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That moisture on his cheeks. Commend the grace, gleamed over god and warrior and cavern and shrine,

Mourners, who weep! Albeit, as some have done, and we returned to our boat.- The Crescent and the Ye grope, tear-blinded, in a desert place,

Cross. And touch but tombs-look up! Those tears will HELIOPOLIS.-About six miles distant from the

northern gates of the metropolis, towards the northSoon, in long rivers, down the lifted face,

east, is the site of Heliopolis, the city of the sun, And leave the vision clear for stars and sun. called by the Egyptians, “On,” and by the Arabs,

“ Eyn-Shems,” or “ the fountain of the sun ;" Miscellaneous.

though, to bear this signification, the name should,

I am told, be written “Eyn-esh-Shems," which may GUERF HASSAN.-Ill as I was, I determined to visit this stupendous temple; and I was well repaid The route from Cairo to the site of Heliopolis lies

also be interpreted, “the rays, or light of the sun." for the exertion. It is the strangest, most unearthly along the desert, but near the limits of the culsight I ever beheld. It was dark when we arrived in tirable soil. This part of the desert is a sandy flat, its neighbourhood ; but this did not signify, as its mys- strewed with pebbles, and with petrified wood, terious recesses were only visible to torchlight in the

pudding-stone, red sandstone, &c. A small moun. brightest noon. Covered with a sheet, I was carried tain of red sandstone, called “ El-Gebel el-Ahmar” on a bier by four Arabs of our crew, who relieved each (or “ the red mountain”), lies at a short distance to other in their turn : four more carried torches ; and the right, or east. On approaching within a mile of my friend R. and Mahmoud brought up the rear. It the site of Heliopolis, the traveller passes by the vilmust have appeared rather a curious procession to the lage of El-Matareeyeh, where are pointed out an old Nubian village that we passed through. Hundreds of inhabitants, half or wholly naked, poured out to see

sycamore, under the shade of which (according to us pass; and some of the men remonstrated anxiously afforded them drink. The balsam tree was formerly

tradition) the holy family reposed, and a well which in favour of extinguishing the torches until we had cultivated in the neighbourhing fields : it thrived passed through the cornfields : these were all so dry, nowhere else in Egypt; and it was believed that it that a general conflagration would have been the con

flourished in this part because it was watered from sequence of spark falling on a single straw. We the neighbouring well. The name given by the Arabs passed through these fields : then came a strip of

to Heliopolis was perhaps derived from this well. desert, then a tall cliff, and the enormous propylæa in a space above half a mile square, surrounded by of the temple stood before us. This is built by human walls of crude brick, which now appear like ridges hands, but stands out from the face of the mountain, of earth, were situated the sacred edifices of Helioas if it had formed part of it from creation. Four giant above the soil is a fine obelisk, standing in the midst

The only remaining monument appearing statues leaning against square pillars support a mas

of the enclosure. The Arabs call it " the obelisk of sive entablature. The vista of this colossal portico Pharaoh." It is formed of a single block of red leads to a portal in thc living rock, some twenty feet granite, about sixty-two feet in height, and six feet in height; and this is the entrance to the temple. square at the lower part. The soil has risen four or The coup d'ail as we entered was very imposing: a

five feet above its base; for, in the season of the ingroup of our swarthy Arabs were . waving blazing by a branch of the canal of Cairo. Upon each of its

undation, the water of the Nile enters the enclosure torches, and looked like officiating demon priests to the sides is sculptured the same hieroglyphic inscription, calm, awful, gigantic idols that towered above us. bearing the name of Osirtesen the First, who reigned The temples seemed full of these grim statues, though not very long

after the age when the pyramids were there are only two rows, containing four in each. The constructed. There are a few other monuments of massive pedestals on which they stand are but ten his time, the obelisk of the Feryoo’m is one of them.

