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was still so steep, and washed so | They have no slope at their other very deep, by the rains of ages, ends: indeed, they have no back that I did not attempt to ride down ends, but run into the main high it, and I did not like to lead my land. There is also great variety horse, the path was so narrow. in the width of the valley; great So, seeing a boy with a drove of variety in the width of the meapigs, going out to the stubbles, Idows; but the land appears all to beckoned him to come up to me; be of the very best; and it must and he came, and led my horse be so, for the farmers confess it. down for me. But now, before I begin to ride down this beautiful vale, let me give, as well as my means will enable me, a plan or map of it, which I have made in this way: a friend has lent me a very old map of Wiltshire, describing the spots where all the churches stand, and also all the spots where Manor-houses, or Mansion-houses, stood. I laid a piece of very thin paper upon the map, and thus traced the river upon my paper, putting figures to represent the spots where churches stand, and putting stars to represent the spots where Manor-houses, or Mansion-houses, formerly stood. Endless is the variety in the shape of the high lands which form this valley.
It seemed to me, that one way, and that not, perhaps, the least. striking, of exposing the folly, the stupidity, the inanity, the presumption, the insufferable emptiness and insolence and barbarity, of those numerous wretches, who have now the audacity to propose to transport the people of England, upon the principle of the monster MALTHUS, who has furnished the unfeeling oligarchs and their toad-eaters with the pretence, that man has a natural propensity to breed faster than food can be raised for the increase; it seemed to me, that one way of exposing this mixture of madness and of blasphemy was, to take a look, now that the harvest is in,
Sometimes the slope is very gen- at the produce, the mouths, the tle, and the arable lands go back very far. At others, the downs come out into the valley, almost like piers into the sea, being very steep in their sides, as well as their ends towards the valley. bestow upon man.
condition, and the changes that have taken place, in a spot like this, which God has favoured with every good that he has had to
From the top of the hill I was my friend, which lay on my road not a little surprised to see, in down the valley. I have many, every part of the valley that my many times witnessed agreeable eye could reach, a due, a large, surprise; but I do not know, that portion of fields of Swedish Tur-I ever, in the whole course of my nips, all looking extremely well. life, saw people so much surprised I had found the turnips, of both and pleased as this farmer and his sorts, by no means bad, from family were at seeing me. PecSalt Hill to Newbury; but, from ple often tell you, that they are Newbury through Burghclere, glad to see you; and, in general, Highclere, Uphusband, and Tang- they speak truth. I take pretty ley, I had seen but few. At and good care not to approach any about Ludgarshall and Everley I house, with the smallest appearhad seen hardly any. But, when ance of a design to eat or drink in I came, this morning, to Milton it, unless I be quite sure of a corHill farm, I saw a very large dial reception; but, my friend at field of what appeared to me to FIFIELD (it is in Milton parish) be fine Swedish Turnips. In the and all his family, really seemed valley, however, I found them to be delighted beyond all exmuch finer, and the fields were pression. very beautiful objects, forming, as their colour did, so great a contrast with that of the fallows and the stubbles, which latter are, this year, singularly clean and bright.
When I set out this morning, I intended to go all the way down to the city of Salisbury (31) today; but, I soon found, that, to refuse to sleep at FIFIELD Would Having gotten to the bottom of cost me a great deal more trouble the hill, I proceeded on to the than a day was worth. So that I village of MILTON, the church of made my mind up to stay in this which is, in the map, represented farm-house, which has one of the by the figure 3. I left EASTON (2) nicest gardens, and it contains away to my right, and I did not some of the finest flowers, that I go up to WoTTON-RIVERS (1), ever saw, and all is disposed with where the river Avon rises, and as much good taste as I have ever which lies just close to the south-witnessed. Here I am, then, just west corner of Marlborough Fo- going to bed, after having spent rest, and at about 5 or 6 miles as pleasant a day as I ever spent from the town of Marlborough. in my life. I have heard to-day, Lower down the river, as I thought, that BIRKBECK lost his life by atthere lived a friend, who was a tempting to cross a river on horsegreat farmer, and whom I intended back; but, if what I have heard to call on. It being my way, besides be true, that life must have however, always to begin making been hardly worth preserving; inquiries soon enough, I asked for, they say, that he was reduced the pig-driver where this friend to a very deplorable state; and, I lived; and, to my surprise, I found have heard from what I deem unthat he lived in the parish of Mil- questionable authority, that his ton. After riding up to the church, two beautiful and accomplished as being the centre of the village, daughters are married to two comI went on towards the house of mon labourers, one a Yankee and
