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The expenditure required to produce tation of being one of the finest harbors features of interest to all classes and con- in the new world. Its adaptability for the ditions of men will be nothing like so purpose has made it really the central great as at St. Louis and Chicago. Numer- home of the United States Navy. Around ous huge buildings will not be required, its shores are grouped a number of vast nor will vast stretches of grounds have to works and institutions that are of interna be placed in order. The mere fact, how- tional interest. On its northeastern shore ever, that the expenditures to be made in is situated Fortress Monroe, not only the the erection of buildings and the laying oldest but the largest fort in the United out of grounds will not equal more than States, a wonderful piece of armored one-tenth that made at St. Louis is not an masonry, appalling in its strength and indication that the exposition will be small famous in history. The room in the fort or mean. If the plans of the government in which Jefferson Davis was imprisoned and the management of the exposition has alone brought thousands of people to carry, it is computed that the United the place. In front of this fort, and on a States alone will have present at all times made island in the Roads, is situated the war vessels that will approximate a hun- Ripraps Fort which required $20,000,000 dred million dollars in value. The foreign to construct. The United States Navy nations that have promised to participate Yard at Norfolk, where ships are repaired will probably send an even larger num- and built, cost the government more than ber, making, it is estimated, a display of $20,000,000. The private shipyards at fighting craft always in view that will Newport News, across the Roads, where represent a money value of a quarter of scores of battleships, cruisers and other a billion dollars, or full five times the total fighting craft have been built, is one of
cost of the St. Louis Exposition. The the greatest institutions of the kind in the merchant and passenger craft will also world, and represents an outlay of many represent a large outlay.
millions of dollars. The Federal Soldiers Tampton Roads, the mouth of the his- Home at Hampton, with its six thousand toric James River, has long had the repu- union veterans, and the United States
WESTOVER, ONE OF THE MOST PERFECT SPECIMENS OF COLONIAL ARCHITECTURE
on the James River
Naval Hospital, are institutions well will be traced from savagery down to known all over the country.
modern times, and every phase of Indian The Hampton Normal and Collegiate life will be shown. The Negro exhibit Institute, the alma mater of Booker promises to be one of extraordinary interWashington and the greatest colored Giles Jackson, a colored lawyer of school in the world, is situated in the town Richmond, probably the most popular of Hampton, near the exposition grounds. man of his race in the state, is headOther places of interest, almost innumer- ing the movement to get the colored people able, are clustered about this famous sheet of the United States thoroughly interested of water, and present to an inland visitor in this exhibit.
. a much greater diversity of interest than The marine and aquatic exhibits and mere industrial exhibits could do. How- features will furnish daily spectacles for ever, it is the purpose of the exposition all who love the water. Bathing will be at to furnish industrial features upon a scale its best, and the innumerable seaside relarge enough to suit the tastes of those sorts will be furnished with every attracwho studied this side of the St. Louis tion for the inland visitors. Fair. Almost every state in the union But whatever may be done toward makwill have its own building and exhibits. ing the exposition itself attractive, even
The Indian exhibit will be the most though millions might be spent upon it, complete ever attempted at any exposi- its historical setting must be to all Amerition. The progress of Indian civilization cans the one feature that will attract most attention and create the greatest interest. ginia; and here the first trial by jury was There is no other section of the New made. World so replete with historical associa- At the time of Bacon's Rebellion, in tions as the portion of eastern Virginia 1676, Jamestown was burned, and twenty within a radius of fifty miles of Hampton years later, after a second disastrous burnRoads. It was here that the first perma- ing, the seat of government was removed nent settlement was made by English to Middle Plantation, seven miles to the people; it was here that Bacon's Rebellion east, a town which was laid out in the occurred; it was here that the war of the shape of the letters W and M, in honor of Revolution received its greatest impetus King William and Queen Mary, and reand where the surrender was made; and christened Williamsburg.
christened Williamsburg. Here the culhere occurred numerous battles in the ture of Virginia centered for the next war of the Revolution, the War of 1812, hundred years, and continued even after the Indian Wars and the Civil War. 1779, when the capital was removed to
There were 105 men in the party that Richmond, fifty miles up the James. landed at Jamestown May 13, 1607. Cap- Jamestown to-day is not even a village. tain John Smith, the leader, was the life There are the ruins of an old church tower, of the enterprise, and without him it and the romantic remains of old tombs, would have resulted in disaster and fail- foundations of houses, and strange-lookure. The accounts of the sufferings of the ing streets; but outside of these, Jamescolonists, the ravages made by the Indi- town Island is simply a series of fields ans, starvation and fever, are painful in matted with grass and threaded with this day to contemplate. But in spite of white roads and pathways. Connected all obstacles the colonists continued to with Jamestown by a road through wild,
After the famine of 1610, when rough woods, lies Williamsburg, to-day they had been reduced to the pitiful num- the quaintest town in the United States. ber of sixty men, Lord Delaware arrived It has about twenty-five hundred inhabitand put new life into the undertaking. ants, most of them of the ancient exclusive Then followed Sir Thomas Dale, George stock of Virginians. It is a veritable wilYeardley and other governors who in- derness of the most unusual historical obsured the success of the colony. It was jects. At the head of Duke of Gloucester here at Jamestown in 1619 that the first Street, lying lazily all the day in the shade legislative body in the United States was of giant oaks, elms and mulberries, is the opened, as the General Assembly of Vir: College of William and Mary, established
in 1693, and the second oldest institution being manned by a faculty of authors and of learning in the New World. The scholars, and filled with a student body of old college is a remarkable sight. Its the old type of Virginians. campus contains buildings, covered with Ranged down old Duke of Gloucester vines, that can justly be reckoned as Street in Williamsburg are some of the among the most famous on the continent. most famous buildings in American hisHere Washington got his surveyor's tory. Old Bruton Parish Church, where
license; here Patrick Henry spent many Washington, Jefferson, Madison, Henry days strolling and smoking about the and Monroe worshiped, is probably the campus as he waited for clients in his most unique feature. This church is one office down the street; here Thomas Jef- of the oldest in Virginia, though it has ferson, and John Marshall, and James been kept in thorough repair. King EdMonroe, and John Tyler, and Edmund ward recently presented the church with a and Peyton Randolph, and Winfield Scott, handsome Bible, and President Roosevelt and a host of other jurists, soldiers, states- donated the lectern upon which it is to men, authors and citizens were graduated. rest. The Old Powder Horn, erected by Here was established, in 1776, Phi Beta Governor Spotswood in early colonial Kappa, the oldest Greek letter order in days, is still in good preservation. The the world; here was established the first old State House still stands, as well as the law school in America, and here was the Wythe House, Washington's headquarhonor system first introduced. The col- ters, the first Masonic Temple erected in lege is to-day in a flourishing condition, America, and dozens of other colonial