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INDEX

TO THE PLAN OF JERUSALEM AND ITS RUINS

No 1. Armenian Convent on Mt. Zion.

2. Episcopal Church, and Consulate of St. James. 3. David Tower. 4. Hezekiah Pool, built by Herod; now used. 5. Castle of David. 6. Greek Convento 7. Coptic Convent. 8. Latin Convent. 9. Church of the Holy Sepulchre. 10. Pilate's house (ancient citadel), now the Pasha's resi

dence. 11. Bethesda Pool. 12. St. Ann Church. 13, Prussian Consulate-near the site of Herod's palace. 14. Ruins of an ancient temple. 15. Valley Gate, near the Jaffa Gate. 16, Ancient gate, now closed (Bethezo was near it), on

Zion. 17. Essenes' Gate, on Zion South. 18. Tower of Siloam. 19. East or Sun Gate. 20. The Stairs of David-now in use. 21. Intermediate Gate, between the two walls at the Junction

of the Tyropæon and Kidron Valleys. 22. The House of David-it spanned the Tyropæon Valley

here. 23. The Tower that lieth out over the Virgin Fountain. 24. Water Gate ; on Ophel. 25. The Great Tower-Tower of Ophel.

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INDEX TO THE PLAN.

No. 26. Horse Gate, near the S. E. corner of the Temple.

27. Tower of the Flock (Micah iv., 8).
28. Sheep Gate-near the present St. Stephen's Gate.
29. Tower of Hananeel; N. E corner of the Tomplo

Area. 30, Fish Gate-near the present St. Stephen's Gate. 31. Gate of Benjamin-North and East. 32. Cemetery. 33. Throne of the Governor. 34. Damascus Gate; facing North. 35. Broad wall between Ephraim and the corner Gate. 36, Corner Gate-near the N. W. corner on the West. 37, Tower of Furnaces; in the West end of the East and

West wall. 38. First Gate; in the first wall, near Jaffa Gate. 39The Armory, or House of the Forest of Lebanon, in the

N. E. corner of Zion. 40. Prison Gate; Shallecketh, in the Temple. 41. Miphkad Gate; the Stocks for detaining and punishing

criminals were near this Gate, at the West end of the

Tyropæon bridge. 42. Second Gate in the Tyropoon. 43. Tower of Hippicus; the ruins are in the N. W. corner

of the city wall, called the Giant's Tower. 44. Phasaelus-a Tower named after Herod's brother, near

the Gennath Gate. 45. Mariamne-named by Herod after his Queen; on Zion.. 46. Gennath (gardens) Gate-near the Jaffa Gate, in the

third wall, 47. Psephinos; an octagon tower, North of Hippicus.

There were 90 towers in the third wall; no other

names have been recorded. In other walls there

were other gates, of which no ruins exist. 48, Fort of Zion; the Great Acropolis, so famed during the

Syrian Wars. 49. Castle of Zion; taken by David from the Jebusites, 50. Zion Bridge. 51. Citadel; was high and overlooked the city. 62. Millo; at the Junction of the Zion and Tyropæon

Valleys.

INDEX TO THE PLAN.

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No. 53, Road over which Christ rode into Jerusalem.

54. Golgotha
55. Castle of Antonia; containing the Judgment Hall.
56. Baris; the Acropolis of Akra.
57. Strabo's Tower, near Antonia
58. Illustration showing the form of the original hill

Mount Moriah.
59. Upper Pool of Gihon.
80. Jews' Wailing-Place; here are to be seen some of tho

foundation-stones of the Temple. 61. Garden of Gethsemane. 62. Church of the Ascension, 63. Entrance to the great underground quarry, where the

stones were quarried and prepared for King Solo

mon's Temple. 64. Village of Siloam. Besides these there are records of a great many palaces, market. places, and synagogues for instruction in the Scriptures and tra. ditions, of which there remains no vestige by which they can with certainty be identified. MOUNT MORIAH_SITE OF SOLOMON'S TEMPLE.

A, A, A, A, Temple Area. No. 1. Dome of the Rock; Ancient Christian Church : now a

mosk.
2. Mosk el Aksa; the Ancient Knight Templar's Church.
3. Mogrebins Mosk.
4. The Sea of Solomon, underground.
5. Vaults under the platform.
6, Ancient South Gate of the Temple; now Double Gate
7. Ancient West Gate, now Prophet's Gate.

. Gate of the Chain.
9. Gate of the Bath.
10. Iron Gate.
11. Gate of the Inspector.
12. East or Golden Gate.

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ITS ORIGIN, AND A SKETCH OF ITS HISTORY.

Origin-Assault and Capture of the City by David

-David's DeathHe is succeeded by Solomon, who builds the Magnificent Temple, and the Storé CitiesSiege of Jerusalem by Titus, it is taken at Midnight— Wanton Destruction of the Temple by Fire.

The city of Jerusalem, with its ruins of temples, towers, walls, and tombs, is one of the most pro foundly impressive localities in all the world. While reflecting on the history of this city, wave on wave of thought rush in on the mind from out the limitless ocean of the past, and while contemplating its ruins the mind is carried far back through the dim vista of ages,

to the time when Mt. Zion was the Jebusite's stronghold, and when the site of the magnificent Temple of Solomon was a threshing-floor.

In all other holy places there were worshiped beasts and birds (Apis and Ibis, Egypt), the human form (Greece), and hideous images of things found neither in the heavens nor the earth (India). But here the shepherds of Canaan, who watched their flocks among the hills, bowed to Him who is still called the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. In Genesis we

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