never been less than 150,000 gallons in twenty-four hours. Water being now abundant in quantity and excellent in quality, is an inestimable_blessing to the Institution. We believe the supply is permanent. In consequence of the very light rains of last winter, the present season ranks as one of the driest known since California was acquired from Mexico, with the exception of the memorable dry summer of 1864.

The present facilities for the shipment and delivery of coal and i other bulky materials, furnished by the cargo, for the use of the Asylum, are inconvenient, annoying, and, consequently, expensive to the State. Under the present arrangement, a vessel laden with a cargo for the Institution is compelled to pass the point opposite to the Asylum, and continue up Napa River some two miles, passing through a draw-bridge to discharge her cargo, at a very inconvenient

, insecure place, on the right bank of the river, below First Street. From this point the cargo is hauled in wagons to its destination, a distance of nearly two miles, and often in the Winter season, over a very bad and almost impassable road. Now, the distance from the Asylum to the nearest point on Napa River, is only a few rods more than three fourths of a mile. The Asylum grounds already extend in a direct line towards this point, across the county road, down to the Napa Valley Railroad, and within a few rods of the river. The Board recommends the purchase of this narrow strip of land, fifty yards wide, and embracing an area of about three acres, lying between the railroad and Napa River, and that a wharf be erected on the river bank to receive bulky Asylum freights, particularly such as are shipped by the cargo. To establish the proposed facilities for the shipment of Asylum supplies, would require but a small appropriation, while it would be an economical enterprise for the State. By such facilities it is estimated that coal could be delivered at the Asylum from twelve to fifteen per cent. cheaper than by the present arrangement. During the last fiscal year the Institution consumed 1,840 tons of coal, at a cost of $17,554 08, a saving of 'twelve per cent.; the lowest estimate on this amount would reduce the expense, in one year, on the article of coal alone, more than $2,000. The Board asks for an appropriation to erect a stable and barn, for the benefit of the Asylum. These are urgent necessities that have already been too long delayed; there is no fit place for the storage of

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tion hay or other feed for stock, while in each cold, windy storm "the

lowing herd” seeks in vain for a comfortable shelter. We also earn

estly recommend an appropriation to build residences for the famifour lies of the Resident and Assistant Physicians, and that the rooms cut,

which they now occupy in the Asylum building, having a capacity the

for some sixty patients, be fitted up and furnished for their accommodation.

We are not unmindful that the overcrowded condition of the Asyring

lum has for a long time engrossed your earnest attention, with much tin

solicitude and anxiety. Every year the growing magnitude of this evil becomes more alarming. The increase of patients for the two

fiscal years ending with June 30, 1882, was 333, and the number of to a patients in the Asylum at that date was 1,172. It will reach 1,200

before the meeting of the next Legislature. Thus we now have, that crowded together in one building, including the officers and the iron attachés of the Institution, about 1,300 persons, which is equal to the the entire population of a tolerably large town. For sanitary and other less obvious reasons, this is far too great a number to be crowded in an sun

area of such narrow limits. California has done much for her insane, sing but every impulse of humanity pleads for the State to do more. As use the poor and unfortunate are always with us, so the noble mission of nks charity is ever endless. What shall be the relief?_Both the Napa

and Stockton Asylums are alike overcrowded. From twenty to

twenty-five per cent. of the inmates of our Asylums are harmless, and feeble-ininded persons, the most of whom were committed in violathe tion of law. Plain, inexpensive buildings could be constructed on sive the Asylum grounds, where this class of patients could be comfortathe bly maintained at a moderate expense. But this would be only a je to partial relief. We suggest that another Asylum for the Insane be sing built, south of the bay, and in the immediate vicinity of the City of .ent, San Francisco. reet Respectfully,

BENJ. SHURTLEFF, in, a

J. C. MARTIN, the

N. D. RIDEOUT,

J. F. LAMDIN, jend

D. L. HAAS, n to

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TREASURER'S REPORT.

To the Honorable Board of Trustees of the Napa State Asylum for the

Insane:
GENTLEMEN: I herewith present my report as Treasurer of said
Asylum for the fiscal years ending June 30, 1881, and June 30, 1882,
covering receipts and expenditures for said years on account of

Maintenance, “Construction," "Reservoir," "Water Tanks," "Bay Windows and Stoves," and "Élevator Ways.” Vouchers are in my office for all moneys paid out.

