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culosis was a preventable disease, and cited the remarks of his Majesty the King to the International Congress in London,

Why not prevent it?" Although in some cases the tissues did not seem to have any resisting power, tuberculosis was by no means progressive. Out of 139 post-mortems performed by his department there were eighteen cases in which tuberculosis assumed a progressive character, and had assuredly been the cause of death. In forty-one cases there was absolute evidence that the disease had been arrested, and had seemed to heal. The evidence was all against the idea that human tuberculosis could be given to cattle. Where tuberculosis passed from cow to cow for a long period it became more virulent to cattle and less and less virulent to man. We had not so much to fear from milk containing the bacillus, but there was danger where young and weakly children were concerned. The danger in regard to milk containing tuberculosis bacilli was there, but it had been exaggerated. Dr. Adami suggested the stamping out of bovine tuberculosis, beginning with Prince Edward Island.

A vote of thanks to the distinguished lecturer was adopted on motion of Sir James Grant, seconded by Dr. Sheard, and in replying Dr. Adami made it clear that milk containing bacteria of any kind should not be drunk. The Governor-General was thanked for his presence and sympathy in a resolution moved by Ilon. S. Fisher.

A Physician's Covered Tilbury Cart for Sale.-- Any medical practitioner desirous of buying at about half price, an almost new Hutchinson Tilbury Cart, should communicate by postal card with Box 39, CANADIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINE AND SURGERY. It is one of the best ever turned out by Hutchinson & Son, Toronto; full Collinge axles, lancewood shafts, and trimmed in blue, all-wool cloth, and cost $375. Write at once.

Ontario Medical Association. The twenty-fifth annual meeting of the Ontario Medical Association will be held in Toronto, in the New Medical Buildings, Queen's Park, June 6th, 7th and Sth next. Any member desiring to read a paper will kindly forward the title to the Secretary by May 1st. Papers must be in the hands of the committee by May 31st. Fifteen minutes are allowed for the reading of a paper. If too long to be read in this time an abstract may be presented. Five minutes is allowed to each taking part in the discussion. Dr. A. Primrose, Toronto, is Chairman of the Committee on Papers and Business, and Dr. Charles P. Lusk, 99 Bloor St. West, Toronto, is General Secretary.

e Selected Articles.

DR. WILLIAM OSLER ON AGE.

HERE are the extracts in full from Dr. William Osler's farewell address at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, referring to middle age and old age, that have caused a great deal of comment:

“I am going to be very bold, and touch upon another question of some delicacy, but of infinite importance in university life, one that has not been settled in this country. I refer to a fixed period for the teacher, either of time of service or of age. Except in some proprietary schools, I do not know of any institution in which there is a time limit of, say, twenty years' service, as in some of the London hospitals, or in which a man is engaged for a term of years. Usually the appointment is aut vitam aut culpam, as the old phrase reads. It is a very serious matter in our young universities to have all of the professors growing old at the same time. In some places only an epidemic, a time limit, or an age limit, can save the situation.

“I have two fixed ideas well known to my friends, harmless obscessions with which I sometimes bore them, but which have a direct bearing on this important problem. The first is the comparative uselessness of men above forty years of age. This may seem shocking, and yet read aright the world's history bears out the statement. Take the sum of human achievement in action, in science, in art, in literature-subtract the work of the men above forty, and while we should miss great treasures, even priceless treasures, we would practically be where we are to-day. It is difficult to name a great and far-reaching conquest of the mind which has not been given to the world by a man on whose back the sun was still shining. The effective, moving, vitalizing work of the world is done between the ages of twenty-five and forty —these fifteen golden years of plenty, the anabolic or constructive period, in which there is always a balance in the mental bank and the credit is still good.

“In the science and art of medicine there has not been an advance of the first rank which has not been initiated by young, or comparatively young, men. Vesalius, Harvey, Hunter, Bichat, Laennec, Virchow, Lister, Koch-the green years were vet upon their heads when their epoch-making studies were made. To

The young

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modify an old saying, a man is sane morally at thirty, rich mentally at forty, wise spiritually at fifty-or never. men should be encouraged and afforded every possible chance to show what is in them. If there is one thing more than another upon which the professors of this university are to be congratulated, it is this very sympathy and fellowship with their junior associates, upon whom really in many departments, in mine certainly, has fallen the brunt of the work. And herein lies the chief value of the teacher who has passed his climacteric and is no longer a productive factor; he can play the man midwife, as Socrates did to Thesetetus, and determine whether the thoughts which the young men are bringing to the light are false idols or true and noble births.

“My second fixed idea is the uselessness of men above sixty years of age, and the incalculable benefit it would be in commercial, political and in professional life if, as a matter of course, men stopped work at this age. Donne tells us in his Biathanatos' that by the laws of certain wise states sexagenarii were precipitated from a bridge, and in Rome men of that age were not admitted to the suffrage, and they were called deponati because the way to the senate was per pontem, and they from age were not permitted to come hither. In that charming novel, the 'Fixed Period,' Anthony Trollope discusses the practical advantage in modern life of a return to this ancient usage, and the plot hinges upon the admirable scheme of a college into which at sixty men retired for a year of contemplation before a peaceful departure by chloroform. That incalculable benefits might follow such a scheme is apparent to anyone who, like myself, is nearing the limit, and who has made a careful study of the calamities which may befall men during the seventh and eighth decades.

