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TABLE 60.-Imports of principal agricultural products into Cuba in years specified
1 Imports of other agricultural products averaged, roughly, 2 million dollars during recent years.
Com. Exterior, Cuba Min. de Hacienda, Dir. Gen. de Estadís.
TABLE 61.-Principal imports into Cuba, average 1936-40
Imports of nonagricultural products consist primarily of manufactured textile products, machinery, automobiles, instruments, petroleum products, and paper. These accounted for well over one-half of the total imports.
TRADE BY COUNTRIES
The United States supplied slightly more than two-thirds of Cuba's total imports and Europe less than 19 percent in 1936-38 just prior to the outbreak of war (table 62). About 10 years ago the United States supplied only 56 percent and Europe about 25 percent. In 1940, however, as a result of the war, the proportion from the United States rose to 78 percent and that from Europe declined to only 10 percent (fig. 42 and table 63).
TABLE 62.-Cuba's foreign trade distribution among principal countries, average
TABLE 63.-Cuban foreign trade, by country and value, 1929–40
An additional 5 percent of Cuba's imports were obtained from other American countries in 1936-38, and practically all of the remaining 8 percent were from the Far East. Among the European suppliers prior to the war the United Kingdom and Germany were of approximately equal importance, followed by Spain and France.
Imports from European countries, particularly the United Kingdom and Germany, consisted predominantly of textiles, machinery, and other manufactured products. Some coal, coke, paper, vegetable oils, and malt were also imported from northwestern Europe. The most important items from Spain were olive oil and olives. South American countries furnished beans and some flour, oats, petroleum, and formerly jerked beef. Mexico and Central American countries supplied principally petroleum and beans. The Far EastSiam, India, Burma, and Indochina-until recent years was Cuba's principal source of large imports of rice. India also was an important supplier of jute, and Japan supplied textiles and machinery.
About three-fourths of Cuba's exports were to the United States during 1936-38. European countries took about 19 percent and all other countries only 2.5 percent. The United Kingdom, which accounted for two-thirds of all exports to Europe, took principally sugar, sirups and molasses, cigars, and small quantities of grapefruit, leaf tobacco, and sponges. Exports to Germany before the war consisted principally of hides and skins, tobacco, henequer, honey, and sponges. Tobacco also figures predominantly in exports to Spain.
TRADE WITH THE UNITED STATES
United States trade with Cuba during the past 5 years (1936-40) was greater than with any other Latin American country. It averaged 197 million dollars annually. Furthermore, Cuba has been by far the largest Latin American market for United States agricultural products, taking about 22 million dollars' worth, or more than onethird of all agricultural exports to Latin American countries (tables 64, 65, and 66). Agricultural imports from Cuba consisted mostly of supplementary products and accounted for only one-fourth of all agricultural imports from Latin American countries. Table 65 and 66 show the principal agricultural items in the United States trade with Cuba. The three items-lard, flour, and rice-accounted for more than two-thirds of the total agricultural exports to Cuba.
TABLE 64.-United States agricultural exports to and imports from Cuba, average
Among the other items exported to Cuba from the United States are condensed and evaporated milk, miscellaneous animal fats, seeds, onions, garlic, canned vegetables, apples, pears, grapes, canned fruit, raisins, prunes, soybean oil, cottonseed oil, and linseed oil. Compared with exports of about 15 years ago, United States shipments of pork and dairy products have declined as a result of the development of the livestock industry in Cuba. On the other hand, shipments of rice, beans, and onions have increased considerably, particularly during recent years. United States imports from Cuba are dominated by sugar, molasses, and sirups, which accounted for more than three-fourths of all imports from Cuba during 1938-40. Tobacco, the next most important item, accounted for an additional 8 percent and, together with sugar and molasses, totaled 85 percent. The minor items of importance are bananas, pineapples, both fresh and in brine, henequen fiber and binder twine, tomatoes, coffee, eggplant, peppers, cucumbers, okra, avocados, grapefruit, and beeswax. Chilled-beef shipments began in volume in 1940, and by 1941 exceeded the value of winter-vegetable exports;