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mitous state of this country to the causes it is the tact of our Govern ment to ascribe it to. It might rest assured of our bearing too well in mind our recent misery, to allow of our being the sole cause of that now existing.
10. That admitting the accusation were well founded, of our gambling and dealing in delusive schemes, we can easily trace its adoption by the public to the evil example set them by the daily acts of our Government, who have trafficked with the public securities until they have mortgaged them for eight hundred millions of debt, while the delusion of the sinking fund is in constant practice.
11. That we deprecate as unbecoming of statesmen to deal out such injurious allegations as above alluded to; and we beseech His Majesty's advisers to lay such aside,and manfully come forward to meet the eventful crisis, by measures calculated to restore confidence, and consequent employment to the people.
5. That various causes have, from time to time, been assigned for these terrible visitations:-Too high prices for the produce of land; overtrading;
12. That the chief and foremost interest in the State, the Agricultural, being about once more to be re
too great an extent of manufactur-gulated so as to encourage trade, and ing; and an over issue of paper- foster every branch of manufacture, money, are among the reasons now we, who are landholders, readily adset forth by His Majesty's advisers, mit that the attainment of so desiand their adherents, as the origin of rable an object obtains our entire our present distress. acquiescence, although we shall not conceal our knowledge of such being certain to diminish our incomes and the value of our property.
6. That these may in part be to blame, we shall not deny; but we positively assert that they are not the main cause.
7. That no nation can be in a healthful or thriving condition which does not supply its labouring population with regular work, and at a rate of wages sufficient to give them a certain and wholesome subsistence.
13. That we shall consent thereto, accompanied by the just demand of obtaining a corresponding reduction of taxation, which must either undergo a great diminution, or increase to an insupportable pitch the difficulties under which we have so long suffered.
14. That the recent changes, or those now in progress, in regard to our foreign trade, we look to with intense anxiety. We wish them the fullest success, but can see no good grounds to hope for it, unless our whole taxation he modified and re
9. That it is a gross and palpable
error to attribute the present cala-stricted; and while we express our
durance is ever to be expected from those who are happily possessed of useful education, enabling them thereby to discover that no other course could benefit their condition, We cannot, however, in justice to the public and ourselves, conceal the fact of our not being able to discover a brighter prospect being near at hand, but rather cause to fear that a similar calamity may now, as "formerly, overtake all classes of our labouring population, because it must be admitted by all, that this country at present is suffering under severe and general pressure.
S. That within the short period of ten years, we have now to deplore, for the third time, a similar visitation.
4. That during these the Agricultural, Commercial, and Manufacturing interests, were reduced to a very low ebb, and then suffered, as they now are doing, great privations and incalculable loss.
8. That while our labouring classes, on an average of years, have not been anything like fully employed, those possessing capital or credit cannot justly be accused of doing a national injury by its investment in the produce of their toil.
hopes, we cannot but couple them with remarking, that, up to this time, no practical good has accrued, nor has the new system as yet obtained the approbation of many practical
15. That our taxation is unequal, injurious, impolitic, invidious, unconstitutional and overwhelming.
noblemen, &c., being landholders, merchants, manufacturers, bankers, ship-owners, or otherwise engaged in similar pursuits, have, with deep regret, to declare our inability to continue to support the unemployed artisans and labourers.
That we hold it to be a paramount duty in those at the helm of the state to take especial care to govern it so as to ensure to the whole popu lation their proper share of security and comfort.