“Still more when he contemplates the many evils which they perpetuate unconsciously and with impunity. As it can be maintained that all the great advances have come from men under forty, so the history of the world shows that a very large proportion of the evils may be traced to the sexagenarians-nearly all the great mistakes politically and socially, all of the worst poems, most of the bad pictures, a majority of the bad novels, not a few of the bad sermons and speeches. It is not to be denied that occasionally there is a sexagenarian whose mind, as Cicero re marks, stands out of reach of the body's decay. Such a one has learned the secret of Hermippus, that ancient Roman who, feeling that the silver cord was loosening, cut himself clear from all companions of his own age and betook himself to the company of young men, mingling with their games and studies, and so lived to the age of 153, puerorum halitu refocillatus et educatus. And there is truth in the story, since it is only those who live with the young who maintain a fresh outlook on the new problems of the world.

“ The teacher's life should have three periods—study until twenty-five, investigation until forty, profession until sixty, at which age I would have him retired on a double allowance. Whether Anthony Trollope's suggestion of a college and chloroform should be carried out or not, I have become a little dubious, as my own time is getting so short. (I may say, for the benefit of the public, that with a woman I would advise an entirely different plan, since after sixty her influence on her sex may be most helpful, particularly if aided by those charming accessories, a cap and a fichu.”)

MUCH ADO ABOUT NO1 HING.

The American favorite funny story is about the Englishman who cannot see a joke. The tomato story with “ They eat what they can and tin the rest” has circled the globe, and “What was the matter with the custard pie ” is equally famous. But now it is the Englishman's turn to laugh. We fancy that for some years to come no American on English soil can hear the word « chloroform” without feeling silly.

Americans may not know that with all their ability to see a joke, they are world famous for not being able to take a joke; and a more jovial joker, a more epigrammatic and witty member of society than Dr. Osler never made after-dinner speeches.

The furor that has been raised over his retiring speech at Johns Hopkins reminds one of the “Hobson's kiss” episode, and the “Dewey's house” business. It is on a par with the marvellous facility of the press to kindle a mighty flame from a very little matter, and it illustrates most delightfully our national tendency to take ourselves very seriously. We can ha ha at our neighbor's expense, but not at our ourselves.

Now, when Dr. Osler in his dry and genial manner wished modestly to indicate to his fellow-workers that he felt he had lived his best days with them, he facetiously quoted from Anthony Trollope's novel, the “Fixed Idea.” the scheme on which the plot hinges, of a college into which at sixty, men should retire for a year of contemplation before a peaceful departure by chloroform. He adds, pointing at himself, the barb which all the solemn readers of the daily news claim was hurled at their self-respeeting, selves, these words: “That incalculable benefits might follow such a scheme is apparent to any one who, like myself, is nearing the limit and who, like myself, had made a careful study of the calamities which may befall men during the seventh and eighth decade.”

IIe then adds, after recounting some of the well-known follies of the aged: “ The teacher's life should have three periods. Study until twenty-five, investigation until forty, profession until sixty, at which time he should be retired on a double allowance." The press missed this point.

To round up his playful allusion he says, with affected hesitation : " Whether Anthony Trollope's suggestion of a college and chloroform should be carried out I have become a little dubious, as my own time is getting too short."

Dr. Osler is taking with him to Oxford à curious epistolary collection, for he has been bombarded with letters, telegrams and articles from the senile and the presenile all over the country, stating in good set terms why they should not be chloroformed.

If Dr. Osler was to stay with us much longer we fear that he would have to take to heart the advice of John G. Saxe, who says:

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“Learn to wear a sober phiz,

Be stupid, if you can ;
It's such a very serious thing

To be a funny man.”
-Ed. New York Medical News, Mar. 4th, 1905.

THE VERNON HARCOURT INHALER.

BY DUDLEY W. BUXTON, M.D., B S., M.R.C.P.

Anesthetist to l'niversity College Hospital.

The following abstracts comprise the favorable experience Dr. D. B. Buxton has had with The Vernon Ilarcourt Inhaler, proving its general facility, the slight amount of struggling on the part of the patient, and rapid recovery after its use:

A. Woman, aged 50. Exploratory trephining. Patient alcoholic,, and induction prolonged and narcosis light (talking) ; 2 per cent, required for induction, 1 per cent. used during operation.

Malę, aged 15, removal of testicle. Induction .5 to 1 per cent., six minutes. Quiet narcosis maintained with .5 per cent.

Male, 19, for genu valgum. Induction .5 to 1 per cent. in six minutes, maintained at .5 mostly.

Elderly male, Kraske's oneration. Induction .5 to 1 per cent. for six minutes, then 2 per cent. Patient lying on his chest, anesthesia maintained 1 per cent. with occasionally 1.5 per cent. and 2 per cent., but owing to posture some leakage was probable around mask.

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