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up the handsome cornice, of the nail-head quatre. From the erection of the bishopric until the Refoil description, which ran under the eaves of the formation it was governed by eighteen bishops, nave. This building measures 114 feet in length. many of them occupying important offices in the Part of the side walls of the old chancel, or rather, state. From the Reformation until the abolition perhaps, Lady chapel, are still standing ; the win- of episcopacy in connection with the state, it was dows of which are tall, narrow single lights, occupied by ten. During a portion of the time, graced with chaste colunins supporting beautiful ecclesiastical matters were in a sort of transition lancet-shaped arches.

state, one of the parochial ministers being an episThe west end of the building retains nearly its copalian, the other a presbyterian. It is still original character. The fine square tower and what is called in Scotland a collegiate incumbency, spire are in perfect condition, and the great west- that is, a living of which the emoluments and ern window and door-way are also entire* ; form- duty are divided between two ministers of equal ing, however, with the modern conventicle-looking standing. nave, a strange jumble, and showing in remarkable

In a lane at the upper end of the town of contrast the beauty and perfection of the old archi- | Brechin are some remains of the hospital of tecture. The lower floor of the tower has a hand- Maison Dieu, founded in 1256 by William de some groined roof, terminating in an open circle Brechin, for the repose of the souls of kings of about four feet diameter. The steeple contains William and Alexander, and others. In a one large fine-toned bell and two smaller ones. lane in the College wynd the Culdee college or The belfry stair projects from the north-east monastery was situated; no traces of it, however, corner of the tower, and is surmounted by a spire exist. Å neat modern chapel has been erected about half the height of the main spire, and these, for the use of the episcopalians, who are here a with the round tower now to be mentioned, form

numerous and respectable body. The present inthe three spires above alluded to, which, seen cumbent is the right rev. David Moir, bishop of in their various combinations, appear in such Brechin. pleasing perspective, according as the eye of the spectator shifts.

The castle was a strongly fortified place, and in At the south-west corner of the cathedral is a

1303 made a protracted resistance to the assaults

For twenty days the garrison stood tower, by some ascribed to the Picts, though this of Edward I, is believed to be erroneously so by others; a

firm, until the governor, sir Thomas Maule, revery fine and complete specimen of such build- ceived his death-wound from a stone thrown from ings, not uncommon in Irelandt, there is only

an engine placed on the opposite rising ground, one other in Scotland, Abernethy. The use and where a number of rude coffins have been disorigin of these towers has been a fruitful source

covered. A descendant of sir Thomas was in of discussion, and in the case of the tower of 1616 created earl of Panmure. The title was forBrechin it is quite a puzzle to account in any ra

feited in 1715, but restored in the person of the tional way for its appearance. In all probability,

present baron, created lord Panmure and Navar however, it stood where it does anterior to any

at the coronation of William IV. ecclesiastical building. It was certainly, as far

The modern castle is built in a romantic spot as effect is concerned, a happy idea to place the

on the site of the old, on a perpendicular rock cathedral here, and to group the whole together. overhanging the south Esk river (see our view), This tower is a very fine circular column 30 feet and half a mile from the town. The ravine forhigh, with a spire or roof rising 23 feet in ad- merly mentioned, both sides of which are covered dition ; the diameter being only 16 to 20 feet. with timber, lies between the castle and church. The two smaller bells, now in the square tower, The grounds are spacious and well wooded, with were formerly fixed in it. The door of en

an avenue of fine old beeches leading from the trance is about six and a half feet from the turnpike-road to the castle. ground; the sides formed of black granite,

Brechin is nine miles from Montrose, which is nearly in the middle of each of which is a human the nearest seaport. This town, with its bridge figure, apparently a monk. Other curious de- and harbour, and the German ocean beyond, and vices are there also to be found. The masonry between the two towns, fornis a beautiful and

the vale of the Esk, which lies in fine cultivation of this tower is of a peculiar corkscrew descrip- variegated prospect from the battlements of the tion, and is wonderfully strong.