19. That we trust, therefore, that these our well-grounded remonstrances shall meet with earnest con
16. Unequal, because it has been so constructed as to fall lightly on the dealers in Government and other public securities;-injurious, because it has already, and is daily, forcing persons of every rank and calling to be deprived of many comforts, or to seck relief from its baneful influ-sideration, and that we shall not be ences, by absence from their home trifled with in having the long hackneyor their country;-impolitic, because ed specifics of patience and time thrust it brings the cheapness of every com- on our view:-these we know the imfort in revolutionised France and America into constant comparison with our condition, and thereby arrays against the Government the great mass of the people, who are now-adays too well informed not to see plainly through the once impervious but now flimsy veil which is thrown around our enormous indirect taxa. tion;-invidious, because it places the consumers of taxes in ease, se curity and comfort, when compared with the toils, and cares, and anxieties of those on whose abilities, activity we humbly, but earnestly, beseech and industry, they have the good for-you, Sire, immediately to assemble une placidly to repose;-unconsti- the Parliament, and to direct their tutional, because it is measured, not first and best attention to the woful by the scale of what the nation can condition of the country-to the lastpay, and thrive under, but by that ing and fatal effects of such terrible which the Chancellor of the Exche visitations-to the absolute necessity
port and the use of, and do not doubt
ment of sums lavishly expended in
quer chooses to demand for the pay-of a great reduction of the existing taxation-the providing for the effects of Mr. Peel's bill of 1819-the refraining from any kind of public expense-the adoption of an uncompromising line of policy, and general retrenchinent, calculated to restore confidence, give present relief, and the prospect of a gradual return to
That under its pressure, and a want of all profitable return, we, the
I have numbered the paragraphs of this petition, that I may refer to them the more easily if necessary. I request the reader
to look at paragraph 16. In fairly set forth, by a newspaper that paragraph a reduction of the called the Blackburn mail, which interest of the debt is clearly gives a very detailed account of pointed out; and then, recollect, the manner in which the London that this petition was received with subscriptions have been made use loud cheering. It is a great pity of in a neighbouring parish, to that Daddy COKE and BETTY SUPPLY THE PLACE OF HARBOURD were not at the Pais- POOR-RATES. For instance, ley Meeting to abuse these Lords a poor family, who are receiving and Gentlemen, and to call them six shillings a week out of the "Swindlers" and Rogues." poor-rates, have two shillings a These hole-and-corner gentry week given them out of the Lonwill be taught better than this be- don subscription, and thereupon fore next winter is over. the overseer deducts two shillings a week from the parish allowance! Bravo, overseer!
But, since we see that the main object of this Renfrewshire meeting is, to get a grant out of the taxes, let me again remind Doctor BLACK, that such grant never could have been asked for, if there had been a regular system of poor-rates. But, what justice is there in taxing all the people in England, in order to relieve the distresses in Scotland; and, indeed, what justice is there in taxing the people in Scotland, in order to send relief to the people in Ireland? Yet, in every case, it is as just to do this, as it is to relieve any part of the Eng- Lancashire," says he, " has had lish out of the taxes. The fact the honour of being the county, is, the real truth is, that the mo- "where the sum raised for the ney thus granted is not given to poor, amounted to the lowest the poor, but TO THE LAND- "rate per head, on the populaOWNERS, whose land, in Eng-"tion of any county in the kingland, is compelled by law to" dom. And we would much maintain the poor, and whose" rather that an extraordinary land ought to be compelled to "difficulty should be met by an maintain them in Scotland and in" extraordinary and temporary Ireland. "remedy, than that those feelings
But, how is any man in his senses to believe that this will not be the case? Indeed, it is downright nonsense to expect the contrary. Precious nonsense is it, therefore, to call it a charity to send money into the distressed districts of Lancashire. It is sending money to give to the rich, and not to give to the poor; and yet that stupid creature who conducts a lump of dulness, called the Manchester Guardian, cries aloud for relief, out of the public funds,
Just the same may be said" of independence, which have with regard to the subscriptions, "stood in the way of numerous raised in one part of the king-" and frequent applications for dom to be sent to another part of " parochial relief, should be it. This matter is most fully il-"broken down, and an extensive Iustrated by the conduct of the pauperizing of the population Parish Officers in Lancashire," take place." which conduct has been pretty A pretty" honour," indeed, to
have been able to pinch the poor cashire make a general call upon
