Page images

does, see clearly, that Reform
would leave him no seat to traf-
fic in!
.. Yet, good



the Catholic cause. The answer 66 of Burdett, given in my presence," was this: If you Catholics will" join us heartily in the cause of God! can any real change in the "REFORM, you may get your "affairs of the Catholics be ex"" rights, for, if we succeed, we" pected, without such events as "shall all get our rights; but, if" would demolish the whole of that you persist in your own selfish" infamous traffic? For my own




object, nobody here will assist " part, if a French army were at you; and, indeed, we reformers" Shooter's-hill, I would say, give "cannot wish you success; for us a constitutional reform, be"that success would place the "fore I march.” "Catholic Aristocracy, and, in- Oh! no. I am, as I always have "deed, all of you, amongst our been, for the " emancipation" of "enemies." This was said to us all at once; and this is the way, Mr. Hay in my presence, and too, in which the thing will and never was there any thing more must come. The Catholic Arisjust. What was just and true in tocracy and Lawyers do not want 1812, is just and true now; and this. They want to get a share of this opinion has been greatly the good things: they want to be strengthened by the recent con- in place: and, once more rememduct of the Catholic Aristocracy ber, that they wanted to get into and leaders, who would, as we place by selling the franchises of all well know, have disfranchised all the poor Catholics; and that, even their own poor freeholders; in order to justify their conduct, who would have actually sold the they, in imitation of our boroughrights of half a million of Catho-mongers and their tools, said, and lics, for the sake of getting seats even took their oaths, that these and silk gowns for themselves! poor Catholics were the basest The middle and working class of wretches on earth, though they Catholics, and the Priests in ge- have now discovered, that they are neral, are reformers, as the Pro- such excellently good fellows, that testants, in the same state of life, they ought to give rise to an ora all are; but, the Aristocracy and der of knighthood!" To conthe Lawyers are, perhaps, the very clude, let our decision be-" rebitterest of all the foes of reform. form and emancipation; but, not They know well, that reform would the latter without the former. take away all the sources of plun- Wish, however, as we may, this der; that it would give the middle is what will be. There ought not and working classes a fair chance; to be, but, be that as it may, there and, therefore, they abhor the idea never will be "emancipation" of it. until there be reform.


In the Register of 30th October, 1824, I said, "The Catholic seat-jobber would, coming from "Mass, see the whole Irish people

In the meanwhile we may amuse ourselves with observing the capers that the " emancipating" lawyers are cutting in poor, unfortunate


drop dead before him with hun-Ireland, which seems to be the

[ocr errors]

almost willing dupe even of fools;

ger, or disease, rather than give "up a seat; and he must, and as for example.

[blocks in formation]

It is intended to have the solemn installation of "The Order of Liberators "take place on Monday, the 14th of August, at Waterford. The statutes of the Order will then be passed and published. The medal is in prepara

tion. The ribbon of the Order is to be

of precisely the same colour with that of the Friendly Brothers.

20th July, 1826.

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors]

DISTRESS Seems to prevail in every part of the Kingdom. The Irish papers tell us, that it is producing death from starvation in IRELAND. Indeed, the situation of the poor creatures in that country is the most deplorable that can possibly be imagined. Not a few of them are actually stark naked. In SCOTLAND, of which we have heard

Here is a day fixed in the plenitude of absolute authority for the meeting of a province! The day being fixed, "Gentlemen" are invited, by public advertisement, to send in their adhesion to give their direct hardly any thing till of late, the sanction to that super-eminent piece distress seems to be deplorable of mummery, the new order of indeed. There have been some Knighthood, and its ludicrous para-proceedings in SCOTLAND, phernalia of Grand Crosses!!

The meeting is ordered to assemble which are very well worthy of atin Waterford. The reader will anti- tention. I will first insert from cipate that the respectable Catholics the Glasgow Chronicle of the of that county, whose noble disin- 20th of July, a description of the terestedness, whose splendid acts state of the people in that part of have amply compensated for the SCOTLAND. It is truly horrithousand "black and grained spots" ble; but it is just such as was which stain the wordy annals of our

pseudo patriots, must have been con-naturally to be expected: it is sulted. It was due to the Catholics the natural fruit of a Ministry so of each county that they should be composed, and of a Parliament so consulted, even though it were only constituted!