The whole country the whole tower sensibly swings to and fro; but tower of Brechin church. such is the tenacity of the masonry that not the round, indeed, will well repay the tourist. slightest fear is entertained for its safety. At

BLENTARN GHYLL*. the bottom the tower is attached to the corner of

" But let me now explore the deep-sunk dell. the church; and, in a high wind, it every No foot-print, save the covey's or the flock's, dow and then visibly detached from it, so that a

Is seep along the rill, where marshy springs

Still rear the grassy blade of vivid green. knife may one moment be inserted between them,

Beware, ye shepherds, of these treacherous haunts ; and the next moment it is again held fast.

Nor linger there too long: the wintry day The see of Brechin, though small in point of

Soon closes; and full oft a heavier fall,

Heaped by the blast, fills up the shelter'd glen; jurisdiction, was largely endowed ; and perhaps in While, gurgling deep below, the buried rill no see was there a more lavish and shameful

Mines for itself a snow-coved way. O, then spoliation of church property for the private be

Your helpless charge drive from the tempting spot ;

And keep them on the bleak hill's stormy side, nefit of those who filled ecclesiastical offices and Where night-winds sweep the gathering drift away." their immediate relatives.


GEORGE and Sarah Green, two hardworking These with the square and round tower are shown in our view (see frontispiece to the present part). The third spire,

. This most interesting statement is chiefly a very brief the belfry stair being at the opposite angle of the tower, does abridgment of the narrative from the pen of Mr. de Quincey,

which appeared in “ Tait's Edinburgh Magazine" for Sept., + See account of Kildare Cathedral, No. 487, of the Church

1899. We have added some facts derived from other sources, of England Magazine.

and a few practical observations,

not appear.

peasants, dwelt, with a numerous family of small but put all of the children, except the two youngchildren, in Easedale, in Grasmere (see Church of est, on short allowance; 'and, to reconcile them England Magazine, vol. xvii. p. 94). Though to this, she found out a little four, part of which poor, they were much respected in the neighbour- , she baked on the hearth into little cakes, and this hood, from the firmness with which they bore persuaded them that they had been having a their hardships and the decent attire in which the feast. Before night should make it too formidchildren were sent to Grasmere school.

able, or before fresh snow might make it imposIt was on a wintry day, in 1807, that this sible, she went out of doors. With the assistance couple went to a sale at Langdale-head, which, of two younger brothers, she carried from the stack in clear weather, it was possible to reach by a sufficient peats for a week's consumption.

She short route of eight miles ; and by this they went. examined the few potatoes buried in “ brackens” Their object was, if possible, to obtain a place for (withered fern), and thought it better to leave a daughter which Sarah had before her marriage; them where they were, except as many as would for their small purse would not admit of their making make a single meal, fearing that the heat of the purchases. At such sales were large concourses cottage would spoil them if removed. Having of people, who had no other motive but in the thus made all the provision she could for the supprobability of meeting many old friends, and par- port of their own lives, she turned her attention taking of the good cheer then amply provided and to the cow, which she milked ; but, either from liberally bestowed. Intent on their object, time being badly fed, or from some other cause, the almost insensibly slipped on: the company at the milk afforded was too trifling to be of much consale gradually dispersed, and the couple returned sideration towards the wants of the family. Her homewards, amid many serious expostulations not next anxiety was to get down the hay for the to risk a journey over the mountains above Lang- cow's food from a loft above the outhouse : in this dale Head, which they said it was their intention she succeeded but imperfectly, from want of to do. To these, however, they gave no heed. strength. Returning to the cottage, she fastened They were observed most imprudently to ascend the door, put the young children to bed, and set the hills from the road. Voices were heard some up with the others till midnight. But no voice hours afterwards from among the mountains; and, was heard, no rap came to the door. Her care, though some thought them cries of distress, others before going to rest, was to prevent the snow deemed them to proceed from some mirthful party ; beating in. And so it went on. Another night consequently, no notice was taken of them. At passed on, and after it another day. On the third such sales it was customary to deal outliquors pretty or fourth, however, so much of the snow had bountifully, and several serious, nay, fatal acci- drifted as to permit Agnes, by a circuitous route, dents had been, as might be expected, the result; to pass the stream still swollen, and to find a but no accusation on this point could be fairly pathway to Grassmere; and this, after much adduced against the Greens.

