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The metals of Bolivar, especially tin, can not departed. But the fixed pole star on that be brought to the United States via Panama.
list of board directors, the lone star that Frequently the case arises that products from our coasts are imported into the United States,
nothing eclipses, has been there since the after being trang-shipped either to Liverpool, bankruptcy of the French company and Havre, or Hamburg, because of the lower freight has guided and advised the policy through rates for Europe as against the United States. all these years. The minister of a foreign
It may be interesting in this connection government and two private persons not to consider an interview with the chair- directly employed by the United States man of the Isthmian Canal Commission sit in the directorate. There are only two reported a week after this memorial was motives that could actuate these private presented.
gentlemen. One is the self-abnegating Chairman Theodore P. Shonts of the Com
patriotism which would guard the United mission was authority to-day for the statement States government and people lest they be that the long predicted shake-up in Isthmian tripped by designing interests; the other freight and passenger rates will not take place. is the mercantile consideration of the fiveMr. Shonts said: “Nothing will be done that
dollar dividend on their one share of stock. will disturb the balance of the transcontinental rates. The Panama Canal Commission will not Do these guardians, whose advice was do anything that will affect the stocks of lines given on all contracts in restraint of trade owned by American citizens."
and upon every step the French company The next step which would naturally took, who were in full cognizance of the have been expected would be a clean sweep vote for an eight per cent dividend of the men whose whole weight in the past immediately before the United States took had been thrown to the perpetuation of over the property, of the issue of $265,000 conditions, unjust, perversive and intoler- bonds for urgent repairs and of all the able from a national point of view, the peculiar financiering immediately after, letting out of the old railway manipu- do these gentlemen remain on the board lating personnel, responsible to themselves for patriotism or for the pittance ? alone, and their replacement by men di- The railway under the old management rectly appointed by and responsible to the
was honeycombed with such abuses as put government. Was this done?
a paper value of $2,000,000 on a wharf Three commissioners were first admitted whose erection cost $600,000. The French to the Board of Directors of the Panama company had used the line as the yellow Railroad. The remaining ten members of dog for purchases and contracts, not althe board were holdovers from the old lowed to appear on the books. The paths days qualified by owning one share each. had all been worn smooth for repetitions Part of them were venerable gentlemen of these. The confidence-inspiring course whose names added solidity-the congres- would have been so to change the organisional investigation of last year found zation that everything must be abovethem quite unable to tell the salaries of board, clean and open. Instead, the door any of the company's officers; part of has been left wide for concealed contracts them, the active men, who had been the and hidden privileges. One has only to real leaders of the company's policy ever recall the list of emergency contracts let since the French company had come on to by the first commission without competi
No member of the commission tion, under cover of the railroad; the appeared to regard it as out of the way $618,000 bond issue to secure more money that a private group should constitute a
for the commission, which Congress majority on the board of a government- seemed reluctant to vote in the usual way, owned railroad, with no responsibility to under cover of the railroad; the Markel
There they re
contract for subsistence at a rate some any ruling authority. mained to help manage the forty-seven fifty per cent more than the rate for which miles of railroad across the Isthmus of the soldiers in Cuba were provisioned,
under cover of the railroad; importation Panama.
of “common law wives" from Martinique, The men of one commission have sat on the railway board as directors and have
without the cognizance of the Commis
sion. The shield covering all these is that gone, another commission has come and has not yet
gone. The inactive venerables, incorporated anomaly, the governmentthat at one time buttressed the board, have owned Panama Railroad.
There might advisedly be an end to a ownership for the protection of American situation that made American cement un. freedom of commerce, this latest chapter able to compete with foreign because of of the Panama Company's history is of government steamboat rates. There is noth- peculiar interest. The United States has ing that justifies the handicapping of our become possessed of a commercial route in own merchants to their elimination. The working order. Its forty-seven miles of United States has acquired clear title and permanent way offer no difficulties whatunconditional control. A complex organi- ever compared to that of managing such zation is not necessary on a mere portage a system as a trunk line. The material railroad, whose management for the chief obstacles hampering the test are the smallengineer at the Isthmus should be a baga- est possible. Here of all places is the ideal telle. It remains for Congress to dissolve experiment station for government ownera difficult and a dangerous corporation ship: An experiment, of course, is not that has already borne fruitage enough of carried out with the ease of long familhumiliation and mistake.
iarity. The initial inertia of strangeness This is no petty matter that can be let must be overcome. But when sufficient take care of itself. By the Panama pur momentum has been gathered, it is to be chase the United States entered upon its hoped, and it may certainly be expected, first practical experiment in the owner that this administration, appreciating the ship of railroads. At a time when Con- true situation, will make the end of the gress is being offered the alternative of Panama Railroad career as honorable and government rate-making, or government creditable as was its beginning.
