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the Greek articles were of yellow ware ornamented with red patterns in the true Greek style. Similar jugs and vases may now be seen in use among the Arab Kabyles in Algeria. One piece of the upper part of a jug was ornamented in imitation of a girl with a shawl thrown over her shoulders figured in a Grecian pattern, and very skillfully executed.

Six different vases were found whole or broken, of precisely similar patterns and ornaments to some that were found in Egypt. They are of a very hard black substance and coated with a crimson glaze. Five are shaped like a cedar cone, but ribbed in sections. besides the seed markings.

Third. Fragments of several kinds of pottery of Roman work were found in different places, some of which were very beautiful, and bore inscriptions. The Romans used pottery to a great extent, and always left fragments of broken ware wherever they camped, and some interesting specimens have been found in Jericho and other places in Palestine.

Fourth.-Among the articles of the Christian period there are a great number of lamps, nearly all of which are rendered interesting by the inscriptions inscribed on them, or from the locality where they were discovered. Judging from the material and style of lamps the early Christians were very poor and also very devout. The devices stamped on them are various, and include the cross in many styles;-the seven-branched-candlestick, formed after that which lighted the Holy Place in Solomon's Temple, and emblematical of Christ the light of the World; the palm branch suggested by the passage in Psalms

xcii., and St. John's Gospel, xii. 13, and in Revelation ii. 9. Nearly all of these lamps are pear-shaped, and ornamented around the edge of the top only. (See No. 8.) The round lamp (see No. 7) is of Greek workmanship, and is ornamented. Inscriptions are found on some of them, one of which reads P HŌS' pws Christus (xs), phenipacin DENİПAKIN, and may be translated "Christ the light of all," or "the light of Christ shines out." Another has the legend IXO. Jesus Christ God, or it may be the Symbol of the fish ICTHUS meaning Christ-in Greek also Jesus Christ Saviour.

Fifth.-The Arabic pottery is interesting from its material and designs. One pattern has a design painted on it, in blue and black lines, and is similar to specimens found in Egypt. Some of them have inscriptions in the peculiar Coptic letter, and probably date as far back as the age of Haroun al Raschid. The wall tiles of the Mosque of the Sakkara at Jerusa lem are of similar materials, and also those of the Great Mosque at Damascus, where they are ornamented with a pattern in blue lines on a pale green ground.

The articles of glass that have been found are highly interesting as antiquities, as they prove the use of the material in ancient times. One of the glass vessels found is double, and was doubtless an ink-holder. It had three handles, one on each side, and one on the top, the last having been broken (see No. 6); the color is a pale green, ornamented with circular and zigzag lines of a dark blue tint, relieved by a darker blue. The large glass lamp, with

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a wide open top, has three handles for suspending chains, and is of a pale green color. The old Coptic Convents in Egypt are lighted to this day by similar lamps, some of which have inscriptions in the Coptic language selected from the New Testament.

Objects in bronze, copper, and stone, are quite numerous, and highly interesting as specimens of ancient workmanship, and as showing some of the tools and implements in use at the time of the two Hirams.


This arch is over the Via Dolorosa opposite the Governor's house, and is traditionally said to bear the very chamber and window from which Jesus was shown to the people by Pilate when he said "Behold the Man" (Ecce homo).

This Arch spans the principal street of the city, being the one that leads from St. Stephen's Gate on the east to the Joppa Gate on the west, along which thousands of pilgrims from different countries pass in all sorts of garb and every variety of style, on foot, on donkeys, camels and horses. Some loaded with baggage, others with books or relics, and, mingling with these, the natives in equally varied costume and condition carrying fruit, water-jars, and children. greater picture of confusion could be imagined than is seen in Jerusalem about the time of Easter every year, when nearly every nation under the sun is represented by pilgrims of every degree, from the wealthy nabob on horseback to the poor and lame hobbling on foot.



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