fatigue, she was enabled to do, and to tell her On that dreary night their six young children, melancholy tale. the eldest, Agnes, being about nine years


age, No sooner was it made known, however, than sat by the peat fire, anxiously hoping every mo- within about half an hour, from the remotest parts ment to hear their well-known voices. Every of the valley, some distant nearly two miles, all sound was heard with beating breasts on the part the men of Grasmere had assembled at the little of the elder : every echo amongst the hills was cluster of cottages called “ Kirktown,” from their listened to for hours. At twelve they went adjacency to the church of St. Oswald. There to bed, but not without having kneeled down and were about sixty-three households in the vale, and said their accustomed prayers. During the night the number of souls about 265. Sixty of the and on the following morning a heavier fall of stoutest men, at least, after arranging the sigsnow had taken place, and they were now cut off nals by which they were to communicate from from all intercourse with their neighbours. The great distances, in the event of mists or snow brook was swollen with the torrents, and the little storms, set off to the hills*. The women of the bridge was in such a precarious state that they

* In Mr. De Quincey's paper are many very valuable suggesdid not dare venture across it. Their parents did tions, relative to some very simple plans which might be carnot return. The hope had been entertained that ried into operation, at no great expense, for directing travellers

in snows and mists. Many lives are annually lost by persons during the night they might have found shelter in

losing their way, either by plunging into deeps or snow some cot, but this gradually vanished as day wreaths, falling orer precipices, or perishing from mere ex. passed on. Again they gathered round the fire, I haustion, in a district where few houses or places of shelter are and began now seriously to consider that they reference is made to the rev. Jaines Grahame's note on his might die from starvation.

“During the winter season there It was in this state of terror that Agnes began lost in one parish. When life-boats for the preservation of

are many shepherds lost in the snow. I have heard of ten being to consider what might be done, and to act in a shipwrecked mariners, and institutions for the recovery of manner almost unheard for a girl of her years.

drowned persons, obtain so much of the public attention and

patronage, it is strange that no means are ever thought of for The night was fast approaching. Having caused the preservation of the lives of shepherds during snow-storms. the other children to go to bed, she turned herself I believe that, in nine instances out of ten, the death of the

unhappy persons who perish in the snow is owing to their to household work. First, recollecting that the losing their way. A proof of this is, that very few are lost in clock was nearly down, she wound it up. She the day-time. The remedy is, then, both easy and obvious. then took away the milk which remained from

Let means be used for enabling the shepherd, in the darkest

nigiit, to know precisely the spot at which he is, and the bearings what had been set aside for the children's con- of the surrounding grounds. Snow-storms are almost always acsumption during their parents' absence and for companied with wind. Suppose a pole, tifteen feet high, well

fixed in the ground, with two crossed spars placed near the the breakfast of the following morning, and which bottom, to denote the points of the compass; a bell hung was still sufficient for two days' consumption: this at the top of this pole, with a piece of grat-wood attached to it, she scalded, to keep it from turning sour.

She projecting upward, would ring with the slightest breeze. For a

few hundred pounds, every square mile of the southern district next examined the meal chest, made the porridge, of Scotland might be supplied with such bells. As they would

" Sabbath Winter's Walk."

For George and Sarah Green;

Did wife and husband roam ;