the other an Irishman, neither of him. He seemed to me to be bent whom has, probably, a second upon his own destruction. I thought shirt to his back, or a single pair it my duty to warn others of their of shoes to put his feet into! These danger: some took the warning; poor girls owe their ruin and mi-others did not; but he and his sery (if my information be correct), brother adventurer, FLOWER, never and, at any rate, hundreds besides forgave me, and they resorted to BIRKBECK himself, owe their utter all the means in their power to do rain, the most scandalousdegrada me injury. They did me no intion, together with great bodily jury, no thanks to them; and I suffering, to the vanity, the con- have seen them most severely, ceit, the presumption of BIRK- but, most justly, punished. BECK, who, observe, richly merit- AMESBURY, TUESDAY, 29th ed all that he suffered, not ex- AUGUST.-I set off from FIFIELD cepting his death; for, he sinned this morning, and got here (25 on with his eyes open; he rejected the map) about one o'clock, with all advice; he persevered after my clothes wet. While they are he saw his error; he gged drying, and while a mutton chop thousands into ruin along with is getting ready, I sit down to him; and he most vilely calum- make some notes of what I have niated the man, who, after having seen since I left ENFORD....... most disinterestedly, but in vain, but, here comes my dinner; and endeavoured to preserve him from I must put off my notes till I have rain, endeavoured to preserve dined. those who were in danger of being deluded by him. When, in 1817, before he set out for America, 1 was, in Catherine Street, Strand, London, so earnestly pressing him not to go to the back countries, he had one of these daughters with him. After talking to him for some time, and describing the risks and disadvantages of the back countries, I turned towards the daughter, and, in a sort of joking way, said: "Miss Birkbeck, take my advice: don't let any body get you more than twenty miles
SALISBURY, WEDNESDAY, 30th AUGUST.-My ride yesterday, from MILTON to this city of SALISBURY, was, without any exception, the most pleasant; it brought before me the greatest number of, to me, interesting objects, and it gave rise to more interesting reflections, than I remember ever to have had brought before my eyes, or into my mind, in any one day of my life; and, therefore, this ride was, without any exception, the most/ pleasant that I ever had in my life, as far as my recollection
"from Boston, New York, Phila- serves me. I got a little wet in
the middle of the day; but, I got dry again, and, I arrived here in very good time, though I went over the ACCURSED HILL (Old Sarum), and went across to LAVERSTOKE, before I came to Salisbury.
Let us now, then, look back over this part of Wiltshire, and
delphia, or Baltimore." Upon which he gave me a most dignified look, and, observed: "Miss Birk"beck has a father, Sir, whom "she knows it to be her duty to obey." This snap was enough for me. I saw, that this was a man so full of self-conceit, that it was impossible to do any thing with
see whether the inhabitants ought ley, wool and lambs, and these to be "transported" by order of latter not to be sold to butchers, the "Emigration Committee," of but to be sold, at the great fairs, which we shall see and say more to those who are going to keep by-and-by. I have before described them for some time, whether to this valley generally; let me now breed from, or, finally to fat for speak of it a little more in detail. the butcher. It is the pulse and The farms are all large, and, ge- the oats that appear to have failed nerally speaking, they were always most this year; and, therefore, large, I dare say; because sheep this Valley has not suffered. I is one of the great things here; do not perceive that they have and sheep, in a country like this, many potatoes; but, what they must be kept in flocks, to be of have of this base root seem to any profit. The sheep principally look well enough. It was one of manure the land. This is to be the greatest villains upon earth done only by folding; and, to (Sir WALTER RALEIGH), who fold, you must have a flock. Every (they say) first brought this root farm has its portion of down, ara- into England. He was hanged at ble, and meadow; and, in many last! What a pity, since he was places, the latter are watered mea- to be hanged, the hanging did not dows, which is a great resource take place before he became such where sheep are kept in flocks; a mischievous devil as he was in because these meadows furnish the latter two-thirds of his life! grass for the suckling ewes, early in the spring; and, indeed, because they have always food in them for sheep and cattle of all sorts. These meadows have had no part of the suffering from the drought, this year. They fed the ewes and lambs in the spring, and they are now yielding a heavy crop of hay; for, I saw men mowing in them, in several places, particularly about NETHERAVON (18 in the map), though it was raining at the time.
The turnips look pretty well all the way own the valley; but, I see very few, except Swedish turnips. The early common turnips very nearly all failed, I believe. But, the stubbles are beautifully bright; and the rick-yards tell us, that the crops are good, espe- my counting. A very fine sight cially of wheat. This is not a this was, and it could not meet country of pease and beans, nor of the eye without making one look oats, except for home consump-round (and in vain) to see the tion. The crops are, wheat, bar-people who were to eat all this
The stack-yards down this Valley are beautiful to behold. They contain from five to fifteen banging wheat-ricks, besides barleyricks and hay-ricks, and also besides the contents of the barns, many of which exceed a hundred, some two hundred, and I saw one at PEWSEY (4 in map) and another at FITTLETON (16 in map), each of which exceeded two hundred and fifty feet in length. At a farm, which, in the old maps, is called Chissenbury Priory (14 in map), I think I counted twentyseven ricks of one sort and another, and sixteen or eighteen of them wheat-ricks. I could not conveniently get to the yard, without longer delay than I wished to make; but, I could not be much out in