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some time past been so unwell as to require the assistance of a medical attendant. This gentleman would be examined on the inquest, and would doubtless be competent to describe the disease and affliction under which his Lordship laboured. That the dreadful blow which deprived the noble Lord of life was inflicted by his own hand, he believed the jury, when they came to hear the evidence, could not doubt. He understood it would be proved that no person in the house, except his Lordship, could have committed the act. When the jury should examine the situation of the body, and hear the evidence that would be submitted to them, he was convinced that they would be perfectly unanimous in that part of their verdict which went to declare the manner in which the deceased met his death. He felt that it was a matter of delicacy to allude to the other part of the verdict, and he would not presume to anticipate what it might be; but he trusted the result would be that which all good men desired. If the facts which he had heard were proved in evidence, he thought no man could doubt that at the time he committed the rash act his Lord-shoes might be the means of exciting ship was labouring under a mental ideas which would wound the feel delusion. If, however, it should un-ings of the unhappy Marchioness. fortunately appear that there was He was sure, under these circumnot sufficient evidence to prove what stances, the jury would do every were generally considered the indi- thing in their power to prevent the cations of a disordered mind, he least noise, and he might observe, trusted that the jury would pay some that it would be desirable to abstain attention to his (the Coroner's) hum- from talking in the room where the ble opinion, which was, that no man body lay, because any conversation could be in his proper senses at the nust certainly be heard through the moment he committed so rash an almost, he might say, paper partition. act as self-murder. His opinion was After the jury had satisfied themin consonance with every moral sen- selves by viewing the body, they timent, and of the information which would return to execute the remainthe wisest of men had given to the ing part of their duty. world. The Bible declared that a man clung to nothing so strongly as his own life. He therefore viewed it as an axiom, and an abstract prin-room, for the most part, shed tears; ciple, that a man must necessarily indeed, the love which the servants be out of his mind at the moment of his Lordship bore towards bim of destroying himself. The jury, of was, we will not say surprising (for course, would not adopt his opinionkind and honourable treatment from upon this point, unless it were in a gentleman to those persons who unison with their own. He would are dependent upon him, must ever
not longer occupy the time and attention of the jury than to express his pleasure at seeing so respectable a body of gentlemen, and to add a hope that they would acquit themselves of their important duty to the satisfaction of the public, as well as of their own consciences. He must apologize for saying a few words more. The body was lying up stairs, and in the room adjoining to that in which it lay, the Marchioness at present was, and from thence it had been found impossible to remove her. To picture to the imagination any thing like the state of that noble lady's mind, was altogether impossible. The partition which divided the room in which the body lay from that which the Marchioness at present occupied was so thin, that the least noise being made in the former could not fail to be heard in the latter. The forms of law, however, required that the jury should view the body, and judge from the external marks which it might exhibit, of the causes which had produced death: he, therefore, had only to request that the gentlemen would be as silent as possible. He was almost afraid that the creaking of their
During this address of the Coroner, the domestics of the unfortunate Marquis, who were in the
procure such a result), but highly creditable both to him, and the individuals who composed his household.
Before the jury left the room, for the purpose of seeing the body, one of them suggested that his colleagues, as well as himself, should take off their shoes, in order to prevent, as far as possible, any noise that might be occasioned by them in walking, This hint was immediately acted upon, and the jury left the room.
head had been to see him? I told him that Dr. Bankhead had been with him about two hours and a half in the evening. It was about four in the morning when he asked me this question. When I told him that Dr. Bankhead had been with him, he asked what he had said to the Doctor-whether he had talked any nonsense to him, or any thing particular, as he had no recollection on the subject. I replied, that I was not in the room during the time that he had talked with the Doctor. I then left the room. He rang again about seven o'clock. I went to him. He then asked me what I wanted there. My Lady was with him at the time. She had been with him since four o'clock, and she answered, that my Lord wanted his breakfast. My Lord and Lady were in bed at
After what had fallen from the Coroner, a feeling of delicacy prevented us from accompanying the jury up stairs, although we were given to understand that no objection would have been made to such a proceeding. In fact, as we have before hinted, no attempt at concealment was manifested on the part of the household, but on the contrary,
The following description of the situation of the body at the time the jury viewed it, we believe to be correct: The body was enveloped in a dressing-gown and the head was covered with a handkerchief. The feet were towards the window. The blood which proceeded from the wound was still upon the ground.