'Abd El-Lateef, in speaking of Eyn-Shems, says that feet apart; which adds considerably to the effect of he saw there (about the end of the twelfth century of their enormous size. Hence we passed into a lesser the Christian era) the remains of several colossal hall, and then into the adytum. Numerous torches statues, and two great obelisks, one of which had here gleamed upon walls, shadowily giving out pic- fallen, and was broken in two pieces

. These statues tured battles and kneeling priests and stern deities ; accumulated soil. Such are the poor remains of

and the broken obelisk probably now lie beneath the and in the centre of the shrine was a rude altar, Heliopolis, that celebrated seat of learning, where within which sat four gigantic idols, with strange. Eudoxus and Plato studied thirteen years, and where looking crowns npon their heads, and mysterious em- Herodotus derived much of his information respectblems in their hands. It would have been either a

ing Egypt. In the time of Strabo the city was very strong or a very indifferent mind that could re

altogether deserted; but the famous temple of the main without some sense of awe in such a scene, or byses.

sun still remained, though much injured by Cam

The bull Mevis was worshipped at Helideny that it was well calculated to inspire such re-opolis, as Apis was at Memphis. It is probable that ligious feeling as the eye alone can communicate to the land of Goshen” was immediately adjacent to the soul. There were many other chambers; but we

the province of Heliopolis, on the north-north-east. soon returned to the outer hall, and again reverently

• From Mrs. Poole's “ Englishwoman in Egypt." traversed its solemn aisles and galleries. Everywhere pillar and entablature were thickly encrusted with re

London : Published for the Proprietors, by EDWARDS and

HUGHES, 12, Ave-Maria Lane, St. Paul's; J. BURNS, 17, liefs; and many a day might be passed in this sculp- Portman Street ; and to be procured, by order, of all Booksellers tured library before its vast volumes were exliausted in Town and Country. of their interest and meaning. Once more the torches JOSEPH ROGERSON , 24, NORFOLK-STREET, STRAND, LONDOI.


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(Night-Jar.) SKETCHES FROM NATURAL HISTORY. countries, of different sizes. By some it is regarded No. XXVI.

as the strix orientalis, the unclean bird prohibited

to be caten in scripture (Lev. xi. 16), and is joined THE GOAT-SUCKER.

with the owl and the cuckoo. Hasselquist describes (Caprimulgus Europæus).

it as of the size of the common owl, which lodges in “While deepening shades obscure the face of day,

the large buildings or ruins of Egypt and Syria, To youder bench, leaf-sheltered, let us stray,

where it is so extremely voracious that, if care is not To hear the drowsy dorr come brushing by With buzzing wing, or the shrill cricket cry,

taken to shut the windows at night fall, it enters the To see the feeding bat glance thro' the wood,

house, and even kills children : hence it is an object To catch the distant falling of the flood, While o'er the cliff th' awakened churn-owl hung,

of much alarm. The Arabs settled in Egypt call it Thro' the still gloom protracts his chattering song.' “masasa," and the Syrians “banu.” WHITE's NATURALIST'S SUMMER EVENING WALK.

There are about fifteen foreign species of this bird ; This bird forms one of the family of the capri- one of which is called “ the grand goat-sucker,” and is mulgidæ, which in habit is nocturnal, reposing in the size of a small buzzard. It inhabits Cayenne. some thick and shady place during the day, and The goat-sucker has always been regarded a miscoming forth after sunset, in search of the insects chievous and pernicious bird. Aristotle, under the which are then flying about, and which constitute its title Alyooņins, accuses it of flying on goats and chief food, and which it takes upon the wing. In sucking them (whence its Greek name), adding, as a general character, the eyes are large, the beak small, common report, that the teat of the goat afterwards the gape enormous.

becomes dry, and the animal itself blind. Ælian's The caprimulgus Europeus is known by a variety version is nearly to the same effect, as is Pliny's. The of names, as the night-hawk, the churn-owl, fern- same opinion is maintained in Italy, France, and Gerowl, eve-jar, or pukeridge. It is found, in different ! many, as well as in England. VOL. XVIII.