vale were in the greatest anxiety, until night | Lord.” If they reaped not the harvest, yet they brought them back in a body unsuccessful; for had sown the seed; and the subsistence so merthey were perfectly aware that such expeditions cifully and abundantly provided for their chilwere very hazardous. For three days, if not five, dren is only one of the myriads of testimonies to the search was ineffectual ; partly from the extent truth of the psalmist's experience. of ground to be examined, and partly from their The death of George and Sarah Green will not naturally ranging almost exclusively on the earlier be soon forgotten in the wilds of Westmoreland days on that part of the hills over which the path and Cumberland; and it is the constantly repeated to Easedale might be supposed to have been. At tale to the visitor of Grasmere churchyard: not length dogs were taken up, which providentially that death on the mountains or in the vales was show the most astonishing sagacity in snow- or is of such rare occcurrence, and that even in a storms; and, about noon, shout from a season and in weather far different from that in height amongst the thick cloudy vapour con- which the Greens perished—and that not merely veyed, as by telegraph, from man to man, with strangers, but shepherds and others born and intelligence that the bodies were found. George bred up in the neighbourhood—but it was the yawas lying at the bottom of a precipice, from rious connecting circumstances which added such a which he had fallen — Sarah on its summit; deep interest to the tale of woe. Often, and in and it was conjectured that George had desired many sequestered spots, will the guides point out her to pause, wrapping her in his own great-coat, to the traveller that there some wanderer slept the whilst he should go forward and catch the sight sleep of death: well for that wanderer if he fell of some object which might inform him of their asleep in Jesus; and if, while his eyes for ever closed real situation. The precipice was but a few yards upon the splendid scenes which surrounded him, from that on which he had quitted his wife. The they were enabled to behold the everlasting hills depth of the descent and the fury of the wind of Žion, which compass the city of the living would prevent any distinct communication between God. the couple; but it was believed by the shepherds On the melancholy event referred to, the folthat Sarah might have caught, at intervals, the lowing was written by the present poet laureate : groans of her partner, supposing his death were “Who weeps for strangers? Many wept lingering. It was agreed that the wild shrieks heard towards midnight in Langdale Head were

Wept for that pair's unhappy fate,

Whose graves may here be seen. Sarah's.

“By night, upon these stormy fells, Their bodies were interred in the churchyard of Grasmere. George had a family by a former

Six little ones at home had left,

And could not find that home. wife ; and it was for some of them, who lived at a distance, and who wished to attend, that the

“For any dwelling-place of man

As vainly did they seek. funeral was delayed. After this solemn cere

He perished ; and a voice was heardmony, attended, as might be supposed, by persons

The widow's lonely shriek. from all quarters, a division of the children was “Not many steps, and she was left

A body without life : made amongst the wealthier families of the vale.

A few short steps were the chain that bound There had been, even before the funeral, a struggle to obtain one of the children, amongst those “Now do those sternly-featured hills enabled to provide for them; and even the poorest

Look gently on this grave; claimed to bear some part in the expenses of the

And quiet now are the depths of air,

As a sea without wave. case. But it was decided that none of them

“But deeper lies the heart of peace should be entrusted to persons likely to be obliged

In quiet more profound : to relinquish it. The children thus soon found a

The heart of quietness is here

Within this churchyard bound. refuge ; for to the shorn lamb the wind was merci

"And from all agony of mind fully tempered, and the Father of the fatherless

It keeps them safe, and far suffered them not to wander.

From fear and grief, and from all need

Of sun or guiding star. In a great measure through the instrumentality of the Wordsworth family, an ample subscription

"O darkness of the grave! how deep

After that living nightwas obtained, including some of the members of

That last and dreary living one the royal family, and such a sum raised as to pro

Of sorrow and aflright! vide for setting them in situations adapted to their “O sacred marriage-bed of death, sphere of life.

That keeps them side by side

In bond of peace, in bond of love, How much is there to be learned from this in

That may not be untied!” structive record! how much valuable counsel may parents derive from it! The whole conduct of the children--their due attention to the prayers

THE CATHEDRAL OF ABERDEEN. taught them, their ready obedience to their elder Malcolm the second founded a bishopric at sister, the prudent forethought and energetic Mortlack, a country parish about thirty miles northactivity which that sister testified, speak loudly to west of Aberdeen, in the county of Banff

, in the the commendation of George and Sarah Green ; beginning of the eleventh century, in memory while it affords to all parents in the same situation his defeat of the Danes there, A.D. 1010, appointan useful lesson and example, to bring up their ing Beyn, afterwards canonized, to be bishop children “in the nurture and admonition of the thereof. According to bishop Keith, “he ad

ministered his diocese for two-and-thirty years be purposely made to have different tones, the shepherd would soon be able to distinguish one from another. He could never with that prudence, integrity, and all those other be more than a mile distant from one or other of them. On virtues that become a true pastor of souls