harder than any other county. them. What impudent ruffians In another place, he says, that he these must be. They call upon is " decidedly convinced, that a the whole of the people of the "contribution from the public country to do that which the law "funds, is less objectionable than commands them to do themselves! assessments in aid, sufficient for Only observe, pray observe the "the relief of the poor." Yes, extent and audacity of their iniless objectionable to him, who quity. They derive enormously ought to pay his full share of the high rents from the great populapoor rates at Manchester, until tion which great manufactures the poor be sufficiently relieved; have caused to settle upon their but not less objectionable to us of land; the great numbers of peothe rest of the country, who main-ple which the manufactures have tain our own poor. What! am I, brought upon and round their esfor instance, who pay my full tates, have raised their rents five, share towards supporting the poor, six, or ten fold. They have been in this village of Kensington, and amassing wealth, and rolling in also, in the parish of St. Dun- luxury, at the same time, in constan's in the west, in the city of sequence of these enormous rents; London; am I, who thus pay my and now, at last, when these poor share towards the support of the people, out of whose earnings they poor in two parishes, to be have grown so rich; when these TAXED TO HELP KEEP poor people, obeying the voice of THE POOR AT MANCHES- the law, come to them for relief, TER? Yes, I would let this they bid them go to the national be with all my heart: I would taxes and not to come to their cheerfully give to the poor of lands, of which taxes these poor Manchester as much as I give to people themselves pay a part! the poor of both these parishes; Bad as this is, it is not the worst; but, I should know very well that for, while the land-owners are what I sent to Manchester, would calling upon the nation in general be given, not to the poor, but to the to relieve the poor, instead of relay-payers; that is to say, those lieving them themselves, as they who have to pay the poor-rates; are bound to do, by law; while and part of what I sent would, of they are doing this, they, themcourse, be given to this dirty and selves are causing a great part of conceited fellow, TAYLOR, the the poverty and misery, by their editor of this lump of dulness cruel and insulting TAX UPON called the "Guardian." BREAD. What! Lay a tax upon bread, in order to put money into their own pockets; and then call upon the nation at large to maintain the poor out of the taxes!
If the Ministers were to lend themselves to the perpetrating of an act of injustice like this, they would deserve the severest punish
The Ministers must see this matter in its true light. They are called upon by these noblemen and gentlemen of Renfrewshire; that is to say, by the land-owners of Renfrewshire, to maintain the poor of that county out of the general taxes of the country. The land-owners of Lan
ment that the law has provided for the highest of criminals. It would be nothing short of a bribe to these grasping and merciless men. If they make a grant to the people in Lancashire, they must do the same with regard to Scotland, to Yorkshire, to Warwickshire, to Norfolk, and, above all things, to Ireland. The Editor of the Glasgow Chronicle has the following remarks upon this subject.
At the Meeting of the County of Renfrew, held on Thursday at Paisley, to consider the means of employing the suffering workmen, it was unanimously resolved, on the motion of Mr. MAXWELL, that in order to avert the pressure of want, the interposition of Government was necessary. This judicious measure on the part of so intelligent a county as Renfrew will, we hope, shake the resolution of Ministers; and if it be properly followed up by the other manufacturing districts, there is little doubt that a sum commensurate with the exigency will be afforded by Government. Meanwhile we repeat,
our advice that the workmen themselves should petition the King, giving a true account of their destitution, and praying for a Government grunt.
So! you see, they are very hot upon getting this grant of money! They want the workmen "themselves, to petition the King." Ah! Do I, too, want the workmen to petition the King! But not to get the King to cause themselves to be taxed in order to save the pockets of the Landlords. I want them to petition for Reform of the Parliament! That is the subject for the workmen to petition upon. Aye! I, too, wish the workmen themselves to "give the King a true account of their destitution." Indeed I do wish that they would give him such an ac
count; tell him of all the taxes that they have to pay, and of all the Offices, Salaries, Pensions, Sinecures, Grants and glorious jobs for which they have to pay. And I believe, if the working men were to set about such an account, those that set them on to do it, would try to stop their mouths before they had half done.
In conclusion of this article, I must repeat, that I do not believe that the Ministers will enter upon such a course of injustice and of folly, as that of granting relief out of the taxes.
SURELY MY EYES DECEIVE ME! .
I take the following from the Morning Chronicle of the second of August. It will make the reader stare, as it has me.
The Requisition for the Town's Meeting, in Manchester, is already signed by upwards of a hundred highly respectable names. Should the Boroughreeve decline to call the Meeting, other measures will be adopted in convening it. Every sensible man feels that no time can, with safety, be lost in promulgating a knowledge of the state of the district, and making a formal and solemn appeal to Govern ment for relief."
What! a solemn appeal to the Government! Indeed! Can such steps be necessary to a town that has the benignant protection of LAVENDER, the late London thieftaker! Surely they joke! There can be nothing the matter of a town that has a Boroughreeve and Constables," so vigilant as to have horse, foot, and artillery