Page images


Norwich Castle Meadow, Aug. 26.-Our supply of Cattle for slaughter to this day's market, consisted of only two small lots, about three-parts fat; prices 7s. 6d. per stone of 14lbs. sinking offal. The supply of Store Stock was good; what few Scots were sold were about 4s. per stone when fat, those quite forward to 5s. Short Horns, 3s. to 4s. Cows and Calves and Homebreds, a very flat sale. Of Sheep far from brisk. Shearlings sold from 25s. to 28s. ; fat ones to 40s. Lambs from 12s. to 17s. each. Pigs rather brisker, fat ones to 7s. per stone.

Manchester, Aug. 23.-We had a fair supply of Irish Cattle to-day, which sold heavily at rather lower prices. There were also some small Scotch Heifers shown, which being of prime quality, very readily obtained our highest currency. Sheep and Lambs, although rather plentiful, were all taken off at our quotations.-Beef, 44d. to 54d.; Mutton, 4žd. to 5žd.; Lamb, 3d. to 5d.; Veal, 5d. to 6§d.; and Pork, sd. to 5d. per pound, sinking offal.



AVERAGE PRICE OF CORN, sold in the Maritime Counties of England and Wales, for the Week ended August 19, 1826.

Wheat. Barley. Outs.




















S. d.
S d.
.59 8....31 7....29 6
.58 2. ..29 6. ..27 6
.58 3....31 8... 28 10
.56 4. ..38 0... 25 9
.31 10... 26 8
0 0....25 8
.29 8....27 7
53 7.. .32 1. .24 0
54 4. 0 0. 23 3
.56 10.... 0 0....33 4

.52 2.

.50 9.


....29 1


...33 2

0. .35 9

0. .30 3

[ocr errors]


0....27 7 3....34


3. .26 6

0 0....31 2

.59 9....33 10....29 7
.62 6....37 9....32 1
.65 0....35 3. .28 10
.55 0....30 8. .28 8
.62 5....41 6....28 10
...59 8....34 4....27 9

North Wales

South Wales ...
* The London Average is always that of the Week preceding.

.64 8. 41
61 4.


61 1.


.57 3..

..57 9.





VOL. 59. No. 11.] LONDON, SATURDAY, SEPT. 9, 1826.(Price 6d.

For Hor

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]


Burghclere, 22d August, 1826. AFTER again observing, that I use the word " Sir," as applied to you, merely for form's sake; after repeating that I call you "Sir," saving my right to call you what I please besides; after

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

"But they [the Boroughmongers] have now an enemy to deal with, "whom they will never subdue: that is, the DEBT, which, of course, is our true friend. The wars against America and France, the chief "object of both of which was to prevent a reform of parliament, could not "be carried on without loans, or without giving up the offices, pensions," "sinecures, grants and other emoluments; and (mark well) to be able to


retain these was the object in preventing reform. Yet, it was impossible <to raise money enough in taxes to continue these emoluments and to carry on the wars too. Hence the Debt, the Funds, the Paper-money, "and those rivals of the Borough Gentlemen, the Fundholders. This is "a serious business for the high-blooded order; for either they must give 66 up their emoluments and their estates into the bargain, or the Fundholders "must go unpaid, in part at least. This is the real state of the thing at "this moment. The Borough System approaches its crisis. Have "patience, my worthy countrymen; only a little patience, and you will "see that these borrowers and these lenders will, at last, do like most "other borrowers and lenders; that is to say, come to an open quarrel, "after having long cursed each other in their hearts. THAT WILL BE "THE DAY FOR THE PEOPLE; and, in anxious expectation of that "day, I remain most sincerely your friend, WM. COBBETT."-Register, dated Long Island, 4th July, 1817, Vol. 32. p. 704.


[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]


On his Pamphlet, entitled "CORN AND CURRENCY;" which Pamphlet is addressed to the "LAND-OWNERS," and which Pamphlet contains a proposition for (in fact) robbing the whole Nation, and the Fundholders in particular, for the purpose of upholding the Aristocracy and the Established Clergy.


this, I proceed, as I proposed, at the close of my last Letter, to take a view of THE MEANS, which you point out to the LANDOWNERS for what you call preserving their estates and " holding their rank and dignity." X


Printed and Published by WILLIAM COBBETT, No. 183, Fleet-street.