. coming to the spot, he would at once know the points of Neither the honour to which he was raised prethe compass, and, of course, the direction in which his home lay,"

judiced in the least his humility and contempt of

The husband to the wife.


himself, nor any exterior occupations took off his destruction of the back of the altar in bishop continual attention to and familiarity with his Gavin Dunbar's aisle, curiously wrought in wainsGod. He was buried at the postern-door of his cot, matchless within all the kirks of Scotland as church, where his effigy lies in a wall near to smelling of popery ;' pitiful, adds Spalding, the said door.”

to behold.' The wood was taken to ornament This bishopric was translated to Old Aberdeen a hideous gallery which Guild ordered to be conby David the first. In 1163 this church was structed within the cathedral, occupying the built, to the memory of St. Machar, by Mathew breadth of the church south and north. The inKininmont, bishop of Aberdeen ; who obtained a cident mentioned by Grose, in his ' Antiquities of new charter from Malcolm the fourth, with many Scotland,' is duly recorded by Spalding as occurlarge donations. This bishop began to build a ring under the direction of Guild and his preachcathedral, which, not being sufficiently large, was ing colleague William Strachan. It is said the pulled down by bishop Alexander Kininmont, A.D. craftsman would not put his hand to the down1357, and in its place the one now partly remain- taking thereof (the back of the high altar in ing was built.

bishop Dunbar's aisle) until Mr. William Strachan, This magnificent structure was almost destroyed our (presbyterian] minister, had put hand thereto; at the Reformation by an infuriated multitude from which he did, and then the work was begun. New Aberdeen. In 1568 an order of the council And in down-taking of one of the three timber was issued for unroofing the cathedral, as well as crowns, which they thought to have gotten down that of Elgin ; " for provision must be made for whole and unbroken by their expectation, it fell the entertaining the men of war, whose service suddenly upon the kirk's great ladder, broke it in cannot be spared, while the rebellious and dis- three places, and itself all in blads, and broke some obedient subjects, troublers of the commonwealth, pavement with the weight thereof. Spalding in all parts be reduced. Foreseeing resistance to adds his denunciation of the 'loft,' or gallery, this sacrilege, the council denounced severe ven- constructed by Guild "athwart the church geance on the inhabitants of those cities who which took away the stately sight and glorious should obstruct the removal of the lead from the show of the whole body of the kirk.' “With this roofs* (Stephen's “Church of Scotland”). back of the altar, and other ornaments thereupon,

