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There is their attempt to cause us, Quaker, or other unbaptized and the reformers, to be driven out of half-godless "poor deluded" creathe country, or to be put in chains tures; nay, let even the beastly or in dungeons. Soon after they atheist CARLILE, whose writings issued out this declaration, the the WHIGS now circulate against Power-of-Imprisonment Bill was me; let them read the following passed, and SIDMOUTH crammed paragraphs from the Cotton Lords the dungeons. How many victims," Gazette," published at ManGood God! suffered under those chester, on the 15th of this month; terrible laws, of which this base let them read these paragraphs; and lying "Declaration" was the and deny, if they can, that there chief fore-runner! The Decla- is a God, and a God of justice, ration of the scoundrel Merchants too! Let them, like the Devils, and Bankers of London was not read and tremble: and, as you issued until nineteen days after read, my friends, as you reformers the Declaration from the hell-hole, read, pray bear in mind all the Manchester. The former was in way, the conduct of these Cotton imitation of the latter: both equally Lords, in 1817. And, above all false, and equally deserving of things, bear in mind, that these God's judgments. The fellows who tools of corruption, these cruel drew up and signed these Decla- tyrants, wished to have us put in rations, knew that they were up- dungeons; harassed, chained, holding oppression and corrup- dragged from gaol to gaol; put tion; they knew that they were out of existence this way, or saupholding that which was the bred or trampled to death, because cause of infinite suffering to the we wanted a REFORM OF THE poor; they knew that; but, they PARLIAMENT; because we ashoped to fatten themselves, while cribed the distresses of the country the poor starved. They knew, as to the misconduct of the Govern well as anybody, that the re- ment; recollect this; bear this formers were sincere; they knew constantly in mind, while you are that they did not want to overturn reading the following descriptions the Government; nobody knew of the present suffering of these this better than they; and yet, same men. The judgment of God they could coolly and deliberately has fallen upon them; the cup of take part in putting forth lies and poison, which they had prepared false alarms, for the deliberate for us, is now returning to their purpose of paving the way for own lips; the mischier which they measures that would take away had invented for us, is now falling our lives, or shut us up in dun- on their own pates; into the pit geons. When I think of these which they dug for us, they are things, I can hardly refrain from now themselves falling. The folwishing to see the whole group lie lowing is the description of their before me, with horse-flesh or situation, which description is draff, half chewed in their mouths. taken from the MANCHESTer GaZETTE, their old sanguinary supporter; their loyal and bloodyminded newspaper; this description of their present state, is taken

However, vengeance does not belong to man. Vengeance belongs to God; and, let any of the mongrel deistical, Unitarian,

receive it is rewarded by that State becoming altogether independent of three paragraphs, as follows: supplies of goods from this country.

from that their own newspaper, of the 15th of this month of July, in

1. The alteration in the value of money (says the Manchester Gazette of Saturday), occasions a fall of prices; and the weaver who earned nine shillings a week is glad to earn six. With the nine shillings he could have obtained food equal in value to a quarter of wheat; but he finds, that as home-grown corn is scarce, and foreign is excluded from our markets, the alteration of the value of the currency, which 'has lowered this wages, has not lowered its price, so that he obtains for his week's wages not to the value of a quarter of wheat, but only to the value of two-thirds of a quarter. The manufacturer could sell the piece of shirting which the weaver has produced, to a foreign merchant, but unfortunately, the latter has nothing to give in exchange for it but corn, which the laws will not allow the former to receive. The piece of shirting remains on hand; the manufacturer is disappointed of his profits, and his money is locked up in unsaleable goods; and the weaver is dismissed, to starve, or to exist in a state not much removed from starvation, on a scanty allowance from the almost exhausted parish funds. In the mean time, the wheat which would have been exchanged for the surplus stock of the manufacturer, and would have enabled him to keep the weaver in employment, and which, thrown into competition with that which is raised in this country, would have enabled both the manufacturer and the weaver to have procured food at prices proportionate to their means;

that wheat is not allowed to be wasted. If we refuse to receive it, it is employed in rewarding the labour of a weaver in the land where it is grown.. Manufactures are thereby encouraged; the State soon thinks it worth while to protect them by imposing heavy duties on our goods, and ultimately our refusal to

