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8. $30 per month; husband and wife, $45: Missouri.

Vermont. 9. Men $35; women $45:

Alaska. 10. $30 per month. (In event Federal aid exceeds $15 per month, maximum increased to twice amount of Federal aid):

Washington. 11. $7 per week:

Connecticut.
12. $1 per day:
Illinois.
Maryland.

Wisconsin.
Maine.

Nevada. 13. $150 a year:

North Dakota. 14. Allowance cannot be less than $5 per month:

Nebraska. 15. Joint pension $60 a month:

Ohio. 16. No specific provision, assistance sufficient to provide suitable and decent care: Massachusetts.

Mississippi.
17. No provision; discretionary with granting authority:
Montana.
New York.

District of Columbia.

Funeral Expenses In addition to the above grant, which is given to the applicant during his life, many State laws provide a grant for funeral expenses. The amount of such grants for funeral expenses, together with the State whose laws contain such provisions, follow: 1. Funeral expenses not to exceed $150:

Michigan.
2. Funeral expenses not to exceed $125:

New Hampshire.
3. Funeral expenses not to exceed $100:
Arizona.
Indiana.

Pennsylvania.
Arkansas.
Iowa.

Utah.
Colorado.
Maryland.

Wisconsin.
Connecticut.
Minnesota.

Wyoming.
Delaware.
Missouri.

Washington.
Idaho.

Nevada.
Illinois.

New Jersey.
4. Funeral expenses not to exceed $75:

Nebraska.

5. Funeral expenses not to exceed $30:

Mississippi.
6. Burial expenses:

District of Columbia.
The law of Rhode Island contains a provision as follows:

Care should be in applicant's own or in some other suitable home in preference to placing applicant in an institution.

Administrative Agencies With few exceptions the agency which administers the old-age assistance law is different in each State. Out of 43 State laws examined, 29 have different county administrative agencies and 18 different State agencies engaged in the administration of the laws. The following tabulation sets forth the county and State administrative agencies:

TABLE 4.-Administrative agencies of State old-age pension laws

Stato

County agency

State agency

Alabama

Arizona.
Arkansas.
California
Colorado
Connecticut.

Do.

County department of public welfare State department of public wellare.

and county governing body.
County old-age pension commission. Annual report to State auditor,
County welfare board...

State department of public welfare.
County board of supervisors.
County department of welfare.

Delaware
Florida.

Idaho.

Illinois Indiana. lowa.

Kentucky.

Maine...

Do.
State bureau of old-age assistance, Do.

assisted by chief executive author

ity of town.
State old-age welfare commission... Annual

report to Governor.
State pension board and county com- No provision.

mission. County old-age pension commission, Annual report to State department

consisting of probate judge and of public welfare.

board of county commissioners. County old-age security board. State department of public welfare. County board of supervisors.

Annual report to State auditor. State old-age assistance commission, No provision.

assisted by county old-age assist

ance board.
County fiscal court or county com- Do.

missioners; county welfare board

may be set up. Local old-age pension board.. State department of health and

wellare. County welfare board.

State board of aid and charities.
Bureau of old-age assistance within State department of public welfare.

board of public welfare.
County old-age assistance board and Do.

county welfare agent.
County board of supervisors.. State board of control.
County department of emergency State department of emergency re-
relief.

lief. County old-age assistance board.... State old-age assistance commis

sioner reviews all actions of local boards. Board of managers of eleemosynary institutions settles disputes between local board and State commissioner and makes

final decisions.
County old-age pension commis- State old-age pension commission,

sion.
County old age assistance board. State assistance committee.
County board of supervisors..

State board of relief work, plan

ning, and pension control County welfare board.

State department of public welfare. County welfare board...

State department of institutions

and agencies.

Maryland
Massachusetts.

Michigan..

Minnesota.
Mississippi.
Missouri..

Montana...

Nebroska.
Novada.

New Hampshire
New Jersey.

TABLE 4.-Administration agencies of State old-age pension laws-Continued.

State

County agency

State agency

New Mexico

Yer York
North Dakota
Ohio...

Oklahoma

Oregon
Pennsylvania
Abode Island

South Dakota

Legislature creates relief and security authority, which has power similar

to a corporation to make bylaws and rules, and power of authority to spend all moneys levied for indigents or charitable purposes and for public welfare and social security by the United States Government, and is authorized to cooperate with the United States Government in all

such matters.
Local public welfare officials.. State department of public welfare.
County welfare board.

Do.
County board for aid for aged, Do.

Where no such board exists, county

commissioners.
Commission of old-age pensions and No provision.

security.
County relief committee.---- State department of emergency

relief. County old-age assistance board. State department of public welfare. Old-age security division in depart- State old-age security division.

ment of public welfare. The only legislation regarding old-age assistance is that the State public

welfare commission has authority to receive, hold, and preserve any funds which may be available to the State by existing laws or laws to be enacted by the Congress of the United States providing for old-are pensions, and, pursuant to such authority as may be given it by such act, to make such regulations not inconsistent with the laws of the United States and the laws to be enacted in this state as may be neces.

sary for the administration of oid-age pensions.
Local administrative agency ....--- State old-age assistance commis-

sion.
State board of control, assisted by No provision.

county departments of public wel.

fare.
State old-age assistance commission, Annual report to Governor.

assisted by local officials.
County judge and county boards of State age pension commission.

public welfare is established by

county board of supervisors.
State department of public welfare, No provision.

assisted by county boards of public
welfare (county commissions

where no county board exists).
State department of public welfare.. Annual report to Governor,
State department of public assist- No provision.

ance, assisted by county public

assistance councils.
Board of trustees of Alaska Pioneers'

Do.
Homes, assisted by commissioners

of the several precincts of Alaska.
Board of commissioners of district

Do.
County old-age pension commission State old-age pension commission.