H me, but it's fine here! sickly, weak-minded husband had kept her And we eat, and we eat, too busy for any leisure. In addition and it tastes so good !" there had been twins who lived for fourThere was appreciation teen months wrapped in cotton wool, and and pathos in the voice then had slipped away from earth again, of the speaker, a slen- and while the poor mother wept for the der, toilworn woman, loss of them, she found therein cause for
who in Camp Goodwill, gratitude. “De Lord was good, I t'inking. Evanston, was enjoying the first rest she for how can I work for my man and my had known for eighteen years. It was also odder children wid dem twins to carry. the first time she had been "outside the How much it means to the mothers and door” for two years. Six children and a children in the crowded tenement neighborhoods of our cities, to be taken to the by the Milwaukee and St. Paul Railroad. summer camps in the country for one or Each family tent is 7 by 12 feet, is set two weeks' outing can only be realized by upon a board floor, and has an extra roof those who have come in direct contact with to ensure protection in case of storms. persons thus benefited.
Larger tents serve for dining room, The eagerness with which the outing is kitchen, entertainment, superintendent's anticipated is indicated by the small boy quarters, and bathrooms. who watched daily for the coming of the To each church coöperating is assigned postman with the card which would an. a certain week or number of days during nounce the date for him to go. No fear which its own committee takes entire lest he would fail to be ready! He had charge of the meals, supplying provisions been waiting for weeks for his turn! Very and waiters, providing entertainment for early in the morning on the day they are the evenings and carriage drives for the to start, are the children up and dressed, tired mothers. The executive committee as Milan, a little Russian Jew, said, “I of the camp, composed of representatives stood up and put myself on till it was from all the churches, draws up a regular dark already."
weekly menu for the season, which each Last summer a woman went to one of individual church committee is expected the camps who had not been out of the to follow. city since she came to it, a bride, in the Religious services are arranged by the seventies, from Croatia. She had not been Board of Managers, but the camp visitors on the street cars even for sixteen years, are left entirely free to attend or not as and, of course, had never ridden on the they may choose. Each morning a kinderelevated road. It is hardly possible to garten is held for the children, and for an imagine what the outing meant to her. hour the mothers gather for a friendly
Chicago and New York are leaders in talk given by some lady on topics relating the “fresh air" work, while Buffalo, to family life, housekeeping and hygiene. Indianapolis, Washington and Cleveland Evanston physicians visit the camp daily each have a well-organized and efficient and freely give their services to any who summer outing plan. Among the evils are sick or ailing. The spirit of coöperaarising from the teamsters' strike in Chi- tion which governs in all this work is seen cago, in 1905, not the least, perhaps, was also in the contribution of the druggists the suffering it caused to mothers and who fill prescriptions free of cost. Water, children. It deprived some of these of the sewerage, gas and telephone connections summer outing they otherwise might have are likewise donated. The camp at Evanshad, for in consequence of the strike, con- ton is rightly named “Goodwill," for tributions for this work were not as large kindly, helpful spirit makes beautiful all as in previous summers. For the season, that is done in this really model establishhowever, a total of 1,193 were entertained ment. And this spirit is influencing those at Camp Goodwill in Evanston and Camp who receive its benefits so that they themRuskin at Glen Ellyn. The loss was more selves are desirous of showing it to others. marked in the number of day outings,
A tired mother of thirty-seven years who there being a necessary decrease of 1,390 had never been outside Chicago, said: owing to lack of funds.
"I never realized there were such trees Camp Goodwill at Evanston is sus- and grass and bathing places. And I tained largely by the church people who never imagined even that there were such coöperate in the work in a beautiful spirit people as you folks here who spend all this of good fellowship with those whom they money and do all these kind things for entertain. The Chicago Bureau of Chari- poor people who have no claim on you and ties selects the guests. Each party of one are not at all important. I tell you it has hundred stays for seven days. The camp been a great lesson to me, and I am going is open for six weeks and the total cost for back to do all the little acts of kindness I the season is about $2,000. The trustees can around my own neighborhood. For of the Northwestern University gener. I'd like myself to be you kind of folks.” ously allow the use each year of a beautiful Camp Ruskin at Glen Ellyn is carried part of the campus on the lake shore. on jointly by the Bureau of Charities and Transportation from the city is furnished the Daily News Fresh Air Fund, of Chi
cago. It is proving a decided success dem. For two days before we come here although it has not the advantages of the we go hungry. My husban', he die so sudEvanston camp.