2. Can then our manufacturers and those whom they employ, look on in sullen apathy while those execrable laws are at once raising the price of food, and limiting the number of their customers, and encou raging the growth of rival manufac tures in other lands? Will they contentedly allow the resumption of cash payments to bear exclusively on them, while the landed interest touch not the heavy burthens with the tip of their little finger? It is ridicu lous to expect that they will tamely submit to ruin and starvation while the remedy is obvious. It is ridiculous to suppose, that while means exist of giving a stimulus to their trade, and checking the growth of infant manufactures in other lands, and obtaining food at reasonable prices, they will submit to ruin and starvation. Hunger, even when not unjustly caused, will break through stone walls; then how much more energetic will it be, when it is occasioned by laws which are at variance with every principle of policy and justice, and every feeling of humanity? At the risk of being accused of exciting the commotions which God knows our greatest desire is to repress; at the risk of this accusation:


Are there not, we ask, to be seen, the not obscure tokens of that terrible convulsion at which the loftyminded and firm-nerved Lord Grey, could not glance, without something like expressions of horror? Go where

you will, enter into what promis- | measures of Government." I say cuous company you may, you are they are, too; and so I told them every where met with the all-em- in my first speech at Preston; ploying inquiries, what is to be done? but the haughty vagabonds at -how long are things to go on at Preston united against me; rethis rate? And it is high time that turned like a dog to his vomit; these questions should be taken up by our townsmen, not as individuals punished their poor weavers and merely, but as a body. Is a town spinners, because they voted for like this to go to ruin in silence? Are me; were guilty of misdemeanor the enterprising manufacturers and in the legal sense, and of tyranny merchants, who have so often been in the moral sense, in order to dethe theme of ministerial and parlia- prive the country of the use of mentary eulogium, to see themselves those talents and of that knowsinking, day after day, the victims, as they nearly all, Whig or Tory, ledge, the application of which, admit, of the measures of Government; even in the next Session of Parand are they to go from their palace-liament, might have saved themlike mansions almost to the work- selves. house, in unrepining, unremonstrating submission? Above all, are they to see themselves surrounded with an immense population, from whom nothing but CHEAP BREAD and LOW TAXES can avert all the thousand horrors and crimes which wait upon starvation, and not make an effort to turn the current which is

Oh! the whining, crying, baffled tyrants! What! Have they not enough to save them! Have they not the "BOROUGHREEVE AND CONSTABLES"; the famous “BoROUGHREEVE AND CONSTABLES," those "watchful keepers of the peace," as they call it? What!

hurrying this mighty mass to that" Go from their palace-like mandestruction which will involve the sions to the workhouse," while great and small, the rich and poor, they have LAVENDER and GRIMtogether? SHAW to protect them! God save us! Cannot the venerable GRIMThere, my boys! That is their SHAW and illustrious LAVENDER dismal story; and pray mind, save the Cotton Lords and Ladies how bold, how spirited, their mi- from the workhouse? Where, series have made them. What! then, let me ask, and indignantly are they, then, going from their I ask the question, where is HUL"Palace-like Mansions" to the TON of Hulton, Parson HAY, BolWorkhouse? Indeed! Why ton FLETCHER, and the Comthey told us that they enjoyed mander and commanded of the "many blessings" under the state Manchester Yeomanry Cavalry, of things that we wanted to change: of the 16th of August, 1819? many blessings they said they en-What! Cannot all these put tojoyed under it; and they wanted gether, and joined by Parson us to be dungeoned and chained, WHITTAKER, of Blackburn, keep and hanged and chopped to pieces, these delicate persons from the because we ascribed the distresses workhouse! Well, then, if it be of the people to the Government! come to this, their state is melanTheir Gazette now tells us, that choly, indeed. But, I return to they, whether Whig or Tory, call the charge: I cannot give it up themselves the "victims of the for the soul of me. What, again

