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could induce you to say this, path of righteousness. In short, when you had the gridiron pro-the whole of the corn and cattle phecy before your eyes and under and food laws must be swept your hand? I will ask you no away, or there must be universal more questions about it; but will uproar: millions, aye, millions, conclude by observing, that if you will be starved to death, if effec have not named me, I have not tual measures be not taken to prebeen backward in naming you. vent it. The Ministers have beNow go, Sir James Graham, of gun the good work; and I trust Netherby invoke the shades of in God that they will finish it. the great "Earls of Monteith" We have afflictions enough; but, and of" John with the bright let us, at any rate, not let the Oli sword," and prepare for that garchs starve us out of our exist fight, the plan of which you have so judiciously laid down. If you have only a small portion of sense left, however, you will, in future, hold your tongue, learn to entertain modest desires, and think yourself well off if you preserve even a fragment of your estate, which, however small it might be, would exceed the deserts of him who has had the audacity to propose to lay, for the sole interest of his own order, a heavy and perpetual tax upon the bread of all the rest of the community, and to suggest, at the same time, the propriety of withholding from the lenders of the money to carry on the war, that interest which he, amongst others, has contracted to pay, and which withholding would plunge 300,000 families from the middle ranks of life down into the depths of poverty and despair. WM. COBBETT.


Good pretty gentlemen of Whitehall! I am always amongst the foremost to praise them, when they do well. The following is one of their good deeds; for it will sting the OLIGARCHS in the tender place; that is, their purse! But, let us hope, that this is only a beginning, only a first step in the

the London Gazette of Friday, Sept. 1.

BY THE KINGA PROCLAMATION. GEORGE R.Whereas our Par liament stands prorogued to Thursday, the second day of November next; we, with the advice of our

Privy Council, do hereby publish ment shall be farther prorogued, on and declare, that the said Parlia the said second day of November next, to Tuesday, the fourteenth day of November next; and we have given order to our Chancellor of that part of the United Kingdom, called Great Britain, to prepare a writ patent for proroguing the same accordingly; and we do further hereby, with the advice aforesaid, declare our Royal will and pleasure, that the said Parliament shall, on the said fourteenth day of November next, be held, and sit for the despatch of divers urgent and important affairs and the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and the Knights, Citizens, and Burgesses, and the Commissioners for Shires and Boroughs of the House of Commons, are hereby required and commanded to give their attendance accordingly, at Westminster, on the said fourteenth day of November next.-Given at of September, one thousand eight our Court, at Windsor, the first day hundred and twenty-six, and in the seventh year of our reign.

God save the King,

'At the Court at Windsor, the 1st | the present year, have failed to a
of September, 1826, present, the considerable extent, and that a defi-
King's Most Excellent Majesty in ciency in the crop of potatoes is also
apprehended in some parts of the
United Kingdom; and whereas, if
the importation, for home consump-
tion, of oats and oatmeal, and of rye,
pease, and beans, be not immediately
permitted, there is great cause to
fear that much distress may ensue to
all classes of His Majesty's subjects:

Whereas by the laws now in force for regulating the importation of corn oats and oatmeal may be imported into the United Kingdom, and into the Isle of Man, for home consumption, under and subject to the regulations of the several statutes in that case made and provided, when- And whereas, under the Acts ever the average price of oats (to be aforesaid, no foreign grain of the ascertained in the manner therein above description, whatever may be prescribed) shall be at or above the the respective average prices of the price of twenty-seven shillings per same, can be admitted to entry, for quarter, and pease may in like man-home consumption, till after the fif ner be imported, whenever the price teenth day of November in the preshall be at or above fifty-three sent year, when the next quarterly lings per quarter; and whereas by a average, by which the admission of certain Act of Parliament, made and such grain is regulated, will be made passed in the third year of his pre-up, according to the provisions of sent Majesty's reign, intituled, "An the said Acts: His Majesty, with the Act to amend the Laws relating to advice of his Privy Council, doth the Importation of Corn," it is order, and it is hereby accordingly enacted, that whenever foreign corn, ordered, that foreign oats and oatmeal, or flour, shall be admissible meal, rye, peas, and beans, whether under the provisions of an Act, warehoused or otherwise, shall and passed in the fifty-fifth year of the may, from the date hereof, be perreign of his late Majesty, King mitted to be entered in the ports of George the Third, intituled, "An the United Kingdom, and of the Isle Act to amend the Law now in force of Man, for home consumption, profor regulating the importation of vided the parties making entry of Corn," or under the provisions of the any such foreign oats, oatmeal, rye, said Act, passed in the third year of pease, or beans, do give bond, with the reign of his present Majesty, sufficient sureties, to the satisfaction there shall be levied and paid certain of the Commissioners of His Maduties therein specified upon all such jesty's Customs, for the payment of foreign corn, meal or flour, when ad- any duties, not exceeding in amount mitted for home consumption: and the duties hereinafter mentioned, in whereas by the weekly returns of case Parliament shall authorize the purchases and sales of corn, made levy and receipt thereof, that is to by the several inspectors of Corn say,-Oats, per quarter, 2s. ; oatmeal, Returns in the cities and towns of per boll, 2s. 2d.; rye, pease, and England and Wales, to the Receiver beans, per quarter, Ss. 6d. of Corn Returns, it appears that the average price of oats, and also the average price of pease at the present time exceed the before-mentioned prices of twenty-seven shillings and fifty-three shillings per quarter: and whereas, from information which hath this day been laid before His Majesty, it appears that the price of cats, as well as that of pease, is still rising, and that the crop of oats, and also the crops of pease and beans, of