“Early in August, 1640, the earl of Seaforth, he decorated the front and back of this beastly accompanied by the master of Forbes, Dr. Guild, loft; whereas 401. would have purchased as much covenanting principal of King's college, and others, other timber to have done the same, if they had met in the King's college, at Old Aberdeen, from suffered the foresaid ornament to stand.' The which they adjourned to the cathedral of St. 'fine wainscot, so that within Scotland there was Machar. They ordered all the curiously carved not a better wrought piece,' which Guild and crucifixes, and those ornaments which had escaped Strachan destroyed, is described as “having three the fury of the first reformers, to be destroyed. crowns uppermost, and three other crowns beneath, Bishop Dunbar's tomb was mutilated, and they well carved, with golden knaps.' •chssel out the name of Jesus drawn cipherways “The magnificent, though then and now roofJ. H. S., out of the timber wall on the front of less, cathedral of Elgin was also profaned by St. Machar's aisle, anent the consistory door ; the Mr. Gilbert Rose, minister at Elgin, the young crucifix on the Old Town cross thrown down; the laird Innes, the laird Brodie, and some others; crucifix on the New Town (cross] closed up, being and this desecration was mere wantonness, as the loth to break the stone; the crucifix on the west church was not used for divine service. They end of St. Nicholas's kirk, in New Aberdeen, broke down,' says Spalding, the timber partithrown down, which was never troubled before.' tion wall dividing the kirk of Elgin from the Guild commenced his career as principal of King's choir, which had stood since the Reformation, near college by demolishing a church called the Snow seven score years or above. On the west side was kirk, and built the college-yard walls with the painted in excellent colours, illuminated with stars materials, inserting the hewn stones in the decayed of bright gold, the crucifixion of our blessed Sawindows of the college. The local chronicler viour Jesus Christ. This piece was so excellently says of this exploit : Many Old Town people done, that the colours and stars never faded nor murmured, the same being the parish kirk some evanished; but kept whole and sound as they were time of Old Aberdeen, within which their friends at the beginning, notwithstanding this college or and forefathers were buried.' In 1641, when canonry kirk wanted the roof since the Reformatwo-thirds of the revenue of the bishopric of tion, and no entire window thereunto to save the Aberdeen were granted to King's college, and the same from storm, wind, sleet, or wet, which remaining one-third to Marischal college, Guild myself saw. And, marvellous to consider, on the contrived to secure for himself the episcopal other side of this wall, towards the east, was residence, garden, and grounds. In 1642'he drawn the Day of Judgment. All is thrown down 'caused take down the organ case, which was to the ground. It was said this minister caused of fine wainscot, and had stood within the kirk bring home to his house the timber thereof, and since the Reformation. He soon afterwards com- turn the same for serving his kitchen and other pletely demolished the episcopal residence, and uses ; but each night the fire went out whenever gutted it of all its materials, with which he re- it was burnt, and could not be holden in to kindle paired the college. The barbarous architectural the morning fire as use is : whereat the servants alterations which Guild perpetrated are dolefully and others marvelled, and thereupon the minister narrated by Spalding. This covenanting enemy left off any further to bring in or turn any more of every thing venerable for antiquity and curious of that timber on his house. This was marked workmanship was farther accessory in 1642 to the and spread through Elgin, and credibly reported

See account of Elgin cathedral, in Church of England to myself. A great boldness, without warrant of Magazine,

the king to destroy churches at that rate; yet it

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is done at command of the [General Assembly, restraint rather than exhortation. To each of you I as said was'" (Lawson's "Church of Scotland'). say, 'Go, and do likewise'" (W. J. Brodrick).

The roof of the nave is of oak, in square pannels, I begin these records with a brief sketch of the painted with the armorial bearings of those who income, expenditure, &c., of the several societies in contributed to its erection, which cost eight London, connected with the established church, enpounds Scots, a large sum in those days, home or in foreign parts, whether in Christian couniBishop Gavin Dunbar was at all the pains and

tries or under skies which its giorious light has not ilexpenses of such ceiling. James Winter, an Angus lumined, or where it is only partially vouchsafed, wheman, was the architect of the timber work and ther among those who do not come to its light where ceiling of the said church, which was well done." it burns pure, or among those who cannot discern it There was a grand cross aisle from south to north, because of the veil of darkness or corruption with with a high tower upon it, furnished with four- which their eyes are blinded. My extracts are made teen bells, finished during the time of bishop from the last annual reports of the societies in quesElphinstone. These bells originally hung on great tion; and I class them according to the amounts of oak trees, a little distance from the steeple. This their respective incomes. tower fell to the ground May 9, 1688. The occa

Church Missionary Society.-Income, 104,3231. sion of the fall was by Oliver Cromwell's soldiers (of which-subscribed for general purposes, 97,7911.; taking away the walls of the chancel

, which and for special, such as the China Fund, 1,5361., guarded it on the east, to build the fortifications 93,4721., viz., missions, 69,1621.; institution for

disabled missionaries, 1,1631., &c.); and expenditure, of the castle-hill at Aberdeen. By its fall the training students for missions, 3,1601. ; sick and disrest of the church was much damaged. This abled missionaries, 7,2961. ; salaries, deputations, travenerable pile, which had suffered so much at the velling, clerks, &c., 6,3091. ; &c. The excess of the Reformation, did not escape the fury of the cove-income over the expenditure of 1843-44 was 4,3811., nanters in the unfortunate reign of Charles the of which about 1,8001. has been added to the capital first.

fund, to provide for any deficiency in the receipts of The high altar, a piece of the finest workman- future years. The number of missionaries is 103 ; ship in all Europe, had till that time remained catechists, &c., 43; teachers, male and female, 1,025 ; inviolate; but, in the year 1649, was hewed to seminaries and schools, 732 ; communicants, 8,205 ;

and scholars, 35,283. pieces by order and aid of the minister of the parish,

Society for the Propagation of the Gospel.-Reand a carpenter employed for that purpose.

