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of lay and secular journals publishing reports - presented to the Board prior to their publication in the quarterly sanitary journal of the Board. It was held that, as the Provincial Board of Health is a public body, papers and reports read at its meetings, and discussions taking place there become public property, and may be reported in secular or medical journals, before they appear in the Sanitary Journal of the Board.
Dr. R. W. Bell, Provincial Medical Inspector, reported on the outbreak of smallpox in Raleigh and Lorraine townships in December, and in the township of Hanmer in November. The report on the lumber camps noted a decrease in the outbreaks, and the conviction that a strict enforcement of the sanitary regulations was no hardship to anyone. The report on the outbreak of typhoid in Chester village, near Toronto, was also submitted. Contamination of water supply was stated to be the cause.
The Board went into Committee of the Whole to consider a report on the outbreaks of typhoid fever at London and Port Stanley, which occurred last summer. The report, which was presented by the Secretary, showed, among other things, analyses of the water supply of London, and also analyses of the well water of Port Stanley. Sewage pollution was proved to have been present in the water supplies of both these places. The opinion expressed in the report was that the outbreak of typhoid fever in London could be traced to impurities in the London water supply, and also that the outbreaks of typhoid fever at Port Stanley could have been caused by impurities present in the wells of that village. The report was adopted, and the Secretary was instructed to inform the local authorities of London and Port Stanley, with a view to action being taken.
Dr. English appeared before the Board as a deputation from; London to advocate the establishment of a laboratory in connection with the Western University for the purposes of the western part of the Province. The Board has the matter under consideration.
The following committees were appointed :
Supervision of Water Supply, Sewerage, and Disposal of Sewage Eastern: Drs. Douglas,
Drs. Douglas, Boucher and Oldright; Western: Drs. Cassidy, Thompson and Hodgetts.
Epidemics-Drs. Cassidy, Oldright and Hodgetts.
School Hygiene and Ventilation-Drs. Hodgetts, Oldright and Cassidy
Legislation-Drs. Hodgetts, Boucher and Douglas.
The Board got through business at 4.30, and afterwards inspected the room set apart in the basement for a sanitary museum.
THE returns from the Office of the Provincial Board of Health for the last month in 1904 are not quite so complete as in the same month in the previous year, and the deaths reported are less by 64. The total number of deaths from all causes, as reported by the municipal clerks, are 2,077, representing a population of 1,959,643, which gives a death rate of 12.7 per cent. per 1,000, and for the corresponding period of 1903, 2,141 deaths were returned from a population of 2,051,965, which gave a death rate of 12.5 per cent.
As may be seen by the comparative table smallpox, scarlet fever and diphtheria are less prevalent throughout the province, while measles, whooping cough, typhoid and consumption show an upward tendency.
The a thorities of the University of Pennsylvania realize the efforts which are being made in communities throughout the country to obtain officials who have had some special training in matters pertaining to public health. Each year the demands for men of this type (either as chiefs of departments or in some subordinate position) is increased, and at the present times there is a lack of men qualified to fill such positions. To meet the need of such instruction, the University will introduce into its curriculum, beginning October 1st, 1905, a course in public health, which will include instruction under the following headings:
THE COURSE WILL INCLUDE THE FOLLOWING SUBJECTS.
Sanitary Engineering.—Including the subject of water supplies, sewerage systems, street cleaning, disposal of waste, etc.
Sanitary Legislation.— A study of the movement for sanitary reform, and of the laws enacted relating to public health, and the
methods of enforcement employed in Great Britain and the United States.
Inspection of Meat, Milk and Other Animal Products. The methods of preparation and preservation of the same, the conduct of dairies, creameries, etc., and demonstrations of the diseases of animals transmissible to man.
The Sanitary Engineering of Buildings.-Including demonstrations of systems of heating, ventilation, plumbing and drainage, the study of plans, etc.
Social and Vital Statistics in the United States. An examination of statistical methods and their results, with special reference to vital statistics and to city populations.
Practical Methods l'sed in Sanitary Work.-Including water, air and milk analyses, studies in ventilation and heating, inves tigation of the soil, methods of disinfection, sterilization, etc. (This is purely laboratory instruction.)
General Hygiene.--As applied to the community, including lectures upon the causation of disease_exciting and predisposing, methods of prevention—including isolation, quarantine, natural and acquired immunity, protective moculation, vaccination, and the antitoxic state, methods of house disinfection and the means employed, suggestions for the organization of sanitary work, the influence of water supplies and sewage disposal on the public health, etc.
Personal Hygiene.-Including the physiology of exercise, the adaptation of exercise to the various physical requirements, the use of exercise for the prevention and correction of deformities, the methods of examination and record keeping, the routine physical examination of growing children and the relation of air, food, bathing, etc., to health and development; the hygiene of the school room.
ITEMS OF INTEREST.
An Interesting and Convincing Letter.-A letter by Dr. J. Murray McFarlane, of Toronto, appearing on page xxxi. of this issue, is worthy of the consideration of medical practitioners.