The state of the population of the out-put of the small note currency. suburbs of this city is at present It has been discovered that some alike calculated to excite sympathy empty houses have been taken posand alarm. In every quarter the session of, and are at present inhasymptoms of misery are visible-the bited by indigent families, without emaciated countenances and dejected the sanction of the landlord being appearances of the numerous human asked. A number of public works beings that are to be encountered that employed from 200 to 400 hands during a casual walk through the each, have been shut up for four extensive and crowded suburbs of months, and the condition of those Glasgow, sufficiently denote what a that were employed in them may be small portion of the necessaries of easily imagined. Some have been life fall to the share of the mechanic. forced to the hand-loom, and can It is a fact, that in some of the recent scarcely earn a few shillings a week. surveys made among a population of Others were employed in the green, 25,000, scarcely one of the working or breaking stones, and it was a sinclasses were found to have a comfort-gular contrast to find workmen, who able meal at dinner. Numbers ap- had been making 30s. and 21. a week peared to have nothing to subsist upon, in print - fields and cotton works, while others were purtaking of the during the heyday of the specula coarsest fare, such as pease-meal tions, glad to get work at 1s. a-day. brose only. Some few mecha- The cloth, shoe, and other clubs in nics, such as carpenters, saw this vicinity, to which the working yers, &c., had beef at dinner. The population generally resorted in houses presented a most dismal proof order to obtain their raiment on payof poverty-houses rented at 41. 10s. ment of a certain sum a week, are had not 4s. 6d. of furniture within the now mostly dissolved, the collectors walls-the inmates' beds were composed finding it impossible to gather money, of straw, without any adequate cloth- and afraid to grant credit. One coling, and if the distress reach winter lector in the suburbs, that would without material alteration, many will have drawn 407. in the week, and probably perish under the rigour of had credit with his merchant to the the season. The landlords are severe amount of 500l., was obliged to give sufferers, having lost nearly all their up the business, and cannot collect last half-year's rents; and they may one shilling for every pound owing. now be said to be proprietors of the There is a striking diminution in the majority of hand-looms in this vici- quantity of apparel which the females nity. Many six-loom shops are employed in the public works forwholly unoccupied in the hands of merly required. Numbers of dressthe landlord from this cause. An makers, that supported themselves uncommon number of widows and from this source, having had scarcely single women are to be found inha- anything to do during the last six biting the suburbs, the rents being months. Private charity has, no cheaper, and the public burdens doubt, done much during the last lighter, and the manufacturing works few months to mitigate the appalling being carried on in the immediate misery that prevails; but it is obvious vicinity. These females are at pre- that it is far too extensive and deeply sent in a very miserable condition rooted, and the resources of every from the stagnation of trade. There man of business too much dimiwill be a heavy deficiency in the nished, to expect any further stretch local assessments. Hardly any pub- of effective liberality. Government lic works have been erected this alone possess the means, and to them do year, and very few private houses; the starving population look for relief those finished this season being prin- till trade revives. cipally contracted for during the active


[ocr errors][merged small]

Before I go further, let me remind Doctor BLACK of his repeated philippics against the poor laws, and of his repeated assertions, that the distresses of the labouring people of England arose from those poor laws. Let the Doctor look at the above picture; and then let him recollect that the Scotch are not afflicted with the English poor laws. With poor laws the poor may suffer; but, without them, they must starve, or, must take food by force; in consequence of this state of suffering in Scotland, there has been a meeting of the county of Renfrew. I shall give an account of this meeting, as I find it published in the above mentioned Scotch paper. This account is as follows. The reader will please to mark the language

Provost Farquharson stated that Edinburgh ladies had sent 2001, which was on hand, besides the sum mentioned by Mr. Campbell.

