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time progressed it became almost certain that neither the Republican nor Democratic parties could refuse to insert a plank in their national platforms in favor of Cuban belligerency. The time seemed to be already at hand, or within near arrival, when tension grew full of threatening if not lamentable incidents; when it would be necessary to inform Spain that indefinite riot and rapine could not be permitted to continue in Cuba, and that if she could not restore peace in the fertile island this country must. Should she resent this attitude, there would be no distinction of political party in this country, and no difference of opinion in the universal determination to meet all the responsibilities of such a situation, created not by the United States but by Spain.


Hon. John SHERMAN. Born at Lancaster, Ohio, May 10, 1823; academically educated; studied law and admitted to bar, May 11, 1844; delegate to Whig National Coventions, 1848 and 1852; President of first Republican in Ohio, 1855; elected to 34th, 35th, 36th and 37th Congresses; elected, as Republican, to United States Senate, March, 1861; re-elected to same, 1866 and 1872; appointed Secretary of Treasury, by President Hayes, March, 1877, and served til! March 3, 1881; distinguished for advocacy of resumption and success in refunding United States debt; re-elected to Senate for term beginning March 4, 1881, and again in 1886 and 1892; Chairman of Committee on Foreign Relations and member of Committees on Finance, etc.

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THE McKinley family, to which our illustrious subject belongs, was originally from the west of Scotland, but eventually found its way to the north of Ireland, as part of that important migration which afterwards became so conspicuously known both in Europe and this country as Scotch-Irish.

Two branches of the McKinley family migrated to America about the beginning of the last century. One branch settled in the South, and became founder of a long line of prominent and influential citizens. The other branch settled in the North, and presumably in York county, Pa.; at least one James McKinley, who was but twelve years old when his father came to this country, was a resident of York in 1755, where a son was born to him, whom he named David McKinley.

This David McKinley served as a private in the Revolutionary war, and was engaged in several important battles. After the war he moved to Westmoreland county, Pa., then to Mercer county, Pa., then to Columbiana county, Ohio, and finally to Crawford county, where he died. He married twice, the first time in 1780 to Sarah Gray, and the second to Eleanor McClean. He had no children by his second wife, but by his first he had

four sons and several daughters, all of whom were born in Pennsylvania, in Westmoreland or Mercer counties. He died, August 8, 1840, in Crawford county, Ohio.

His second son, James McKinley, and great-grandfather of our subject, was born September 19, 1783, and resided in Mercer county, Pa., where he married Mary Rose, who was of English extraction. Her father was an iron founder, and he, too, was a soldier in the Revolution. ary war. James McKinley moved to New Lisbon, Ohio, in 1809, taking along with him his son, William McKinley, then but a year and a-half old, and born November 15, 1807. There were born to James McKinley, thirteen children, eleven of whom were born in New Lisbon. The oldest son was the above mentioned William McKinley, father of our subject.

He early became associated with the iron business, and erected, both for himself and in association with others, several foundries and furnaces in Ohio, moving in pursuit of his business from New Lisbon to Niles, thence to Po. land, and thence to Canton, where he died in 1892. He married Nancy Campbell Allison, in 1827. She was a descendant of an English family, that had first settled in Virginia, then moved to Greene county, Pa., and finally to New Lisbon.

From this union sprang William McKinley, the subject of our biography, distinguished alike for his high place in American political history, and as the recipient of an homage accorded to but few statesmen. He was born at Niles, Trumbull county, Ohio, January 29, 1843. His father was then a resident of Niles, and manager of an iron furnace there. While the younger William and his sisters were mere children, the father and mother moved to Poland, in Mahoning county, a village in the centre of

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