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dent by any fear as to his personal safety. If the risk to the President's life became greater, it would mean that the office would more and more come to be filled by men of a spirit which would make them resolute and merciless in dealing with every friend of disorder."

The anarchists are much given to writing, and they have secret channels of circulation, for their productions, and know how to seem brave by keeping just out of harm's way. They have been writing to the President—"open letters”—and were good enough to make up a large list of themselves by writing freely to the assassin, executed as soon as the law permitted, in the State of New York. An anarchist sheet is responsible or irresponsible for a letter covering a page, and it is described as a carefully worded note of "warning and defiance.” Of course, the anarchist attacks the President's logic. He says of the message:

"While you indulge in profuse abuse of the anarchists, you have in this same document practically admitted one of our fundamental contentions. In the paragraph following the subject of anarchy you say in congratulating the nation on the abounding prosperity that 'such prosperity can never be created by law alone, although it is easy enough to destroy it by mischievous laws.'

Then, again, that “The logical deduction from the passage, that if ‘men of a spirit which would make them resolute and merciless in dealing with every friend of disorder' are desirable as presidents—your attitude leaves us to infer that they are--the best way to place them in office is to assassinate the president as often as possible in order to bring about this result. The anarchist does not hold that assassination will abolish government, but so long as murder is indulged in from the top and misery is rampant in society it is inevitable that such methods will be resorted to occasionally from the bottom.”

“The letter is not written,” they add, "with the expectation of staying your policy, nor to defy you. It is too much to expect that intelligence will appeal to you; and there is no satisfaction in defying blind prejudice. But understand that neither your prisons nor penal colonies will stop the onward march of our ideas. We would welcome a refuge from all the governments of earth which could be made a real asylum for the outcast and oppressed. But even if you should deport to the most barren rocks the adherents of anarchism, do not think that the dial of progress can be turned back. Persecution will drive from our ranks some few who are unable to stand in the storm-it is not a fact which will be regretted by us. But it will also bring to our ranks those resolute lovers of truth who in all ages have with their own blood fed the lamp of liberty and reason.

“The Paris commune was drowned in the blood of 30,000 human beings, but even today the intelligent prolietaire looks back to that grand uprising with inspiration and hope."

In claiming that the communists were anarchists, injustice is done the believers in Commune government, which in Paris is merely that the mob shall own the city and rule France. The letter of the anarchist closes with references to hanging of the Chicago anarchists saying: "In the words of August Spies, ‘We are the birds of the coming storm.

Spies was the author of the terrible tirades, that in the form of poster proclamations called for bloodshed in Chicago. He was totally deceived as to the forces he could command, and of the worst type of malignant visionary.

Of the city of Chicago, Colonel Roosevelt, speaking before the latest murder of a President, said:

"I am in all my feelings national, and neither local nor sectional, and I am happy to add, parenthetically, I am not in the least cosmopolitan, and it is a pleasure for me to speak to you of Chicago, because Chicago is intensely. and typically an American city. Of recent years, Chicago has done two things because of which she deserves well of the whole nation; has put down and punished (even if not altogether adequately) two foul, foreign conspiracies, which were hatched in her midst; dealt with the anarchist dynamite throwers as they deserved and also dealt with, though not as thoroughly as they deserved, the members of a foreign dynamite society, who, on account of a factional quarrel, had murdered an American citizen. I have full faith that any future offenders of the same sort will be visited with even prompter and severer punishment, whether they are found in the ranks of the anarchists on one hand, or of the Clan-na-Gael or some kindred organization, on the other."

This seems to meet the case about as completely and conclusively as possible. The lessons of history are not vague. We have stated of Spies that he was deceived by imperial dreams into the belief that a few dynamite bombs would be sufficient to destroy Empire, but he died on the gallows with a fanatical affectation of triumph, but his death can hardly be an encouraging circumstance.

The error the anarchists have fallen into respecting our Government is one in which they are not alone. They have not come to the understanding that should be common to civilization, to the effect that a Republic is far stronger than a Monarchy to deal with disorder, no matter what the disturbance is called. There is no blotting out a dynasty in this country. The dealing with anarchy by the United States will be infinitely more searching and the punishment more severe and sweeping, than any government in Europe has undertaken. Our troop ships on the Pacific could be used to clear out all the known groups of those who profess destruction as a doctrine, to live by themselves, watched by a gunboat or two, "stewing in their own juice," as Bismarck said of professional disorderlies.

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The President is a peace man in the sense that he is at all times ready to fight for it. One of his sayings is, “It is not sufficient to parry a blow." He who deals a wicked blow should be stricken. It is well to parry, but the better part is to hit back; and when it is to do, hit quick, hard and repeatedly.

He knew what he was saying when he spoke in his message to Congress of the anarchists and gave them notice. The stir in the "groups” shows the shot told, and they are disturbed deeply. Much has been said by the anarchial propaganda, claiming that they are citizens with rights and liberties to conspire against all governments, and in this country there has usually been much said in behalf of government that was ill directed. It is not a frontal attack to say that we need laws to keep out the anarchists. They are with us; the question is what to do with them. The thing practical is that those who are in this country, and clamoring for the liberty of murder, should take their departure. We have islands in Asian seas, the most desolate rocks to be seen anywhere. The barren islands of the tropics are peculiarly forbidding, some of them without trees or the color of verdure, the ragged edges of creation, There are other islands where there are fruit, eatable animals, birds and a chance for the growth of rice. That is, there is a way to make an honest living, making endless seclusion capital punishment, that the foes of all forms of government may teach themselves how to govern themselves or perish in the attempt.

The Chicago anarchists thought armies in the cities could be defeated with a few dynamite shells, and having disposed so easily of the armed forces of government, they organizing universal revolution, proposed to begin by establishing government by "groups of four" all over North America. This continent was to furnish the first example of the conquests of all that is called "law and order" by "groups." The first requirement was secretaries, who could write and speak six languages, and the next was chemists and gas pipes for the home-made bombs needed. The unions of working men were to be destroyed with the rest.

The first thing to be done was the abolishment of the United States; this merely to clear the continent of the principal obstacle to the rule of the brethren. North America was divided into nine sections, each under group government. Canada was number one and Mexico and the rest South was number nine. The United States were dissolved and reconstructed in seven sections. Red and black flags were carried in the streets. Labor as organized was doomed that the wages system might soon be abolished.

Immediately after the death of President McKinley, and the trial and condemnation of Most, who preaches murder, the London Times gave an account of anarchism, that is of the pertinence to the attitude of the disorderlies on this side of the Atlantic, who hold that we defend murder as one of the

T. R.-24

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