And His Majesty, by and with the advice aforesaid, doth hereby further order, and it is accordingly ordered, that such permission to enter oats and oatmeal, rye, pease, and beaus, for home consumption, on the conditions aforesaid, shall continue in force from the date hereof, until the expiration of forty days, to be reckoned from the day of the next meeting of Parliament, unless the Parliament shall previously to the

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expiration of the said forty days make provision to the contrary: and the Right Hon. the Lords Commissioners of His Majesty's Treasury are to give the necessary directions herein accordingly.





The following articles, describing the state of various persons in England and Scotland, will be quite sufficient to define the true character of the above boast. Dr. BLACK has frequently, and very recently, told the people of Spain, that if they had upheld the Cortes, they would have been as free and as happy as WE


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Scale in the Sturminster Division for regulating the Allowance of Parochial Relief to the Poor, according to the Price of Bread, where there are two or more messing together in one family: :

When the standard Wheaten Quartern Loaf is sold at

The weekly allowance to be made
up, including earnings,
For a labouring man
For a woman, or boy, or girl, above
14 years old.

For a boy or girl, of 14, 13, or 12
For ditto, 11, 10, or 9
For ditto, under 9

ARE. Let us see, then, how free and bow happy we are. How gloriously we live!

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DORSETSHIRE FARE. Sturminster (Dorset) Petty Sessions, August 21.

prises twenty-six parishes, the popuThis Magisterial division comlation of which is, for the most part, agricultural; and three-fourths, at least are labourers. The following is the copy of the printed scale by which the Magistrales, regulate the allowance to paupers claiming relief; and this forins, in fact, a scale by which the farmer, in all ordinary cases, regulates the price of labour; taking care, in genera that his payment does not exceed that which the Magistrates would order, in case application was made to them for relief.


12d. 11d. 10d. 9d.

s. d.


2 4

1 11
1 7


The earnings of a woman, having three children under nine years of age, not to be taken into account; and the house-rent, if paid by the pauper, is to be added to the above scale.

If parishes where fuel is not supplied to the poor, on moderate terms, the Magistrates will make an additional allowance to the paupers.

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2 10 2 7 24

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1 1 10

20 6200

ceive from their earnings and the parish 8s. 4d. per week; and giving them no beer, a very smali portion of meat, and sufficient vegetables and bread, the cost of food alone has been more than double this allow ance. If fed on a sufficiency of bread and water only, the cost would! exceed 12s. per week; to say nothing for washing, clothing or fuel. The

hood has lately made an experiment, to ascertain the cost of maintaining five boys, under 14 years of age, who would, of course, according to the scale, be entitled, at this time, to re

A gentleman in this neighbour-condition of such a population may easily be conceived, where the allowance for the support of five women or boys, or girls, above fourteen years of age, is 8s. 4d. per week. As consumers of meat, cheese, butter, and


1 6.

all other clothing than that which is absolutely necessary to cover them, they are thrown out of the market; and all tradesmen who heretofore depended on their consumption for a livelihood, must feel the loss of their demand, and find themselves under the necessity of becoming labourers -themselves, or of charging a higher -profit to those who form the next class of their customers. Upon them again, the pressure of poor-rates is inevitable, and they dare not complain to those upon whose influence and expenditure they altogether depend for their own means of support. If the condition of the labourer, at

Kensington, 15th August, 1822. MR. SWANN, CASTLEREAGH HAS CUT HIS OWN THROAT, AND IS DEAD! Let that sound reach you in the depth of your dungeon; and let it carry consolation

those periods, be compared with his to your suffering soul! Of all condition at present, it will be seen the victims, you have suffered that the change has deteriorated his most. We are told of the poigcondition amazingly, and that he can nant grief of Lady Castlereagh; have no beneficial interest in the ad- and, while he must be a brute invanced rent of land, and consequent deed, who does not feel for her, price of produce, but the very reverse. what must he be, who does not feel for your wife and your four helpless children, actually torn from you when you were first thrown into the dismal cells!



