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ceedingly bad tempered, and exceedingly censo- | mind was ruffled: the lethargy in which she had rious, and exceedingly pharisaical, and exceedingly been entranced was stirred : she had been asleep, opposed to methodism; and this was a redeeming in conscience; but it was a deadly sleep. There virtue. There are many published descriptions was a cry,

" Awake!” of the virtuous poor afloat, which, had her * fra- Standing on the shore of the ocean, in a hot, grance not

been wasted in the desert air," would sultry evening, we have looked upon the dark, have had for their frontispiece “ Dame Jobson ;” unwholesome stillness of the waters, and seen the and in many a pastoral visitation would she have dense clouds gathering; and the almost stifling been selected as a model of village excellence : Inoxiousness of the air has rendered the whole have been often called upon to admire dame Job- scene oppressively painful. But in the watches

of the night the storm has arisen, and the thunder And the dame was a perfect pattern of peace of has rolled, and the lightning has flashed; and the mind. She was not sensible of any evil done by change effected by it has been the clearing of the her most comfortable reflection. She could look atmosphere. Our waking eyes behold the ocean back upon a long life of sincerity and purity- calm again ; but it is blue, the azure calm. The pleasant retrospect! She felt that she had done her boats are on the sunny sea: no cloud is visible in duty-delightful thought! No church service the sunny sky: the deadly, oppressive calm has had she ever omitted, save when attacked by rheu- been succeeded by that of buoyancy, of cheerfulmatism. Never, but from absolute necessity, had ness. Such is the deadly, pestilential calm of the she turned her back on the communion. She could sinner, contrasted with that of the quiet, pardoned tell every text which had been preached upon for soul. Being justified by faith, we have peace years, for they were all carefully noted down. with God, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Such was, at one time, dame Jobson-wretched Dame Jobson became, to the astonishment of dame Jobson. Can there be a sight more woefully many, perfectly an altered woman. Her temper awful than that of an aged man or woman going was improved, her captiousness ceased, her tongue down to the grave externally observant of the uttered no slander. Did she leave the church of ceremonies of religion, and yet utterly ignorant of her fathers ? no: she cleaved to the church. Did the saving power of divine truth?

she

encourage dissent? no : she showed how great Quietly was the dame knitting at her honey- were the privileges of the church, and how awful suckled cottage-door, on a bright and balmy sum- their state who did not seek to improve by them. mer's evening, when a poor woman asked her to What did she become? A church-woman, to use buy a bundle of matches. She did so; and, being a familiar phrase ; a truly consistent member of on the whole kind, and seeing the poor woman the church. She had been so before, it will be faint from heat, she gave her a little refreshment. said, and truly; she had gone to church, but in

“You'll perhaps," said the recipient of the wardly she now felt the value of the services. To dame's bounty,” accept these two little books, the Lord's table she had gone, indeed, regularly; which I had given me by the parson of H-- to but in a far different spirit, with far different sell if I could, or to leave them with my matches." feelings : now she approached it as a humbled The match-seller knew nothing of what was in sinner. the little books; and the dame knew as little what “Dame Jobson is quite a changed woman," was in them. By whom they were published, was the remark of one, of a little

group

assembled from what society, if from any society at all they at the church stile, on a Sunday morning, as they emanated, what was their title-page, are points saw her quietly wending her way to the house of nothing to the purpose. The subjects treated were, prayer ; is she poorly?" 1. "The justification of the sinner before God in " Squire and his lady and the young ladies are and through the alone merits of the Saviour;" very much displeased with her,” said a second. and 2. “ The absolute necessity of the sinner being They say the methodists have got hold on born again, and savingly becoming a new crea- her," added a third. tnre in Christ Jesus.” Such was the purport of A fourth, with more serious face, added, “I did the match-seller's tracts, though that may not be hear some talk of their sending her to the mad their precise titles.

