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REPORT.

STATE OF CALIFORNIA, GENERAL HEADQUARTERS,
ADJUTANT-GENERAL'S OFFICE,

SACRAMENTO, CAL., November 1, 1882.

To his Excellency Geo. C. PERKINS, Governor and Commander-in-Chief :

GOVERNOR: I have the honor to present the following report to your Excellency, as required by law, embracing financial statements for the thirty-second and thirty-third fiscal years, ending June 30, 1882, together with a list of military property belonging to the State, complete roster of officers, and other matters of interest to and connected with the affairs of the National Guard.

As a large proportion of the matter contained in this report refers to the transactions of the military departinent of the government under the administration of my predecessor, Major-General S. W. Backus, I deem it fitting to here allude to the able management of the affairs of the National Guard by that officer under your watchful eye and careful guidance. General Backus served as AdjutantGeneral of the State during five sixths of the term for which you were chosen Governor, and only relinquished the office to accept an honorable and responsible position tendered him by the President of the United States. Your Excellency honored me with the portfolio thus laid down, and on July first of the present year I was commissioned as Adjutant-General, and qualified on the same day. I found the office and military affairs of the State in such excellent condition that I deem it a pleasant duty to testify to the capability and integrity of General Backus, his management evincing administrative powers of a high order, reflecting credit on your administration and on the commonwealth of California. I found the property of the State in good condition, the office management under careful control, a hopeful and ambitious feeling pervading the ranks of the National Guard, and, what is important to note, the appropriation for the thirty-third' fiscal year had been so judiciously expended that no deficiency existed.

It is also pleasing to refer to the fact that on assuming office I was met in the kindliest spirit by the officers and men of the National Guard, all with whom I have come in contact having displayed a disposition to assist and lighten the work of the department, and otherwise giving evidence that we have enrolled in the various organizations men possessing the requisite material to constitute soldiers and gentlemen.

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CHANGES IN THE NATIONAL GUARD.

Since the last report, made two years ago, several important changes have occurred in the National Guard. A number of general, and

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other officers high in its councils, have resigned or been promoted, the resignations in nearly all cases being on account of appointment to other responsible positions, or removal from the limits of brigade General John McComb, a veteran oflicer, whose efficient command of the Second Brigade is noteworthy, resigned by reason of his ap. pointinent to an active State office, and he

was placed on the retired list with rank of Brigadier-General. He was succeeded by General W. H. Dimond, a worthy ex-soldier of the Union army and proni. M nent citizen of San Francisco, who still retains command. General Boyer and his successor, General Banning, of the First Brigade, I resigned during the present year, and the command is now in the hands of Brigadier-General C. W. C. Rowell, of San Bernardino, who possesses the respect and confidence of his officers and inen. Briga dier-General Lewellyn Tozer, of Sacramento, succeeded myself as

M commander of the fourth Brigade. General Tozer performed gal G lant service in the United States volunteer army during the rebellion H and his appointment to the important command was wise and com be mendable on the part of your Excellency. In this connection, it L may not be out of place to state that, of the eight general officers of the California National Guard, at present holding commissions, six served in and hold honorable discharges from the Union arny during the civil war. Colonel Creed Haymond, an officer who has per 0 formed valuable service in the interest of the National Guard resigned in October, 1881, his command of the First Artillery Regi ment, by reason of his removal to San Francisco, and was placed upon tlie retired list with the rank of Colonel. He was succeeded by Colonel T. W. Sheehan, who has been able to maintain the esprit de corps of his coinmand. Colonel J. A. Turner, Assistant AdjutantGeneral of the State, tendered his resignation in May last, as lie contemplated removal from tlie State. The same was accepted, and the service lost a meritorious officer. He was succeeded by Colonel W. B. Burtis, the present incuinbent, wlio is unsurpassed on the coast in his acquaintance with military office duty, and who has for many years performed active and sedentary service in the militia system as of this and other States.

B The reduction by the Legislature of 1881, in the amount of their appropriation froin the previous fiscal years, made a curtailment of ci the number of companies in the State service necessary, and consequently, by your authority, and under the direction of my predeces is sor, the requisite steps were taken to comply with the spirit and intent of the law. General Orders No. 7, issued April 28, 1881, directed H a rigid inspection to be instituted of the Infantry Reginents and 1 Cavalry Battalion located in San Francisco, and the result of said inspections was the disbandment of some companies of the Seconds Brigade, and the consolidation of others. The Third Infantry Regi H ment was reduced to a battalion, and the First Cavalry Battalion was soon thereafter disbanded as a battalion, Company "B" being 14 tained in the service,

Company “D," First Artillery Regiment, Fourth Brigade, located at Placerville, was mustered out of the service by reason of Genera