Here it is not the udder of the goat, but that of brown, rufous, and yellowish, in dots, dashes, and the cow that it is supposed to drain (a practice attri- zigzag bars, the latter being conspicuous on the under buted also to the hedgehog), and not this only; for, parts and tail. Length almost ten inches. as White says (“ Selborne") the country people have There is an American species very closely rea notion that the fern-owl, or churn-owl, or eve-jar, sembling it, though, in some particulars, different as is very injurious to weaning calves, by inflicting, as it to its plumage and habits. strikes at them, a fatal distemper. Thus does this “ There is no bird,” says White, “whose manners harmless, ill-fated bird fall under a double imputa- I have studied more than that of the caprimulgus, as tion, which it by no means deserves ; in Italy, of it is a wonderful and curious creature. I have always sucking the teats of goats, whence it is called ca. found that, though sometimes it may chatter as it primulgus ; and with us, of communicating a deadly flies, as I know it does, yet in general it utters its disorder to cattle. The disease is in reality occa- jarring note on a bough. I have many a half-hour sioned by the ravages, beneath the skin, of the maggots watched it as it sat, with its under mandible quiverof a species of fly (æstrus); and, if the fern-owl was ing, and particularly this summer. It perches usually ever seen making a sweep near the suffering calves, on a bare twig, with its head lower than its tail. This that is, as it would appear, striking at them, it was in bird is most punctual in beginning its song exactly at order to snap at some insect, from the torments of the close of day; so exactly, that I have known it which the calf would be gladly freed*.

strike up, more than once or twice, just at the report Mr. Waterton also observes, with respect to this of the Portsmouth evening gun, which we can hear striking at the cattle, as the sapient rustics call it, when the weather is still. It appears to me past all that it is, in fact, the leap which the bird makes at the doubt that its notes are formed by organic impulse, nocturnal flies which are tormenting the herd, and by the powers of the parts of its windpipe, formed for that, with more good sense than their masters pos- sound, just as cats purr. You will credit me, I hope, sess, the cattle are aware of, and grateful for, the when I assure you that, as my neighbours were assemservice which the bird thus renders to them.

bled in a hermitage, by the side of a steep hill, where The night-jar preys upon moths, chafers, and we drink tea, one of the churn-owls came and settled other large insects, and may be often seen about sun- on the cross of that little straw edifice, and began to set, darting in chase of its food, displaying almost chatter, and continued his notes for many minutes. unequalled rapidity of fight, and the most rapid and we were all struck with wonder to find that the surprising evolutions; yet it flits along noiseless as a organs of this little animal, when put in motion, gave shadow.

a sensible vibration to the whole building. This bird It is not often that it utters its churring sound in also sometimes makes a loud squeak, repeated four or the air; but, usually, when perched, a bare branch, five times." In another letter, written also from his high palings, or the ridge of any building being pleasant Selborne, he says: “On the 12th of July I chosen as a resting-place. The male sometimes utters had a fair opportunity of contemplating the motions a small squeak four or five times, when playfully of the fern-owl, as it was playing round a large oak chasing his mate through the boughs of trees.

that swarmed with fern-chafers. The powers of its wing were wonderful, exceeding, if possible, the various evolutions and quick turns of the swallow genus. But the circumstance that pleased me most was that I saw it distinctly, more than once, put out its short leg while on the wing, and, by a bend of the head, deliver something into its mouth. If it takes any part of its prey with foot, as I have now the greatest reason to suppose it does these chafers, I no longer wonder at the use of its middle toe, which is curiously furnished with serrated claws.”

“Much has been said and written respecting the

pectinated claw on the middle toe of the fern-owl ; (The Fern Owl.)

but its use has not yet been explicitly determined. The fern-owl is a bird of passage, arriving in Eng. White supposed it to serve in the capture of its land in May, and departing in September. It is prey; but that the bird should strike at its prey with spread over all the southern and middle districts of its little feet and short legs is out of the question. Europe, and passes the winter in Africa. Woods, When observed by White to bring its foot to its beak skirting heaths or common lands, plantations of oak, during flight, might it not have been clearing its or rows of sycamores near farm-houses, are the fa- bill and vibrissæ of the hard wing-cases and limbs vourite spots which it haunts. It builds no definite of the beetles it had captured ? In which case the nest, but lays its eggs on the ground amongfern or worthy historian of Selborne would indeed have seen heath, or under the protection of shrubs : they are what he relates, incorrect as we deem his inference. two in number, marbled with white, yellowish brown, it is remarkable, however, that other birds, of very difand grey.

ferent habits, as the heron, &c., have the claws simiThe plumage of this bird is beautifully diversified larly pectinated : may not this modification be conwith a rich and intricate commingling of grey, black, nected with their mode of perching on the bare See Knight's " Animated Nature,"

branches or trees? These are queries yet to be decided :


certainly the serrations, whether in the fern-owl of him, when he speaks to us of heavenly things. the heron, have nothing to do with the seizure or re- He healed the body, that we might the better tention of prey; in fact, the comb-like teeth are comprehend and rely upon the grace by directed obliquely forwards, not backwards as they which he heals the soul. He manifested his ought to be, if intended as retainers of struggling or power over matter, in order that his people slippery captives" (Knight's “ Animated Nature").

