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to the land question. The Minister of ing for the church of San Jeronimo. The Agriculture stated that expropriation of buildings decorated in the Spanish colors, land was not necessary as the government red and yellow, the arches of roses from has at its disposal some 25,000,000 acres which hung baskets of flowers and trailing which will be sold to the peasants on long vines, the gay uniforms of the troops, and time contracts. Extensive colonization the festive attire of the spectators, complans in Siberia and Central Asia, and the bined to produce

to produce a dazzling effect. improvement of agricultural methods are A striking feature in the procession was



Whose marriage was celebrated May 31 and who had a narrow escape from assassination as they

returned from the church also relied on for the betterment of con- the royal coaches, each drawn by eight ditions. But actual operation of these white horses with gold and silver harness. various schemes seems to be a slow proc- Some of the coaches were of tortoise-shell, ess. Possibly the government thinks a others of mahogany set with panels partial solution of its many problems may painted by famous artists. As the royal be reached by permitting wholesale reduc- couple entered the church two hundred tion by nature of its millions of suffering choristers intoned a processional hymn. people.

Cardinal Sancha, Archbishop of Toledo,

officiated at the ceremony, a special nuncio The marriage of the King of Spain, of the Pope invoking a blessing upon the

a Alfonso XIII., to a granddaughter of the bride and groom at its conclusion. The The Spanish

late Queen Victoria of Queen, who has taken the name, Victoria, Royal England, Princess Ena of has been received with great enthusiasm Marriage Battenberg,

cele- by the people of Spain. Fetes to last a brated with great magnificence in Madrid, week were prepared in celebration of the May 31. The wedding procession started wedding, after which the King and Queen from the royal palace at 9:30 in the morn- went to the Spanish Versailles, La Granja.


Morales, son of a rich manufacturer near Barcelona, who had disowned him. He became infected with anarchistic ideas while studying in Germany. He escaped from Madrid

Madrid during the confusion incident upon the bomb-throwing, but was recognized in a village a few miles distant. Finding there was no possibility of avoiding arrest, he shot himself through the heart with fatal effect. The bravery of the King and Queen was notable at the time of the tragedy and afterward when they appeared in public, driving and riding without escort.


What the outcome will be in regard to the Education Bill which has passed its The English

second reading in the Educational House of ('ommons by a

Problem majority of two to one it is impossible to predict. As was to be expected it has raised a storm of discussion. Rarely has any subject stirred Englishmen so widely and so profoundly. The propositions of Mr. Birrell's bill naturally reverse the conditions produced by the Education Act of 1902, and it is

therefore the Anglicans who are now makSERGE MU'ROMTSEV

ing fierce and bitter protest against what President of the Douma and a member of the ConstitutionalDemocratic party

they term the injustice of the proposed

system. On the morning of June 8 These joyous proceedings were sadly thirty-three special trains brought to marred by the attempted assassination of London twelve thousand Lancashire The

the King. As the proces- churchmen who marched in procession

. Wedding sion passed the Governor's headed by the Bishops of London and

Tragedy house in the Calle Mayor, Manchester, to Albert Hall, to protest on the return from the church, a bomb, against the provisions of the bill. The wrapped in a bouquet of roses, was principal resolution passed at the meetthrown from a balcony of the opposite ing asserted that the only true safeguard house. It fell directly in front of the of religious education in the elementary royal carriage and exploded with great schools is a continuation of the denominaviolence, killing twenty-four persons and tional schools. In the opinion of many injuring many others. Fortunately the persons the final solution of the problem King and Queen

were not harmed, will be purely secular instruction by the although the rear wheels and the windows state, free use of the school buildings of their carriage were shattered, and one being given for denominational religious of the horses was killed. It is believed teaching before and after the regular that the course of the missile was some- school hours. The differences of opinion what deflected by coming in contact with not only between Anglicans and Nonconan electric wire. A fragment of the bomb formists, Roman Catholics and Jews, but struck the King on the breast, but only even between the various parties within broke the chain of the Portuguese Order Anglicanism, make a settlement satisfacof Santiago which he was wearing. King tory to even a majority, a difficult matter. Alfonso and his bride immediately entered It is a somewhat strange anomaly in conanother carriage and were rapidly driven sideration of the extremely bitter speeches to the palace. The assassin was Manuel recently made, that the Archbishops of

Canterbury and York and the Leaders of the Free churches united in signing an

appeal for special prayer on Whit Sunday for Christian unity.

The Nation



The investigation by the federal and only to passing upon the health of animals various state governments

on, at the time of killing. The commissioners The Progress of though

not altogether recommend that it should be extended to the Investigation steadily. The senate has cover the manufacture of sausages and of Trusts adopted Senator Knox's canned goods and of

the products amendment providing that no "natural intended for home consumption. person” who has been forced by subpoena by the bureau of corporations to give self- The effect of this report and the Presiincriminating evidence shall be thereby dent's message was to arouse general rendered immune from legal procedure. The Report

astonishment and a deHad such a law as this foreshadows been

mand for further investion the statute book a few weeks since,

Public Opinion gation. France and EngJudge Humphrey's decision in regard to land began agitation against American the packers would have been impossible. meat products. Congress appointed a The Standard Oil Company after having been subject to rather severe treatment at the hands of Missouri is now to be still further investigated by Ohio. In Kansas City it has further been disclosed that various shippers who employed a certain agent were accustomed to receive anonymous gifts of cash.