a desire was shown to afford the the time. I left the room, and public an opportunity of ascertaining brought the breakfast up. He sat the particulars of an event respect-up in the bed and tasted part of it. ing which much interest must ne- He found fault with it, and said, cessarily be excited. 'it was not a breakfast fit for him." He said there was no butter there : the butter, however, was on the tray, as usual, and I pointed it out to him. The manner in which he spoke struck me as being uncommon; it was in a sharp tone, which' was unusual with him. I left the room after this. The bell rang again in about half an hour; that was about half-past seven. My Lady was in the room at this time, and I cannot tell who rang the bell. When I entered the room, he asked me, whether Dr. Bankhead had The first witness called was Anne come from town. I told him that Robinson, who being sworn, deposed Dr. Bankhead had slept in the as follows:-"I wait upon the Mar- house. He then said that he wished chioness of Londonderry: I knew to see him. My Lady then got up, the Marquis of Londonderry: his and came to me at the door, and body now lies up stairs. In my opi- said something to me. I went to nion he has been ill during the last Dr. Bankhead, and fortnight, but particularly so since Lord's message. I went back to him my Monday week. On Monday morn-my Lord, and told him that Dr. ing he rang the bell; I answered it: Bankhead would be with him in he inquired why my lady had not two minutes. When my Lord saw been to see him. Her Ladyship had me speaking to my Lady, before I been with him all night, and I told left the room to go to Dr. Bank-: him so. Her Ladyship at this time head, he said there was a conspiwas no in the room. I then went racy against him. My Lady at away. The bell rang again. When I that time desired me to tell Dr. answered it, he asked if Dr. Bank- Bankhead that he was wanted as
After being absent about ten minutes, the jury returned, evidently much affected by the melancholy spectacle which they had just beheld.
soon as he could come. When I returned, and told my Lady that Dr. Bankhead would come, my Lady got out of bed, and retired to her dressing-room. At this moment my Lord also got out of bed, and turned to the right into his own dressing-room. [Several questions were here put to the witness to ascertain the precise situation of these rooms. From the answers which she returned, it appeared that the common sleeping room opened into a passage, on either side of which was a dressing-room. Lady Londonderry's on the left, his Lordship's on the right. At the extremity of the passage was another door, behind which Dr. Bankhead was waiting.] I had just opened the door of my Lady's dressing-room, into which she had entered, when my Lord rushed past me into his own room. I opened the outside door, and told the circumstance to Dr. Bankhead, who immediately followed my Lord into his dressing-room. I cannot tell what passed there, but I heard my Lord open his window before the doctor entered his room. Immediately when the doctor entered the room he (the doctor) exclaimed, Oh, my Lord,' or 'Oh, my God,' I cannot recollect which. I heard no reply to this from my Lord. I instantly rushed into the room, and saw the doctor with my Lord in his arms. I remained in the room till I saw the doctor lay him with his face upon the ground. I saw the blood running from him while Dr." On last Friday afternoon, at five Bankhead held him. I saw a knife. o'clock, I received a note from Lady I heard my Lord say nothing. I Londonderry, desiring me to come was certainly much alarmed. The as soon as I could to see the Marknife was in his right hand. [A quis of Londonderry, at his house in penknife with an ivory handle, and St. James's-square. Her note stated upon which there was no appearance that she was very anxious about his of blood, was here shown to the Lordship, as she thought he was witness.] I believe that to be the very ill and very nervous; that they penknife which I saw in my Lord's were to leave town for North Cray hands. After staying a few minutes at seven o'clock in the evening, and in my Lord's dressing-room, I fol- that she hoped I would come before lowed Dr. Bankhead to my Lady. that hour. I arrived in St. James's→ I had previously raised an alarm, square at six o'clock, and found my and it was now general throughout Lord and Lady alone in the drawthe house. To the best of my belief, ing-room. Upon feeling his pulse I my Lord did not live four minutes conceived him to be exceedingly ill. after I saw him. I did not perceive He complained of a severe headach,
any wound nor any blood while he was in his bed-room. No person was with him in the interval between his leaving his dressing-room and his death but Dr. Bankhead. His state of mind appeared to be very... incorrect for the last three or four days of his life. He appeared to be very wild in every thing he said or did. He wanted from me a box which he said Lord Clanwilliam had given to me. His Lordship, however, had never given me any. He also asked me for his keys, when he had them about him. During the last fortnight he was accustomed to say that everybody had conspired against him. He was very severe in his manner of speaking, which I never noticed before, he being in general mild and kind. When he saw two people speaking together, he always said, "There is a conspiracy laid against me.' A great many circumstances induce me to believe that he was out of his mind a fortnight before his death. He scolded my Lady on Sunday afternoon, because, as he said, she had not been near him all day, she had entirely forsaken him. Her Ladyship, however, had been sitting with him all the morning." The witness, in conclusion, repeated her belief that his Lordship had been in a stateof mental delusion for some weeks previous to his death.
