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the lawman order which was certain to cow and terrorize some men, and to encourage the entire disorderly and lawless element—the situation became so grave as to call for the interference of the Chief Executive of the State. Accordingly, the Chief Executive notified the Mayor, the Sheriff and the District Attorney that in view of the issuance of this order they would be held to a strict accountability for their acts in preserving, or failing to preserve, the public peace.

“The Mayor and Sheriff promptly responded to this notification, expressing and showing their desire to see that the laws were observed, the Mayor taking immediate steps to force the Chief of Police to rescind the obnoxious order itself. About the same time the grand jury found an indictment against the Chief of Police for having issued it.

"Alone, among the other city officials charged with the solemn duty of enforcing the laws, the District Attorney on whom rested the heaviest responsibility in the enforcement of the law, gave by public utterance, aid and comfort to the Chief of Police. There is a flat conflict of veracity between the District Attorney and his accusers on the point. In the newspapers of the day following, those containing the publications of the Chief of Police's order, there appeared interviews with the District Attorney in which he attacked the grand jury and justified the action of the Chief of Police. To give out such interviews was, of course, to give active encouragement to every element in the community which was enlisted upon the side of fraud or violence. The District Attorney denies that he gave them out. Two witnesses have testified that he independently gave them interviews which were substantially the same, and in one case the testimony is explicit that he was informed the interview was for publication. These interviews, and others like them, appeared conspicuously in the various morning papers, and were never repudiated then or afterwards by the District Attorney. He never acknowledged in any way the receipt of the notification by the Chief Executive, which, if anything, had been needed, would certainly have called his attention to the gravity of the situation and have aroused his vigilance as to anything he might say or had said. Under the circumstances it is impossible to believe that he did not give any such interview, or that he was ignorant of its publication. It is equally incredible that he could have been ignorant of the effect that might be produced by such public statements from that County official, whose special duty it should have been to see to the observance of the law in the County. Had the other officials concerned assumed or preserved a similar attitude, the very gravest consequences might have ensued, and the District Attorney can not be allowed to profit by the fact that the action of others prevented the evil consequences of his own acts.

“As to the charges that the District Attorney failed in his duty in assisting the officials of the Attorney General's office who were concerned in preventing

violations of the election laws, it appears that there was such failure in at any rate certain cases prior to the election. This does not appear to have been the case after the election.

“It is impossible again to accept the plea that acts like these are to be excused on the ground that they spring from folly, rather than from intent to

do wrong

"Under these circumstances, the District Attorney of the County of New York is removed from office.

“THEODORE ROOSEVELT.” Rarely in History has a greater service been performed than that of the Governor of New York, November 5, 1900, in the crushing out of disorder that had countenance and orders from the police. If that had been the only act of Theodore Roosevelt's life, he would have been remembered for it, and honored forever. The best of it was, the iron hand meant and made peace. The decisive act was directly in the interest of the free people of a continent governing themselves.

CHAPTER XVII.

THE SPECIAL TRAIN IN POLITICS. .

It Is an Agency That Serves to Make the People a Harmonious Nation-It Binds the

Union to Make the Nation a Neighborhood of States-Roosevelt's Campaigning in New York and the West-Bryan's Competition-Roosevelt Fights to the Finish List of His Literary Works.

WHE

HEN Charles Dickens was in this country, on his second visit, he was

asked at the Delmonico Dinner given him by journalists, whether he

would be able to go West again. His answer, “No, your country is too big for me.” He got to Buffalo and the Niagara Falls, and thought he had done bravely. If he could have been provided with a well equipped special train, or even the hospitality of a special car, he might have been wafted to California, and ascertained the sensations of crossing the continent are those of living in a well appointed hotel on wheels, and found the traveler rests more softly on rails and wheels of steel than would be possible with metal of less tensile strength. One needs steel to rest "flowery beds of ease" upon.

It is the bigness of our country that introduces the Special Train, into the politics of the Nation. Once Europeans boasted that they put the weight of iron of railroads, rather in the roadbed than the carriages, and contrasted themselves to our disadvantage, saying we had comparatively light roads and ponderous trains. Those who remember the light carriages that cross the European disunited countries, will say that comfort is not promoted by cars that shiver at high speed, and cause the feeling as if possibly the ride was in a flying machine with an eccentric oscillation that permits no rest. We use an enormous quantity of steel in rails, and do not seek to reduce the weight of trains. The quantity of steel in bridges gives the sense and the reality of safety, and the heavy cars have a steady bearing on the rails with the wheels. The contact of steel surfaces gives a silky smoothness. Our comforts on long journeys are remarkable, and the excellence of the trains quite keeps pace with the solidity of the roads, making trans-continental rides agreeable diversions.

Mr. William J. Bryan's energies as a traveler and speaker were in both his Presidential campaigns prodigious, and his invention of a special train

system, obtaining the cost of transportation in competitive subscriptions, saved heavy expenses for other material uses.

In 1896, the influence of the ways of meeting and greeting the people, by opposing candidates for the greater office, was studied anxiously on both sides. Mr. Bryan was in rapid movement for months, and had wonderful endurance. He called upon the masses of the people, who were aroused to see and hear him, for contributions. McKinley received the people at his house, and the swarming delegations calling upon him made a constant stir, with crowded trains, thundering guns and sonorous, patriotic music. When he was a candidate for re-election, the custom almost unbroken of keeping the President from the stump, was continued. The Administration had sufficient force to speak for itself. The President's strength belonged to the charge of official duties. The special train of the second officer of the Government was called for emphatically. It was the feeling there was need of him in his own State, and in the West. The hope of the opposition was that they could carry the silver and mountain States, and throw the election into New York. Roosevelt was the ideal candidate for the Administration, both in New York-his home State and in the West, where he could fairly be said to have been naturalized.

His ability, popularity and endurance was not called upon in vain. The drafts were honored, excessive though they seemed. The Western journey, during which a distance was traveled almost equal to the circumference of the globe, overshadowed the two earlier journeys—first to Oklahoma, and then to the Northwest, and also the slavish labors of the Governor of his own State.

We give the itinerary of Governor Roosevelt's special train, from October 22nd to November 3rd, 1900.

GOVERNOR ROOSEVELT'S SPECIAL TRAIN IN NEW YORK, 1900.
Monday, October 22nd.
Leave

Arrive
Weehawken, 11:00 A. M. (West Shore). West Nyack, 11:50 A. M.
West Nyack, 12:00 M....

Congers, 12:08 P. M. Congers, 12:13 P. M..

..Haverstraw, 12:18 P. M. Haverstraw, 12:28 P. M.... .. Cornwall, 12:58 P. M. Cornwall, 1:20 P. M....

Newburgh, 1:28 P. M.

Dinner, 2:30 P. M.; Speech, 3:00 P. M. Newburgh, 5:00 P. M....... ... Kingston, 6:00 P. M.

Tuesday, October 23rd.
Kingston, 9:00 A. M. (U. & D. R. R.)..West Hurley, 9:30 A. M.
West Hurley, 9:40 A. M.... .Phoenicia, 10:00 A. M.
Phoenicia, 10:20 A. M..

Pine Hill, 10:55 A. M.

[graphic]

SPEAKING FROM THE REAR OF SPECIAL TRAIN IN THE WEST, 1900

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