These means consist of a dou- and more profligate than ever beble-handed robbery; that is, a fore came from the pen of man. tax on bread and a reduction of "The course, therefore, to be the fundholder's interest, and both" adopted by them [the Landat one and the same time! We "owners] is to consent to a revihave heard of, and we have wit-"sion of the Corn-Laws, to connessed, a great deal of Aristocra-"sent to free importation with a tical insolence before now; but,"moderate protecting duty [15s. never, I verily believe, have we, a quarter for wheat, as stated until this day, heard of insolence" in page 96] but to force also at equal to this. Saucy, impudent," the same time a revision of all proud, inflated, empty, conceited" other monopolies, and to carry coxcombs enough have we seen a reduction of taxes to a very amongst the "high-blooded" folks; " large amount. The sinkingbut, it remained for the descendant" fund of five millions annually of the "Earls of Monteith" and " is, in the first place, available; of "John with the bright sword"" and then, inasmuch as I have to be guilty of insolence at once" proved, that Mr. Peel's Bill, in so disgusting and so provoking, as" full operation, will be a bonus to make the stomach heave at you, "to the annuitant of more than while the foot instinctively moves" 30 per cent., I strenuously and upwards towards that part of your" boldly contend, both for the body best calculated to receive its" equity and the necessity of imblows; and, I'm the greatest" posing a direct tax to a conrogue that ever lived, if I do not "siderable amount on all annuifeel the toes of my right foot itch" ties charged on land, or payable while I write. What! tax the" from the Exchequer." bread of us all, and reduce the The ordinary reader will interest of the debt too! Where scarcely believe his eyes when he is the honest hand, which, at the sees this; but when he once gets bare sound of the words, does not well acquainted with the descendstretch itself out to get hold of a ants of the "Earls of Monteith"; broom-stick or a cowkin! If your when once he gets amongst these pamphlet could be read in an a little while, and has heard them age or two hence, the readers for a reasonable space bragging would certainly believe, that there about "John with a bright sword," were, in your time, no hedge- there is very little in this way that rows, or coppices, to grow sticks, will surprise him. The above and that people had no use of must, however, be understood by their fists or feet. What! tax the reader. It means, that “all our bread and reduce the interest annuities charged on land" are to of the debt too; and do this be reduced, at the same time that avowedly, for the purpose of pre- the interest on the national debt serving the dignity of the Aris is reduced; that is to say, all renttocracy and the Clergy! How-charges, all allowances, all marever, let us now take your own riage-settlements, all jointures, words, lest the public should sup- and all mortgages! Here is a pose, as it well might, that I have pretty piece of robbery; for, obmisrepresented you. Your pro- serve, rents are not to be reduced; position is, then, in the following leases are to be binding upon words. Horrid words they are; the poor tenant; and, all debts

[ocr errors]

due to landlords, whether of com- |" stipulated."-So that this would mon contract, bond, note or bill, be something as nearly allied as are all to be paid in full. To il-possible to highway robbery. You lustrate this monstrous piece of say, "an equitable adjustment of Aristocratical infamy, suppose "contracts must be admitted to be Sir GRIPE JOLTERHEAD to be a" impossible." Must it, indeed ? land-owner; suppose Farmer It would puzzle you, I believe, to Stump, who is a warm fellow, to give any reason for the impossirent a farm of Sir Gripe; suppose bility, except that such an adjust*Stump's lease to bind him for ten ment would not permit the landyears to come to give 5007. a-year owners to rob the rest of the comfor his farm; suppose him to have munity. Why is it impossible to a mortgage on Sir Gripe's estate reduce the rent stipulated for of to the amount of ten thousand the lease of a farm, any more pounds, at five per cent. interest, than it is impossible to reduce the which interest would, of course, interest on a mortgage on that amount to 5001 a-year. Now same farm? Why not reduce this would take from STUMP, 500l. the leases of tithes, as well as rea-year, and would give him 5007. duce the mortgages on tithes? a-year; but, what would be his And why, pray, are not annuities, situation if your infamous propo- which are payable by insurancesition were adopted? Why, you offices, or payable out of any would take thirty per-cent. out of trade, or mercantile establishhis interest on the mortgage, and ment; why are not these annuiyou would still make him pay the ties to be reduced as well as anfull nominal amount of his rent! nuities payable out of lands? But, So that he would still have to pay above all things, tell me, thou 5001. a-year, and receive only son of the bright sword, why an3501.! Monstrous iniquity! nuities payable out of rent are to be reduced, and why the rent itself is to remain unreduced!

