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TO THE PLAN OF JERUSALEM AND ITS RUINS
No 1. Armenian Convent on Mt. Zion.
2. Episcopal Church, and Consulate of St. James. 3. David Tower. 4. Hezekiah Pool, built by Herod; now used. 5. Castle of David. 6. Greek Convento 7. Coptic Convent. 8. Latin Convent. 9. Church of the Holy Sepulchre. 10. Pilate's house (ancient citadel), now the Pasha's resi
dence. 11. Bethesda Pool. 12. St. Ann Church. 13, Prussian Consulate-near the site of Herod's palace. 14. Ruins of an ancient temple. 15. Valley Gate, near the Jaffa Gate. 16, Ancient gate, now closed (Bethezo was near it), on
Zion. 17. Essenes' Gate, on Zion South. 18. Tower of Siloam. 19. East or Sun Gate. 20. The Stairs of David-now in use. 21. Intermediate Gate, between the two walls at the Junction
of the Tyropæon and Kidron Valleys. 22. The House of David-it spanned the Tyropæon Valley
here. 23. The Tower that lieth out over the Virgin Fountain. 24. Water Gate ; on Ophel. 25. The Great Tower-Tower of Ophel.
INDEX TO THE PLAN.
No. 26. Horse Gate, near the S. E. corner of the Temple.
27. Tower of the Flock (Micah iv., 8).
Area. 30, Fish Gate-near the present St. Stephen's Gate. 31. Gate of Benjamin-North and East. 32. Cemetery. 33. Throne of the Governor. 34. Damascus Gate; facing North. 35. Broad wall between Ephraim and the corner Gate. 36, Corner Gate-near the N. W. corner on the West. 37, Tower of Furnaces; in the West end of the East and
West wall. 38. First Gate; in the first wall, near Jaffa Gate. 39The Armory, or House of the Forest of Lebanon, in the
N. E. corner of Zion. 40. Prison Gate; Shallecketh, in the Temple. 41. Miphkad Gate; the Stocks for detaining and punishing
criminals were near this Gate, at the West end of the
Tyropæon bridge. 42. Second Gate in the Tyropoon. 43. Tower of Hippicus; the ruins are in the N. W. corner
of the city wall, called the Giant's Tower. 44. Phasaelus-a Tower named after Herod's brother, near
the Gennath Gate. 45. Mariamne-named by Herod after his Queen; on Zion.. 46. Gennath (gardens) Gate-near the Jaffa Gate, in the
third wall, 47. Psephinos; an octagon tower, North of Hippicus.
There were 90 towers in the third wall; no other
names have been recorded. In other walls there
were other gates, of which no ruins exist. 48, Fort of Zion; the Great Acropolis, so famed during the
Syrian Wars. 49. Castle of Zion; taken by David from the Jebusites, 50. Zion Bridge. 51. Citadel; was high and overlooked the city. 62. Millo; at the Junction of the Zion and Tyropæon
INDEX TO THE PLAN.
No. 53, Road over which Christ rode into Jerusalem.
foundation-stones of the Temple. 61. Garden of Gethsemane. 62. Church of the Ascension, 63. Entrance to the great underground quarry, where the
stones were quarried and prepared for King Solo
mon's Temple. 64. Village of Siloam. Besides these there are records of a great many palaces, market. places, and synagogues for instruction in the Scriptures and tra. ditions, of which there remains no vestige by which they can with certainty be identified. MOUNT MORIAH_SITE OF SOLOMON'S TEMPLE.
A, A, A, A, Temple Area. No. 1. Dome of the Rock; Ancient Christian Church : now a
. Gate of the Chain.
ITS ORIGIN, AND A SKETCH OF ITS HISTORY.
Origin-Assault and Capture of the City by David
-David's Death—He is succeeded by Solomon, who builds the Magnificent Temple, and the Storé Cities—Siege of Jerusalem by Titus, it is taken at Midnight— Wanton Destruction of the Temple by Fire.
The city of Jerusalem, with its ruins of temples, towers, walls, and tombs, is one of the most pro foundly impressive localities in all the world. While reflecting on the history of this city, wave on wave of thought rush in on the mind from out the limitless ocean of the past, and while contemplating its ruins the mind is carried far back through the dim vista of ages,
to the time when Mt. Zion was the Jebusite's stronghold, and when the site of the magnificent Temple of Solomon was a threshing-floor.
In all other holy places there were worshiped beasts and birds (Apis and Ibis, Egypt), the human form (Greece), and hideous images of things found neither in the heavens nor the earth (India). But here the shepherds of Canaan, who watched their flocks among the hills, bowed to Him who is still called the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. In Genesis we