place; only don't you say I said it." The tracts were read; though with some dread, “Well,” said a fifth, a poor old decrepid man, because the pars

who gave them was reckoned who used sometimes to hobble over to hear the a queer man-scarcely a church minister. As- queer parson of H--, “I don't know, but I tonishment, surprise, amazement, were the conse- have just been reading in my bible—and the par-. quence. They were read and read again ; and son says the same thing—"If any man be in finally they were prayerfully read, and, conse- Christ, he is a new creature; old things are passed quently, not in vain. Their chief merit was di- away, Behold all things are become new.' Mayrecting to certain passages in scripture, urging hap this may be the case”-yes, verily, and so it earnest prayer, and close reasoning with the con- was the case—“with dame Jobson.” Happy science of the sinner. They were tracts not filled dame Jobson ! with long directions for certain works to be done, Reader, never destroy a good tract: it is not and certain ceremonies to be performed, and cer- waste paper. You may despise it: it may do tain duties to be fulfilled, and certain actions to good to others. Nay, the very sheet which you be wrought but breathing the freeness and the are about to burn or tear may, for aught you fulness of that everlasting salvation, which, know, in the dispensations of grace and mercy, without money and without price, is offered in be the instrument of saving a soul from death. the gospel. How many so-named religious tracts If you do not wish to keep it, throw it on the are destitute of such statements !

highway. Perhaps some poor, perishing sinner, The tructs were read, and the calm of the dame's hastening along the broad road to the regions of

death eternal, may halt to pick it up-halt, so that The blade of vengeance once again is bar not one footstep shall he advance in his down- Their land is left unto them desolate : ward course. It may be to him the guide-post to A sordid remnant whom the victor spar'd point unto mount Zion, and unto the city of the

Hath ris'n, with hope of wrongs retriev'd elate, living God.

By an impostor led. The stroke of fate
Hath quench'd the lustre of his boasted ray* :

This last rebellious act doth consummate
Poetry.

Their crime ; and they must wander far away,
LAYS OF PALESTINE.

Nor longer ’mid the wreck of vanished glories stray ; By T. G. NICHOLAS, B.A.

Nor even from some distant spot behold

The ground where once the holy city rose,
No. XVII.

Where gleam'd the sun athwart its fane of gold, (For the Church of England Magazine.)

The hallow'd place which erst Jehovah chose. "In the 18th year of Adrian, the whole force of the war was Thou wilt not, Lord, thine ear of mercy close concentrated about Bitthera, a very strong fort, not far from Je- To those who mourn repentant; nor forget rusalem. The blockade without having been protracted for a length of time, the rebels within reduced to the last extre

Thy people, harass'd by contending foes ; mity by thirst and famine, and, the author of the sedition hav- And thou wilt bid their ray, which long hath set, ing suffered the penalty of his crime, the whole nation of the Kindle with ruddier glow and deeper brightness yet. Jews was excluded, by a decree of the emperor, from the ter

Jan. 3. ritory about Jerusalem, so that they might not, even from a distance, behold their native soil. Such is the account given • "The leader of the Jews at this time was one Barchochebas, by Aristo of Pella."-EUSEBIUS, ECCL. Hist. iv. 6.

which name signified "& star,” a man both rapacious and WHEN far we wander from the scenes of home,

blood-thirsty, but who contrived to impose upon his followers,

a set of slaves, by his name : as though, forsooth, he had come Where pass'd the days of our blithe infancy,

down like a star from heaven, to cheer them in their oppressed How doth the hope support us, as we roam,

condition."-EUSEB. EccL. HIST. iv. 6. Once more the dear abode of youth to sec, Tho' a long space must intervene ere we

Miscellaneous. Again revisit haunts we loved so well!

DR. BUTLER had a singular notion respecting large But, when the exile from his home doth flee, communities and public bodies. His custom was, Nor thinks again beneath its sky to dwell,

when at Bristol, to walk for hours in his garden, in the How pines the ling’ring heart, and grieves to say and I had frequently the honour to attend him,

darkest night which the time of the year could afford, farewell!