An Ideal Tour in Europe.—The programme of summer tour in Europe of the Rev. Dr. Withrow, of Toronto, is a handsomely illustrated booklet. It will be sent free on application to him. This is his eighth tour. He has successfully conducted parties through the best tourist routes of Europe and also eight hundred miles up the Vile and through Palestine, Syria and Turkey. His European route is a favorite tour with the medical profession. He has had, we believe, as many as sis doctors in one of his parties.
The Ontario Medical Association.-Dr. William Burt, President of the Ontario Medical Association, recently paid a visit to the city to review the work done by the two main committees in advancing the Association interests for the year. A considerable number of papers have been promised—these with the assurance of Dr. Ochsner's presence, already guaranteeing the success of the meeting This will take place Tuesday, Wednesday and i nursday, the 6th, 7th and 8th of June, in the Medical Building, Queen's Park. The character of the work done by this parent Association of the Province warrants the attendance of every practitioner who can get to hear the papers presented.
Annual Gathering of the University of Toronto Club, New York.--Forty-five members of the University of Toronto Club of New York held their annual dinner at the Hotel Astor on Jan. 19th. Dr. A. R. Robinson acted as toast master, and after the toast “ His Imperial Majesty, King Edward VII” had been drunk, “ God Save the King” was sung. Then the toast The President of the United States” was drunk, and was followed by the singing of “ The Star Spangled Banner." The toast "Canada” was responded to by Prof. J. B. Galbraith, of the University; the toast “ Alma Mater," by Prof. Alfred Baker, and the toast“ Sister Universities," and the “University of Toronto Club," by W. T. Robson, of the Canadian Club, and James A. Meek, of McGill University.
A Dinner to be Given to Professor William Osler Next Month. -It is proposed to give a dinner to Professor Wm. Osler, of Baltimore, Md., recently appointed Regius Professor of Medicine at Oxford, some evening during the latter part of next month. It is expected that Dr. Osler will spend a week or so in Toronto towards the end of April, though the dates of his arrival and departure are not as yet definitely known. For that reason, the date of the dinner has not been settled, but will be almost at once. The committee are already besieged with applications for tickets, and it is expected that the banquet will be a huge success and our celebrated fellow Canadian given a hearty send-off to the Mother Land, where we know he will still further add to his laurels as a distinguished scientist, one heartily deserving of the honor conferred upon him by His Most Gracious Majesty.
Governor's Fellowship in Pathology, McGill University.By the resignation of Dr. Oskar Klotz, this fellowship, instituted in 1899, has now become vacant. Dr. Klotz is a graduate of Toronto University, and has, during the tenure of his fellowship, done much valuable research work, including studies upon a bacillus isolated from water agglutinating with high dilutions
of typhoid serum, and on the isolation of a motile micrococcus causing an epizootic among rabbits, both published in the Journal of Medical Research, together with several studies in morbid anatomy. His most important work, shortly to be published, is. on the part played by soaps in the process of pathological calcification. The fellowship is open to graduates in medicine who have done some previous medical research work, is tenable for two vears, with a salary of $500 per annum.
Dr. Osler's Successors.--Dr. Osler's successor is likely to be two men instead of one. It is said that Dr. Wm. H. Welch, President of Pathology, Johns Hopkins University, will take the chair of internal medicine in the university, and that Dr. Wm. S. Thayer will become professor of clinical medicine. Dr. Welch's successor in the chair of pathology is said to be Dr. Wm. T. Councilman, now of Harvard University. It was admitted, however, by President Ramon, of the Johns Hopkins University, that the name of Dr. Llewellyn F. Barker, of the University of Chicago; a Canadian graduate of the University of Toronto, would undoubtedly be considered in the choice of Dr. Welch's successor. Dr. Barker was on the house staff of the Toronto General Hospital in 1901-1902.
A New Physicians' Supply House for Toronto. - Mr. A. L. Massey, who some months ago resigned his connection with the firm of Chandler-Massey, Limited, of Toronto, has opened up in business for himself under the name of A. L. Massey & Co., at 61 to 65 Adelaide Street East, in this city. This firm are in a position to supply the physician or surgeon with anything they may require in their daily work from a static machine to a bandage, and have already secured some valuable sole agencies for the Dominion of Canada. They intend making a specialty of introducing new goods and pharmaceuticals to the attention of the profession, and wish physicians to understand that there is nothing too small for them to supply on an hour's notice, they having a special messenger service kept at their disposal. A. L. Massey & Co. do not intend at present opening up a large warehouse with unlimited stock on hand, but are desirous of conducting a business where, through the closest connections with all of the large houses in Canada, the United States and Europe, they are able to quote as low prices as can be obtained anywhere for none but the best goods. Their offices and sample room are very handsome, and we bespeak for the firm the confidence of the profession generally. A full announcement as to what they purpose doing will be found on page vi. of this issue.