THE TREASURER IN ACCOUNT WITH MAINTENANCE FUND, FOR THE FISCAL

YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1881.

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Receipts.
Balance on hand, as per last report.
July, 1880, received from the State
August, 1880, received from Dr. Wilkins
September, 1880, received from Dr. Wilkins.
September, 1880, received from the State_
October, 1880, received from Dr. Wilkins
November, 1880, received from the State.
November, 1880, received from Dr. Wilkins
December, 1880, received from the State---
December, 1880, received from Dr. Wilkins
January, 1881, received from Dr. Wilkins..
January, 1881, received from G. F. Hartwell
January, 1881, received from the State
February, 1881, received from Dr. Wilkins.
February, 1881, received from the State
February, 1881, received from G. F. Hartwell
March, 1881, received from Dr. Wilkins.
March, 1881, received from the State
April, 1881, received from Dr. Wilkins
May, 1881, received from Dr. Wilkins
May, 1881, received from the State..
June, 1881, received from the State..
June, 1881, received from Dr. Wilkins.

$15,891 37 11,000 00

784 91

675 30 22,000 00

858 60 11,666 86

533 00 11,666 66

241 60 914 20

400 00 11,666 66

492 92 12,000 00

300 00

685 50 24,000 60

622 10

659 60 13,000.00 13,000 00

668 70

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$153,727 78

Total receipts...

Expenditures.
Paid out on orders of the Board of Trustees.

150,368 72

Balance on hand..

$3,359 06

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THE TREASURER IN ACCOUNT WITH MAINTENANCE FUND, FOR THE FISCAL

YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1882.

Receipts.
Balance on hand.
July, 1881, received from Dr. Wilkins
August, 1881, received from the State.
August, 1881, received from Dr. Wilkins.
September, 1881, received from Dr. Wilkins
September, 1881, received from the State.
October, 1881, received from Dr. Wilkins

$3,359 06

640 55 11,509 75

151 10

103 15 12,019 gi

154 90 F

Amount carried forward..

$27,938

Amount brought forward--
October, 1881, received from the State
November, 1881, received from Dr. Wilkins
November, 1881, received from the State..
December, 1881, received from Dr. Wilkins
December, 1881, received from the State
January, 1882, received from Dr. Wilkins.
January, 1882, received from the State
February, 1882, received from Dr. Wilkins.
February, 1882, received from the State-

March, 1882, received from Dr. Wilkins the March, 1882, received from the State

April, 1882, received from Dr. Wilkins

April, 1882, received from the State said

May, 1882, received from Dr. Wilkins

May, 1882, received from the State
882, June, 1882, received from Dr. Wilkins-
t of June, 1882, received from the State -
Bay

July, 1882, received from Dr. Wilkins
July, 1882, received from the State

$27,938 42 12,452 48

222 50 12,864 84

3,411 80 15,225 30

266 20 15,390 72

297 25 16,580 95

173 60 14,461 52

1,688 95 15,341 28

139 25 15,094 62

225 40 13,706 04

491 30 13,728 67

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$179,701 09

Total receipts..

Expenditures.
Paid out on orders of the Board of Trustees -

SCAL

170,067 09

Balance on hand...

$9,634 00

THE TREASURER IN ACCOUNT WITH FUND FOR FITTING UP AND FURNISHING

ATTICS FOR THE ASYLUM FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1881.

Receipts.

91 37 00 00 84 91 75 30 00 00 58 60 66 66 33 00 66 66 41 60 14 20 00 00 166 66 :92 92 100 00 100 00 185 50 100 00 122 10 159 60 100 00 100 00 168 70

Balance on hand..
September, 1880, received from the State.
November, 1880, received from the State.
December, 1880, received from the State.
January, 1881, received from the State..

$2 04 5,000 00 5,000 00 5,000 00 5,000 00

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27 78

THE TREASURER IN ACCOUNT WITH FUND FOR FITTING UP AND FURNISHING

ATTICS FOR THE ASYLUM FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1882.

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138 42

$27 14

Balance on hand..

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