The second witness examined was Charles Bankhead, M. D., of Lower Brook-street, Grosvenor-square.
and of a confusion of recollection. at his question, and the manner in He looked pale, and was very much which it was proposed.' He then distressed in his manner. I told him) said, the truth was, that he had that I thought it was necessary that reason to be suspicious in some dehe should be cupped, and that I would gree, but that he hoped that I would stay and dine with his Lady and him- be the last person who would engage self whilst the cupper came. The in any thing that would be injurious cupper soon arrived, and took seven to him.' His manner of saying this ounces of blood from the nape of his was so unusual and so disturbed, as Lordship's neck. After the opera- to satisfy me that he was at the tion was performed, he stated that moment labouring under mental he was very much relieved, and I delusion. I entreated him to be advised him to lay himself quietly very tranquil, and prescribed for him down on the sofa for half an hour; some more cooling and aperient meand, as he had scarcely eaten the dicines, confined him to barley-wawhole day, to take a cup of tea before ter, and allowed him slops only. I he got into the carriage to return to remained with him during Saturday North Cray. He followed my ad- night and till one o'clock on Sunday vice, and laid himself down on the morning. Though his fever was not couch, where he remained very tran- very high during any part of this quil. After this he drank two cups time, yet the incoherence of his of tea. I waited until I saw my Lady speech and the uncomfortableness of and himself get into the carriage in his manner continued unaltered. order to return to North Cray. Be- During Sunday I visited him frefore his departure his Lordship said, quently, and continued with him in that as I must be sure he was very the evening till half-past 12 o'clock. ill, he expected that I would come I advised him to be as tranquil as to North Cray and stay all Saturday possible, and told him that I would night, and if possible, all Sunday. endeavour to persuade my Lady to I sent with him some opening medi- come to bed. I slept in a room very cines, which he was to take early on near that of his Lordship. On MonSaturday, in order that I might know day morning, about seven o'clock, the effect they had produced on my Mrs. Robinson, my Lady Londonarrival. I know that he took these derry's maid, came to my room-door, powders on Saturday. I arrived at and asked if I was dressed, telling North Cray about seven o'clock on me, my Lord wished to see me Saturday afternoon. I understood by-and-by.' I answered, that I was that his Lordship had not been out ready to come that moment; but of bed all day, and I immediately Mrs. Robinson said, that she did proceeded to his bed-room. On en- not wish me to come then, because tering his bed-room, I observed that her Ladyship had not left the bedhis manner of looking at me express- room.' In about half an hour, she ed suspicion and alarm. He said it returned again, and said, that his was very odd that I should come Lordship would be glad to see me into his bed-room first, before going immediately, as her Ladyship was into the dining-room below. I an- putting on her gown, in order to go swered that I had dined in town, into her own dressing-room. On and knowing that the family were walking from my own room to Lord at dinner down stairs, I had come to Londonderry's bed-room, I observed visit him. Upon this he made a that the door of the latter was open, reply which surprised me exceed- and could perceive that his Lordship ingly. It was to this effect-that I was not in it. In an instant Mrs. seemed particularly grave in my Robinson said to me, 'His Lordship manner, and that something must has gone into his dressing-room.' I have happened amiss. He then stepped into his dressing-room, and asked me abruptly whether I had saw him in his dressing-gown, standany thing unpleasant to tell him? I ing with his front towards the winanswered, No; that I was surprised dow, which, was opposite to the door
at which I entered. His face was been left to themselves for half an :
If coincident dates were of any importance, I might observe, that Castlereagh cut his throat on the King's Birthday. A thing more necessary to be observed, is, that he is here called the Marquis of Londonderry, which was any human being could have inflicted his title; but, I have always continued to call him Castlereagh, that being the title which he bore during the time that he so largely participated in those numerous deeds, by which we have so long and so well known him. His name was Robert Stewart; but, by that of Castlereagh he was known to the nation, and by that name I shall always speak of
the wound but himself. Having known him intimately for the last So years, I have no hesitation in saying that he was perfectly insane when he committed this act. I had noticed a great decline in the general habit of his health for some weeks prior to his death; but I was not aware of the mental delusion under which he was labouring till within three or four days of his decease." After Dr. Bankhead had finished his testimony, the CORONER inquired whether, there were any more witnesses who could speak to the nature of this transaction. He was informed that there were several; but a doubt being thrown out as to the necessity of calling them after the evidence which had already been adduced, he said that he should consult the jury upon the point, and in consequence ordered the room to be cleared of all spectators.
After the Coroner and Jury had
The first thing that strikes our
very great or rare