AGREEABLY to recent notification, I here insert my remarks on the Inquest on the body of Castle reagh. The remarks were conveyed to the public in the form of

a Letter to JOSEPH SWANN of

liamentary Reform; who was imprisoned many Weeks, for WANT OF BAIL, before his Trial; who has now TWO YEARS


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and who, when Imprisoned, had a Wife and four helpless Children.

However, we shall have time to say more of f your case hereafter. Let me, at present, address you on the subject of Castlereagh. I am about to insert the Report of STOCKPORT. There wants a neat the Inquest on his body; but, I and concise history of the LIFE will first state to you certain matAND DEATH OF CASTLE-ters, which ought to be rememREAGH, than which nothing bered, and which will pass away, could be more usefully instruc- unless we, at once, put them on tive. It ought to be read by every record. The mover of Six-Aets man, who aims at getting public cut his throat last Monday mornpower and money into his hands; ing about seven o'clock. The and, it ought to be read by every COURIER of that night gave an king upon the face of the earth. account of his death; but stated At present I shall content myself it to have arisen from gout in the with republishing my Letter to stomach. Now, mind, the writer JOSEPH SWANN. must have told this lie wilfully, or he must purposely have been misTO JOSEPH SWANN, informed. A design, therefore, Who was sentenced by the Magis- must, at one time, have existed trates of Cheshire to FOUR Somewhere to smother the truth. YEARS AND A HALF imprison- A cut throat is, however, no ment in Chester Gaol, for such easy thing to smother, and selling Pamphlets and being especially, where there is a house present at a Meeting for Par-full of servants, all with tongues

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Londonderry was empannelled, to
inquire into the cause of the death
of the above Noble Lord. The Co-
roner was Mr. JOSEPH CARTTAR, of
the house of the deceased Lord, and
Deptford. The inquest was held at
to the credit of the individuals who
were appointed to superintend the
arrangements attendant upon this
melancholy occasion, not the slightest
attempt was made to keep the pro-
Directions were
ceedings secret.
given to the domestics to admit every
the inquest. The jury having been
person who desired to be present at



in their mouths. Therefore, the COURIER'S lie was, the next day, abandoned; and the truth, as to the deed itself, came out, Before, however, we quit this lie of the COURIER, let us again remark, that it must have been intentional. NORTH CRAY, a little village in Kent, where the throat was cut, is only about two hours ride from London. A King's Messenger was in the house at the time, as is, I believe, the case constantly, with the Ministers who are Secretaries of State. At any rate there The Coroner addressed them in were stables full of horses; and nearly the following terms:-Upon you must know, that, at the Office no former occasion in the performof Castlereagh at Whitehall, the ance of his duty had his feelings COURIER Would have some been so excited as by the present unfortunate event. He was indeed count, true or false. If, therefore, so much affected that they must he got the true account, the lie perceive he could hardly express was his own; and yet, seeing what himself as he wished. Upon this acrisk he ran of almost instant de- count he trusted they would excuse tection, it appears rather strange, any trifling errors which he might that he should have hatched the lie. commit in the exercise of his duty. I shall now, before I offer The gentlemen of the jury were sumyou further remarks upon the subject, moned and sworn to inquire into the insert the Report of the proceed- who stood perhaps as high in the causes of the death of a nobleman, ings at the Inquest, requesting public estimation as any man in the you and all the Reformers to read country. That his Lordship had met them with scrupulous attention. his death under particular circumYou will find (a thing quite new) stances, they doubtless must have the Coroner (if the report be true) learned. But it was his duty to inlaying down the doctrine, that form them that they must remove self-murder must of necessity im- from their minds all impressions which should not be borne out by ply insanity in him who commits will find many other things he addressed being neighbours of the it; you the evidence. The gentlemen whom worthy of strict attention; and, deceased, were better able to form therefore, if, only for this once, a just estimate of his character than you can but get light sufficient to he was. As a public man, it was read by, and obtain the favour of impossible for him to weigh his chabeing permitted to read, pray read racter in any scales that he could this Report attentively, and then hold. In private life he believed the have the goodness to listen to the world would admit that a more

-remarks that I shall make. INQUEST

amiable man could not be found. Whether the important duties of the great office which he held pressed upon his mind, and conduced to the melancholy event which they had assembled to investigate, was a circumstance which in all probability never could be discovered. He understood that his Lordship had for

Held at North Cray, Tuesday,
13th August, 1822.
This day, at a few minutes before
three o'clock, a jury of the inost re-
spectable inhabitants in the vicinity
of the estate of the late Marquis of

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