U Orders No. 5, from General Headquarters, dated April 23, 1881, the Los Angeles Guard (unattached), First Brigade, was disbanded and ceased to be an organization of the National Guard on May 1

On May 5, 1881, orders were issued from General Headquarters

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reducing Company “A,” Light Battery, Second Brigade, to a four-gun battery; and similar action was taken in regard to Company B," First Artillery Regiment, Fourth Brigade. Subsequently these organizations were supplied with Springfield rifles, caliber 45, and at present the inembers thereof are instructed in infantry as well as

The Third Infantry Battalion, Second Brigade, commanded by

Major Harry T. Hammond, was disbanded by the terms of General lera)

Orders No. 6, from General Headquarters, dated March 22, 1882. gade. The companies comprising this organization bad been transferred to 2 the regiments located within the limits of the same brigade.

The Fifth Infantry Battalion, which previously consisted of two companies, located respectively at Oakland and San José, was in March last augmented by orders attaching thereto the "Hewston Guard," of Petaluma, and the "Vallejo Rifles,” of Vallejo. Major H. D. Ranlett, Commander of the Battalion, an officer whose zeal in

behalf of the National Guard is unsurpassed, was promoted to the in, it

Lieutenant-Colonelcy thus by law created. ors of

Four companies, including one company of Cadets, have been inuss, six

tered into the State service since the last report. Company “F,' First Artillery Regiment, Fourth Brigade, located at Woodland, Yolo

County, was mustered in in 1881, replacing Company “D," of Placeruard,

ville, which was disbanded. The “Eagle Corps," of Los Angeles, was

accepted in June, 1881, taking the place made vacant by the musterlaced out of the "Los Angeles Guard." The San Diego “City Guard” was eedoi mustered into the service in October, 1881; and in February, 1882, a esprit company of Cadets, attached to the Second Artillery Regiment, Secitant

ond Brigade, was received into the service. CONd the el W. ast in

Under the Act of the Legislature of 1880, annual encampments many

have been held by two organized regiments of the National Guard ystem as follows: In August, 1880, the First Artillery Regiment, Fourth

Brigade, went into camp at Alameda, with seven companies, includof the ing the company of Cadets attached to the regiment, and so benefient of cial was. the instruction there had that the regiment has held an

eight days' encampment each succeeding year, that of 1881 being at deces

Istnert's Grove, near Nevada City, and the encampment of the pres

ent year being at Laurel Grove, near San Rafael. Colonel Creed rected Haymond was commander of the camps of the regiments held in

1880 and 1881, and Colonel T. W. Sheehan of that of 1882. The

First Infantry Regiment, Second Brigade, went into camp in 1880 at econd Sacramento, in 1881 at Santa Cruz, and in '1882 at San José, Colonel J. Regi

H. Dickinson being commander on each occasion. The encampment of this regiment held in July of the present year, at San José, was pisited officially, by permission of the Secretary of War and orders from Major-General McDowell, by Colonel Royal T. Frank, Captain Chandler P. Eakin, and Lieutenant Edmund K. Russell, of the First United States Artillery, stationed in the vicinity of San Francisco. These officers expressed themselves gratified at the high standard of discipline maintained in camp, and at the military bearing of officers

and the general knowledge of camp life displayed. Tlie camp of the First Artillery Regiment was also visited, but not officially, by four officers of the United States army, all of whom

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were highly pleased with the state of efficiency of the coinmand. The Commander-in-Chief, Adjutant-General, and other officers of the National Guard, paid official visits to nearly all the encamp. ments held, and in all cases were well received.

In July of this year Companies “F,”. “G," and " H," of the Second Artillery, and the Oakland Light Cavalry, all of the Second Brigade went into camp for three days at Santa Cruz, the command devoly? ing upon Captain Mix, of Company “F.” The State paid no of the expense of this encampment, there being no provision for ment of such expense except for an organized regiment of at least șix companies. The Second Artillery Regiment, Second Brigade, has not as yet availed itself of the privilege of encamping under State authority. Each succeeding year that these encampinents have been held, the improvement in the respective commands and management of camps has been marked. I have no hesitation in saying that next to maintaining the organization of the Nationala Guard, the State has done no wiser act for the benefit of the citizen soldiery than by providing for these annual encampments

. Although T the allowance is meager, not being nearly sufficient to maintain a

p regiment of six companies in camp for eight days, after paying for transportation, etc., yet even the present appropriation for this purpose has already accoinplished much good, and if continued, will in af all respects raise the standard of the National Guard.