Mr. Campbell said he had communicated every week with Mr. Peel, Secretary of State, for the home department, and his firm belief was that it was not the intention of His Ma

of the speakers upon this occa-jesty's Ministers to give any Govern ment grant; and if they were forced to it, it would be the last shift. He then read a letter from Lord Glas

sion. The Scotch are apt to be very prudent upon such occasions; but their prudence seems here to have given way to their anger. It will be seen that their main object seems to be to get a grant out of the public money. But we shall have more to say upon this by and by. Let us first see an account of the meet

ing; for it is a most important


the county, was unanimously called
to the Chair. He briefly stated the
object of the meeting, and said that

the fund for the relief of the un-
employed amounted at that time to
1,671., while the expenditure was
about 500l. a-week. He was sorry
to say, that the distress was still on
the increase, and during the last
week, there had been no less than
96 new applicants added to the num-
ber supported by the fund.
lowest allowance was 5s., and the
average ran 7s. a-week.

Colonel More stated that he had

had seventy people employed on his estate for cleven weeks.


Mr. Campbell, Lord Lieutenant of

gow, which stated his Lordship's regret, that he could not attend the meeting; but authorized Mr. Campbell to put down his Lordship's name for 100l., which Mr. Campbell immediately paid. Several other names were put down for considerable sums.

considering the long continued disMr. Spiers, of Elderslie, said, that

tress of the country was evidently becoming worse, he was fully of opinion that nothing but a Government grant could be the means of restoring the country to its former state. His proposition was, that a full detail of the sufferings of the manufacturing classes should be laid at the feet of His Majesty's Government. If they conceded such a grant, it would be for the good of the country. If they withheld it, they did so at their peril, and they must abide the consequences.

Sir John Maxwell approved of the proposition of Mr. Spiers.

Sir W. M. Napier also concurred [ want may be averted by the interposi in what had fallen from Mr. Spiers, tion of the executive Government. and hoped the proposal would be carried.

4th. That a Committee be appoint ed to carry the intentions of the fore going resolutions into effect, and to co-operate with other Committees appointed for similar objects in Lanarkshire, or the neighbouring counties.

The Lord Lieutenant again stated that he had a regular communication with the Government on the state of the country, and he did not doubt that if the case was taken into consideration, and Mr. Canning saw no other remedy, a Government grant would be given.

Mr. Wallace, of Kelly, considered it absolutely necessary for Government to grant a sum of money to alleviate the distress, because there was no prospect of its speedy ter-men mination, and as the people of Largs, and the other towns in the district where he resided, were nearly in as bad a state as those here, the subscriptions of himself and many

are capable of when once their backs are well set up; or, rather, when once their purses and bellies are well squeezed. The whole of this petition is well

Several other gentlemen spoke to

the same effect.

others, which had been hitherto ap-worthy of the greatest attention, propriated to the relief of Paisley, and particularly that of the readwould in future be required to relieve ers of the Register. I do be their own neighbours. seech those readers to attend to every word of this petition. Here is matter of exultation for me! Here are the Noblemen and Gentlemen of a Scotch county, repeating, like school-boys, all my doctrines and assertions.

Mr. Marwell said he felt it to be his duty to do all he could for the mitigation of the present distress. This is a public duty to which every private feeling must give way. He had had a regular communication with those who had access to His Majesty's Government, and he believed that Mr. Canning would very probably accede to the proposition, and give a Government grant. He had prepared a few resolutions, which he begged leave to submit for the consideration of the meeting.

1st. That the privations of the working classes continue, and the funds for affording them adequate and necessary relief in the county are exhausted.

2d. That their situation demands the most serious consideration of the nation, and of His Majesty's Council.

3d. That it is expedient that every measure be resorted to for making the case completely known, and exciting the sympathy of the public, in order that the consequences of

These resolutions were finally passed unanimously. But, before they were passed a Mr. WALLACE proposed a Petition to the King, which petition I shall now insert, as a specimen of what Scotch

To the King's Most Excellent Majesty.

1. We, the Noblemen, Freeholders, &c., of the County of Renfrew, have this day met, being convened by the Lord Lieutenant and Sheriff of the County, for the purpose of taking into consideration the best means of ob taining employment for the operatives. Resolved, that we have viewed with unfeigned sorrow the train of bankruptcy and ruin that has so generally spread over the country; and the no less distressing condition in which the operative manufacturers have been placed, to whom we give every commendation for their orderly behaviour and manly comportment, which has merited and obtained our approbation, and along with it our sincere sympathy. Such patient en

« PreviousContinue »