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district surrendered, giving up their arms, and overjoyed because they were going home to Spain. There was a danger that could not have been found in any other country of even rank with the Cubans in civilization. It was that the armed Cuban insurgents were disposed to assail the unarmed Spanish prisoners and massacre them. There was like threatening at the same time in the Philippines. If this matter had become very serious in Eastern Cuba, the remedy would have been to return to the Spanish captives their arms. Colonel Roosevelt's theory that Havana might sustain a siege after the fall of Santiago, shows a trace of his comparative isolation and absorption in the active operations of war, for the Spaniards could not have hoped to hold Havana against the power of the United States. Spain was irreparably down, and there was not the slightest chance for her to find an ally anywhere in the world. However, if there had been a siege of Havana, we could not have undertaken it before December, and the place to restore an army to health was not on the highlands of Cuba, which were simply impossible; but on the alternately sandy and shady shores of Long Island; and we had nothing better to do with the fleet of transports than to send the sick boys to the pleasant places where they told the Colonel, who had done so much to give them first a fighting chance, and at last rest in airs that were a matchless restorative—told him when he asked them how they were doing, “This is Heaven."

The military episode of Colonel Roosevelt lasted less than a year, including the days of preparation for the strife and recuperation after it; but he had, by his genius for good works, his talent for doing things, and the greater force of getting others to do that which he saw was inevitable and indispensable -made four points, each with glory enough to go far. First, he foresaw, as Assistant Secretary of the Navy, the war, and dominated the Department to prepare for it, by finding the war boats, coal and powder, that the engineers might go to find the enemy at full speed of steam, and smash them, so that fire and water fought to finish them. Second, he raised a regiment that was unique in quality, composed of plainsmen, men of the West, representatives of North and South-the most mobile troopers and the best riflemen in the world-soldiers almost of incomparable mettle and quite unconquerable, a new element in warfare, with the swiftness of the Cossack, and the eye and hand for a rifle of the Boer. Third, such was his executive force and ceaseless effort, his initiative in enterprise, and audacity in pushing on through all the obstacles that confusion heaps in the paths of adventure and glory, that he landed his volunteers ahead of the Regulars, and headed the column that got the first baptism of blood. Fourth, last, not least, when the foe was vanquished on sea and land, the war over, he took the steps that were never before possible, using all the apparatus of modern invention and adaptation -the telegraph, the steamboat, the railroad, the cables under the seas, the

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Associated Press-and lifted an army ready to perish from the jungles rank with fever, and wasted them to a land of health and plenty, saving thousands of precious lives. The people rejoiced in the man, commended and celebrated the hero, and elected him, when there was "peace with honor," Governor of the State of New York,

CHAPTER X.

PRESIDENT'S PERSONAL EXPRESSIONS.

Kindly Views and Pleasant References--A Fighter, Not a Quarreler-Experiences as

Governor of New York Intensely Interesting as He Tells Them—Some of His Vetoes-Sentences Good for Scrap-Books—Noble Passages from OrationsMethod of Public Speaking.

TH

HE controversies the President has had, and he has often been in a state

of hostilities, have been the issue of public affairs. His father was

best known for his benevolence, his charities, his constant interest in the poor; and the heart of the son has in it the same tenderness. However, he strikes hard at the sore places of those who have power and sell it to rob the people. His hatred of that sort of thing burns with perpetual ardor, but does not carry with it a vengeful personal temper. He forgives heartily the man he has thrust aside or knocked down. General MacArthur spoke officially of "the splendid ferocity" of his soldiers in a combat with the Filipinos, but he did not want any more Filipinos hurt than were sufficient to make them understand the race the little brown men called the "Big North Americans."

Roosevelt carries into public warfare this "ferocity,” with like limitations, and his desire to see the "Big North Americans" win is a grand and ceaseless passion. We do not hear from Washington that there are personal enemies that the President desires to damage. There has been but a mere shadowy gossip, as to one case, and in that there have been personal considerations manifest and courtesies, showing that if there was an estrangement it was formal and on public account, and permitting personally of pleasing and not perfunctory civility.

We hear frequently of the President's friends, of his attachment to old hunters and soldiers. Perhaps there were altogether half a dozen cases of the Rough Rider regiment, who offended and were reprimanded, and with these exceptions, a thousand men are friends of the first class. Roosevelt knows the boys who were in the mud and thorn bushes of Santiago, as far as he sees them, and gives them a “view hello” that does them good, and the occasional encounters he has of the kind, yield him delight; and when he says, "By George, I am glad to see you,” he means it and gives and takes pleasure.

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