But the most sensational move by the government has been the proceedings directed against the packing industries of the country, and particularly Chicago.

The immediate occasion of the agitation must be attributed very largely to the

The Govern. novel by Upton Sinclair, ment and the “The Jungle, a piece of Packers

writing which, whatever place it may take as literature, if indeed it is literature in any true sense, is likely to prove a sort of industrial “Uncle Tom's Cabin.” The charges made by Mr. Sinclair were so startling that President Roosevelt appointed a commission consisting of Charles P. Neill, Commissioner of Labor, and James B. Reynolds, formerly a settlement worker in New York, to examine the Stock Yards and to report to him. On June 4 the President sent this report to Congress with a characteristically vigor

WADE H. ELLIS, ATTORNEY-GENERAL FOR OHIO ous message. The report vividly specified

Who has conducted the Standard Oil investigation a number of instances which show that the habits of some of the employees in committee of investigation which exampacking establishments are unsanitary, ined representatives of the great packand that some of the conditions under ing houses as well as other witnesses. No which they worked should be remedied. new facts of any importance were elicited, The present system of inspection is but the investigation served still further described as insufficient in that it applies to arouse the public mind. When, how

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ever, the present excitement has passed, said to be not "seriously repugnant to
people in general will begin to wonder cleanliness or wholesomeness." The pack-
why, if the situation is uniformly as bad ers claim that the present agitation is un-
as certain instances would seem to indi- warranted and based to a large extent
cate, the entire world has not been poi- upon exaggerated or false reports. At the

same time they are planning and even
building bathhouses for their employees
as well as providing better sanitary ar-
rangements. They further urge that the
agitation will injure the live-stock busi-
ness throughout the country.

Senator Beveridge, on May 21, intro-
duced a bill intended to correct such evils

as now exist or are claimed Proposed

to exist. It provides that Legislation

the Secretary of Agriculture shall have inspectors examine and properly mark animals slaughtered for food, and shall destroy those found to be diseased or in any way unfit for food. They shall see to it further that good sanitary arrangements exist in all packinghouses. Labels of inspection are to be placed on all canned meats. The feeswhich President Roosevelt asserts will not be more than eight cents per animal-are to be fixed by the Secretary of Agriculture and paid by the packers to the federal government. The bill provides for an appeal from the inspector to the Chief of Animal Industries. Violations of the law on the part of firms, persons or corpora

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Author of " The Jungle" soned. Reforms are undoubtedly needed, but it is hard to believe that the situation is as desperate as a first generalization would argue. We hold no brief for the packers, but common sense would lead one to argue that strong business men are not likely to risk the investment of milions by a deliberate disregard of public health.

Simultaneously with the publication of the commissioners' report, the leading

The packers issued a joint Packers in statement affirming that Reply

they favor inspection and will coöperate to make it more effective. As an offset to the commissioners' report they call attention to a report of Professors Burrill and Grindley, of the University of Illinois, in which the work of the government inspectors is praised and the

" packing establishments

Uncle Sam —"I wish they'd change that tune; it's getting on my

Thorndike in Philadelphia Press



tions or their officers or agents are made punishable by a fine of $10,000 or imprisonment or both. On May 25 the Senate passed this bill and it is now being considered by the House.

At almost any other season of the year no small excitement would have been creThe Pennsylva

ated by the investigation of nia Railroad and the Pennsylvania Railroad

the Coal recently carried on by the Companies

Interstate Commerce Commission. The investigation revealed the fact that many officers and subordinates of the road have received presents of stock from various coal-mining corporations. William A. Patton, President Cassatt's assistant, who has just retired because of age, admitted that, with President Cassatt's knowledge, he had practically been given six thousand shares of stock in a dozen different coal companies, these shares having a par value of $307,000. The graft varied from this enormous amount to that enjoyed by trainmasters who were paid small sums like $5 to $20. Other witnesses testified to the fact that the Pennsylvania company had not furnished cars enough to enable them to do

LOGAN M. BULLITT business, while those coal companies, no

Who forced the exposure of grafting in the Pennsylvania Railroad tably the Keystone Company, whose stock already been started by shippers on achad been properly placed, received the

count of losses by such discrimination, best handling from the Pennsylvania road.

while the minority stockholders of the Suits involving millions of dollars have

company threaten to demand investigation by the state as to the purchase of supplies. In this connection it is worth noticing that the Carnegie companies received more rebates during the time the Pennsylvania granted rebates than any other shipper. It has been commonly believed that this distinction was enjoyed by the Standard Oil Company. It would be interesting to know how far the development of the Carnegie properties was due to the same procedure which has been regarded as one of the chief causes of the rise of the latter company.

President Cassatt asserted that personally he had had no share in the graft, never having received any commission or gift of any kind from any shipper on the Pennsylvania lines or from any company in which he is interested. He has nevertheless acquired stocks to the value of $350,000. Two of the employees

who testified to receiving graft have been Thorndike, in Philadelphia Press

summarily dismissed by Mr. Cassatt.

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