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buildings and residences that bring back the exposition grounds, and trolley lines forcibly the thoughts of other days. are in the process of erection. Norfolk,

Twelve miles from Williamsburg, on Hampton, Smithfield, Petersburg and the southeast, lies Yorktown, on York other neighboring towns contain innumerRiver, a dilapidated village filled with able old churches and residences that are historic buildings. There are yet in York

There are yet in York- connected with the early history of Virtown the first customhouse ever erected ginia. Richmond, the present capital of



This church was completed in 1715. The first organ brought to the colonies was put up here in 1755

in the United States; the Moore house the state, will also be in the path of the on Temple Farm, where the articles of majority of the visitors to the exposition. capitulation were signed by Cornwallis; Around Richmond are innumerable the ruins of a church built in 1660; a battlefields, most of them connected with cave to which Cornwallis is said to have the city by trolley and railroad lines. retired during the bombardment; the Every visitor from the West will wish to Nelson house which belonged to Thomas visit Cold Harbor, Seven Pines, Dutch Nelson, who begged the Americans to fire Gap, Drewry's Bluff, Malvern Hill, upon and destroy the British who had Gaines' Mill, the Wilderness, Frederickstaken possession of it. And at Yorktown burg, and Appomattox. Big Bethel, the are two monuments, one to the American site of the first land battle in the Civil soldiers who fell there and the other to War, is only ten miles north of Hampton mark the spot of Cornwallis' surrender. Roads.

Roads. Yorktown, where Cornwallis surJamestown, Williamsburg and York

York- rendered, is but twenty-five miles from the town are connected by water and rail with site of the exposition grounds, while ApTHE COLLEGE OF WILLIAM AND MARY, AT WILLIAMSBURG, CHARTERED IN 1693 The second oldest institution of learning in the New World. The alma mater of Jefferson, Monroe, Tyler, Marshall and the Randolphs

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pomattox, in the center of the state, can most perfect specimen of colonial archieasily be reached.

tecture in the United States. This famous The Jamestown Exposition manage- home once occupied by Benedict ment expects that the other natural and Arnold after he had turned traitor and historical objects scattered all through the when he was on his way up the river to old State of Virginia will also figure in burn Richmond. For some time in the making a success of the enterprise. The Civil War it was occupied by General Shenandoah Valley, one of the richest Pope. The home was originally built by and loveliest sections of the United States, and for Colonel William Byrd, the founwill furnish a background of interest to der of Richmond, whose library was the all who are connected in any way with the best in Virginia, and who himself was d traditions of the state. The Natural reckoned the most accomplished man ima Bridge will attract almost as many people America. His beautiful daughter, E. nem as Niagara Falls did to Buffalo. The lyn, has figured in history and roma University of Virginia, with its quaint until the subject has become almost to designs and charming campus and build- and commonplace.

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Ity Berkeley, near Westover, was the birth




ings, the creations of Thomas Jefferson,

is will be a source of pleasure to western and place of Benjamin Harrison, whose son, northern people. The battlefields through- Colonel Benjamin Harrison, was a signer out the central and northern parts of the of the Declaration of Independence. Genstate will attract those who are interested eral William Henry Harrison, who was in the Civil War period.

President of the United States, was But probably the most unique of the ex- grandson of this Colonel Harrison; and cursion features will be the colonial resi- the late President Benjamin Harrison was dences along James River and in close a grandson of William Henry Harrison. proximity to the exposition. These All these men, as well as ex-Mayor Carter charming survivals of ante-bellum and Harrison, of Chicago, have held this sweet ante-revolutionary times abound between old ancestral home in remembrance and Jamestown and Richmond. They are frequently paid it visits. kept in thorough and even sumptuous re- Just above Berkeley and Westover is pair, and are all open to visitors.

Shirley, another colonial residence, the Westover, a few miles above James- birthplace of Anne Carter, the wife of town, charmingly situated on the river, Lighthorse Harry Lee, and the mother of was erected in 1737. It is reckoned to be, General Robert E. Lee. This residence with the bare exception of Monticello, the was erected in 1642, and is to-day in perhome of Jefferson at Charlottesville, the feet repair.

Upper and Lower Brandon, elegant Rolfe. From this home have come some specimens of colonial architecture, are of the most aristocratic of Virginia famijust below Westover, and a few miles lies, all of whom are proud to boast that above Jamestown. Both these stately they have in their veins the blood of Pocahomes contain vast collections of portraits hontas. Wilton, opposite City Point, is of noted Virginians. One feature of the another famous colonial home; and history of these two places is that almost throughout the Virginia Peninsula, from every President of the United States, from Richmond to Hampton Roads, these coloWashington to Cleveland, experienced nial homes are scattered. their hospitality.

Here, also, in close proximity are laid Curl's Neck, just above Shirley, is an- the scenes of more recent books of Ameriher fine example of colonial architecture. can fiction than in any other portion of

the last century it was greatly en- the entire country. Many, if not most, of ed. It is to-day known as the Malvern the recent books of Mary Johnston, Ellen

House on account of the fact that it Glasgow, Thomas Nelson Page, Julia Maupon this very spot that the battle of gruder, Marion Harland, George Cary vern Hill, one of the bloodiest battles Eggleston and other writers, have had he Civil War, was fought.

their scenes laid in this section of eastern ther interesting homes near James- Virginia. Williamsburg, the ancient capin on the James are Carter's Grove, tal of Virginia, has probably figured in

t hy King Carter early in the more fiction than any place in Virginia, teenth century; Varina, the home of and with few exceptions, in the United ahontas, after her marriage to John States.




