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REPORT.

STATE OF CALIFORNIA, OFFICE OF SURVEYOR-GENERAL,

SACRAMENTO, August 1, 1882.

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To his Excellency GEORGE C. PERKINS, Governor of California:

DEAR SIR: In accordance with the requirements of the law relating to the duties of the Surveyor-General, I have the honor to submit the following report of the transactions of this office from August 1, 1880, to August 1, 1882.

JAMES W. SHANKLIN, Surveyor-General and ex officio Register of the State Land Office.

As surveys of the public land enuring to the State under the several grants made by Acts of Congress are not under the control or direction of this office, and are legal only when made under the direction of the United States Surveyor-General for California, I have to rely on said officer for the following data, which he has kindly furnished, in order that I may be enabled to meet the requirements of the State law.

AREA OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA.

The area of the State of California is estimated at 100,500,000 acres, apportioned as follows:

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GENERAL OFFICE BUSINESS.

From August 1, 1880, to August 1, 1892, applications to purchase school lands have been filed as follows:

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396 397 398 399

18,346.24

9,900.00 14,023.17 40,137.15

4,563.88 6,398.18 11,843.54 15,676.83 3,763.36 4,736.29 28,138.81

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CONTESTED CASES.

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From the office of the Surveyor-General, fifty-four orders of reference to the Superior Courts have been issued, and from the office of the Register, forty-seven have been issued.

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LAND OFFICE GENERAL OFFICIAL BUSINESS,

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From August 1, 1881, to July 31, 1882, inclusive, three hundred and four Certificates of Purchase have been issued, embracing the following number of acres under the different grants:

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387. 380. 398 399 310. 118. 404 402 390. 397. 45..

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405 400.

135 408 411..

During the same time, five hundred and forty-eight Patents have 410_. been issued, embracing the following number of acres under the different grants:

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SWAMP LAND DISTRICTS ORGANIZED.

During the same time, twenty-five Swamp Land Reclamation Districts have been created, reported to this office, and numbered as

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SWAMP LAND DISTRICTS RECLAIMED,

During the same time there has been received from County Boards of Supervisors evidence of completion of reclamation, or of the expenditure of two dollars per acre upon the works of reclamation of lands embraced in the following named districts, and the statements relating thereto have been sent to the County Treasurers:

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FEES.

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Amount collected as Surveyor-General, from August 1, 1880, to
August 1, 1882, $4,554 25.

Amount collected as Register of State Land Office, from August 1, 1880, to August 1, 1882, $4,742 05.

GENERAL OFFICE WORK.

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The office of the Surveyor-General has been furnished with entire new set of working maps, neatly backed with muslin, and well of bound; and copies of United States township maps have been procured.

fol All the cases, both in the office of the State Surveyor-General and Register, used for filing applications, and other papers relating to titles issued, have been furnished with tin cases, and are plainly labeled, so as to show their contents.

Indexes of the names of all applicants for School Lands, or for lands under the 500,000 acres, and for Seminary and Public Buildings are grants, have been made, leaving only indexes of lands applied for under the Swamp and Overflowed Land grant to be made, to have a complete reference to all applicants for State lands. Nothing of this kind has ever before been attempted in the office.

The correspondence of the Surveyor-General's office, in answering inquiries as to the condition of State lands, and in giving informe tion called for concerning the existence of conflicting applications, lis has been unusually great, taking nearly all the time of two men.

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LANDS GRANTED TO THE STATE.

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of When I came into the office, I found such disagreement between of the State and United States Land Offices in relation to the condition

Sta of the various grants, that the Secretary of the Interior had, in consequence thereof, declined to list any more land to the State.' I then

PO prepared a complete ledger statement of all the Indemnity School

ра lands received from the United States, and took it to Washington

, and made a careful comparison of this work with the maps and the records of the General Land Office. The Commissioner furnished a Ft clerk for each department of the examination on the part of the los United States, and I personally acted on the part of the State. That

pu comparison showed, notwithstanding the fact that many corrections had been made, that the State still had received an excess by listing thi of about 70,000 acres more than was justly due. Examinations were also made as to the condition of the other grants

, ler and it was found, that while the State had applied for more land Co under each of the other grants, no excess had been received. This th work at Washington occupied over ten weeks, and, on my return, tra had duplicate copies of the comparisons made and returned to Wash the ington to aid in future adjustments.

In addition to this work, I made maps, showing the exact lines 18 established as the boundaries of the various railroad reservations i

ор this State. This became necessary, not as a matter of general infor be mation, but because the Commissioner of the General Land Office has decided that when the State selects indemnity lands within such reserved limits, the land must be regarded as double minimum La price, and the State cannot select within the reserved limits, it has lost other lands equivalent in price, without agreeing to sur render two acres for one. This was done in some cases before I came

fer into office, but without authority, for the Surveyor-General is not allowed to charge more than $1 25 per acre for State land, while surrender two acres for one would

occasion a loss to the School Fund

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