den. For me I haf not a dollar to go back Near Glencoe, on a high bluff overlook- to, but I worry not dis day. De good Lord ing Lake Michigan, is the Gad's Hill will send us food, maybe. Here we haf encampment which this year will open for plenty to eat.” its ninth season under the auspices of And another, overhearing, with the Gad's Hill Center, a settlement located in quick sympathy of the very poor, said: the great lumber and manufacturing dis- "I can no help her. I am hungry too, trict of Chicago. Last year 1,558 women but my heart, it haf a pain for her. Í and children enjoyed a week's stay at this know what it is to have children and no delightful place, 326 of this number being man and no bread.” of German nationality, 383 Bohemian, Camp Commons, which for eight and only 438 of American birth. The seasons has pitched its tents on the west people of the North Shore towns sustain bank of the Fox River, near Elgin, is this encampment, giving the North Shore under the management of Chicago ComCounty Fair at Ravinia each year in its mons. Some two hundred and fifty boys behalf. The cost of the 1,558 outings and girls from eight to fifteen years of age amounted to $5,025.62 for the seven weeks are taken there each summer in groups of it was open. In addition $3,073.13 was forty at a time, the boys going first and expended for permanent equipment, the girls later in the season. Intimacy including the erection of a dining-room with Nature is encouraged in all possible and kitchen.
ways, walks being taken through fields and Coöperation is the keynote of this camp, woods, learning the names of trees and the girls helping in the domestic duties, flowers and noting the bird songs.
The and the boys in the care of the grounds big dairy barns and the harvesting and the work of the garden. Some new machinery are a continual source of interfeatures were introduced last year and are est. Baseball offers opportunity for moral to be continued this season. A vacation teaching and practice. Swimming, boatschool was held for two hours every morn- ing, hay-rides and band concerts provided ing, instruction being given in sewing, by the Elgin people, evenings round the basket weaving, nature study, water color camp fire telling stories and singing, and charcoal drawing. There was also a occupy the time to the delight of all
. kindergarten. Realizing that there were Special effort is made to know each child many families who could not afford the personally so that during the winter better usual expense of an outing, and yet should work may be done in the clubs and classes. not be given it free, four family tents were Each boy and girl who is able to do so, rented at a dollar a week for each family. pays one dollar. For the two weeks' outA separate dining-room with a full supplying it is necessary, however, to raise $2 of dishes was furnished for this Coöpera- per capita additional to cover the cost of tive Division, as it is called, and cooked transportation and maintenance at the food was served there at cost-price. For camp. Dr. Graham Taylor, the indefatithose who preferred to do their own cook- gable head of the Chicago Commons, ing, small camp-stoves were provided. believes that these outings count for so
Distinct from the main part of the much in developing character among the encampment was the Visiting Nurses' Sec- boys and girls that $3 could hardly be tion, a group of seven tents wherein were invested anywhere with better returns. housed some twenty women and children Many of the crippled children of Chisuffering from tuberculosis, under the care cago have been taken to Sycamore, Illinois, of a trained nurse.
where all the churches have united in furEven while they enjoy the rest and nishing supplies. The tents were equipped care-free conditions to which they are with electric light and every convenience so unaccustomed, some of the women can for the weakly little guests. A similar not wholly forget the struggle for bread experience was enjoyed for two weeks at from which they have come. A widow Saugatuck, Michigan, in the Forward spoke thus :
Movement Park. Seventy cripples were “I haf tree children and no bread for also taken to Dixon, Illinois, eleven churches serving the meals. The encamp- there, left at the end of the season with ment was in a beautiful oak forest on the seventeen of them healed and strength bank of the Rock River. For other crip- enough to leave the wheel chair. And betpled children the annex to Hostetter Inn ter than all, hope and courage lit up her at Fox Lake, Illinois, has been rented by face which before had been dark with the Outing and Lunch Association for despair and sadness. crippled children. Some sixty-seven chil. The Volunteers of America have placed dren were kept there for six weeks. A several tents on a high bluff overlooking girl of sixteen who had no less than thirty. the lake, two miles from Riverside in eight tuberculosis abscesses when she went Michigan, where about sixty people from