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li On the eleventh of April, 1882, application was made to General Headquarters, by the Mayor and Chief of Police of the City of Sao ramento, for the aid of troops of the National Guard in quelling

bi threatened riotous proceedings, occasioned by the murder of a promi nent citizen of Sacramento. The requisite orders were immediately issued to Brigadier-General John F. Sheehan, commanding the Fourth Brigade, and four companies of the First Artillery Regi

St ment were called into service. The city prison was surrounded by a mob, who threatened to take therefrom, by force, an alleged in murderer. The troops, under the immediate command of Colonel

Ti T. W. Sheehan, of the First Artillery Regiment, succeeded. in pre venting the execution of the designs of the mob, and the dignity of the law was maintained without personal injury to any one. $ admirably did the troops behave that they were specially compliar mented by your Excellency in a communication from Major-General S. W. Backus, Adjutant-General of the State at that time, and in the following order issued by the Brigade Commander:

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QUELLING RIOTOUS PROCEEDINGS.

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HEADQUARTERS FOURTH BRIGADE, N. G. C.,

SACRAMENTO, April 24th, 1882. [General Orders, No. 1.]

re 1. The General commanding the Brigade takes this occasion to commend the promptness and zeal with which the troops responded to the call of the civil authorities on the occasion of

fo the recent threatened demonstration against law and order in the City of Sacramento. The efficiency and determination displayed alike by officers and men of that portion of this command ordered for duty is unexcelled in the annals of the Militia or National Guard of this state. The By discipline exacted was in every sense observed, and the Brigade and Regimental organizations of may with pride point to the excellent behavior and cool demeanor of the men,

whether on duty

CO with the general command or on detached service at the prisons. The circumstances attending the recent call to duty were of such a nature as to require of

pa member of the National Guard a sacrifice of feelings and loss of personality; and that these

ba were freely waived in the interest of the State is clearly attested by competent authority.

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RECOMMENDATIONS AND MISCELLANEOUS.

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self-sacrificing attributes lead to the highest order of heroism, and that Government is strong which retains in its service men of this stamp.

11. The Brigade Commander congratulates the Colonel of the First Artillery Regiment upon the efficiency of his command, and hereby thanks the members of the Brigade Staff, the Field and staff of the First Artillery Regiment, the line officers on duty (especially Captains Burke of Company A, and Dalton of Company G, who were called upon to perform important and

exhausting duty), and the soldiers who rendered such willing and intelligent service. gade III. Attention is called to the accompanying communication from Major-General S. W. voly:

Backus, Adjutant-General of California, in which he conveys the sincere thanks of His Excelortion

lency, the Governor and Commander-in-Chief, to the troops of this Brigade.
By order of Brigadier-General John F. SHEEHAN.

Major and Assistant Adjutant-General. igade, inder nents

I beg to most respectfully recommend that the Legislature so 3 and on in

amend the law governing the National Guard as will take from the tiona Captains of Companies the duties and privileges of Treasurer; that itizen each Company, elect a Treasurer from among its members, said nough

Treasurer to give bonds in such surn as may be provided.' The aina principal objection to the present law in this respect is that the ng for Captain, being the superior authority in the Company, is not likely

to be questioned by the meinbers, and the result is that the financial rill in

affairs are apt in some instances to be loosely conducted.

The records of the California Volunteers, now in the Adjutant-
General's office, are becoming illegible, and if the approaching Legis-
lature does not make proper provision for copying the same, they are
Jiable to be in such condition, before another Legislature can act in the

matter, that there is danger that the State will lose the record of those Sac / who responded to the call of their country when she was threatened elling

by great peril. These records are now in constant demand, and

should be preserved. iately

I would recommend that provision be made by the Legislature, by the additional appropriation, which will give the southern portion of the Regi State a regimental organization, with headquarters at Los Angeles, ed by and that triennial division or brigade encainpments be provided for lleged in addition to the annual encampments by regimental organizations. olonel Too high an estimate cannot be placed upon the value of such eni precampments in the maintenance of an efficient militia system. nity of

The First Artillery Regiinent, Fourth Brigade, with leadquarters at Sacramento, has recently purchased, through its Board of Officers,

an eligible property in that city, and now boasts of an elegant and eneral commodious regimental armory, the only one in the State owned and in the controlled by a regimental organization. The buildings cover a lot

eighty by one hundred and sixty feet, and besides a large drill hall

contains six Company armories, four of which are handsomely fitted . C.,}

up and occupied, and also a room for the use of the Board of Officers. This is the result of an effective organization of the officers of the The National Guard of California is comprised of six brigades, as First Brigade, one cavalry and two infantry companies ; Second Brigade, two regiments of eight companies each, one battalion of four "companies, and two unattached companies, and one cadet company, divided as follows: First Regiment of Infantry, six companies; Second Regiment Artillery, one gatling battery, one light battery, six companies, and one cadet company, all drilling as infan

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