Portrait on page 667




TIIEN IIenry M. Beardsley was finds instead the support of all the people.

elected mayor of Kansas City on That Mr. Beardsley happens to be a Re

April 4, 1906, another count was publican is merely incidental; he would added to the political heresies of Missouri. have been mayor of Kansas City to-day if The state that had voted for a Republican he had stood as the nominee of the Demopresident and a Democratic governor fol. cratic party. lowed those iniquities by harboring within Mr. Beardsley has no aptitude for specits borders a city that appointed a chief tacular movements and the one event in executive because he was an honest, God- his public career that might have been fearing gentleman. The spectacle of a used for dramatic purposes was concluded governor who enforced the law, even with a bow and a smile and the polite against the leaders of his own party, and greeting in an open doorway of a very unan attorney-general who prosecuted mo- ruffled gentleman who had defeated a barenopolies while deriding as unprofessional faced corporation “job.” That happened the popular and rhetorical avocation of in April, after his election as mayor, but " trust-busting,” was supplemented by the before his installation, while his predecesirruption of a reforming mayor whose ob- sor, Jay Neff, was still in office. jective is crossed by no opposition, but Mr. Beardsley was then president of the upper house of the city council and, at a not drink, he did not smoke, he did not meeting of that body held in April, it was swear, he was President of the Young announced that a new franchise, giving Men's Christian Association, he had somethe gas company an extended lease of life, times delivered addresses from the pulpit had been tacked on to the budget by Mayor of the Congregational church of which he Neff. The new franchise obliged the com- was a member. He never called his politpany to supply natural gas at twenty-five ical opponent a liar or a thief and he had cents instead of artificial gas at $1, but gained success in the profession of law it abrogated an important clause in the without the retaining fees of a single pubold charter, entitling the city to buy out lic corporation. The calculus they had the company if the people so desired, used so long in the mathematics of mawithin a certain period of time. For that chine politics was dislocated by this new right of purchase Mr. Beardsley had con- factor; the problem was beyond their sotended during the long controversy that lution. had waged over the question, but that And yet it was simple. Henry M. night the "gas aldermen” were in the ma- Beardsley is only an honest gentleman, jority and the issue seemed merely one of with enough courage for one man, a ready counting the votes. Just then a telephone intelligence and some quality of quiet message came from Mayor Neff, three tenacity that is not very accurately exmiles away in Kansas, that he had forgot- pressed by the rather vigorous word ten to sign the budget and asking that its I character.” His appearance in no way presentation be deferred until his return. at all fits in with the popular conception of He was on the cars and would be at the a “strong” man. Physically he is of city hall in ten minutes.

moderate stature, with a slim figure, built The occasion was Beardsley's. He rather for activity and endurance than asked the clerk to bring in the budget. mere strength, and a face of almost femiThe clerk demurred; there were the nine refinement. If he has any aptitude mayor's orders. Beardsley pointed out for oratory on public occasions he never very politely that as Mr. Neff was out of employs it, and his voice has that clear the city, he, as president of the upper timbre of the stage "juvenile lead” that house, was acting mayor. The documents would be lost in the turmoil of the hust. were produced, he canceled the franchise ings. He was practicing law for twelve and signed the budget. The “gas alder. years in Kansas City before he entered men” filed out of the chamber to leave the municipal politics as a member of the meeting without a quorum until the mayor upper house, and twice refused the Rearrived. They went into the clerk's office, publication nomination for the mayoralty where the agents of the gas company were

because he could not afford to neglect his waiting, and prepared themselves to ex- profession and he felt (honest man), that plain their impressions of Mr. Neff's omis- he could not serve the city faithfully unsion very fully to that gentleman as soon less he did that. He has done that now, as he returned. They never thought and he will probably relinquish office at about the president. Again it was Beards- the end of his term a poorer man than he ley's occasion. He promptly declared the is to-day. He has not said this for himsitting adjourned and walked down the self, but his friends know it, and his council chamber to meet Jay Neff at the friends are legion. door, hot and sweating, in his hurry to

Even the oldest and most cynical newscrown an administration of inept folly paper writers in Kansas City believe imwith an act of gross betrayal. Beardsley plicitly in Mr. Beardsley. Not only in his smiled cordially and extended a courteous mental astuteness and ability, but in his hand.

incorruptibility. And in that last conYou are just too late to sign the fran- spicuously. He is, they believe, a "good chise, Mr. Mayor," he said politely, "I have adjourned the house."

He was, as a matter of fact, good boy; Two days later Jay Neff installed Henry one of those boys that the excellent Dr. M. Beardsley mayor of Kansas City. Samuel Smiles loved to write about in his

Mr. Beardsley was a new type in public panegyrics on "Self Help.” In Knox life as politicians understood it. He did County, Ohio, where he was born forty


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