But, it may be said, that STUMP, in his capacity of mortgagee, may take in his mortgage. This cannot In short, the injustice is too be the case with the owner of the monstrous to be dwelt upon with rent-charge, the settlement, the patience. All this monstrous injointure, and the like; and, as if justice is to be committed, for your impudence were to have no what? Why, in order to preserve bounds, you propose to take care, the Aristocracy and the Clergy; that even mortgagee shall not and this is, as far as I can see, all foreclose, and get out of the land- the reason that you have for your owner's clutches. You say: "It proposition. Speaking of the "would not be impossible to de- French in the reign of Louis the "vise a special remedy for this Fourteenth, you say, "There was "difficulty; since, even without" scarcely a proprietor of land who "any legislative interference, the" did not see his patrimony melt "Lord Chancellor, during the" away, without possessing the


war, in the exercise of a sound" slightest means of prevention.-"discretion, frequently granted "This is the present fate of the "to the mortgager a greater" Land-owners of this country;


length of time for the repayment" they are striving in vain against "of the principal than the contract" engagements which they cannot

[ocr errors]

"meet. Creditors in general re- twenty years you kept one half of "ceive an undue proportion of the country in a state of incessant "earnings; and a sure, but de- conflict; your measures gave rise "structive revolution, is in pro- to insurrections, rebellions, im"gress, by which, if it be not ar-prisonments, transportings, hang"rested, the ancient aristocracy ings and quarterings innumerable; "of these realms must ultimately for those twenty-two years, you "be sacrificed to creditors and rendered miserable every human "annuitants." What! Sacrificed, being in this country, yourselves do you say! Sacrificed to" an- excepted; and NOW: now, just nuitants"! Oh! no: you should God! after all your boasts about not talk at this rate; you, an old victory; after all your bragging Pittite, who talks with such rever- about having crushed the reence of Pitt and his crew: you |formers; after all your two-andshould not say sacrificed to an- twenty years of war to prevent nuitants: you should say, sacri- revolution, as you called it; after ficed to our excellent friends, our all this, you tell us, that there is dear good friends, our brother now" a DESTRUCTIVE REloyalists, who lent us their money VOLUTION in progress"! Is to pay Hanoverians and Hessians there, indeed! It may be destrucand others with, in order for us tive to you, son of the "bright to keep down the "jacobins and sword"; it may be destructive, also, levellers,"AND TO PREVENT to insolent and infamous boroughA REFORM OF THE PAR-mongers; but the people of EngLIAMENT. This it was that the land will take care that it shall debt was contracted for. This is not be destructive to them. what you borrowed the money for; and now, with that aristocratical ingratitude which is proverbial, you call your kind friends "annuitants;" and you represent the payment of your debts as a sacrifice. You represent the paying of your debts, "AS A DESTRUCTIVE REVOLUTION"!


God, thou art just always just; but never so conspicuously just as in this case. It is notorious that the Whig Lords, and, in short, that the whole of the aristocracy and the clergy, who hated Pitt, joined him for the purpose of carrying on a war against the French, because the French had put down the ancient aristocracy Here is retributive justice! Let of France; and because they apThe Unitarians and the Quakers, prehended a similar revolution in with Carlile at their head, now England, unless they could put deny that there is a God, if they down the revolution in France. can. For years and years and Revolution was the thing which years, you, the Land-owners and they said they wanted to prevent. the Clergy of this kingdom were When they were asked for reform, urging on war; were causing they said in so many words, that rivers of blood to be shed; were there could be no reform without causing millions of human beings a revolution. Revolution was the to perish by the sword, or by the thing to be prevented. For this 'consequences of the sword; were we were called upon to bleed and tearing children from parents, to pay; and when we thought the husbands and fathers from wives payment a little too much, OLD and from children; for two-and-GEORGE ROSE (with two hundred

« PreviousContinue »