The wainscoting was richly carved and ornamented ceipts, 104,4291:; of which subscribed for general with different kinds of crowns at top, and admi- of 1842, '11,4511. ; and the remainder derived from

purposes, 46,9151.; sale of stock, 24,4691. ; balance rably cut: one of these is large, and of superior subscriptions for special purposes, dividends, &c. workmanship.

Expenditure, 94,5381.: of which paid to missionThere is a very curious account of the town and aries, and for missionary purposes, 88,4861.; and the church of Aberdeen in “ Bibliotheca Topographica remainder, for missionaries' expenses at home, 438l. ; Britannica,” No. 3.

printing, 2,8121. ; salaries and wages, 1,1441.; &c. The episcopal palace stood at the end of the The largest payments are—to the Madras mission, cathedral and chancel. The prebendaries had 11,5641. ; Calcutta, 11,365l.; Nova Scotia, 9,4731. large houses. “ They were the bishop's chapter, 5,5521. The society remitted 3221. to the Vaudois

Montreal, 7,6591. ; Toronto, 6,525l. ; Newfoundland, or council: he could do nothing without them. clergy. The total number of missionaries mainTherefore they were obliged to live near him, tained, in whole or in part, by the society, is 321 ; that they might be ready on all occasions when besides above 300 students, catechists, and schoolhe called for them on church affairs."


Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge.

Receipts, 91,1701. Expenditure, 90,6611. Issue of MISSIONARY RECORDS.

bibles, testaments, prayer-books, and other books and

tracts, in the year, 64,048,051; including 122,323 No, I.

bibles, 89,064 New Testaments, and 315,196 prayer

books. The grants in money, towarás erecting “ Is it no privilege, I would ask you, to be a worker churches, chapels, schools, &c., amounted to 13,1591., together with God in causing the ministry of re- chiefly appropriated to this object in our Indian, Poconciliation' to be extended to those who are alie- lynesian, and North American possessions. Granated from God, and enemies in their minds, by tuitous supplies of books, 3,2671.

Payments for wicked works?' O, my Christian brethren, what an books, paper, printing, and binding, 63,7011. Among inconceivable honour to one who is himself a poor, the receipts are 3,7141. for benefactions; 15,7791. for guilty sinner, saved by grace, to be a worker toge subscriptions; 1,3291. from legacies ; and 37,3721. ther with God himself in that which cternity will from members, for books and tracts. prove to be the highest manifestation of his glory, Church Education Society (Dublin).-Income, the revealing of his Son! Weigh well the value of 29,536l., including 3,8761., from the London Hiberone soul; measure it by the height of that blessed- nian Society, now united with it. Expenditure of the ness to which it will be raised if it be in Christ, or latter, 3,3841. The parent society has 1,694 schools, by the depth of that misery into which it will be attended by 101,182 children, of whom 13,899 are plunged if it be not in Christ; and then judge of the protestant, and 33,187 Roman catholic dissenters, privilege of bringing, if it be but that one soul, from the remainder being of the established church of Engdarkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto land and Ireland. God. The only question for you and me is this : Society for Promoting Christianity among the ‘Am I to have a share in it? O, my brethren, if Jews.-Income, 26,1481., including 4731. for the you know the glory of that work in which I now in- « Temporal Relief Fund.” Expenditure, 28,2801., vite you to take your part, there will be no lack of including 4761. for temporal relief. Exchequer bills pecuniary offerings; nay, rather you will come for- in hand, 7,0001. Expended on the mission at Jeruward in the spirit of those who contributed to the salem, inclusive of the church, hospital, college, work of the service of the sanctuary,' who needed school, &c., 7,3121.; on foreign missions and schools,

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