After walking some time, he would stop suddenly, and The royal wand'rer, from his own lov'd home ask the question, “ What security is there against the Detained afar full many a weary day,

insanity of individuals ? The physicians know of Would watch, at ere, the bright and billowy foam

none; and as to divines, we have no data, either from Of waters basking in the azure bay,

scripture or from reason, to go upon, relative to this

affair.” “True, my lord, no man has a lease of his And long for some good bark, to float away understanding, any more than of his life: they are O'er the dim seas, and, in his stately pile,

both in the hands of the sovereign Disposer of all Salute his loved ones : e'en a longer stay

things.” He would then take another turn, and again Where then he was he deem'd he might beguile,

stop short: “Why might not whole communities Could he but see the smoke rise from his native isle*. well as individuals ?” “My lord, I have never con

and public bodies be seized with fits of insanity, as So felt the Jew of old, by Babel's streams.

sidered the case, and can give no opinion concerning He thought and wept on Zion ; nor to him

it.” “Nothing but the principle that they are liable Seemed fair those towers, on which the sunset to insanity, equally at least with private persons, can beams

account for the major part of those transactions of

which we read in history!" I thought little (adds the Flung richest radiance ; for be thought how dim

dean) of that odd conceit of the bishop at that juncThe fane where erst between the cherubim

ture; but I own I could not avoid thinking of it a The eternal presence brooded, when a cloud great deal since, and applying it to many cases.Roll’d thro' the temple, and the swelling hymn

Bartlett's Life of Bishop Butler. Pour'd forth its notes of gladness long and loud,

THE JEWS.-Much has been said of this excom. While o'er the pavement mute adoring myriads globe.

municated race, who are scattered over the face of the

At Rome-where they are in reality great bow'd.

objects of aversion-at the end of the city, they Better to die upon the battle-plain

are obliged to reside in one part, distinct and Unwept, unsepulchredt, thau live a slave,

separate from all other inhabitants, where the gates Nor hope to see his native vales againt,

are regularly shut every evening, and opened at a par

ticular hour in the morning. Over one of these is an Nor slumber in his own ancestral grave :

cffigy of our Saviour, stretched on the cross, and The cedars yet on Libanus might wave,

underneath the words, “ His blood be upon us and The dews yet glisten on the mountain-steep,

our children !" This has long given great offence The wearied hind his burning brow might lave

to the Hebrews, who have offered large sums to have

it removed, but which has been resolutely refused by At mountain rill, and shepherd fold his sheep ; He could but view these scenes through mem'ry's of Catholicism.

the Roman government.-Dr. Rae Wilson's Sketches glass, and weep.

London : Published for the Proprietors, by EDWARDS and Odyssey i. 57, 58.

HUGHES, 12, Ave Maria Lane, St. Paul's; J. BURNS, 17,

Portman Street; and to be had, by order, of all Booksellers in * äxlavotos ätapos."—EURIP. Hecuba 30.

Town and Country. “ Weep ye not for the dead, neither bemoan him; but weep sore for him that goeth away; for he shall return no more, nor see his native country,"-JBR. xxii. 10.

JOSEPH ROGERSON, 24, NORFOLK STREET, STRAND, LONDON.

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BARNARD CASTLE.

the

pope had granted. John's kingdom. He

ravaged Cumberland with a powerful army, and BARNARD castle, in the county of Durham, reconnoitred Baliol's strong-hold. Whilst Alexwas founded about a.d. 1178 by Barnard, son of ander and his attendants were surveying the rocky Guido Baliol, who came into England at the Con- strength of the fortress, a man on the battlements quest, and from whom it derives its name. It is discharged a shaft from a cross-bow, which situated on a bank

“strake Eustace Vesey (Alexander's brother

in-law) on the forehead with such might that he “ Where Tees, full many a fathom low,

fell dead to the ground.” The Scots immediately Wears with his rage no common foe;

retired.
For pebbly bank nor saud-bed here,
Nor clay mound checks his fierce career;

John Baliol married Devorguilla, daughter of
Condemned to mine a channelled way

Allen, earl of Galloway, by his wife Margaret, O'er solid sheets of marble grey."