I say, cannot the "authorities;" present punishment, they remind the thundering "authorities" of us of the former praise. They Manchester, of the Hell Hole, complain of their sufferings, and, cannot they save these Lords and by their folly, show the world that Ladies, these Lady Janes of the they deserve them. spindle; these Lord Charleses of They can now ask, "What is the loom; cannot they, cannot "to be done? What is to be the big "authorities," that these " done? How long are we to sufCotton Nobility have so often em"fer? Shall we suffer without ployed against us Reformers;" repining? shall we suffer in sicannot these "authorities" save "lence? shall we go down withthe noble race from the work-out remonstrating? shall not house! "the bread be made cheaper? In the third of the above para"shall not the taxes be made graphs, this infamous Manchester" lower?" We asked these quesnewspaper observes, that the Man- tions in 1817 and 1819, and these chester nobility have "often been very men called for dungeons "the theme of Ministerial and and chains, and axes and halters "Parliamentary eulogium." Yes, for us; and they were thanked the vagabonds, they have; they for chopping us down, and tramhave been the theme of the eulo- pling us under foot. gium of the Ministers and the Par- But, let us see what their comliament, and never so loudly were plaint against the Government they praised by the Ministers and amounts to. Their complaint, or the Parliament, as they were, rather their complaints, are these: when they chopped down poor and that the Government, by raising unarmed men, women, and chil- the value of money, has caused a dren, on the 16th August, 1819! fall of prices of goods, that, by And, God Almighty, how just art keeping a Corn Bill in force, it thou! Let the half-godless Uni- does not suffer food to fall in tarians, who circulated Carlile's price, in proportion to the fall in blasphemies at Preston, (first cut-goods; that, by preventing corn ting off his name, however,) let from being brought in, it takes these, half Jews and half Chris- away the means of foreigners from tians, look at the scene now before buying our goods; that, thus the us. Here are these Manchester manufacturing people are ruined; tyrants, at the very moment that that they are thus sacrificed for they are boasting of the praises the sole benefit of the owners of bestowed upon them for their the land. Now, Cotton Lords, hellish deeds, complaining of the this is all true; but it is not truer sufferings inflicted on them by than were our allegations against those who thus praise them! If this the Government in 1817 and be not signal justice, never was 1819. You say, my Lords, (who there signal justice in this world. are just going to the workhouse), The very same men that praised that these laws, about the corn, them for their deeds of the six-are at "variance with every printeenth of August, are now punish-ciple of policy and justice, and ing them; and, what is more, every feeling of humanity. All while they are complaining of the true, my Lords. Every word of it




true; but, when in another place, single straw, whether you take you call these "execrable laws," my advice or not; whether your I am not bold enough to follow sufferings end in three months you; seeing that that Parliament, time, or last for seven years. under which you enjoyed so Snakes, adders, toads, snails, "many blessings," might lay me slugs, earwigs, any beast or repby the heels, in the first place; tile is as much an object of my and, secondly, might banish me regard as you are. You saw the for life. I cannot, like you, call people chopped down and tramthese "execrable laws;" but, pled under foot on the 16th of with the exception of your si August; you saw the perpetralence with regard to the reduction tors thanked by Sidmouth; you of establishments and of interest saw Parson HAY get a great livof debt, I cordially agree with ing soon after that. If you did you, as to this question of corn; not approve of all this, you were though, I must confess, that I am silent under it all. You can now almost frightened by the close of cry out, for yourselves; but not your second paragraph, where even whisper did you utter for you declare," that, unless the the injured Reformers. There"corn laws be repealed, and that, fore, I have no sort of compassion "at no distant period, the poor for you: I do not care what be"will TAKE THE FOOD, comes of you, or of your families: "which they cannot, by other there are, doubtless, many excep “means, obtain; that it is use- tions, and I know of a few; but "less to blink the question; for in speaking of you, I must speak "that the people of England will of the mass; and that mass has "not starve." done more to uphold this MinisThis is bold work, indeed, my try, and this Parliament; it has Lords! To say that the people done more than all the rest of the will take the food, "unless the nation put together in upholding corn laws be repealed," is pretty them, in the commission of that bold. Are you not afraid of LA-series of deeds, which have, at VENDER and GRIMSHAW, and of last, produced the very measures, Parsons HAY and WHITTAKER, by which you, this great mass of and of HULTON of Hulton, and rich men, have been ruined. Bolton FLETCHER? Do not get Therefore, again I say, I do into a passion, my Lords. Keep not care what becomes of you; yourselves a little cool: keep, if but, I will tell you what to do, if you can, under the eighty-four you have the spirit to do any degrees. Do not cry out too thing to preserve you from your loudly, just yet; for you have present misery, and your greater hardly, as yet, begun to taste of danger. You' complain of the your sorrows. I said, at the out- Corn Laws; of the "execrable” set of this letter, that I would give Corn Laws. Very well, now; you, my Lords of the spindle, a doubtless this is one cause of your little wholesome advice, and I am ruin; and if the present state of now about to keep my word. Be- the currency remain, and these fore you proceed further, you will Corn Laws be not removed, one observe, that I do not care one of your great Hells upon earth,

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