might know and confide in his power over The following very pleasing passage is from their hearts, and the world of spiritual beings. “ The Minstrelsy of the Woods* :" “ To those Hence it is that all his intercourse with his who, dwelling in the neighbourhood of Selborne, disciples is so full of instruction to us, and have been reared in childhood in enthusiastic that all their fears, doubts, difficulties, tempadmiration for that picturesque village, and an

tations, dangers, and deliverances, are calcualmost affectionate interest for every thing connected with the memory of the naturalist, the lated to edify the church of Christ to the end

of time. sight and sound of this bird will ever recall Selborne to their recollection with vivid feelings of delight,

Thus it is with the case before us. The Were we to meet with it at the farthest ends of the disciples in a storm expect nothing less than earth, we should in a moment be transported to Sel- the immediate destruction of their vessel and borne, and live over again some of the sunniest days themselves. Jesus is asleep, and appears to of our lives, wlien, in the society of those dearest to

be either ignorant of their danger or unus, we made our summer pilgrimages to the village, mindful of their fears. For themselves they and paid our devoirs at the shrine of the amiable and fear, although Christ is in the vessel ; and yet, unaspiring naturalist, pausing at every spot which in the midst of their unbelieving alarms, more especially recalled him to our remembrance. they go to him, and awake him, saying, His name, as a naturalist, has gone abroad to the “ Lord, save us : we perish.”. world, and gathered fame he never sought. Perhaps, Is not this, Christian breihren, a faithful could he have foreseen the future, this fame would picture of what we now see around us? Is have been less grateful to his gentle and benevolent it not—a point in which we are far more spirit than the knowledge that he would leave a memo- nearly concerned—a faithful picture of what rial in the hearts of his neighbours which should de

we so often experience to be the actual movescend through successive generations, and the chil-ments of our own souls, wavering between dren's children of those whom he knew should look doubt and faith, repose and anxiety, and often on their excursions to the scene of his scientific labours partaking of both feelings nearly at the same as bright eras in their days of enjoyment. That the time? Yet this is not a state of mind in man who wins golden opinions abroad is without which a Christian ought to remain satisfied, honour in his own country, is too often true; but we know of at least one happy exception to the rule in after that joy and peace in believing, which

even in this life; but he should be searching White, the naturalist of Selborne :

is, doubtless, the blessed portion of those to “ lle sought, with unambitious aim,

whom their God has given the spirit, not of

bondage and fear, but of adoption, of love, Till distant travellers, thither bound,

and of liberty. Deem that they tread on classic ground.”

I would purpose, then, to examine with

you the different states of mind in which men SIMPLE, UNDOUBTING PAITAI : are found in respect of God's salvation, that Sermon,

we may, under the teaching of his good By the Venerable Walter A. SHIRLEY, M.A., by which his chosen people enter into the

Spirit, be the better able to trace the steps Archdeacon of Derby, and Vicar of Shirley, most holy place, and enjoy communion with Derbyshire.

their God. MATT. viii. 25-27.

I. In the first place, we have too often “ His disciples came to him, and awoke him, saying, the pain of witnessing, even among those on

Lord, save us: we perish. And he saith unto whom Christ's blessed sign has been imThen he arose, and rebuked the winds and the sea; pressed, marking them out as the sheep of and there was a great calm. But the men mar


pasture, even among those professing and velled, saying, What manner of man is this, that calling themselves Christians, we are too often even the winds and the sea obey him ?”

compelled to witness an awful degree of igOur blessed Lord has told us of earthly norance of those things which belong to their things, in order that we might the better un- peace, and of indifference to the whole subderstand him, and the more readily believe ject of religion. Nor is this the case only

with those who are ignorant in respect of this “ The Minstrelsy of the Woods; or, Sketches and Songs resting British and Foreign Birds;" by the author of "The classes of life, masses of people who are connected with the Natural History of some of the most inte world's knowledge ; for we see, alas ! in all Wild Garland." We have permission to give the name, Miss Sarah Waring, of Alton, Hants.-ED.