Scott.

eldest daughter of David, earl of Huntingdon,

brother of William, king of Scotland. It was exempt from the jurisdiction of the pala- In 1278, John, his son, succeeded at an early tinate for five successions. During the reign of age to the vast possessions of his family. From king John, Hugh Baliol and Philip de Ulcotes his mother he inherited Devorgill, in Scotland, were appointed wardens of the boundaries of the whence “he derived the very dubious blessing of bishopric, against the inroads of the Scots. the nearest claim in blood to the crown of Scot

In August, 1216, Alexander of Scotland entered land, after the decease of the maid of Norway.” England as an ally of Louis of France, to whom Edward I. of England decided his title was

VOL. XVIII.

Y

pronounced superior to those of Bruce and Has- poison. According to Miss Strickland, however, tings. He was crowned king of Scotland A.D. she died of decline; the result of a broken heart. 1292, and soon after did homage to Edward for She was interred near the altar in Westminster his crown.

abbey, A.D. 1485. “No memorial marks the On the forfeiture of Baliol's English estates, in spot where the hapless Anne, of Warwick, found 1296, Anthony Beke, bishop of Durham, seized rest from as much sorrow as could have been Barnard tle and its dependencies, in right of his crowded into the brief space of thirty-one years. royal purchase. The castle and honour of Bar. She was the last of our Plantagenet queens, and nard were, however, seized by the king, and the first who had previously borne the title of granted to Guy Beauchamp, earl of Warwick. Princess of Wales” (Miss Strickland's “ English Some of the prelates who succeeded Beke endea- Queens”), voured to recover the estate, but to no purpose.

Richard, previous to his obtaining the throne, In the first year of Edward III. parliament frequently resided at Barnard castle. His badge, acknowledged the claims of the see to be just; and the boar, is still to be seen on the walls. At the writs, commanding restitution, were issued. These, early age of seventeen he was appointed warden however, and repeated orders to deliver up posses- of the Northern Marches. sion, were never obeyed; and, “for five descents, In A.D. 1477, Richard obtained a licence to found the Beauchamps and their successors, the Nevils a college in the castle, for a dean and twelve secuof Warwick, held, with a slight interruption, lar priests, ten clerks, and six choristers; but the possession of Barnard castle, which never again plan was never carried into execution. became subject to the see

On the death of Richard, Barnard castle fell The great earl of Warwick, who fell in Barnet into the possession of Henry VII. ; but how long field, on Easter-day, 1471—by which Edward IV. it remained in the possession of the crown is not was established on the throne left two daughters: known. It would seem to have been some time Isabel, who married George, duke of Clarence; vested in Nevill, earl of Westmoreland, before the and Anne, wife of Richard IIÍ. On the attainder forfeiture of the last earl, A.D. 1569, during the disof Clarence, Richard obtained undivided possession turbances in the north, which brought the earl of of the castle. Anne, who most reluctantly mar- Northumberland to the scaffold, and rendered ried Richard, was the widow of Edward, prince Westmoreland a miserable exile in a foreign land. of Wales, son of Henry VI., in whose murder at The accession of Elizabeth to the throne, and Tewkesbury, at the instigation of Edward IV., the consequent overthrow of popery, produced in Gloucester had some sharet. Her only son having the minds of many, as might most naturally have died, she was regarded as an obstacle to the settle- been expected, a decided opposition to her government of Richard's fortune; and, according to ment; and this was especially the case in the Hume, he was believed to have carried her off by north; and when, in process of time, it was per

ceived that there was no probability of any com• “The hand-to-hand melde of the fight prevailed on and about the spot where the obelisk has been erected. Edward's promise between the queen and the bishop of reserve now advanced, and turned the tide of battle in his favour; Rome, many were most anxious to dethrone her, Warwick's forces were irretrievably routed, hewn down by bills, and substitute Mary, queen of Scots, in her

place. retreated to a neighbouring thicket, doubtless Hadleigh wood, The duke of Norfolk was committed to the Tower, which still remains wild and luxuriant, a lingering relic of the great royal hunting-ground, Enfield Chase.