Teras [tab..

Vermont... Wisconsin

Wyoming...

Washington
Vesi Virginia

Alaska..

District of Columbia.
H**aii..

Sources of Funds

Out of 43 States whose laws were examined, only 14 State laws provide for old-age assistance to be paid entirely out of State funds and 29 provide that the expenses of old-age assistance shall be borne in part by the State and in part by county and local units. The following table sets forth the names of the States, together with the source from which funds are provided for the payment of old-ago assistance.

TABLE 5.-Source of funds for old-age pensions

Stato

Contribution from county funds,

and source

Contribution from Stato fund, and

source

Alabama..

Arizona
Arkansas.

California.
Colorado
Connecticut.
Delaware..
Florida.
Idaho...

Ilinois.
Indiana.

Iowa.
Kentucky
Maine.
Maryland.
Massachusetts.

Michigan. Minnesota.

Mississippi.

Missouri.
Montana.

Nebraska.

50 percent (general fund)..

50 percent (14 of 1 mill tax levy for

Confederate pensions and addi.

tional appropriations).
33 percent (general fund)..

67 percent (general fund).
100 percent State (liquor, chewing-

gum, slot-macbine, racing, and

sales tax). 50 percent (property tax).

50 percent (general fund). 50 percent (old-age pension fund)

Do. 100 percent ($3 per capita tax on

persons between 21 and 60). 100 percent (general fund).

100 percent (obligations optional). 100 percent (county poor fur obli

gations mandatory; taxes, wut no
specific provision).

100 percent (general fund).
60 percent (reimbursed by Federal 40 percent (property tax).

funds and 10 percent from county
general fund).

100 percent (poll tax).

100 percent (general fund). 50 percent from cities, towns, plan- 50 percent (general fund).

tations (general fund). 3314 percent (general fund).

6634 percent (general fund). 6634 percent from cities and towns 3324 percent (liquor revenue and (general fund).

property tax).

100 percent (general fund).
Liability on county (county general 3343 percent (general funds).

fund: reimbursed 3343 percent
from State funds and 50 percent
from Federal funds).

100 percent (emergency relief

funds).

100 percent (general fund). 25 percent county poor fund (tax 75 percent old-age assistance fund levies).

(tax levies and Federal grants). 100 percent ($2 per capita tax on

persons between ages of 21 and 50
and other sources designated by

legislature).
100 percent (general fund)..
95 percent (general fund).

5 percent (general fund).
1214 percent (property tax and gen- 8714 percent (property tax and gen
eral fund).

eral fund). If applicant has no
county settlement, State pays

100 percent.
50 percent from local welfare districts 50 percent (general fund).
(general fund).

100 percent (40 of 1 mill property

tax).
100 percent (general fund).
100 percent (sales tax).
100 percent (general fund).

Do.
Local administrative costs on towns Do.
and cities (general fund).

Do. 100 percent (general lund)..

Do.
20 percent (general fund). County 80 percent (general fund and Federal

board of supervisors may charge grant).
back to general fund of cities,
towns, and villages within county
any part or all of the 20 percent
paid by county by adopting reso-

lution to that effect.
50 percent (property tax levy not to 50 percent (general fund).
exceed 46 of mill).

100 percent (general fund).

Do.
Do,

Do.
100 percent liability.

60 percent reimbursed to county

from Federal funds made avail. able.

Nevada
New Hampshire.
New Jersey.

New York.

North Dakota

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island.

Texas
Utah
Vermont
Wisconsin.

Wyoming...
Washington
West Virginia.
Alaska.
District of Columbia
Hawaii..

Fair Hearing Before a State Department

Out of the 43 State laws which were examined, 7 States-Arizona, Idaho, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Utah, Washington, and Alaska--contain no provision granting the applicant for old-age assistance a fair hearing before a State department.

Six States—Kentucky, Maine, Massachusetts, Wyoming, North Dakota and Ohio-provide for an appeal from the granting power to the State department of public welfare.

Five States-New Jersey, Texas, Vermont, Wisconsin, and Montana-permit an appeal to the State department of old-age assistance.

Two States-Illinois and Maryland--require the State department to review the case.

The law of Vermont provides that the State department may, upon its own motion, review any decision of the county commissions.

In three States—Missouri, Nevada, and West Virginia-an appeal is allowed to the court.

In Alabama, the State department is required to give applicant prompt hearing.

In Arkansas, the State board makes initial and final decision.

In California, while an appeal is allowed to the State department of public welfare, there is no provision for an actual hearing.

In Colorado the duties imposed by law on the State relief committee are to conform to the Social Security Act provision requiring granting to applicant of a fair hearing and that appeals from the State department are allowed to the courts.

In Connecticut the State bureau of old-age assistance is required to hold hearings, but there is no specific provision for appeal, and in Delaware the State department is required to make necessary investigation but there is no specific provision for appeal.

In Florida, all grants are passed upon by the State pension board, which makes investigations in doubtful cases, but makes no specific provision for appeal

In two States—Indiana and Iowa—there are no specific provisions, but appeal to the courts is allowed applicant or any taxpayer.

In Michigan, hearings are allowed before the State department of public welfare and further appeal on matters of law to the courts.

In Minnesota, appeal is allowed to the State board of control.

In Massachusetts, appeal is allowed to the State department of emergency relief.

In Nebraska, an appeal is allowed to the State assistance committee.

In Oklahoma, the State commission conducts initial hearing and there is no further appeal.

In Oregon, appeal is allowed to the State relief committee.

In the District of Columbia, appeal is allowed to the Board of Commissioners; and in Hawaii, appeal is allowed to the Territorial board.

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