earnestly pursuing their pleasure or their

Lone nature's secret steps to trace,
Nor knew the charm his honoured name

Would cast around his native place;

profit, but whose habits of life, and the tone of serious thought, indeed, but full of anxiety, of their conversation, constrain us to fear that and drawing near to despair. God is not in all their thoughts. Some there Such was the state of the disciples in the are who are working all uncleanness with case before us, with regard to their bodily greediness, and set every religious considera- safety. Such was the state of those who, on tion at defiance. Such persons act some the day of Pentecost, heard Peter's explanamaniac might have done, who, had he been tion of the gift of tongues, and, being pricked with the disciples in that storm, would have in their hearts, cried out, “Men and brethrevelled in the tempest, and exulted in the ren, what must we do?” Such was the state boisterous frenzy with which the waves lifted of the Philippian gaoler when he drew his up their heads on high. With such persons sword, about to kill himself, and then cried, passion is their element, self-will is their idol, trembling, “ Sirs, what must I do to be and to it they sacrifice their all for time and saved ?”' When such a state of mind is for eternity.

caused merely by outward circumstances of There are others equally indifferent, be- affliction or disease, as is not unfrequently cause equally ignorant, of the danger by the case, we shall usually see that the terror which they are surrounded; but theirs is a which is excited is very much in proportion passive indifference—it is the ignorance of to the indifference which existed before. stupor, and insensibility. They follow the There is in these cases conviction of guilt, multitude to do evil : they bury their Lord's without the conversion of the heart to God: talent in the earth ; for they do not compre- there is the fear of punishment, without the hend its value, and are not careful to inform hatred of sin: there is alarm, without love. themselves to what profitable uses it may be Such are the characteristic marks of every applied. These are quiet people, whose boast human form of religion. When men discover it is that they do nobody any harm--easy, their danger, but not their refuge, when they self-indulgent, perhaps amiable and decent, think of themselves, and their want of power, but still of this world, unprofitable servants, and the frail bark in which they sail, and the and therefore doomed, unless they repent, to power of God's wrath, every thought of the be “cast into outer darkness, where shall be future fills them with dismay. Hence the weeping and gnashing of teeth.”

religion of the world, as it is a religion of We should also bear in mind, that even if fear, so is it one of sadness, tinged with the our habits be not of a directly worldly cha- deepest melancholy,“written within and withracter, in the common acceptation of the term; out with lamentation and mourning and woe.” if we are not, for instance, living mainly for I need only remind you that the religious the pleasures or for the riches of this present poetry of paganism, in all ages, and in all world, yet, if we live selfish lives (as mere countries, takes, for the most part, a sad and students, cultivators of elegant literature, gloomy view of man's life; and hence it is though it be of the highest subjects), and are that, in every corrupt forın of Christianity, not bringing our time, and influence, and at- the most earnest-minded are the most misertainments to bear upon

whom able. They are the victims of superstiour lot is cast, and employing them for the tion, because they fear every exercise of extension of our Redeemer's kingdom, we spiritual power; and, inasmuch as they are living in a state of sin; inasmuch as we go about to establish their own righteare pleasing ourselves, instead of seeking to ousness, they are never at rest; for they please God.

never can be quite sure that they have done These remarks are specially applicable to enough to turn away God's anger, or to ensuch a crisis in the history both of the world title them to his grace. and of the church as that on which we have Nor are the alarms and anxieties infallen, when there is so much to be done and cident to this state of mind limited to the endured for the sake of Christ-a wide door present life; for they reach beyond the and effectual opened, and many adversaries. grave,

and are the real source of every Assuredly they are no calm waters by which form of purgatorial punishment which man our country is surrounded; and woe be unto has fondly imagined. It is not a little us if we look idly on, wrapped up in the instructive to observe, that a purgatory of sense of our personal security from immediate one kind or another has always found a place danger.

in every creed of man's invention.

The reII. When, however, have been ligious systems of the heathen had, as is well aroused from this state of ignorant indiffer- known, their place for corrective suffering. ence, producing either heedless dissipation, or The Greek and Latin churches of the present passive and self-indulgent repose, the next day have the same doctrine with slight variastate of mind in which they are found is one tions. The Socinian universalist, admitting

the men among


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