There he was cas: and this,

with other circumstances, led to the rising

upon suspicion that he wished to espouse Mary ; sailed by some of Edward's men, slain, stripped of his coatarmour, and left naked on the soil.

in the north, in which the earls of Northumberland • Thus yields the cedar to the axe's edge,

and Westmoreland took such a decided part. Whose arms gave shelter to the princely eagle, Under whose shade the ramping lion slept.

These two chiefs met at Brancepeth, the seat of

the latter, and there declared to their followers Lo now his glory smear'd in dust and blood,

that “ all the English nobility were resolved to His parks, his walks, his manors that he had,

restore the Romish religion, and that they did Even now forsake him, and of all his lands Is nothing left him but his body's length.

thus put themselves in arms to prevent upstarts Why what is pomp, rule, reign, but earth and dust! from trampling on the old nobility, and so apAnd, live we how we can, yet die we must.'

peared in open rebellion” (Dugdale). Entering Thus does Shakspeare descant on the fall of this most brave and powerful English peer.

the cathedral, at Durham, they tore the bibles and “His brother, Montacute, fell early in the fight, when the common prayer-books, trod them under foot, and,

by It is not probable that he was killed in the act

of deserting to the having celebrated mass, marched on to Clifford enemy, as one authority has stated. Shakspeare says, in ac- Moor, near Weatherby, where they mustered cordance most probably with the fact

4,000 foot and 600 horse. Their aim was to reach Montague hath breath'd his last, And to the latest gasp cried out for Warwick.'

London, where Vitelli, the Spanish general, was The dead corpses of the brothers were conveyed to London, ex- waiting to take the command of such troops as posed to public view in St. Paul's cathedral, and then conveyed might arrive ; but they found that even their Ro

“ The number of slain in this battle was considerable, but it is manist friends had resolved to impede their provers variably stated by our historians. Fabyan says that they gress. Thomas Ratcliffe, earl of Sussex, president appears probable that

, in the number of 10,000, Hall includes of the north, was advancing with troops against the wounded, as well as the killed ; and even then it would be them; as was the earl of Warwick. Sadler extremely large, for the aggregate of the combatants did not reported, on the 16th December, “Understanding tainty prevails. The force of Edward has been estimated only at that we be on the way towards them, they do now 9,000 men, while that of Warwick has been raised to 30,000: gather all the forces they can make; and I learn such an account, of course, magnified the victor's skill and that all Cleveland, Allertonshire, Richmondshire,

+ Miss Halsted maintains that this was a marriage resulting and the bishopric, are wholly gone unto them, such from mutual

affection ; for, that Richard had been brought up is their affection of the cause of religion ; by by the earl (“ Richard III. as Duke of Gloucester;" by Caroline A. Halsted. 2 vols., 8vo).

means whereof they are grown to the force of

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To Barnard castle then fled hee

great numbers, but yet confused, without order, | Roman road, which communicated with the ford armour, or weapon.'

that gave name to the village on the Yorkshire banks Sir George Bowes, of Sheatlam, who had great of the river, called Street-ford, now corrupted to possessions in the neighbourhood, seized and gar- Stratford ; and, in the other direction, led towards risoned Barnard castle against the rebellious earls; Street-le-ham and Staindrop. This area was anwho had rested at Raby, and taken the port of ciently used to receive the cattle of the adjoining Hartlepool, for the purpose of receiving their country in time of invasion. The gateway lastforeign allies, or of themselves escaping by sea, mentioned is defended by a half-round tower; and should their insurrection prove adverse.

the broken walls show some appearance of out

works. At a turn of the wall, towards the south, “Then sir George Bowes he straightway rose After them, some spoyle to make :

there was a tower, which, by its projection, flanked These noble erles turned back againe,

the wall towards the gate. Over the fosse was a And aye they vowed that knight to take.

drawbridge to the gate. Here are the remains of “ That baron he to his castle fled

some edifices; one, called Brackenbury's tower,

having deep vaults, now lying open. "The chief The uttermost walls were eathe to win, The erles have wonne them presentlie."

