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barons, and all, with but one exception-the Grand Master of the Templars; who, listening only to the dictates of chivalry, went to the tent of the king, after the council had broken up, and conjured him not to let such a stain of cowardice rest upon the Christian name, and fame of the Knights, of which the army was so largely composed, but to march at once to the attack of the Mohammedan hosts. To this the king at length yielded, and gave the order to arm, and march upon Tiberias. Upon receiving this unexpected order, the barons repaired to the quarters of the king, to endeavor to dissuade him from this step; but he would not even give them an audience, and his order to advance was immediately carried out. Saladin had great confidence of victory, could he but draw the Franks from their position, and bring on a general engagement; consequently their advance fell in completely with his wishes and plans. He immediately despatched nis light troops to harass the Christian army on its march, and posted his main army along the high ground between Tiberias and Tell Hattin. This was on Friday. In the afternoon the Christian army reached the open ground around el Lûbieh, when immediately a sharp engagement between the light troops of the two armies took place, but with no results of importance, as the King's soldiers were so exhausted by their long march under the scorching sun, and suffering so much from thirst, that they made no headway against the fierce Saracens. Pre
But few of the military terms in use now were known at the period in which this battle took place.
vious to making the advance, the Christians were filled with confidence in their superior prowess and tactics, consequently the result of the first onset not only astonished them, but filled them with fear and dismay; and instead of pressing on at once, and attacking the army of Saladin, and at least breaking through to the lake, where a supply of water might be obtained, the king gave orders to encamp on the rocky plain, where there was no water, and thus deferred a general engagement until the next day. This was a fatal step, and was said to have been counselled by Raymond, from treachery; and, from the manner of his escape at the termination of the battle, it would appear as though there was some collusion between him and Saladin. The night was a dreadful one for the Christians: suffering from thirst, and not a drop of water within their reach, and in such fear of a night attack that sleep was out of the question. Added to this, the Saracen scouts succeeded in approaching very near their camp and setting fire to the dry shrubs round about it, the heat and smoke of which increased still more their distresses. In this situation the night was passed; and at early dawn they found themselves closely surrounded by the hosts of Saladin, flushed with confidence, and eager for the conflict-which commenced by their attacking the more exposed parts of the Christian army, which brought on a general engagement; and whenever the Franks pressed forward in solid masses, or made a well-directed charge, the Saracens gave way at once, but would again return to the conflict; and, by hovering around and making