strong-holds of this fortress stand on more elevated

ground, surrounded by a dry ditch, or covered way, Sir George defended the castle against the main with small gateways through the cross or intersectbody of the insurgents for eleven days; and then ing walls, terminated on one hand by a sallysurrendered, for want of provisions, on honourable port that commanded the bridge to the west, and terms. The delay enabled Sussex to advance ; by another to the north. On each side of the sallywhom the insurrection was speedily quelled ; and, port to the bridge, within the gate, was a semifor this, sir George obtained the demesnes under a circular demi-bastion, loaded with earth to the lease.

top;

very strong, and built chiefly of blue Alints: That the pope was the urging instrument in the the greatest part of one of the bastions still stands; insurrection, there can be no doubt. He trans- the other has long been in ruins. Here are some mitted money to assist Mary against her protestant of the most ancient parts of the castle. On the subjects, and dispatched his secret priestly envoy west side of the area were the principal lodgings, to England in 1569, to declare privately from him, in some places six stories high: the state rooms to certain of the nobility, that, as a heretic, Eliza- stood here. Two large, pointed windows, towards had forfeited all claim to her crown, and that they the river, seem most modern, together with a bow should obey her no longer.

window, hung on corbels, in the upper ceilings “What the penury or prudence of Eliza- of which is the figure of a boar passant—the badge beth had retained, the prodigality of James of Richard-relieved, and in good preservation. lavished on a favourite; and, in 161-, the fee of Adjoining these apartments is a circular tower, of the castle and manor were granted to Robert excellent masonry, having a vault, the roof of Carr, viscount Rochester, afterwards earl of which is plain. This vault is thirty feet in diaSomerset; on whose disgrace and condemnation meter, the stairs conducting to the upper apartto death the lordship was resumed by the crown, ments being channelled in the wall. In a large and, soon after, with Brancepeth and the other reservoir cut in swampy ground, called the Ever, forfeited estates, was settled for the maintenance water was collected, and conveyed in pipes to the of Charles, prince of Wales, by demise, for ninety- garrison and castle, inclosed within the walls of nine years, to sir Francis Bacon and others, with the outer areas, in times of danger (See Hutchinpower to grant leases for twenty-seven years, or son's “History of Durham”). three lives. In 16, the surviving grantees as- The church, or rather chapel of Barnard castle signed the unexpired residue of the demesne lands --for it is situated in the parish of Gainsfordof Barnard castle, &c., to sir John Henry Vane, does not present many objects worthy of notice. knt. In 1640, sir Henry Vane had a grant from The view from Barnard castle commands the the crown, of various privileges annexed to his rich and magnificent valley of Tees. Immediately honour or lordship of Raby and Barnard castle, adjacent to the river the banks are very thickly under which the lordship is still vested in the duke wooded ; at a little distance they are more open of Cleveland, earl of Darlington.”

and cultivated; but, being interspersed with The castle was unroofed and dismantled A.D. hedge-rows and with isolated trees of great size 1630. The remains of the castle cover an extent and age, they still retain the richness of woodland of ground equal to about six acres and three scenery. The river itself flows in a deep trench quarters.

of solid rock, chiefly limestone and marble. The The ruins do not convey an adequate idea of finest view of its romantic course is from a handits original strength. It was inclosed from the some, modern bridge built over the Tees by the town by a strong and high wall; with a gateway late Mr. Morrit, of Rokeby; In Leland's time from the present market-place, and another to the the marble quarries seem to have been of some north. The area, entered by the former, does not value. “Hard under the cliff, by Egliston, is appear to have had communication with the chief found, on each side of Tees, very fair marble, wont strong-holds, but probably contained the chapel. to be taken up both by marblers of Barnard It is separated from the interior buildings by a deep castle and of Egliston, and partly to have been fosse, which surrounds the whole fortress. wrought by them and partly sold unwrought to

This area is fenced with a high wall, along the others” (Itinerary, Oxford, 1768, 8vo, p. 88). edge of the 'rocks. There does not appear in it The ruins of Egliston abbey, or priory—for bastion or turret. To the north the wall has a Tanner calls it the former, and Leland the lattermore fortified appearance. The gateway to the are beautifully situated upon the angle formed by north, or the Flatts, opens from a large area to a a little dell, called Thorsgill, at its junction with

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